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Encyclopedia > Officer Candidates School (U.S. Marine Corps)
Officer Candidates School

The OCS insignia
Active 1891 - present
Country United States
Branch USMC
Type Training
Role Screen and evaluate officer candidates
Part of Training and Education Command
Garrison/HQ Marine Corps Base Quantico
Motto "Ductus Exemplo"
"Leadership by Example"
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel Robert H. Chase, Jr.

The United States Marine Corps Officer Candidates School (OCS) is a school located on Marine Corps Base (MCB) Quantico that trains, screens, and evaluates potential Marine Corps officers. Unlike the other United States military services, the majority of Marine Corps officers must complete OCS to earn a commission; the only exception are midshipmen from the United States Naval Academy. Entry to OCS comes from several different commissioning programs:[1] Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces to global crises. ... The Marine Corps Base Quantico, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, is one of the largest United States Marine Corps bases in the world. ... This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases, such as veni vidi vici and et cetera. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces to global crises. ... The Marine Corps Base Quantico, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, is one of the largest United States Marine Corps bases in the world. ... The Military of the United States, officially known as the United States Armed Forces, is structured into five branches consisting of the: United States Army United States Navy United States Marine Corps United States Air Force United States Coast Guard All branches are part of the United States Uniformed Services. ... The United States Naval Academy (USNA) is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and is in Annapolis, Maryland, near Washington D.C. The Academy often is referred to simply as Annapolis although naval officers normally refer to it in conversation...

  • Platoon Leaders Class (PLC) for college students with more than one year left in school
  • Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps(NROTC)
  • Officer Candidates Class(OCC) for college seniors and graduates
  • Enlisted Commissioning Program (ECP) for enlisted Marines with a college degree
  • Meritorious Commissioning Program (MCP) for enlisted Marines within 18 months of graduation
  • Marine Enlisted Commissioning Program (MECEP)

Depending on the source, candidates go through either a 6-week, 10-week, or 2 6-week sessions designed primarily to screen and evaluate candidates' fitness to lead Marines by placing them in leadership positions in a stressful environment. Students are placed in a training environment to evaluate their leadership potential through 2-3 day command billets in the company and platoon, and squad and fire-team level field exercises. The follow-on school to OCS, The Basic School (TBS), is where all the skills and knowledge necessary to be an officer of Marines is imparted to future officers. Platoon Leaders Class (PLC) is the United States Marine Corps alternative method for the training and evaluation of its Marine Officer Candidates. ... The Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps commissions individiuals into either the United States Navy or United States Marine Corps. ... Officer Candidate Course (OCC) is a 10-week training program at the United States Marine Corps Officer Candidates School, located at the Marine Corps Base Quantico in Virginia. ... The Basic School (TBS) is where all newly commissioned United States Marine Corps officers are sent to learn the art and science of being a Marine officer. ...

Contents

History

Prior to World War I, Marine officers came primarily from the Naval Academy, or were commissioned from the enlisted ranks. But as the Marine Corps expanded, it needed its own training pipeline for officers. OCS traces its roots to the "School of Application", established in 1891 in Washington, D.C. With the expansion of the Marine Corps for World War I, all instructional efforts were consolidated in MCB Quantico, where they remain today. Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert Henry Asquith Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow... ...


Honoring Medal of Honor recipients

As is common throughout the military, landmarks are often named for Medal of Honor recipients. As is common for training commands, they are named for members of the relevant branch and category of service, in this case Marine Corps officers. The main road to and through OCS is named Elrod Avenue, in honor of Major Henry "Hank" Elrod, the first aviator to be awarded the Medal of Honor, for his heroism in the defense of Wake Island in World War II. The chow hall is named Bobo Hall, in honor of Second Lieutenant John P. Bobo who was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Quang Tri province of Vietnam in 1967. The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... Henry Talmage Elrod (27 September 1905 – 23 December 1941) was a Marine aviator. ... An aircraft carrier is a warship whose main role is to deploy and recover aircraft. ... Combatants Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total... Posthumous means after death. ... Quang Tri Province is a region and province in central Vietnam near (north) the ancient capital of Huế. Categories: Southeast Asia geography stubs ...


In addition, the training grounds have a 5-mile trail named the "Medal of Honor trail;" each of its trail markers contains the name of a Medal of Honor recipient, and the location and date of the action for which they were honored.


Notes

  1. ^ Earning a Commission. U.S. Marine Corps Officer Candidate's Guide. United States Marine Corps. Retrieved on 2007-01-28.

2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

United States Marine Corps Portal

 
 

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