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Encyclopedia > Oghuz
For all Turkic groupings and Turkic history, see Turkic peoples - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ Turkic peoples From Wikipedia Areas settled by Turkic peoples in the late 19th and early 20th century The Turkic people are any of various peoples whose members speak languages in the The... Turkic peoples.

The Oghuz Turks (variously: Oguz, Okuz, Oufoi, Guozz and Ghuzz) are regarded as one of the major branches of the Turks in history.


The Oghuz Turks are the ancestors of today's western Turks whose numbers are more than 100 million and inhabit areas in western Asia and eastern Europe: Azerbaijanis of the For other uses, see Azerbaijan (disambiguation). Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan) is a country in the Caucasus with an east coast on the Caspian Sea. It borders Russia in the north, Georgia, Armenia, in the west and Iran in the south. The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (an exclave of Azerbaijan) borders... Republic of Azerbaijan and the The neutrality and factual accuracy of this article are disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. The Iranian Azerbaijan or Iranian Azarbaijan (Persian: آذربایجان ایران; Āzarbāyjān-e Irān... South Azerbaijan region of Iran, Turks of For other uses, see This is the disambiguation page for the terms Turk, Turkey, Turkic, and Turkish. Because these four terms are highly interrelated, they also refer to similar subjects, all gathered on this one disambiguation page. Contents // 1 Turk 2 Turkey 3 Turkic 4 Turkish Turk A Turk is... Turkey and Cyprus (in Greek (Ελληνικά) Spoken in: Greece, Cyprus, Albania and surrounding countries Region: The Balkans Total speakers: 12 million Ranking: 74 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Greek   Attic    Modern Greek Official status Official language of: Greece, Cyprus (and... Cyprus, Turkmens of Turkmenistan, once known as the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic is a country in Central Asia. It has borders with Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and has a coastline on the Caspian Sea. Türkmenistanyn Respublikasy Turkmenistan (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: none Official language Turkmen Capital Ashgabat President and Prime... Turkmenistan and northeastern Iran ( Persian ( Parsi پارسی ) Spoken in: Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and parts of Uzbekistan Region: Middle east Total speakers: 61.7 million Ranking: 29 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Indo-Iranian   Iranian    Western     Southwestern   ... Iran, Qashqay and Khurasani Turks of Iran, Balkan Turks of Greece, Bulgaria and the former Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in all south Slavic languages) is a term used for three separate but successive political entities that existed during most of the 20th century on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. Translated, the name means Land of the South Slavs (jug in Jugoslavija means south). The first was a... Yugoslavia as well as Gauguz (Gokoguz) Turks of This article refers to the Republic of Moldova. For information about the adjacent Romanian region, see Moldavia (Moldova in Romanian) was a Romanian principality, originally created in the Middle Ages, now divided between Romania, Moldovan Republic and Ukraine. Map showing Romania without Moldavia in blue and Moldavia (parts inside and... Moldova.


During Turkic mass-migrations in the 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th centuries, the Oghuz were among the indigenous Turks of Central For other uses, see Asia may have the following meanings: Asia is one of the continents. Asia is a beach district in Peru. Asia was in Greek mythology one of the female Titans. Asia is a band. Asia was a province of the Roman Empire, in modern-day western Turkey... Asia who migrated towards western Asia and eastern Europe via Transoxiana (sometimes spelled Transoxania) is the largely obsolete name used for the portion of Map of Central Asia outlined in orange showing one set of possible borders Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast A landlocked country is one that has no coastline... Transoxiana. From the 5th century onwards, the Oghuz were the founders and rulers of several important Turkic kingdoms and empires, the most notable of them being the The Gokturks or Kokturks (Gök-Turks or Kök-Turks, with the meaning Celestial Turks), known as Tujue (突厥 tu2 jue2) in medieval This article is on the geographic and cultural entity. For other meanings, see Country China, a country in East Asia One of the... Gokturks, The Seljuk Turks (Turkish: Selçuk; Arabic: سلجوق Saljūq, السلاجقة al-Salājiqa; Persian: سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq) were a major branch of... Seljuks, The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. The Safavids were a long-lasting Turkic-speaking Iranian dynasty that ruled from 1501 to 1736 and first established Shiite Islam as Persias official religion. Contents // 1 Origins 2 Rise and Fall... Safavids and the Ottomans.


