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Head of Odysseus from a Greek 2nd century BC marble group representing Odysseus blinding Polyphemus, found at the villa of Tiberius at Sperlonga
Head of Odysseus from a Greek 2nd century BC marble group representing Odysseus blinding Polyphemus, found at the villa of Tiberius at Sperlonga

Odysseus or Ulysses (Greek Ὀδυσσεύς Odysseus; Latin: Ulixes or, more commonly, Ulysses), pronounced /oʊˈdɪsiəs/, was a legendary Greek king of Ithaca and the hero of Homer's epic poem, the Odyssey. Odysseus also plays a key role in Homer's Iliad. King of Ithaca, husband of Penelope, father of Telemachus, and son of Laërtes and Anticlea, Odysseus is renowned for his guile and resourcefulness (known by the epithet Odysseus the Cunning) (see mētis, or "cunning intelligence"), and is most famous for the ten eventful years it took him to return home after the Trojan War. Odysseus can refer to:- Odysseus, a character in Greek mythology, Odysseus (crater), a crater on a moon of Saturn, 1143 Odysseus, an asteroid. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x2130, 1874 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Talk:Baroque Odysseus Scheria Ogygia Aeaea Template:Places visited by Odysseus in the Odyssey Metadata This file contains... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x2130, 1874 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Talk:Baroque Odysseus Scheria Ogygia Aeaea Template:Places visited by Odysseus in the Odyssey Metadata This file contains... Sperlonga is a coastal town in the province of Latina, Italy, about half way between Rome and Naples. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... The name Ulysses can mean: The Roman equivalent of Odysseus A 1922 novel by James Joyce: Ulysses (novel) A 1967 movie based on the novel, Ulysses (movie) A solar probe: Ulysses (spacecraft) A poem by Alfred, Lord Tennyson A anime television program produced by DiC Entertainment: Ulysses 31 An indie... For other places or objects named Ithaca, see Ithaca (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Greek poet Homer and the works attributed to him. ... For other meanings of epic, see Epic. ... This article is about Homers epic poem. ... title page of the Rihel edition of ca. ... For other places or objects named Ithaca, see Ithaca (disambiguation). ... The Vatican Penelope: a Roman marble copy of an Early Classical 6th-century Greek work (Vatican Museums) For other uses, see Penelope (disambiguation). ... Slaughter of the suitors by Odysseus and Telemachus, Campanian red-figure bell-krater, ca. ... For the Shakespearean character, see Laertes (Hamlet). ... In Greek mythology, Anticlea, (Ἀντίκλεια), was the daughter of Autolycus and Amphithea, and mother of Odysseus or Ulysses by Laërtes (though some say by Sisyphus). ... Look up epithet in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Metis can refer to a number of things: Metis was a Titaness and the first wife of Zeus. ... For other uses, see Intelligence (disambiguation). ... The fall of Troy, by Johann Georg Trautmann (1713–1769). ...


Parentage

Relatively little is known of Odysseus' background except that his paternal grandfather (or step-grandfather) is Arcesius, son of Cephalus and grandson of Aeolus, whilst his maternal grandfather is the thief Autolycus, son of Hermes and Chione. According to the Odyssey, his father is Laertes[1] and his mother is Anticleia, although there was a non-Homeric tradition[2] that Sisyphus was his true father.[3] Ithaca, an island along the Ionian northwestern coastline of Greece, is one of several islands that would have comprised the realm of Odysseus' family, but the true extent of the Cephallenian realm and the actual identities of the islands named in Homer's works are unknown. In Greek mythology, Arcesius, or Arkêsios, was the King of Ithaca and father of Laertes. ... Cephalus and Aurora, by Nicolas Poussin (c. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In Greek mythology, Autolycus (Greek - Lone Wolf) was the son of Chione and Hermes. ... For other uses, see Hermes (disambiguation). ... Chione (Snow White) was the daughter of Daedalion. ... For the genus of dung beetle, see Sisyphus (beetle). ... The Ionian Islands (Modern Greek: Ιόνια νησιά, Ionia nisia; Ancient Greek: , Ionioi Nēsoi) are a group of islands in Greece. ...

