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Encyclopedia > Oil pipeline
An elevated section of the
An elevated section of the Alaska Pipeline

Pipeline transport is a transportation of goods through a tube. Most commonly, liquid and gases are sent, but pneumatic tubes that transport solid capsules using compressed air have also been used. Pipeline transport-small image, seen from below From http://isweb. ... Map of the pipeline The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS), sometimes called the Alyeska Pipeline or Alaska Pipeline, is a major US oil pipeline connecting oil fields in northern Alaska to a sea port where the oil can be shipped to the Lower 48 states for refining. ... Pneumatic tubes are systems of air-driven containers in a network of tubes used for transporting physical objects. ...


As for gases and liquids, any chemically stable substance can be sent through a pipeline. Therefore sewage, slurry, water, or even beer pipelines exist; but arguably the most important are these transporting oil and natural gas. Often these pipelines are inspected and cleaned using Pipeline Inspection Gauges ('pigs'). Sewage is domestic, municipal, or industrial liquid waste products. ... A slurry is a liquid mixture (especially involving water) composed of a mixture of various insoluble matter, such as mud or plaster of paris. ... Water (from the Anglo-Saxon and Low German wæter) is a colourless, tasteless, and odourless substance that is essential to all known forms of life and is the most universal solvent. ... Larger quantities of beer foam than shown atop this glass caused a stir in 1990s England when people received less than a pint (568 ml) of beer for the price of a pint. ... Oil is a generic term for organic liquids that are not miscible with water. ... Natural gas - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... A Pipeline Inspection Gauge or pig in the pipeline industry is a tool that is sent down a pipeline and propelled by the pressure of the product in the pipeline itself. ...

Contents

Oil and natural gas pipelines

When talking about the transportation of large quantities of oil or natural gas on the surface, pipeline transport is the only economically feasible way. Compared to railroad, it has lower cost per unit and also higher capacity. Although pipelines can be built even under the sea, that is both economically and technically very demanding process, so the majority of oil at sea is transported by tanker ships. Oil is a generic term for organic liquids that are not miscible with water. ... Natural gas - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... A tanker is usually a vehicle carrying large amounts of liquid fuel. ...


Oil pipelines are made from steel tubes with inner diameter from 30 to 120 cm. Where possible, they are built above the surface. The oil is kept in motion by a system of pump stations built along the pipeline and usually flows at speed of about 1 to 6 m/s. Steel framework Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ... A pump is a mechanical device used to move liquids or gases. ...


Accidents

Pipelines conveying flammable or explosive material such as natural gas or oil pose special safety concerns.

  • June 4, 1989 - sparks from two passing trains detonated gas leaking from an LPG pipeline near Ufa, Russia. Up to 645 people were reported killed.
  • October 17, 1998 - at Jesse in the Niger Delta in Nigeria, a petroleum pipeline exploded killing about 1200 villagers, some of whom were scavenging gasoline - the worst of several similar incidents in this country.
  • June 10, 1999 - a pipeline in a Bellingham, Washington park leaked gasoline, vapor from leak exploded and killed 2 children
  • July 30, 2004 - a major natural gas pipeline exploded in Ghislenghien, Belgium near Ath (thirty kilometres southwest of Brussels), killing at least 23 people and leaving 122 wounded, some critically. (Reuters) (http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml;jsessionid=HXJX3BKM0LDU0CRBAE0CFFA?type=worldNews&storyID=5832363) (CNN) (http://edition.cnn.com/2004/WORLD/europe/07/30/belgium.gas.blast/index.html)

June 4 is the 155th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (156th in leap years), with 210 days remaining. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In rail transport, a train consists of a single or several connected rail vehicles that are capable of being moved together along a guideway to transport freight or passengers from one place to another along a planned route. ... Liquified Petroleum Gas (also called Liquefied Petroleum Gas, Liquid Petroleum Gas, LPG, or LP Gas) is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases used as a fuel in heating appliances and vehicles, and increasingly replacing fluorocarbons as an aerosol propellant and a refrigerant to reduce damage to the ozone layer. ... For the film production company in Berlin, see Universum Film AG. Ufa (Уфа́) (oo-FAH) (Tatar Ufa, Öfä; Bashkir Өфө) is the capital of Bashkortostan (or Bashkiria), a republic in central Russia. ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The Oil Rivers is a name for the delta of the Niger River in Nigeria. ... Nodding donkey pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario, 2001 Petroleum (from Latin petra – rock and oleum – oil), crude oil, sometimes colloquially called black gold, is a thick, dark brown or greenish flammable liquid, which exists in the upper strata of some areas of the Earths crust. ... Petrol (gasoline in the United States and Canada) is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Bellinghams Old Fairhaven neighborhood - April 2004 Bellingham is the county seat of Whatcom County, Washington. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Natural gas - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Ghislenghien (Dutch: Gellingen) is a small town in Belgium near Ath. ... Ath (Dutch: Aat) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... Emblem of the Brussels-Capital Region Flag of The City of Brussels Brussels (Dutch: Brussel, French: Bruxelles, German: Brüssel) is the capital of Belgium and is considered by many to be the de facto capital of the European Union, as two of its three main institutions have their headquarters...