Although also settled and urbanized, the nomadic way of life bred in them a combative spirit, sense in leadership, the habit of mobility, elegant equestrian skill, and an unusual dexterity as archers on horseback. Since early times in their history, they were noted for such moral virtues as endurance, loyalty, self-discipline and foresight.


In the later centuries, they adapted and implied their own Turkic traditions and institutions to the ends of the This article forms part of the seriesIslam This article forms part of the seriesIslam Vocabulary of Islam Five Pillars Profession of faith Prayer · Alms · Fasting Pilgrimage to Mecca Jihad (See Sixth pillar of Islam) People Muhammad Prophets of Islam Caliph · Shia Imam Companions of Muhammad Holy Cities Mecca · Medina · Jerusalem... Islamic world and emerged as empire-builders with a constructive sense of statecraft, making a positive contribution to history as the vast regions in which they ruled evolved into new phases of social, economic, religious and intellectual advancement.

Contents

Name

The name Oghuz (also pronounced Okuz) is derived from "arrow" and "tribes." The depiction of an archer shooting an arrow was the flag of the Seljuk empire, which was founded by the Oghuz Turks in the 10th century.


The designation of "Oghuz" was given to a series of Turkic tribes in Central Asia who had united into a new confederation. This socio-political union led to the emergence of a new larger Turkic tribe and community, known as the Oghuz. The Oghuz community gradually grew larger as various other Turkic tribes united during the Gokturk empire (6th, 7th century.)


Oghuz is not an ethnic name, and it can be simply translated into "Turkic tribes". The "Oghuz Turk branch" or "western Turk branch" is one of the traditional six branches of the modern Turkic peoples. The "Oghuz branch" is a geographical and historical designation, not a separate ethnic term since the Turkic peoples of the world share the same ethnic roots.


They are referred to as "western Turks" because they moved west from other Turkic peoples after the Gokturk empire collapsed, and because the majority of the areas in which they inhabit today (except Turkmenistan and the Turkmen Sahra) are west of the Download high resolution version (550x700, 66 KB)Description: This is a view from orbit of the Caspian Sea as imaged by the MODIS sensor on the Terra satellite. Caption: The original caption from NASA: The northern part of the Caspian Sea is plagued by a process called eutrophication, in which... Caspian Sea, while those referred to as "eastern Turks" live east of the Caspian Sea.


Origins

The Oghuz Turks have perhaps been the most famous, important, dominating, fruitful and successful branch of Turkic peoples and families.


Their history as kings, statesmen, warriors, as well as an enormous tribal union and large communal branch begins in the pre-Islamic period, yet their achievements and progression in the centuries after the arrival of Islam have left their mark on history and civilization.


The original homeland of the Oghuz, like other Turks, was the The Ural Mountains, (Russian: Ура́льские го́ры = Ура́л) also known simply as the Urals, are a mountain range that run roughly north and south through western Russia. The Urals extend 2500 km from the... Ural- For the republic in Russia, see Altai Republic. Altai (in Mongolian Altain-ula, the Mountains of Gold), a term used in Asiatic geography with various significations. Shavlo Lake in Northern Tcuski Range Contents // 1 Altai region 1.1 Geographical features 2 Range of the Altai proper 2.1 Geographical features... Altay region of Central Asia known as Türkistan (also spelled Turkistan or Turkestan) is a region in Central Asia, largely inhabited by Turkic people. It is subdivided into West Türkistan and East Türkistan. West Türkistan was conquered by the Russian Empire, thus sometimes called Russian Türkistan or Turkistan Krai. After the Russian... Turkistan or This article is about the geographical term Turan, for other usages see Turan (disambiguation) In Geography, Turan refers the bulk of the Eurasian landmass including the Russian steppes, Central Asian Turkestan, Mongolia, the Caucasus and other regions where historical Hunnish, Avar, Turkic and Mongol powers held sway, such as Iran... Turan, which has been the domain of Turkic peoples since antiquity. Although their mass-migrations from Central Asia occurred from the ( (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant persons 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there... 9th century onwards, they were present in areas west of the Caspian Sea centuries prior, although smaller in numbers and perhaps living with other Turks. For example, the Book of Dede Korkut which is the historic epic of the Oghuz Turks was written in Azerbaijan in the 6th and 7th century.


