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Encyclopedia > Office

An office is generally a room or other area in which people work, but may also denote a position within an organisation with specific duties attached to it (see officer, office-holder, official); the latter is in fact an earlier usage, office as place originally referring to the location of one's duty. When used as an adjective, the term office may refer to business-related tasks. In legal writing, a company or organization has offices in any place that it has an official presence, even if that presence consists of, for example, a storage silo rather than an office. Look up office in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... A room, in architecture, is any distinguishable space within a structure. ... This article is about work. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Officer may refer to: Holders of an office Academia Chief Academic Officer · Sabbatical officer Military Officer (armed forces) Officers Training Corps · Reserve Officers Training Corps Corporate Law enforcement Customs officer · Peace officer · Police officer · Prison officer · Probation officer Politics and government Chief medical officer · Political commissar · Presiding Officer · Returning Officer... These are lists of incumbents, i. ... An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organisation or government and participates in the exercise of authority (either his own or that of his superior and/or employer, public or legally private). ... In grammar, an adjective is a word whose main syntactic role is to modify a noun or pronoun (called the adjectives subject), giving more information about what the noun or pronoun refers to. ... In economics, a business (also called firm or enterprise) is a legally recognized organizational entity designed to provide goods and/or services to consumers or corporate entities such as governments, charities or other businesses. ... This article is about law in society. ... Bold text This article is about Storage Silos. ...


An office is an architectural and design phenomenon and a social phenomenon, whether it is a tiny office such as a bench in the corner of a "Mom and Pop shop" of extremely small size (see small office/home office) through entire floors of buildings up to and including massive buildings dedicated entirely to one company. In modern terms an office usually refers to the location where white-collar workers are employed. The modern concept of Small Office and Home Office or SoHo, or Small or Home Office deals with the category of business which can be from 1 to 10 workers. ... White-collar worker is an idiom referring to a salaried professional or a person whose job is clerical in nature, as opposed to a blue-collar worker whose job is more in line with manual labor. ...

Contents

History of offices

A typical busy North American office
A typical busy North American office

The word stems from the Latin officium, as its equivalents in various mainly romance languages. Interestingly, this was not necessarily a place, but rather an often mobile 'bureau' in the sense of a human staff or even the abstract notion of a formal position, such as a magistrature. The relatively elaborate Roman bureaucracy would not be equaled for centuries in the West after the fall of Rome, even partially reverting to illiteracy, while the East preserved a more sophisticated administrative culture, both under Byzantium and under Islam. Download high resolution version (1500x900, 457 KB)typical busy office I have taken this picture with my camera and I am placing it in the public domain File links The following pages link to this file: Office Categories: Public domain images ... Download high resolution version (1500x900, 457 KB)typical busy office I have taken this picture with my camera and I am placing it in the public domain File links The following pages link to this file: Office Categories: Public domain images ... Officium (plural officia) is a Latin word with various meanings, including service, (sense of) duty, courtesy, ceremony and the likes. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ...


Offices in classical antiquity were often part of a palace complex or a large temple. There was usually a room where scrolls were kept and scribes did their work. Ancient texts mentioning the work of scribes allude to the existence of such "offices". These rooms are sometimes called "libraries" by some archaeologists and the general press because one often associates scrolls with literature. In fact they were true offices since the scrolls were meant for record keeping and other management functions such as treaties and edicts, and not for writing or keeping poetry or other works of fiction. A scroll is a roll of parchment, papyrus, or paper which has been written upon. ... This is about scribe, the profession. ...


The medieval chancery was usually the place where most government letters were written and where laws were copied in the administration of a kingdom. The rooms of the chancery often had walls full of pigeonholes, constructed to hold rolled up pieces of parchment for safekeeping or ready reference, a precursor to the book shelf. The introduction of printing during the Renaissance did not change these early government offices much. For other uses, see Chancellor (disambiguation). ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ...


Pre-industrial illustrations such as paintings or tapestries often show us personalities or eponyms in their private offices, handling record keeping books or writing on scrolls of parchment. All kinds of writings seemed to be mixed in these early forms of offices. Before the invention of the printing press and its distribution there was often a very thin line between a private office and a private library since books were read or written in the same space at the same desk or table, and general accounting and personal or private letters were also done there. German parchmenter, 1568 Parchment is a material for the pages of a book or codex, made from fine calf skin, sheep skin or goat skin. ... The printing press is a mechanical device for printing many copies of a text on rectangular sheets of paper. ... Julio Pérez Ferrero Library - Cúcuta, Colombia A modern-style library in Chambéry A library is a collection of information, sources, resources, and services: it is organized for use and maintained by a public body, an institution, or a private individual. ... A desk is a furniture form and a class of table. ... Look up table in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

An office in 1903.
An office in 1903.