Topics in Greek mythology
Gods
Heroes
Related

The bust of Zeus found at Otricoli (Sala Rotonda, Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican) Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the Ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. ... The ancient Greeks proposed many different ideas about the primordial gods in their mythology. ... This article is about the race of Titans in Greek mythology. ... For other uses, see Zeus (disambiguation). ... The Twelve Olympians by Monsiau, circa late 18th century. ... Pan (Greek , genitive ) is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, of mountain wilds, hunting and rustic music: paein means to pasture. ... In Greek mythology, a nymph is any member of a large class of female nature entities, either bound to a particular location or landform or joining the retinue of a god or goddess. ... For other uses, see Apollo (disambiguation). ... This article is about the ancient deity. ... The ancient Greeks had a very small number of see gods. ... For other uses, see Chthon (disambiguation). ... Alcides redirects here. ... Hercules and the Hydra by Antonio Pollaiuolo The Twelve Labours (Greek: dodekathlos) of Heracles (Latin: Hercules) are a series of archaic episodes connected by a later continuous narrative, concerning a penance carried out by Heracles, the greatest of the Greek heroes. ... For other uses, see Achilles (disambiguation). ... The fall of Troy, by Johann Georg Trautmann (1713–1769). ... This article is about Homers epic poem. ... This article is about the hero from Greek mythology. ... Jason returns with the golden Fleece on an Apulian red-figure calyx krater, ca. ... Perseus with the head of Medusa, by Antonio Canova, completed 1801 (Vatican Museums) Perseus, Perseos, or Perseas (Greek: Περσεύς, Περσέως, Περσέας), the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty there, was the first of the mythic heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits in defeating various archaic monsters provided the founding myths... For other uses, see Medusa (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Greek mythological monster. ... For other uses, see Oedipus (disambiguation). ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Επτά επί Θήβας The Seven Against Thebes is a mythic narrative that finds its classic statement in the play by Aeschylus (467 BCE) concerning the battle between the Seven led by Polynices and the army of Thebes headed by Eteocles and his supporters, traditional Theban... Theseus (Greek ) was a legendary king of Athens, son of Aethra, and fathered by Aegeus and Poseidon, with whom Aethra lay in one night (By some accounts, this was presented as a rape). ... This article is about the mythological monster. ... Triptolemus (threefold warrior; also Buzyges), in Greek mythology always connected with Demeter of the Eleusinian Mysteries, might be accounted the son of King Celeus of Eleusis in Attica, or, according to Apollodorus (Library I.v. ... The Eleusinian Mysteries (Greek: Ἐλευσίνια Μυστήρια) were initiation ceremonies held every year for the cult of Demeter and Persephone based at Eleusis in ancient Greece. ... A mystery religion is any religion with an arcanum, or body of secret wisdom. ... A bald, bearded, horse-tailed satyr balances a winecup on his erect penis, a trick worthy of note, on an Attic red-figured psykter, ca. ... This article is about the mythological creatures. ... Dragons play a role in Greek mythology. ... Greek religion encompasses the collection of beliefs and rituals practiced in Ancient Greece in form of cult practices, there for the practical counterpart of Greek mythology. ...

Variants and meanings of name

The name has several variants: Olysseus (Ὀλυσσεύς), Oulixeus (Οὐλιξεύς), Oulixes (Οὐλίξης)[4] and he was known as Ulysses in Latin or Ulixes in Roman mythology. For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... A head of Minerva found in the ruins of the Roman baths in Bath Roman mythology, the mythological beliefs of the people of Ancient Rome, can be considered as having two parts. ...


The verb odussomai (ὀδύσσομαι), meaning "hate",[5] suggests that the name could be rendered as "the one who is wrathful/hated". This interpretation is reinforced by Odysseus' and Poseidon's mutual wrath. In Odyssey 19, in which Odysseus' early childhood is recounted, Eurycleia asks Odysseus' grandfather, Autolycus, to name him. Eurycleia tries to guide him to naming the boy Polyaretos, "for he has much been prayed for" (19.403f)[6] in Greek, however, Polyaretos can also take the opposite meaning: much accursed. Autolycus seems to infer this connotation of the name, and accordingly names his grandson Odysseus. Odysseus often receives the patronymic epithet Laertiades (Greek: Λαερτιάδης), son of Laërtes. Neptune reigns in the city of Bristol. ... Odysseus and Euryclea, by Christian Gottlob Heyne In Greek mythology, Euryclea, or Eurýkleia was the wet-nurse of Odysseus. ... Look up patronymic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the Shakespearean character, see Laertes (Hamlet). ...


His name and stories were adopted into Etruscan religion under the name Uthuze.[7] The Etruscans were a race of unknown origin from North Italy who were eventually integrated into Rome. ...


"Cruel Odysseus"