According to many historians, the usage of the word "Oghuz" is dated back to the advent of the Many historians consider the Huns (meaning person in Mongolian language) the first The term Mongolian can refer to: a person, place or item from Mongolia a member of the Mongolian people, known as the Mongols the Mongolian language or the Mongolian alphabet Also, the pejorative terms mongoloid and mongolism were... Huns ( Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC - 220s BC - 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC Years: 225 BC 224 BC 223 BC 222 BC 221 BC - 220 BC - 219 BC 218 BC... 220 BC). The title of "Oghuz" (Oguz Khan) was given to Mete, the founder of the Hun empire, which is often considered the first Turkic political entity in Central Asia.


Also in the (3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant persons 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events BC 168 Battle of Pydna -- Macedonian phalanx defeated by Romans BC 148 Rome conquers Macedonia... 2nd century BC, a Turkic tribe called "O-kut" who were described as Huns (referred to as Xiongnu or "colored-eyed people" in This article is on the geographic and cultural entity. For other meanings, see Country China, a country in East Asia One of the two states that have China in their official title and claim sovereignty over all of China: Peoples Republic of China (governing Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau... Chinese sources) were mentioned in the area of Tarbogatain, in present-day southern Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан, Qazaqstan; Russian: Казахстан, Kazakhstán), also spelled Kazakstan, is a country that stretches over a vast expanse of Asia and a former republic of the now extinct USSR. A portion of... Kazakstan. It must be noted that the The word Greek has a number of meanings relating to Greece, including: Architecture of Ancient Greece Art in Ancient Greece Greek alphabet Greek colonies Cuisine of Greece Ethnic Greek Greco-Turkish relations Greece Hellenes History of Greece History of Mycenaean Greece History of Ancient Greece History of Hellenistic Greece History... Greek sources used the name Oufi (or Ouvvi) to describe the Oghuz Turks, a name they had also used to describe the Huns centuries earlier.


A number of tribal groupings bearing the name Oghuz, often with a numeral representing the number of united tribes in the union are noted.


The mention of the "six Oghuz tribal union" in the Turkic Orhon (or Orkhon) inscriptions are the oldest known Turkic writings, which were erected near the Orhon River between 732 and 735 in honour of two Kokturk princes named Kul and Bilge. They have been carved on two monuments by old Turkic runes (see Orkhon script), which were deciphered by the... Orhun inscriptions ( (5th century — 6th century — 7th century — other centuries) Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant persons 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events The first academy of the east the Academy of Gundeshapur founded in Persia by the Persian Shah Khosrau I. Irish colonists and invaders, the... 6th century) pertains to the unification of the six Turkic tribes which became known as the Oghuz. This was the first written reference to Oghuz, and was dated to the period of the Gokturk empire. The Oghuz community gradually grew larger, uniting more Turkic tribes prior and during the Gokturk establishment.


Prior to the Gokturk state, there are references to the "Sekiz-Oghuz" ("eight-Oghuz") and the "Dokuz-Oghuz" ("nine-Oghuz") union. The Oghuz Turks under Sekiz-Oghuz and the Dokuz-Oghuz state formations ruled different areas in the vicinity of the Altay mountains. During the establishment of the Gokturk state, Oghuz tribes inhabited the Altay mountain region and also lived in northeastern areas of the Altay mountains along the Tula River. They were also present as a community near the Barlik river in present-day northern For the region of the same name, see Mongolia (region) Mongolia (Khalkha Mongolian: Монгол Улс) is a landlocked nation in central Asia, bordered by Russia to the north and the Peoples Republic of China to the south. It was the center of... Mongolia.


Their main homeland and domain in the ensuing centuries was the area of Transoxiana, in western Turkistan.