Space arrangement in offices

There are many different ways of arranging the space in an office and whilst these vary according to function, managerial fashions and the culture of specific companies can be even more important. Choices include, how many people will work within the same room. At one extreme, each individual worker will have their own room; at the other extreme a large open plan office can be made up of one main room with tens or hundreds of people working in the same space. Open plan offices put multiple workers together in the same space, and some studies have shown that they can improve short term productivity, i.e. within a single software project. At the same time, the loss of privacy and security can increase the incidence of theft and loss of company secrets. A type of compromise between open plan and individual rooms is provided by the cubicle, possibly made most famous by the Dilbert cartoon series, which solves visual privacy to some extent, but often fails on acoustic separation and security. Most cubicles also require the occupant to sit with their back towards anyone who might be approaching; workers in walled offices almost always try to position their normal work seats and desks so that they can see someone entering, and in some instances, install tiny mirrors on things such as computer monitors. For other uses, see Fashion (disambiguation). ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... A project is a temporary endeavour undertaken to create a product or service[1]. // The word project comes from the Latin word projectum from projicere, to throw something forwards which in turn comes from pro-, which denotes something that precedes the action of the next part of the word in... A cubicle farm A cubicle desk is a partially enclosed workspace, separated from neighboring workspaces by partitions, generally five to six feet high. ... Dilbert (first published April 16, 1989) is an American comic strip written and drawn by Scott Adams. ... A cubicle desk forms an integral whole with the five or six foot high partitions that separate it from the neighbors. ...


Office buildings

An office building in Salinas, California.
An office building in Salinas, California.

While offices can be built in almost any location in almost any building, some modern requirements for offices make this more difficult. These requirements can be both legal (i.e. light levels must be sufficient) or technical (i.e. requirements for networking). Alongside such other requirements such as security and flexibility of layout, this has led to the creation of special buildings which are dedicated only or primarily for use as offices. An office building, also known as an office block, is a form of commercial building which contains spaces mainly designed to be used for offices. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1170x666, 865 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Salinas, California Office Upper middle class American middle class Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1170x666, 865 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Salinas, California Office Upper middle class American middle class Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Nickname: Location of Salinas, California Country State County Monterey Government  - Mayor Dennis Donohue Area  - City 19 sq mi (49. ... Old Executive Office Building, Washington D.C. Bank of China Tower, Hong Kong, China In architecture, construction, engineering and real estate development the word building may refer to one of the following: Any man-made structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or continuous occupancy, or An... A commercial building is a type of building that is used for commercial use. ...


The primary purpose of an office building is to provide a workplace and working environment primarily for administrative and managerial workers. These workers usually occupy set areas within the office building, and usually are provided with desks, PCs and other equipment they may need within these areas.


An office building will be divided into sections for different companies or may be dedicated to one company. In either case, each company will typically have a reception area, one or several meeting rooms, singular or open-plan offices, as well as toilets. Look up reception in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Many office buildings also have kitchen facilities and a staff room, where workers can have lunch or take a short break.


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Offices

Physical

A business park in Santa Barbara County, California A business park or business estate is an area of land in which many office buildings are grouped together. ... Office types Class A office space Back office Front office Mobile office Paperless office Serviced office Small office/home office Virtual office Class A Office Space describes the highest quality office space locally available. ... A cubicle desk forms an integral whole with the five or six foot high partitions that separate it from the neighbors. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Office supplies is the generic term that refers to all supplies regularly used in offices by businesses and other organizations, from private citizens to governments, who works with the collection, refinement, and output of information (colloquially referred to as paper work). The term includes small, expendable, daily use items such... This cosmetics store has lighting levels over twice recommended levels and sufficient to trigger headaches and other health effects Over-illumination is the presence of lighting intensity (illuminance) beyond that required for a specified activity. ... Office types Class A office space Back office Front office Mobile office Paperless office Serviced office Small office/home office Virtual office A serviced office is an office or office building that is fully equipped and managed by a facility management company, which then rents individual offices or floors to... Steel buildings are metal structures consisting of steel for the exterior cladding and internal support. ... Old warehouses in Amsterdam Inside Green Logistics Co. ...

Soft issues

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An Office Manager is a salaried employee charged with the general administrative responsibilities of any given office of a corporation. ... Online Office suites offer the ability to use the common office tools online from anywhere you can access the Internet, no matter what operating system youre using. ... Sick building syndrome (SBS) is a combination of ailments (a syndrome) associated with an individuals place of work; typically, but not always, an office building (though there have also been instances of SBS in residential buildings). ...

References

  • Adams, Scott. What do you call a sociopath in a cubicle? (answer, a coworker) Kansas City, Missouri: Andrews McMeel Pub., 2002.
  • Duffy, Francis. Colin Cave. John Worthington, editors. Planning Office Space. London: The Architectural Press Ltd., 1976.
  • Klein, Judy Graf. The Office Book. New York: Facts on File Inc., 1982.

  Results from FactBites:
 
BBC - Comedy: The Office - Character Profile - David Brent (248 words)
David Brent was the Regional Manager based at the Slough Office of Wernham Hogg.
He is a philosopher to rival Descartes, a musician to rival Texas, a dancer to rival MC Hammer - and has an acute grasp of political correctness.
Yet the BBC documentary crew that filmed him at work in The Office stitched him up and portrayed him as the 'boss from hell'.
The Office (US TV series) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3896 words)
The Office (alternate title: The Office: An American Workplace) is a television comedy about the day-to-day lives of office employees of the fictitious Dunder Mifflin Paper Company in Scranton, Pennsylvania.
Rounding out the office are the stern salesman Stanley Hudson, who barely stands for Michael's constant references to his African-American heritage; the free-flowing Creed (played by musician Creed Bratton, formerly of The Grass Roots); the innocent and timid Phyllis Lapin; the bubbly and talkative Kelly Kapoor; and the depressed alcoholic single mother Meredith Palmer.
Dwight has on his office cabinet a bumper sticker promoting Froggy-101, a country-western radio station in Scranton, and on his desk are bobble-head dolls from the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons baseball team.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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