Homer's Iliad and Odyssey portrayed Odysseus as a hero because of his many virtues. However, the Romans, who believed themselves to be scions of Prince Aeneas of Troy, considered him a villainous falsifier. In Virgil's Aeneid he is constantly referred to as "cruel Odysseus" (Latin"dirus Ulixes") or "deceitful Odysseus" ("pellacis", "fandi fictor"). Turnus, in Aeneid ix, reproaches the Trojan Ascanius with images of rugged, forthright Latin virtues, declaring, in John Dryden's translation, "You shall not find the sons of Atreus here, Nor need the frauds of sly Ulysses fear." While the Greeks admired his cunning and abilities at deception, these qualities did not recommend themselves to the Romans. In Euripides' tragedy Iphigenia at Aulis, Odysseus, having convinced Agamemnon to consent to the sacrifice of his daughter, Iphigenia, to appease the goddess Artemis, he then facilitates the sacrifice by telling her mother, Clytemnestra, that the girl is to be wed to Achilles. His attempt to avoid his sacred oath to defend Menelaus and Helen offended Roman notions of duty; the many stratagems and tricks he employed to get his way offended Roman notions of honor. Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci, 1598. ... Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci, 1598 Galleria Borghese, Rome The Aeneid (IPA English pronunciation: ; in Latin Aeneis, pronounced — the title is Greek in form: genitive case Aeneidos) is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BC (between 29 and 19 BC) that tells the legendary story... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... John Dryden John Dryden (August 19 {August 9 O.S.}, 1631 - May 12 {May 1 O.S.}, 1700) was an influential English poet, literary critic, translator and playwright, who dominated the literary life of Restoration England to such a point that the period came to be known in literary circles... Iphigeneia at Aulis, written in 410 BC, is the last surviving work of the playwright Euripides. ... For other uses, see Artemis (disambiguation). ... Clytemnestra trying to awake the Erinyes while her son is being purified by Apollo, Apulian red-figure krater, 480–470 BC, Louvre (Cp 710) After the murder (1882 painting) Clytemnestra (or Clytaemestra) ‘‘(Eng. ...


Before the Trojan War

When Helen was abducted by Paris of Troy, Menelaus called upon the other suitors to honour their oaths and help him retrieve her, thus bringing about the Trojan War. Odysseus, however, tried to avoid the war by feigning madness, as an oracle had prophesied a long-delayed return home for him were he to go. He did this by hooking a donkey and an ox to his plough (as they have different stride lengths, hindering the efficiency of the plough) and sowing his fields with salt. Palamedes, at the behest of Menelaus' brother Agamemnon, sought to disprove Odysseus' madness, and placed Telemachus, Odysseus' infant son, in front of the plough. Odysseus veered the plough away from his son, thus destroying his ruse. Odysseus held a grudge against Palamedes during the war for dragging him away from his home. Helen of Troy redirects here. ... See List of King Priams children Statue of Paris in the British Museum This article is about the prince of Troy. ... For other uses of Troy or Ilion, see Troy (disambiguation) and Ilion (disambiguation). ... Menelaus regains Helen, detail of an Attic red-figure crater, ca. ... The fall of Troy, by Johann Georg Trautmann (1713–1769). ... In Greek mythology, Palamedes was the son of Nauplius and Clymene. ... This article is about a character in Greek mythology. ... Slaughter of the suitors by Odysseus and Telemachus, Campanian red-figure bell-krater, ca. ...


Odysseus and other envoys of Agamemnon travelled to Scyros to recruit Achilles because of a prophecy that Troy could not be taken without him. In most accounts, Thetis, Achilles' mother, disguised the youth as a woman to hide him from the recruiters because an oracle had predicted that Achilles would either live a long, uneventful life or achieve everlasting glory while dying young. Odysseus cleverly discovered which of the women before him was Achilles when the youth stepped forward to examine an array of weapons (some accounts say that Odysseus arranged for the sounding of a battle horn, which prompted Achilles to clutch a weapon). Skyros (Greek: Σκύρος) is the southernmost island of the Sporades, a Greek archipelago in the Aegean Sea. ... For other uses, see Achilles (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Greek sea nymph. ... This article is about prophetic oracles in various cultures. ...


Just before the war began, Odysseus accompanied Menelaus and Palamedes in an attempt to negotiate Helen's peaceful return. Menelaus made unpersuasive emotional arguments, but Odysseus' arguments very nearly persuaded the Trojan court to hand Helen over.


During the Trojan War

Main article: Iliad

Odysseus was one of the main Achaean leaders in the Trojan War. The others were "godlike" Achilles, Agamemnon "lord of men", Menelaus, Nestor, Telamonian Ajax and Ajax the Lesser, Diomedes and Teucer the master archer. title page of the Rihel edition of ca. ... This article is about the ancient people of the Achaeans. ... For other uses, see Achilles (disambiguation). ... This article is about a character in Greek mythology. ... Menelaus regains Helen, detail of an Attic red-figure crater, ca. ... In Greek mythology, Nestor of Gerênia (Greek: Νέστωρ) was the son of Neleus and Chloris, and the King of Pylos. ... Ajax Ajax or Aias (ancient Greek: ) was a mythological Greek hero, the son of Telamon and Periboea and king of Salamis. ... Ajax (Greek: Αἴας), a Greek hero, son of Oïleus the king of Locris, called the lesser or Locrian Ajax, to distinguish him from Ajax, son of Telamon. ... Diomēdēs or Diomed (Gk:Διομήδης - God-like cunning or advised by Zeus) is a hero in Greek mythology, mostly known for his participation in the Trojan War. ... In Greek mythology Teucer, also Teucrus or Teucris from Greek Τεύκρος, was the son of King Telamon of Salamis and his second wife Hesione, daughter of King Laomedon of Troy. ...