This land became known as the "Oghuz steppe" which is an area between the Caspian and The Aral Sea has now shriveled to well under half of the area it covered fifty years ago. The Aral Sea is an endorheic inland sea in Central Asia; it lies between Kazakhstan in the north and Karakalpakstan, an autonomous region of Uzbekistan, in the south. Since the 1960s, the... Aral Seas. Ibnul Asir, an For other uses, see The words Arab and Arabian have multiple meanings: Arab - pertaining to the people/language/politics of West Asia Arab - 1 billion in the Indian numbering system. Arab, a short-lived English automobile. Arab, Alabama The Arabian horse. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid... Arab historian, declared that the Oghuz Turks had come to Transoxiana in the period of the An Anglicized/Latinized version of the Arabic word خليفة or Khalīfah, Caliph ( This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons. Please see its description page there. To play the audio file do not click on the -image. Look for a Listen-link near this... caliph Muhammad ibn Mansur al-Mahdi (ruled 775–785), was the third Abbasid Caliph. He succeeded his father, al-Mansur. Al-Mahdi, whose name means Rightly-guided or Redeemer, was proclaimed caliph when his father was on his deathbed. His peaceful reign continued the policies of his predecessors. Rapprochement with... Al-Mahdi in the years between Years: 771 772 773 774 - 775 - 776 777 778 779 Decades: 740s 750s 760s - 770s - 780s 790s 800s Centuries: 7th century - 8th century - 9th century Events Leo IV succeeds Constantine V as Byzantine Emperor. Battle of Otford between Mercia and Kent. Alpin II succeeds Ciniod as king of the Picts... 775 and Years: 781 782 783 784 - 785 - 786 787 788 789 Decades: 750s 760s 770s - 780s - 790s 800s 810s Centuries: 7th century - 8th century - 9th century Events Widukind and many other Saxons are baptized. Harun al-Rashid becomes caliph. The Frankish empire conquers Girona from the Moors. Cologne becomes an archbishopry... 785. In the period of the ( The copyright status of this work is difficult or impossible to determine. The individual who uploaded this work and first used it in an article, and subsequent persons who place it into articles, assert that if this image is not copyrighted, then it is in the public domain, and that... Abbasid caliph Al-Ma'mun ( Years: 809 810 811 812 - 813 - 814 815 816 817 Decades: 780s 790s 800s - 810s - 820s 830s 840s Centuries: 8th century - 9th century - 10th century Events June 22 - Byzantine Emperor Michael I is defeated in a war against the Bulgarians. July 12 - A revolt puts Leo V on the throne... 813 Years: 829 830 831 832 - 833 - 834 835 836 837 Decades: 800s 810s 820s - 830s - 840s 850s 860s Centuries: 8th century - 9th century - 10th century Events End of the reign of caliph Mamun Nimmyo succeeds Junna as emperor of Japan Creation of Great Moravia Births Deaths Categories: 833 ... 833), the name Oghuz starts to appear in the works of Islamic writers. By Years: 776 777 778 779 - 780 - 781 782 783 784 Decades: 750s 760s 770s - 780s - 790s 800s 810s Centuries: 7th century - 8th century - 9th century Events Constantine VI becomes Byzantine Emperor with Irene as guardian. Tang De Zong becomes emperor of China. Drest III succeeds Alpin II as king of... 780, the eastern parts of the Syr Darya (also known as Syrdarya or Sirdaryo) is a river in Central Asia. It rises in two headstreams in the Tien Shan mountains in Kyrgyzstan and eastern Uzbekistan and flows for some 2,220 km (1,380 miles) west and north-west through southern Kazakhstan to the Aral Sea... Syr Darya were ruled by the Karluk Turks and the western region (Oghuz steppe) was ruled by the Oghuz Turks.


Anthropology

The Oghuz Turks are labeled by some historians as "the purest of Turks" in terms of race, language and culture. According to Lev Gumilev in his accredited work entitled 1,000 Years Around the Caspian, the Oghuz in the anthropological (racial) category were Download high resolution version (696x1046, 18 KB)Caucasoid Racial type skull This work is copyrighted. The individual who uploaded this work and first used it in an article, and subsequent persons who place it into articles assert that this qualifies as fair use of the material under United States copyright... Caucasoid (Europoid).


The majority of today's Oghuz Turks have light to dark skin tones and dark hair and eye colors, while lighter Europoid features including very light skin tones, blondish/brownish/reddish hair colors and light eye colors are evident in Azerbaijanis from the Republic of Azerbaijan and the northwestern region of Iran ( Persian ( Parsi پارسی ) Spoken in: Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and parts of Uzbekistan Region: Middle east Total speakers: 61.7 million Ranking: 29 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Indo-Iranian   Iranian    Western     Southwestern   ... Iran known as South Azerbaijan as well as the Turks of Turkey, Turkmens and other Oguz Turks. Elements of both Caucasoid and The term Mongoloid describes a proposed race of humans, most of whom live in Asia and the Pacific Rim. The grouping was one of the four major races recognized by Nineteenth Century racial theories. Epicanthal folds and oblique palpable fissures are common among most Mongoloid individuals. Most exhibit Mongolian spot... Mongoloid strains are evident in some.


