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Encyclopedia > Office of Naval Intelligence

The Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) was established in the United States Navy in 1882. The ONI was established to "seek out and report" on the advancements in other nations' navies. USN redirects here. ... 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ...


ONI's position as the naval intelligence arm began in earnest when the United States declared war on Spain in 1898 in response to the sinking of the U.S. battleship Maine in the harbor of Spanish-controlled Havana, Cuba. The ONI's powers grew as it became responsible for the "protection of Navy Personnel, censorship and the ferreting out of Spies and Saboteurs." Military intelligence (abbreviated MI, int. ... Combatants United States Republic of Cuba First Philippine Republic Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Casualties 379 U.S. dead; considerably higher although undetermined Cuban and Filipino casualties Unknown[1] The Spanish-American War took place... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... HMS Victory in 1884 Battleship was the name given to the most powerfully gun-armed and most heavily armored classes of warships built between the 15th and 20th centuries. ... USS Maine (ACR-1), the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for the state of Maine, was a 6682-ton second-class pre-dreadnought battleship originally designated as Armored Cruiser #1. ... This article is about the Cuban city. ... Censorship is basically the editing, removing, or otherwise changing speech and other forms of human expression. ... Spies may refer to: Spies (Coldplay), a song by the rock group Coldplay. ... This article is about Sabotage sabotage can also refer to: an early Black Sabbath album (Sabotage), the Alfred Hitchcock films (Sabotage or Saboteur), a Beastie Boys song, or a type of shock site. ...


In 1929 the Chief of Naval Operations made these functions the permanent duties of ONI. During World War II, Naval Intelligence became responsible for the translation, evaluation and dissemination of intercepted Japanese communications. During the Second World War, the ONI's budget and staff grew significantly. While other parts of the Navy were downsized after the war, Fleet Admiral Nimitz ensured ONI's continued strength, which was to prove important during the Cold War. 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the senior military officer in the United States Navy. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Look up translate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Budget generally refers to a list of all planned expenses and revenues. ... Chester William Nimitz (February 24, 1885 – February 20, 1966) was the Commander in Chief of Pacific Forces for the United States and Allied forces during World War II. He was the United States leading authority on submarines, as well as Chief of the Navys Bureau of Navigation in 1939. ... For other uses, please see Cold War (disambiguation). ...


The Office of Naval Intelligence is the oldest continuously operating intelligence service in the United States. ONI headquarters are at the National Maritime Intelligence Center (NMIC) in Suitland, Maryland. Suitland-Silver Hill is a census-designated place located in Prince Georges County, Maryland. ...


Bob Lazar, the source of the Area 51 controversy, is a former employee of ONI; a point that many of supporters have fixed upon, saying he was privy to government secrets. However, most of the information Lazar claimed to possess would not have been near the ONI's area of responsibility. Bob Lazar at Los Alamos National Laboratory Robert Scott Lazar (born 26 January 1959) is a central (and highly controversial) figure in discussions about UFOs. ... Satellite view of Area 51 from 1968. ...


Directors of Naval Intelligence from 1882 to 1942

Note: Prior to 1911 the head of the ONI was known as the Chief Intelligence Officer.

1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Theodorus B.M. Mason Theodorus Bailey Myers Mason (May 8, 1848-1899) was the founder and first head of the Office of Naval Intelligence, with the post of Chief Intelligence Intelligence Officer (prior to it being redesignated as Director of Naval Intelligence in 1911). ... 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Rear Admiral Raymond Perry Rodgers (December 20, 1849 - December 28, 1925) was an officer in the United States Navy. ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Charles Harold Davis (1856 or 1857 – 1933) was an American landscape painter. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Rear Admiral French Ensor Chadwick, USN (February 28, 1844-1919) was a U.S. Navy officer who became prominent in the naval reform movement of the post-Civil War era. ... 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Rear Admiral Richard Wainwright (17 December 1849 – 6 March 1926), son of Commander Richard Wainwright, was an officer in the United States Navy during the Spanish-American War. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Richardson Clover Rear Admiral Richardson Clover (July 11, 1846 - October 14, 1919) was an officer of the United States Navy. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... Captain Charles D. Sigsbee Charles Dwight Sigsbee (January 16, 1845 _ July 13, 1923) was an admiral in the United States Navy. ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Seaton Schoeder Seaton Schroeder (17 August 1849 – 19 October 1922) was an admiral of the United States Navy Schroeder was born in Washington, D.C., on 17 August 1849 and entered the United States Naval Academy in 1864. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Charles E. Vreeland Charles E. Vreeland (March 10, 1852 - September 27, 1916) was an officer of the United States Navy who reached the rank of rear admiral. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Albert Parker Niblack (25 July 1859 – 20 August 1929), was born in Vincennes, Indiana. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... Alan Goodrich Kirk (born October 30, 1888, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; died October 1963, Washington, DC) was an admiral in the U.S. Navy and an American diplomat. ... Theodore Stark Wilkinson (22 December 1888 – 21 February 1946) was an admiral of the United States Navy during World War II. Wilkinson was born on 22 December 1888 at Annapolis, Md. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ...

External links

  • Office of Naval Intelligence
  • US Navy Intelligence

References

Packard, Wyman H. (1996). Century of U.S. Naval Intelligence. Naval Historical Center. ISBN 0-945-27425-4.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Office of Naval Records and Library, 1882-1946 (14738 words)
Early naval records like those in most other departments of the Government were considered the property of the various bureaus, offices, or even officials themselves, and usually remained in the haphazard custody of their respective originators.
While the Library supplements the Office of Naval Intelligence principally in matters pertaining to the past, it is also useful in current subjects on account of the technical and other periodicals regularly subscribed to by the Library, which legal restrictions prevent the various bureaus from purchasing under their own appropriations.
One of the duties of the Office of Naval Records and Library in the pre-war mobilization plan was the preparation of a letter of instruction to cover the preparation of War Diaries in the event of war.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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