When the Achaean ships reached the beach of Troy, no one would jump ashore, since there was an oracle that the first Achaean to jump on Trojan soil would die. Odysseus tossed his shield on the shore and jumped on his shield. He was followed by Protesilaus, who jumped on Trojan soil and later became the first to die. This article is about prophetic oracles in various cultures. ... In Greek mythology, Protesilaus was the son of Iphicles and the leader of the Phylaceans. ...


Odysseus never forgave Palamedes for unmasking his madness ruse, leading him to frame Palamedes as a traitor. At one point, Odysseus convinced a Trojan captive to write a letter pretending to be from Palamedes, in which a sum of gold was mentioned to have been sent as a reward for Palamedes' treachery. Odysseus then killed the prisoner and hid the gold in Palamedes tent. He caused the letter to be found and received by Agamemnon and also gave hints as to direct the Argives to the gold. This was evidence enough for the Greeks and they had Palamedes stoned to death. Other sources say Odysseus and Diomedes goaded Palamedes to descend a wall with the prospect of treasure being at the bottom. When Palamedes reached the bottom the two then proceeded to bury Palamedes with stones, killing him. In Greek mythology, Palamedes was the son of Nauplius and Clymene. ...


Odysseus was one of the most influential Greek champions during the Trojan War. Along with Nestor and Idomeneus he was one of the most trusted advisers and counsellors. He always championed the Achaean cause and was unwavering in his cause when the king was in question, such as in one instance when Thersites spoke against him. When Agamemnon (to test the morale of the Achaeans) announced his intention to depart Troy, Odysseus restored order to the Greek camp. Later on in the Iliad, after many of the heroes had left the battlefield due to injuries (including Odysseus and Agamemnon), Odysseus once again persuaded Agamemnon not to withdraw. Odysseus, along with two other envoys, was chosen in the failed embassy to try to persuade Achilles to return to combat. The word may have one of the following meanings. ... In Greek mythology, Idomeneus was a Cretan warrior, grandson of Minos. ... In Greek mythology, Thersites, son of Agrius, was a rank-and-file soldier of the Greek army during the Trojan War. ...


When Hector proposed a single combat duel, Odysseus was one of the Danaans who volunteered to battle him (Telamonian Ajax was the volunteer who did fight Hector, though). Odysseus aided Diomedes during the successful night operations in order to kill Rhesus, because it had been foretold that if his horses drank from the Scamander river Troy could not be taken. For other uses, see Hector (disambiguation). ... This article is about the ancient people of the Achaeans. ... In Greek mythology, King Rhesus of Thrace fought for Troy during the Trojan War. ... In Greek mythology, Scamander (Skamandros) was an Oceanid, son of Oceanus and Tethys. ...


After Patroclus had been slain, it was Odysseus who counselled Achilles to let the Achaean men eat and rest, for Achilles, driven by rage, wanted to go back on the offensive - and kill Trojans - immediately. Eventually, Achilles reluctantly consents. For other uses, see Achilles (disambiguation). ... This article is about the ancient people of the Achaeans. ... For other uses, see Achilles (disambiguation). ...


During the funeral games for Patroclus, Odysseus becomes involved in a wrestling match with Telamonian Ajax, as well as a foot race. With the help of Athena, who favors him, and despite Apollo helping another of the competitors, he wins the race and manages to draw the wrestling match, to the surprise of all. A cup depicting Achilles bandaging Patroklos arm, by the Sosias Painter. ... Ajax Ajax or Aias (ancient Greek: ) was a mythological Greek hero, the son of Telamon and Periboea and king of Salamis. ... This is the Greek name of the capital of the Hellenic Republic (Greece). ... For other uses, see Apollo (disambiguation). ...


When Achilles was slain in battle, it was Odysseus and Telamonian Ajax who successfully retrieved the fallen warriors' body and armour in the thick of heavy fighting. During the funeral games for Achilles, once again Odysseus competed with Telamonian Ajax in funeral games. Thetis said that the arms of Achilles would go to the bravest of the Greeks, only these two warriors dared to lay claim to that title. The two Argives then got in a heavy dispute about each other's merits to receive the reward. The Greeks feared to decide a winner, for they did not want one of the heroes insulted and abandoning the war effort, so Nestor suggested that they allow the captive Trojans decide the winner. Some accounts say a secret vote was held by the Greeks to decide the winner. In either case, Odysseus was the winner and Ajax was defeated. Enraged and humiliated, Ajax killed himself by the sword Hector had given him after being driven mad by Athena to protect Odysseus from his vengeance. The word may have one of the following meanings. ...