Like most of the other Turkic peoples, the Oghuz have a round skull formation, high cheek bones and straight hair.


Social Unit

The Militarism is the ideology that military strength is the source of all security. In its mildest form it is often stated as many more specific arguments for military preparedness, all of which tend to assume that peace through strength is the best or only way to achieve peace. Militarism tends... militarism that their empires were very well known for was rooted in their centuries-long nomadic lifestyle. In general they were a herding society which posessed certain military advantages that other societies did not have, particularly mobility. Alliances by marriage and kinship, and systems of "social distance" based on family relationships were the connective tissues of their society.


In Oghuz traditions, society was simply the result of the growth of individual families. But such a society also grew by alliances and the expansion of different groups normally through marriages. The shelter of the Oghuz tribes was a tent-like dwelling, erected on wooden poles and covered with skin, felt, or hand-woven textiles, which is called a A Yurt is a traditional home of the nomads who live on the cold, dry steppes of Central Asia. Uzbek woman at the entrance to a yurt in Turkestan; 1913 picture by Prokudin-Gorskii. Yurt or yurta is actually the Russian word for these felt dwelling places. The Kazakhs who... yurt.


Their cuisine included yahni (stew), kebabs, togya corbasi (a soup made from wheat flour and yogurt), kimis (traditional drink of the Turks), pekmez (a syrup made of boiled of grape juice and helva made with cornflour), tutmac (noodle soup), yufka (flattened bread), katmer (layered pastry), chorek (ring-shaped bun), bread, clotted cream, cheese, milk and ayran, as well as wine.


Social order was maintained by emphasizing correctness in conduct as well as ritual and ceremony. Ceremonies brought together the scattered members of the society to celebrate birth, puberty, marriage, and death. Such ceremonies had the effect of minimizing social dangers and also of adjusting persons to each other under controlled emotional conditions.


Patrilineality is a system in which one belongs to ones fathers lineage; it generally involves the inheritance of property, names or titles through the male line as well. A patriline is a line of descent from a male ancestor to a descendant (of either sex) in which the... Patrilineally related men and their families were regarded as a group with rights over a particular territory and were distinguished from neighbors on a territorial basis. Marriages were often arranged among territorial groups so that neighboring groups could become related, but this was the only organizing principle that extended territorial unity. Each community of the Oghuz Turks was thought of as part of a larger society composed of distant as well as close relatives. This signified tribal allegiance. Wealth and materialistic objects were not commonly emphasized in Oghuz society and most remained herders, and when settled they would be active in agriculture.


Status within the family was based on age, gender, relationships by blood, or marriageability. Males as well as females were active in society, yet men were the backbones of leadership and organization. According to the Book of Dede Korkut which demonstrates the culture of the Oghuz Turks, women were expert horse riders, archers, and athletes. The elders were respected as repositories of both secular and spiritual wisdom.


Homeland in Transoxiana

In the 8th century, the Oghuz Turks made a new home and domain for themselves in the area between the Caspian and Aral seas, a region that is often referred to as Transoxiana, the western portion of Turkistan. They had moved westward from the Altay mountains through the Siberian federal subjects of Russia Siberia (Russian: Сиби́рь, common English transliterations: Sibir, Sibir; possibly from the Mongolian for the calm land) is a vast region of Russia and northern Kazakhstan constituting all of northern Asia. It extends eastward from the Ural Mountains to the... Siberian steppes and settled in this region, and also penetrated into southern The Russian Federation ( Russian (русский язык) Spoken in: The Russian Federation ( Russian (русский язык) Spoken in: Russia and many other countries Region: Eastern Europe and Asia Total speakers: 280 million Ranking: 4... Russia and the For other meanings of the word Volga see Volga (disambiguation) Volga Волга Length 3,690 km Elevation of the source 225 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 1.35 million km² Origin Valdai Hills Mouth Caspian Sea Basin countries Russia The Volga river (Russian... Volga.