List of pipelines

  • Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline (BTC)
  • Druzhba pipeline
  • Operation Pluto - world's first undersea oil pipeline (1942)
  • Trans-Afghanistan Pipeline (TAP)
  • Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS)
  • Trans-Israel pipeline

Its own pipeline net supplies NATO airfields in Central Europe. Upon completion, the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline will transport crude oil from the offshore Azeri-Chirag-Guneshli oil field in the landlocked Caspian Seato the Mediterranean. ... Operation Pluto (Pipe-Lines Under The Ocean) was a World War II operation by British scientists, oil companies and armed forces to construct undersea oil pipelines under the English Channel between England and France. ... 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Trans-Afghanistan Pipeline (TAP) is a proposed natural gas pipeline, being developed by the Asian Development Bank. ... Map of the pipeline The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS), sometimes called the Alyeska Pipeline or Alaska Pipeline, is a major US oil pipeline connecting oil fields in northern Alaska to a sea port where the oil can be shipped to the Lower 48 states for refining. ... The Trans-Israel pipeline, also known as the Tipline was built in 1968 to transport oil from Shahs Iran to Europe. ... The flag of NATO NATO 2002 Summit The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), sometimes called North Atlantic Alliance, Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for defence collaboration established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, D.C., on April 4, 1949. ... Historical lands and provinces in Central Europe Central Europe is the region of Europe between Eastern Europe and Western Europe. ...


Pipelines for other liquids and gases

Water pipelines

Pipelines are useful for transporting water for drinking or irrigation over long distances when it needs to move over hills, or where canals or channels are poor choices due to considerations of evaporation, pollution, or environmental impact. Water (from the Anglo-Saxon and Low German wæter) is a colourless, tasteless, and odourless substance that is essential to all known forms of life and is the most universal solvent. ... Water resources are sources of water that are useful to human beings for drinking, recreation, irrigation, livestock production, industry, etc. ... Irrigating cotton fields Irrigation in the Heart of the Sahara Irrigation (in agriculture) is the replacement or supplementation of rainfall with water from another source in order to grow crops. ... For the landform that extends above the surrounding terrain and that is smaller than a mountain, see the article on mountain. ... Categories: Water-transport stubs | Canals | Water transport ... For the geographical meanings of this word, see channel (geography). ... Evaporation is the process whereby atoms or molecules in a liquid state (or solid state if the substance sublimes) gain sufficient energy to enter the gaseous state. ... Pollution is the release of harmful environmental contaminants, or the substances so released. ...


Example significant water pipelines in South Australia are the Morgan-Whyalla (completed 1944) and Mannum-Adelaide [1] (http://www.sawater.com.au/SAWater/AboutUs/InTheCommunity/Mannum+Adelaide+Pipeline.htm) (completed 1955) pipelines. Motto: United for the Common Wealth Nickname: Festival State Other Australian states and territories Capital Adelaide Government Governor Premier Const. ... Morgan is a town in South Australia on the right bank of the Murray River, just downstream of where it turns from flowing roughly westwards to roughly southwards. ... City Plaza, Hummock Hill in the background Whyalla is a city and port located on the east coast of the Eyre Peninsula opposite Port Pirie in South Australia. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... One of the two ferries at Mannum. ... Adelaide is the capital city of the Australian state of South Australia. ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Beverage pipelines

Beer pipelines

Bars in the AufSchalke Arena are interconnected by a 5 km long beer pipeline. It is the favourite method for distributing beer in such large stadiums, because the bars have to overcome big differences between demands during various stages of a match; this allows them to be supplied by a central tank. Arena AufSchalke during concert of Pur Arena AufSchalke is a stadium in Gelsenkirchen, Germany which opened in 2001 as the new home for the Bundesliga football club FC Schalke 04. ... KM, Km, or km may stand for: Khmer language (ISO 639 alpha-2, km) Kilometre/Kilometer (only km in minuscule is the correct representation of kilometer as an SI unit of length) Kinemantra Meditation Knowledge management, in the field of Library and information science Knowledge Machine, the KM knowledge representation...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Crude Oil Pipelines (371 words)
Crude oil, also referred to as petroleum, is a resource that is drilled for throughout the world.
Crude oil is produced in Alaska, moves south on TAPS and then moves by tank ship to the West Coast.
From the tank ship, the crude again moves by pipeline to refineries along the west coast of the U.S. The network of crude oil pipelines in the U.S. is extensive.
Asia Times - Iraq's oil revenue not materializing (922 words)
The promise of oil revenues which US officials had counted on as an essential component of their plan to rebuild Iraq has not materialized, and it is beginning to look like it won't for at least two or three more years at best, even if continuing sabotage can be foiled.
Oil industry experts have long known that a large share of the oil income would have to be spent to repair and upgrade those facilities.
The pipeline through Kirkuk in northern Iraq to the Turkish port of Ceyhan, one of two main export lines for Iraqi oil, has been the target of sabotage since the end of the war in March, according to the Financial Times of London.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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