Together with Diomedes, Odysseus went to fetch Achilles' son, Pyrrhus, to come to the aid of the Achaeans, because an oracle stated that Troy could not be taken without him. Pyrrhus was a great warrior and was named Neoptolemus (Greek: "new hero"). Upon the success of the mission Odysseus gave Neoptolemus the armaments of his father.


Later on, it was learned that the war could not be won without the poison arrows of Heracles, which were owned by the abandoned Philoctetes. Odysseus and Diomedes (or, according to some accounts, Odysseus and Neoptolemus) went out to retrieve them. In any event, upon their arrival Philoctetes (still suffering from the wound) was still very angry with the Danaans, especially Odysseus, for abandoning him. While his first instinct was to shoot Odysseus when they arrived to retrieve him, Philoctetes' anger was eventually diffused due to Odysseus' persuasive powers and the influence of the gods. Odysseus returned with Philoctetes and his arrows to the Argive camp. Alcides redirects here. ... In Greek mythology, Philoctetes (also Philoktêtês or Philocthetes, Φιλοκτήτης) was the son of King Poeas of Meliboea in Thessaly. ... Neoptolemus killing Priam In Greek mythology, Neoptolemus, also Neoptólemos or Pyrrhus, was the son of the warrior Achilles and the princess Deidamea. ... This article is about the ancient people of the Achaeans. ...


Later on in the war, Odysseus captured Priam's son Helenus the prophet. Helenus told the Greeks that Troy could not be taken without the capture of the Palladium, located in the city of Troy. Once again Odysseus and Diomedes went on a mission together to fulfill a prophecy. Some say that Diomedes crawled on Odysseus' shoulders to enter the city and would not let Odysseus up and into the city. When Diomedes returned from stealing the Palladium and met back up with Odysseus, who was infuriated at Diomedes for not letting him up, he thought to kill Diomedes and take credit for himself and stepped behind Diomedes in order to stab him with his sword. Diomedes caught the glint of the sword in the moonlight and spun around and disarmed the Ithacan king, and proceeded to drive Odysseus back to the Argive camp with the flat of his sword. Another account of the stealing of the Palladium states that both Odysseus and Diomedes entered the city together. King Priam killed by Neoptolemus, son of Achilles, detail of an Attic red-figure amphora In Greek mythology, Priam (Greek Πρίαμος, Priamos) was the king of Troy during the Trojan War, and youngest son of Laomedon. ... Helenus was a Trojan soldier in the Trojan War. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Palladion. ...


Some myths state that Odysseus in the disguise of a beggar covered in rags and blood entered the Trojan city secretly and alone. He was recognized by no one except for Helen and Hecuba, questioned by them, and allowed to return to the Greek camp unharmed. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Trojan Horse, the famous stratagem, was devised by Odysseus. It was built by Epeius and filled with Greek warriors led by Odysseus. Before hand, Odysseus made Menelaus swear to give him whatever he asked after they had taken Troy. Menelaus agreed. When the Horse was brought inside Troy, Odysseus and Menelaus descended from it and went directly to Prince Deiphobos' house, where they engaged in a most ferocious battle (although some accounts say it was Odysseus who fought him and Menelaus came to find the dead body). Ultimately, Deiphobos, who was then the leading son of Priam and Helen's third husband, was killed. Menelaus was also about to kill Helen for leaving him but Odysseus took advantage of the promise earlier and made Menelaus swear not to kill her. For other uses, see Trojan Horse (disambiguation). ... Epeus redirects here. ... In Greek mythology, Deiphobus was a son of Priam and Hecuba. ...


In Euripedes' "The Trojan Women", it is Odysseus who convinces the other Argives to kill Hector's young son, so he has no chance to avenge his city.


Odysseus has traditionally been viewed as a contrast to Achilles in the Iliad – while Achilles’ anger is all-consuming and of a self-destructive nature, Odysseus is frequently viewed as a man of the mean, world-renown for his self-restraint and diplomatic skills. Yet Professor Adele Haft, in her essay Odysseus’ Wrath and Grief in the “Iliad,” observes that there might be more to Odysseus’ nature than initially appears on the surface. Haft makes several interesting observations that raise questions about the traditional approach to Odysseus’ character. Haft notes that Odysseus is the only other character besides Achilles to receive a verbal reprimand from Agamemnon[8], and Haft notes that there are repeated suggests that Agamemnon and Odysseus’ relationship is strained – for instance, it is never Agamemnon, but rather Nestor, who selects Odysseus for every mission he goes on in the Iliad. Haft explains Odysseus’ displays of wrath, as well as his strained relationship with Agamemnon, as indicators that Odysseus will ultimately be responsible for the sacking of Troy. For example, Haft points to the death of Democoon in Book IV as a as a prime example of the consequences of Odysseus’ anger. Democoon’s death results in a massive reduction of Trojan morale as well as a retreat. Haft goes on to suggest that Democoon’s death, in conjunction with the death of Simoeisius, suggests the destruction of Troy.[9]


Journey home to Ithaca

Main article: Odyssey

This article is about Homers epic poem. ...

