FACTOID # 2: Puerto Rico has roughly the same gross state product as Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Office of Surface Mining, Reclamation, and Enforcement
Office of Surface Mining
Office of Surface Mining logo
Established: August 3, 1977
Director: Brent Wahlquist(Acting)
Budget: $300 million (2004)
Employees: 600 (2004)

The Office of Surface Mining (or OSM) is a branch of the United States Department of the Interior. It is the federal agency entrusted with the implementation and enforcement of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA). OSM has about 600 employees, who work in either the national office in Washington, DC or of the many regional and field offices. August 3 is the 215th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (216th in leap years), with 150 days remaining. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is a Cabinet department of the United States government that manages and conserves most federally-owned land. ... Sign at Indian Head Mine, near Beulah, ND. Photo: Chuck Meyers, OSM. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United...

OSM Regional Structure Map
Enlarge
OSM Regional Structure Map

OSM has two main functions:

  • Regulating Active Mines
  • Restoring Lands Damaged by Surface Mining and Abandoned Mines

Regulating Active Mines

The Office of Surface Mining is responsible for the enforcement of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, this includes setting regulatory guidelines. The actual regulation of mines is primarily done on a state level and tribal level, but OSM is charged with inspection of the state programs to meet the standard of quality. OSM regularly inspects state programs to make sure they are meeting the required standards; if they do not meet the required standards the OSM can take over. For example, when in 2003 Missouri was unable to meet the federal requirements due to a lack of funding, OSM stepped in to assume partial control of the state program. Sign at Indian Head Mine, near Beulah, ND. Photo: Chuck Meyers, OSM. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...

 OSM employee inspecting a mine
Enlarge
OSM employee inspecting a mine

OSM took control of the following in Missouri:

  • Training, examination, and certification of Blasters
  • Areas unsuitable for mining
  • Small Operator Assistance

OSM will continue to run the above parts of Missouri's Mining program until Missouri improves its program. This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


References

  • Office of Surface Mining web site, visited December 19, 2005.
  • OSM's 2004 Annual Report Downloaded December 23, 2005.
US Government offices in Environmental sciences
EPA - United States Environmental Protection Agency
DOI - United States Department of the Interior
 NPS - National Park Service FWS - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service BIA - Bureau of Indian Affairs BLM - Bureau of Land Management MMS - Minerals Management Service OSM - Office of Surface Mining, Reclamation, and Enforcement USGS - U.S. Geological Survey BR - Bureau of Reclamation OIA - Office of Insular Affairs 
USDA - United States Department of Agriculture
 Extension Service of the USDA FSA - Farm Service Agency FAS - Foreign Agricultural Service RMA - Risk Management Agency FSIS - Food Safety Inspection Service FS - Forest Service NRCS - Natural Resources Conservation Service RBS - Rural Business-Cooperative Service OCD - Office of Community Development RHS - Rural Housing Service RUS - Rural Utilities Service FNS - Food and Nutrition Service CNPP - Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion AMS - Agricultural Marketing Service APHIS - Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service GIPSA - Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration ARS - Agricultural Research Service CSREES - Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service ERS - Economic Research Service NASS - National Agricultural Statistics Service ASCS - Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service 
NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
 NWS - National Weather Service NOS - National Ocean Service NGS - National Geodetic Survey NESDIS - National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service NMFS - National Marine Fisheries Service OAR - Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research 
DOE - Department of Energy
 EERE - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy EIA - Energy Information Administration FERC - Federal Energy Regulatory Commission BER - Biological and Environmental Research EM - Office of Environmental Management 

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m