In his accredited work titled Divani Lugati’t-Turk, Mahmud of Kashgar is an oasis city located west of the Taklamakan desert, at the feet of the Tian Shan mountain range in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China (39°24’26” N. lat., 76°6’47” E. long.). It is 1... Kashgar, a Turkic scholar of the 11. century, described the Karachuk Mountains which are located just east of the Aral Sea as the original homeland of the Oghuz Turks. The Karachuk mountains are now known as the The Tian Shan (Chinese: 天山; Pinyin: Tiān Shān; celestial mountains) mountain range is located in Central Asia, in the border region of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of western China. The Tian Shan is culminating in Pik Pobedy (Victory Peak), at 7439m... Tian Shan Mountains, and they are adjacent to Syr Darya (also known as Syrdarya or Sirdaryo) is a river in Central Asia. It rises in two headstreams in the Tien Shan mountains in Kyrgyzstan and eastern Uzbekistan and flows for some 2,220 km (1,380 miles) west and north-west through southern Kazakhstan to the Aral Sea... Syr Darya.


The extension from the Karacuk Mountains towards the Caspian Sea (Transoxiana) was called the "Oghuz Steppe Lands" from where the Oghuz Turks established trading, religious and cultural contacts with the Abbasid Arab caliphate who ruled to the south. This is around the same time that they first converted to Islam and renounced their The shaman is an intellectual and spiritual figure who is regarded as possessing power and influence on other peoples in the tribe and performs several functions, primarily that of a A healer is someone who purports to aid recovery from ill health. Some practitioners of alternative health practices seek to... Shamanist belief system. The Arab historians mentioned that the Oghuz Turks in their domain in Transoxiana were ruled by a number of kings and chieftains.


It was in this area that they later founded the Seljuk empire, and it was from this area that they spread west into western Asia and eastern Europe during Turkic migrations from the 9th until the 12th century.


Dynasties

Oghuz Turk dynasties include: Seljuks, Atabeks, Akkoyunlu, Karakoyunlu, Safavis, Afshars and Qajars (Gajars) and in Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to... Anatolia (Turkey) the Oghuz Turks founded the Ottoman empire.


Turcoman & Turkmen

The terms "Turkmen" and "Turcoman" were often used as a designation for the Muslim-Oghhuz Turks (Azerbaijanis, Turks of Turkey, central Asian Turks) in periods of history, and the ethnic name that the modern Turkmens of central Asia use to designate their nationality was formed later.


Although a term most commonly used for the Oghuz of central Asia, the name "Turkmen" or "Turcoman" once applied to Azerbaijanis and the Turks of Turkey as well, distinguishing between other Turks and non-Muslim Turks. Some western books which were written prior to the modern age use the terms "Turcoman" for the descendants of the Oghuz Turks who were not from the Turkmen nationality of central Asia, which is one of the branches of the Oghuz.


For example, it is written in many sources prior to the modern age that the largest component of the population of Azerbaijan is composed of "Turcoman tribes." The "Turkmen" reference in history books which is often used for Azerbaijanis and Turks of Turkey simply means "Muslim Turk" or "Muslim western Turk" which means Oghuz Turk.


In Turkey the word Turkmen refers to nomadic Turkish tribes (all muslims) some of whom still continue this lifestyle.


According to the 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. (click on link for calendar) Years: 1910 1911 1912 - 1913 - 1914 1915 1916 Decades: 1880s 1890s 1900s - 1910s - 1920s 1930s 1940s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1913 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail... Encyclopædia Britannica the name Turkmen is a synonym of Oghuz which includes all the Turkish (Turkic) population who live to the southwest of Central Asia:

  • Turkey
  • Azerbaijan Republic
  • Iran
  • Turkmenistan
  • in other countries:
    • Afghanistan (Pashtu/Dari-Persian: Afğānistān افغانستان) is a country in Central Asia. It is bordered by Iran in the west, Pakistan in the south and east, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the... Afghanistan
    • The Republic of Iraq is a Middle Eastern country in southwestern Asia encompassing the ancient region of Mesopotamia. It shares borders with Kuwait and Saudi-Arabia to the south, Jordan to the west, Syria to the north-west, Turkey to the north, and Iran to the east. Its current leadership... Iraq, The Syrian Arab Republic is a country in the Middle East, bordering (from south to north) on Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq and Turkey. The borders with Israel and Turkey are subject to dispute, pending the resolution of outstanding conflicts over possession of the Golan Heights and the region of Iskenderun... Syria and other Arab countries
    • Greece, Cyprus, The Republic of Bulgaria is a There is presently an editing dispute over two versions of this page. One version is below; you may also view the other version (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Republic&oldid={{{1}}}) or the difference (http://en.wikipedia.org... Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Gagavuz , The Federal Republic of Germany ( German (Deutsch) Spoken in: Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and 38 other countries. Region: Europe Total speakers: 120 million Ranking: 9 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Germanic   West Germanic    Old High German    Middle High German    Modern... Germany, The word Britain is used to refer to the The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a This article describes a type of political entity. Country is also a short form for the Rural areas are sparsely settled places away from the influence of large cities and... Britain and many other European nations.