The Ciconians

After Odysseus and his men depart from Troy, they are greeted by friendly and calm waters, the ship nears land and Eurylochus, convincing Odysseus that the gods were on their side, told him to go ashore and loot the nearby city. The city was not at all protected, and all of the inhabitants fled without a fight into the nearby mountains. Odysseus and his men looted the city and robbed it of all its goods. Odysseus wisely told the men to board the ships quickly, but they refused, ate dinner and fell asleep on the beach. The next morning, the Ciconians (also known as the Cicones), allies of Troy and great warriors, returned with their fierce kinsmen from the mountains. Odysseus and his men fled to the ships as fast as they could, but "six benches were left empty in every ship" (Odyssey. Book IX. line 64). Odysseus, however, had spared Maron, a priest of Apollo, who gives him twelve jars of wine which would be later used against the cyclops. In Greek mythology, Eurylochus, or Eurýlokhos appears in Homers Odyssey as second-in-command of Odysseus ship during the return to Ithaca after the Trojan War. ... The Cicones or Ciconians (Greek Κίκονες) were a Thracian tribe, whose stronghold in the time of Odysseus was the city of Ismara (or Ismarus), located at the foot of mount Ismara, on the south coast of Thrace. ...


The Lotus-Eaters

When Odysseus and his men landed on the island of the Lotus-Eaters, Odysseus sent out a scouting party of three or so men who ate the lotus with the natives. This caused them to fall asleep and stop caring about even going home, and desire only to eat the lotus. Odysseus went after the scouting party, and dragged them back to the ship against their will. Odysseus set sail, with the drugged soldiers tied to the rudder benches to prevent them from swimming back to the island. Lotus-eaters beckon Odysseus and his men In Greek mythology, the Lotophagi (lotus-eaters) were a race of people from an island near Northern Africa dominated by lotus plants. ... Binomial name Ziziphus zizyphus (L.) H. Karst. ...


Polyphemus

Odysseus offering wine to the Cyclops
Odysseus offering wine to the Cyclops

A scouting party led by Odysseus and his friend Misenus, lands in the territory of the Cyclops and ventures upon a large cave. They enter the cave and proceed to feast on the livestock such as sheep they find there. Unknown to them, the cave is the dwelling of Polyphemus, a one-eyed giant who soon returns. Polyphemus refuses hospitality to his uninvited guests and traps them in the cave by blocking the entrance with a boulder that could not be moved by mortal men. He then proceeds to eat a pair of the men each day, but Odysseus devises a cunning plan for escape. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1670x2540, 2109 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Odysseus Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1670x2540, 2109 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Odysseus Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... In Greek mythology, there were two people called Misenus. ... This page is about the mythical creature. ... For the collection of short stories by Michael Shea, see Polyphemus (book). ...


To make Polyphemus unwary, Odysseus gives him a bowl of strong, unwatered wine that was given to them by Maron, the priest of Apollo. When Polyphemus asks for his name, Odysseus tells him that it is "Nobody". (Οὔτις, "Nobody", is also a short form of his own name). In appreciation for the wine, Polyphemus offers to return the favour by eating him last. Once the giant falls asleep, Odysseus and his men turn an olive tree branch into a giant spear, which they had previously prepared while Polyphemus was out of the cave shepherding his flocks, and blind Polyphemus. Hearing Polyphemus' cries, other Cyclopes come to his cave and ask what is wrong. Polyphemus replies "Οὖτίς με κτείνει δόλῳ οὐδὲ βίηφιν." ("Nobody is killing me either by treachery or brute violence!"). The other Cyclopes leave him alone, thinking that his outbursts must be madness or the gods' doing.


In the morning, Polyphemus rolls back the boulder to let the sheep out to graze. Now blind, Polyphemus cannot see the men, but feels the tops of his sheep to make sure the men are not riding them, and spreads his arm at the entrance of the cave. Odysseus and his men escape, however, having tied themselves to the undersides of three sheep each. Once Odysseus and his men are out, they load the sheep on board their ship and set sail.


As Odysseus and his men are sailing away, he reveals his true identity to Polyphemus. Enraged, Polyphemus tries to hit the ship with boulders, but because he is blind, he misses (although the rocks get close to the ship). When the ship appears to be getting away at last, Polyphemus raises his arms to his father, Poseidon, and asks him to not allow Odysseus to go back home to Ithaca, and if he does, he must arrive back alone, his crew dead and in a stranger's ship.


