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Encyclopedia > Office of Naval Research
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The Office of Naval Research (ONR), headquartered in Arlington, Virginia (Ballston), is an office of the U.S. Navy that carries out scientific research to support the Navy and Marine Corps in the interest of national security. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1238x557, 445 KB) This image is a work of a U.S. military or Department of Defense employee, taken or made during the course of an employees official duties. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1238x557, 445 KB) This image is a work of a U.S. military or Department of Defense employee, taken or made during the course of an employees official duties. ... Arlington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia (which calls itself a commonwealth), directly across the Potomac River from Washington, DC. By an act of Congress July 9, 1846, the area south of the Potomac was returned to Virginia effective in 1847 As of 2000... View above Fairfax Drive Ballston is a neighborhood in Arlington County, Virginia and is home to a stop on the Orange Line of the Washington Metro. ... The United States Navy (also known as USN or the U.S. Navy) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ...


ONR, as it is frequently referred to, runs the Naval Research Lab (or NRL), the ONR Global Fleet/Forces division, the Naval Science and Technology Program, and the Commercial Technology Transition Office (CTTO). The US Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) is the corporate research laboratory for the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps and conducts a broad program of scientific research and advanced development. ...

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The Office of Naval Research

The U.S. Secretary of the Navy established a main office for research within the Department of the Navy in May 1945, three days after the Japanese defeat. Flag of the United States Secretary of the Navy. ... Seal The United States Department of the Navy was established by an Act of Congress on April 30, 1798, to provide administrative and technical support, and civilian leadership to the United States Navy. ...


ONR was authorized by an Act of Congress, and subsequently approved by President Truman on August 1, 1946, with the stated mission of "planning, fostering, and encouraging scientific research in recognition of its paramount importance as related to the maintenance of future naval power and the preservation of national security." A congress is a gathering of people, especially a gathering for a political purpose. ... Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice-President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


Its initial operating budget was roughly $22 million. The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


The first Chief of Naval Research, Vice Admiral Harold Bowen, was instrumental in radar research and convincing the Navy to adopt high-temperature, high-pressure steam turbines. Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ... This long range radar antenna, known as ALTAIR, is used to detect and track space objects in conjunction with ABM testing at the Ronald Reagan Test Site on the Kwajalein atoll[1]. Radar is a system that uses radio waves to detect, determine the distance of, and map, objects such... A rotor of a modern steam turbine, used in a power plant A steam turbine is a mechanical device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam, and converts it into useful mechanical work. ...


Oversight of Educational Research

ONR and Department of Health and Human Services share audit oversight of federal research funds awarded to educational institutions. (ONR uses the services of the Defense Contract Audit Agency; DHHS has its own audit staff but will use DCAA services on occasion.) The United States Department of Health and Human Services, often abbreviated HHS, is a Cabinet department of the United States government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services. ... The Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA), under the authority, direction, and control of the United States Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), is responsible for performing all contract audits for the Department of Defense (DoD), and providing accounting and financial advisory services regarding contracts and subcontracts to all DoD Components responsible...


Under the agreement between the two entities, whichever entity has the greatest share of funds awarded to the institution maintains responsibility for oversight. In the event neither entity has a majority share, DHHS by default maintains responsibility. Every five years, the sharing ratio at an institution is checked to see if oversight should be switched between the parties.


Naval Research Laboratory

Founded in 1923, the NRL employs roughly 1,500 scientists and engineers. It has a prestigious history, including the development of the first U.S. radar system, developing synthetic lubricants (for modern gas turbine engines), Over-the-Horizon Radar, the first US surveillance satellite, and the Clementine mission. 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The physicist Albert Einstein is probably historys most widely recognized scientist. ... Look up engineer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This long range radar antenna, known as ALTAIR, is used to detect and track space objects in conjunction with ABM testing at the Ronald Reagan Test Site on the Kwajalein atoll[1]. Radar is a system that uses radio waves to detect, determine the distance of, and map, objects such... Synthetic oil is oil consisting of chemical compounds which were not originally present in crude oil (petroleum) but were artificially made (synthesized) from other compounds. ... This machine has a single-stage radial compressor and turbine, a recuperator, and foil bearings. ... KH-4B Corona satellite Lacrosse radar spy satellite under construction A spy satellite (officially referred to as a reconnaissance satellite or recon sat) is an Earth observation satellite or communications satellite deployed for military or intelligence applications. ... Clementine was a joint space project between the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO, previously the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization, or SDIO) and NASA. The objective of the mission was to test sensors and spacecraft components under extended exposure to the space environment and to make scientific observations of the Moon...


Fleet/Forces Division

The Fleet/Forces Division is responsible for planning and tactics. Such planning has included studies on "asymmetric attacks", wherein a small force (such as a pontoon boat filled with high explosive) is able to damage a much larger force (such as the USS Cole). This article is concerned solely with chemical explosives. ... The second USS Cole (DDG 67) is an Arleigh Burke-class Aegis guided missile destroyer homeported in NS Norfolk, Virginia. ...


Studies focus on operations in littoral waters, and denial of enemy electronics and intelligence (through programs such as HAARP). A littoral is the region near the shoreline of a body of fresh or salt water. ... Project HAARP (High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program) is a US Air Force, Navy and University of Alaska funded investigation to understand, simulate and control ionospheric processes that might alter the performance of communication and surveillance systems started in 1993 for a proposed twenty year series of experiments. ...


Naval Science and Technology Program

The ONR S&T Program is organized into thrusts, which are grouped into 23 research areas, including nanoelectronics, computational methods, underwater weaponry, and combat casualty care. It also has four Grand Challenges: Research is often described as an active, diligent, and systematic process of inquiry aimed at discovering, interpreting and revising facts. ... Molecular gears from a NASA computer simulation. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

  • Naval Battlespace Awareness
  • Electric Power Sources for the Navy and Marine Corps
  • Naval Materials Design
  • Multifunctional Electronics for Intelligent Naval Sensors

United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... The field of electronics comprises the study and use of systems that operate by controlling the flow of electrons (or other charge carriers) in devices such as thermionic valves and semiconductors. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Commercial Technology Transition Office

The CTTO exists as a broker between ONR and the rest of the Navy in finding successful and relevant civilian technologies. It seeks technology within the civilian COTS market which will further naval research. COTS is an acronym with multiple potential meanings: Commercial off-the-shelf products, which are ready-made and available for sale to the general public. ...


Gallery



See also

  • Office of Naval Research Homepage

  Results from FactBites:
 
Office of Naval Research - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (514 words)
The Office of Naval Research (ONR), headquartered in Arlington, Virginia (Ballston), is an office of the U.S. Navy that carries out scientific research to support the Navy and Marine Corps in the interest of national security.
ONR was authorized by an Act of Congress, and subsequently approved by President Truman on August 1, 1946, with the stated mission of "planning, fostering, and encouraging scientific research in recognition of its paramount importance as related to the maintenance of future naval power and the preservation of national security."
The first Chief of Naval Research, Vice Admiral Harold Bowen, was instrumental in radar research and convincing the Navy to adopt high-temperature, high-pressure steam turbines.
US Naval Research Laboratory (290 words)
Bust of Thomas Edison at the front gate of the Naval Research Laboratory.
The United States Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) is the corporate research laboratory for the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps and conducts a broad program of scientific research and advanced development.
Naval Research Laboratory complex on the Potomac River in Washington, D.C. NRL's accomplishments range from the development of gamma-ray radiography and radar to the Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph Experiment (LASCO) and Dragon Eye, a robotic airborne sensor system.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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