The Turkish historian Y. Oztuna presents almost the same definition to the name Turkmen. He labels the Turkmen Oghuz or western Turkish populations as:

  • Ottomans
  • Azerbaijan
  • Turkmen (Turkmenistan)

Literature

Oghuz Turkish literature includes the famous Book of Dede Korkut which was UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN may stand for: the United Nations the IATA code for Transaero Airlines This page expands a... UNESCO's 2000 literacy work of the year, as well as the Oguznama and "Koroglu" epics which are part of the literacy history of Azerbaijanis, Turks of Turkey and Turkmens. The modern and classical literature of Azerbaijan, The history of Turkish Literature may be divided into three periods, reflecting the history of Turkish civilization as follows: the period up to the adoption of Islam, the Islamic period and the period under western influence. Contents // 1 Literature Prior the Adoption of Islam 2 Literature After the Adoption of... Turkey and central Asia are also considered the Oghuz literature, since it has been produced by their descendants.


The Book of Dede Korkut is an invaluable collection of epics and stories, bearing witness to the language, the way of life, religions, traditions and social norms of the Oghuz Turks in Azerbaijan, Turkey and central Asia.


See Also

  • For other uses, see Azerbaijan can refer to either: Republic of Azerbaijan - a sovereign country in South West Asia South Azerbaijan - a region approximately consisting of the Iranian provinces of East Azarbaijan, West Azarbaijan, and Ardabil Azerbaijanis - a Turkic people Azerbaijani language - a Turkic language This is a disambiguation page... Azerbaijan
  • For other uses, see This is the disambiguation page for the terms Turk, Turkey, Turkic, and Turkish. Because these four terms are highly interrelated, they also refer to similar subjects, all gathered on this one disambiguation page. Contents // 1 Turk 2 Turkey 3 Turkic 4 Turkish Turk A Turk is... Turkey
  • Turkmenistan, once known as the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic is a country in Central Asia. It has borders with Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and has a coastline on the Caspian Sea. Türkmenistanyn Respublikasy Turkmenistan (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: none Official language Turkmen Capital Ashgabat President and Prime... Turkmenistan
  • The neutrality and factual accuracy of this article are disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. The Iranian Azerbaijan or Iranian Azarbaijan (Persian: آذربایجان ایران; Āzarbāyjān-e Irān... South Azerbaijan
  • The Turkic people are any of various peoples whose members speak languages in the Turkic family of languages. These people, possibly numbering 150 million in population, are probably the diverse descendants of large groups of tribespeople who originated in Central Asia. Contents // 1 Nomenclature 2 History 3 Geographical Distribution and... Turkic people

  Results from FactBites:
 
Oghuz Turks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2051 words)
The name Oghuz is derived from the words "arrow" and "tribes." The depiction of an archer shooting an arrow was the flag of the Seljuk Empire, founded by the Oghuz Turks in the 10th century.
The mention of the "six Oghuz tribal union" in the Turkic Orhun inscriptions (6th century) pertains to the unification of the six Turkic tribes which became known as the Oghuz.
Oghuz Turkish literature includes the famous Book of Dede Korkut which was UNESCO's 2000 literacy work of the year, as well as the Oguznama and "Koroglu" epics which are part of the literacy history of Azerbaijanis, Turks of Turkey and Turkmens.
Encyclopedia: Oghuz (4493 words)
From the 5th century onwards, the Oghuz were the founders and rulers of several important Turkic kingdoms and empires, the most notable of them being the The Gokturks or Kokturks (Gök-Turks or Kök-Turks, with the meaning Celestial Turks), known as Tujue (突厥 tu2 jue2) in medieval This article is on the geographic and cultural entity.
The name Oghuz (also pronounced Okuz) is derived from "arrow" and "tribes." The depiction of an archer shooting an arrow was the flag of the Seljuk empire, which was founded by the Oghuz Turks in the 10th century.
The shelter of the Oghuz tribes was a tent-like dwelling, erected on wooden poles and covered with skin, felt, or hand-woven textiles, which is called a A Yurt is a traditional home of the nomads who live on the cold, dry steppes of Central Asia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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