This event is the setting for the only surviving complete satyr play, Cyclops by Euripides. This version contains a more humorous version of the story by including the cowardly satyrs. Papposilenus playing the crotals, theatrical type of the satyr play, Louvre Satyr plays were an ancient Greek form of tragicomedy, similar to the modern-day burlesque style. ... The Cyclops is an Ancient Greek satyr play by Euripides, the only complete satyr play that has survived. ... A statue of Euripides. ... Satyrs (Satyri) in Greek mythology are half-man half-beast nature spirits that haunted the woods and mountains, companions of Pan and Dionysus. ...


According to Virgil's Aeneid, Achaemenides was one of Odysseus' crew who stayed on Sicily with Polyphemus until Aeneas arrived and took him with him. Here, Virgil is probably trying to interweave his tale as much as possible with Homer's already ancient, great work, especially as Achaemenides has nothing to do with the story at all and is in fact never mentioned again. For other uses, see Virgil (disambiguation). ... Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci, 1598 Galleria Borghese, Rome The Aeneid (IPA English pronunciation: ; in Latin Aeneis, pronounced — the title is Greek in form: genitive case Aeneidos) is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BC (between 29 and 19 BC) that tells the legendary story... In Greek mythology, Achaemenides was one of Odysseus crew who stayed on Sicily with Polyphemus until Aeneas arrived and took him with him. ... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... For the collection of short stories by Michael Shea, see Polyphemus (book). ... Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci, 1598. ...


Aeolus

Odysseus stopped at Aeolia, home of Aeolus, the favoured mortal of the gods who received the power of controlling the winds. Aeolus gave Odysseus and his crew hospitality for a month in return for Odysseus telling interesting stories. Aeolus also provided a bag filled with all the winds but the one to lead him home. Odysseus' crew members suspected that treasure was in the bag (due to Odysseus guarding the bag for the entire voyage home without a wink of sleep). A couple of the men decided to open it as soon as Odysseus fell asleep - just before their home was reached. They were blown back to Aeolia by a violent storm emerging from the sack of wind, whereupon Aeolus refused to provide any more help because he realized Odysseus was cursed by the gods. Odysseus had to start his journey from Aeolia to Ithaca over again; he was heartbroken, but hid his feelings from his crew. Aeolia may mean: Another name for Aeolis in Anatolia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The Laestrygonians

They came to Telepylos, the stronghold of Lamos, king of the Laestrygonians. Odysseus's ships entered a harbor surrounded by steep cliffs, with a single entrance between two headlands. The captains took their ships inside and made them fast close to one another, where it was dead calm. Odysseus kept his own ship outside the harbour, moored to a rock. He climbed a high rock to reconnoiter, but could see nothing but some smoke rising from the ground. He sent two of his company with an attendant to investigate the inhabitants. Telepylos (or Telepylus) is the mythological city of the Laestrygonians. ... Lamos (or Lamus) was a mythological ruler of the Laestrygonians, who were encountered by Odysseus and his company during their travels. ... The Laestrygonians (or Laestrygones, Laistrygones, Laistrygonians, Lestrygonians) were a tribe of giant cannibals from ancient Greek mythological times. ...


The men followed a road and eventually met a young woman, who said she was a daughter of Antiphates, the king, and directed them to his house. However, when they got there they found a gigantic woman, the wife of Antiphates who promptly called her husband, who immediately left the assembly of the people and upon arrival snatched up one of the men and started to eat him. The other two men ran away, but Antiphates raised a hue-and-cry, so that they were pursued by thousands of Laestrygonians, giants, not men. They threw vast rocks from the cliffs, smashing the ships, and speared the men like fish. In Greek mythology, Ant phat s was King of the Laestrogynes. ...


Odysseus made his escape with his single ship due to the fact that it was not trapped in the harbour; the rest of his company was lost. The surviving crew went next to the island of Circe.


Circe

The next stop was Aeaea, the island of Circe the enchantress, where Odysseus sent a scouting party ahead of the rest of the group. She invited the scouting party to a feast, the food laced with one of her magical potions to make them sleep, and she then changed all the men into pigs with a wand after they ate the food. Only Eurylochus, suspecting treachery from the outset, escaped by hiding, to warn Odysseus and the others who had stayed behind at the ships. In Greek mythology, Aeaea (sometimes Aiaia) was the home of the sorcerer Joesph. ... Circe, a painting by John William Waterhouse. ... In Greek mythology, Eurylochus, or Eurýlokhos appears in Homers Odyssey as second-in-command of Odysseus ship during the return to Ithaca after the Trojan War. ...


Odysseus set out to rescue his men, but was intercepted and told by Hermes to procure some of the herb moly to protect him from the same fate. When her magic failed she fell in love with Odysseus and she offered to sleep with him. Odysseus demanded that she first turn his crew back into humans; this she did, and Odysseus obliged, remaining with Circe for a year. Odysseus eventually left Aeaea at the insistence of his crew; Circe also agreed with his men, and gave him advice about the remainder of the journey homewards. During the preparation for departure, Odysseus' youngest crewman, Elpenor fell from a roof and died. For other uses, see Hermes (disambiguation). ... 1. ... In Greek mythology, Elpenor was a good friend of Odysseus. ...


