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Encyclopedia > Ogedei
Kublai Khan
Ögedei Khan


Ögedei, (also Ögädäi, Ögedäi, etc.), was the third son of Genghis Khan. He succeeded his father to rule as the second khan of the Mongol Empire. He continued the expansion the empire that his father had begun. Like all of Genghis' primary sons, he participated extensively in conquests in Northern China and Central Asia.


He was elected supreme khan in 1229, according to the kuriltai held after Genghis' death, although this was never really in doubt as it was Genghis' clear wish that he be succeeded by Ögedei.


During his reign, the Mongols completed the destruction of the Jurchen Jin empire (in 1234), coming into contact and conflict with the Southern Song. In 1235, under the khan's direct generalship, the Mongols began a war of conquest that would not end for forty-five years, and would result in the complete annexation of all of China. Mongol armies vassalized Korea, established permanent control of Persia proper (commanded by Chormagan) and, most notably, expanded westwards under the command of Batu Khan to subdue the Russian steppe. Their western conquests included almost all of Russia (save Novgorod, which became a vassal), Hungary, and Poland.


The Mongol expansion throughout the Asian continent under the leadership of Ögedei helped bring political stability and re-establish the Silk Road, the primary trading route between East and West.


Ögedei's death in 1241, brought the western campaign to a premature end. The commanders heard the news as they were advancing on Vienna, and withdrew for the kuriltai in Mongolia, never again to return so far west.


His son Güyük eventually succeeded him after the five-year regency of his widow Töregene Khatun.



Preceded by:
Genghis Khan
Khan of Mongol Empire
1229–1246
Succeeded by:
Güyük Khan

  Results from FactBites:
 
AllRefer.com - Mongolia - Successors of Chinggis, 1228-59 - Ogedei and Continuing Conquests | Mongolian Information ... (598 words)
Ogedei refused to divide the conquered region with the Song, which in 1234 attempted to seize part of the former Jin empire.
Ogedei committed the Mongols, whose total population could not have exceeded 1 million, to an offensive war against the most populous nation on earth, while other Mongol armies were invading Iran, Anatolia, Syria, and the steppes of western Siberia and Russia.
Ogedei and his progeny were awarded China and the other lands of East Asia.
The Mongol Empire (1071 words)
When Ogedei was appointed to be the next Khan, the other sons of Genghis Khan benefited as well.
Ogedei not only conquered the Jin Dynasty, he also took control of Persia, Korea, Poland, Hungary, and most of Russia with the help of Batu Khan and Subedei.
The reason there was a gap from Ogedei’s death in 1241 till Guyuk was elected in 1246 was because various other princes stalled the process of selecting the khan in hopes of being picked themselves.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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