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Encyclopedia > Offenburg

Offenburg is a city located in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is with over 50,000 inhabitants the largest city in the Ortenaukreis. Baden-Württemberg is a federal state in south-western Germany to the east of the Upper Rhine. ... Ortenaukreis is a district (Kreis) in the west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ...

Contents


Geography

Offenburg is located near the Rhine between Karlsruhe and Freiburg. The French city of Strasbourg lies directly west across the Rhine. Offenburg lies at the mouth of the Kinzig river valley. The Kinzig flows out of the Black Forest and meets the Rhine near Kehl. At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (German Rhein, French Rhin, Dutch Rijn, Romansch: Rein, Italian: Reno) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... Karlsruhe (population 275,049 in December 2005) is a city in the south west of Germany, in the Bundesland Baden-Württemberg, located near the French-German border. ... Freiburg city from Schlossberg Freiburg im Breisgau is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, in the Breisgau region, on the western edge of the southern Black Forest (German: Schwarzwald) with about 214,000 inhabitants. ... City motto: – City proper (commune) Région Alsace Département Bas-Rhin (67) Mayor Fabienne Keller (UMP) (since 2001) Land area 78. ... A map of Germany, showing the Black Forest in red. ... Kehl is a town in southwestern Germany in the Ortenaukreis, Baden-Württemberg. ...


History

The city is first mentioned in historical documents dating from 1148. By 1240 Offenburg had already been declared a free city. The city was nearly totally destroyed in the Nine Years War. In 1803 Offenburg lost its status as a free city and fell under the rulership of the Grand Duchy of Baden. Events Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona conquered Tortosa in posetion of the moors. ... Events Batu Khan and the Golden Horde sack the Ruthenian city of Kyiv Births Pope Benedict XI Deaths April 11 - Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, also known as Llywelyn The Great Prince of Gwynedd Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile... A city-state is a region controlled exclusively by a city. ... The Nine Years War (also known as the War of the League of Augsburg, the War of the Grand Alliance, the Orleans War, the War of the Palatinian Succession, and the War of the English Succession) was a major war fought in Europe and America from 1688 to 1697, between... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Baden was a territory in the southwest of what later became unified Germany. ...


The "Offenburger Programm" which contained thirteen demands "in the name of the people of Baden" was declared at the Salmen Inn on September 12, 1847 in the run-up to the Badish Revolution during the Revolutions of 1848. This was the first democratic demand in Germany. Along with the Karlsbad Resolves, the Offenburger Programm demanded basic and human rights as well as freedom of the press and a progessive income tax structure. On March 19, 1848 the demands were confirmed by the 20,000 member Offenburg Peoples' Assembly. September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... It has been suggested that The Gathering Storm: Before the Revolutions of 1848 be merged into this article or section. ... March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Government

Mayors

  • Gustav Rée (1845 - 1849)
  • Karl Heitz (1949 - 1975)
  • Martin Grüber (1975 - 1992)
  • Dr. Wolfgang Bruder (1992 - 2002)
  • Edith Schreiner (since 2003)

Representatives to the Federal Parliament

Dr. Wolfgang Schäuble (CDU) Wolfgang Schäuble Wolfgang Schäuble (born September 18, 1942 in Freiburg im Breisgau as the son of a tax finance advisor) is a German politician. ... This article needs cleanup. ...


Economy

Offenburg is home to Hubert Burda Media, a large printing and publishing company. Hubert Burda Media is a privately held, family owned global media company with its origins in printing and magazine publishing, dating back to more than a hundred years. ...


Culture and Attractions

There are several historical attractions in Offenburg including:

  • The Salmen Inn
  • The Capuchin Monastery
  • The Ritterhaus a 1784 manor-house that has been converted into the city archives and museum
  • The Jewish Bath (Mikwe): a medieval bathhouse belonging to the city's histrical Jewish community
  • The former Royal Palace (Königshof) built by Michael Ludwig Rohrer

The Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (OFM Cap) is an order of friars in the Roman Catholic Church, the chief and only permanent offshoot of the Franciscans. ...

External links

  • ((German)) Offenburg's Official Website
  • ((German)) Information about and images

 
 

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