Circe subsequently bore Odysseus a son, Telegonus, who eventually brought about his death. In Greek mythology, Telegonus (born afar) was the youngest son of Circe and Odysseus. ...


Journey to the Underworld

Odysseus wanted to talk with Tiresias, so he and his men journeyed to the River Acheron in Hades, where they performed sacrifices which allowed them to speak to the dead. Odysseus sacrificed a ram and the dead spirits were attracted to the blood. Odysseus held them at bay and demanded to speak with Tiresias, who told him how to pass by Helios' cattle and the whirlpool Charybdis. Tiresias also tells Odysseus that after he returns to Ithaca, he must take a well-made oar and walk inland with it to parts where no one mixes sea salt with their food, until someone asks him why he carries a winnowing fan. At that place, he was to fix the oar in the ground and make a sacrifice to appease Poseidon. He also told Odysseus that, after all that was done, that he would die an old man, "full of years and peace of mind", that his death would come from the sea and that his life would ebb away very gently. (Some read this as meaning that his death would come away from the sea.) Everes redirects here. ... Acheron river near the village of Glyki. ... Hades, Greek god of the underworld, enthroned, with his bird-headed staff, on a red-figure Apulian vase made in the 4th century BC. For other uses, see Hades (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Helios (disambiguation). ... In Greek mythology, Charybdis, or Kharybdis (sucker down, Greek Χάρυβδις), is a sea monster, daughter of Poseidon and Gaia, who swallows huge amounts of water three times a day and then belches it back out again. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Winnowing Oar appears in the epic of Odysseus. ...


He also meets Achilles, who tells Odysseus that he would rather be a slave on earth than the king of the dead; Agamemnon; and his mother. The soul of Ajax, still resentful of Odysseus over the matter of Achilles's armor, refuses to speak, despite the latter's pleas of regret. For other uses, see Achilles (disambiguation). ...


Odysseus also meets his comrade, Elpenor, who tells him of the manner of his death and begs him to give him an honorable burial.


The Sirens

Odysseus and the Sirens by John William Waterhouse
Odysseus and the Sirens by John William Waterhouse

Circe warned Odysseus of the dangers of these singing creatures who pulled men to their death. She advised him to avoid hearing the song but that if he really felt he had to hear, then he should be tied to the mast. His men should have their ears stopped with beeswax and be ordered not to heed his screams. Odysseus, moved by curiosity and worried that no one would be able to guide the ship, twisted the words and told the men that Circe had told him that he had to listen to the song. He obeyed her instructions and listened to the song while he was tied to the mast. As he sailed by the Sirens, he noted that they had the most beautiful voices he had ever heard. He became crazed and attempted to throw himself into the water to go to the Sirens. He broke his rawhide bonds, and was started to jump, but two of his strongest men bound him with chains. He could not break these. When he saw the Sirens however, he was horrified, because their appearance could not have been more different than their voices. They were horrendous half women, half vulture Harpies, and for a minute, he was so horrified that he could ignore their voices. When he closed his eyes, however, their song overpowered him again, so he forced his eyes to remain open. But Odysseus's men could not hear the Sirens, so at the sight of them, became so horrified that they rowed faster than ever, ignoring Odysseus' struggling and screaming. Finally, they rowed past the dangerous Sirens and could hear them no longer. This episode shows Odysseus's curious nature and his determination to lead his ship effectively. In Greek mythology, the Sirens or Seirenes (Greek Σειρῆνας) were sea nymphs who lived on an island called Sirenum scopuli which was surrounded by cliffs and rocks. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1296x641, 198 KB) John William Waterhouse (1849-1917), Ulysses and the Sirens (1891). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1296x641, 198 KB) John William Waterhouse (1849-1917), Ulysses and the Sirens (1891). ... John William Waterhouse. ...


Scylla and Charybdis

Odysseus was told by Tiresias that he would have a choice of two paths home. One was the Wandering Rocks, where either all make it through or all die and which had been passed only by Jason with the help of Zeus, but he chooses the second path. On one side was a whirlpool, called Charybdis, which would sink the ship. However, on the other side of the strait was a monster called Scylla, daughter of Crataeis with six heads who would seize and eat six men. Fusslis Romance painting of Odysseus facing the choice between Scylla and Charybdis. ... Everes redirects here. ... In Greek mythology, the Symplegades were a pair of rocks at the Hellespont that clashed together randomly. ... This article is about the hero from Greek mythology. ... This article is about the water movement. ... In Greek mythology, Charybdis, or Kharybdis (sucker down, Greek Χάρυβδις), is a sea monster, daughter of Poseidon and Gaia, who swallows huge amounts of water three times a day and then belches it back out again. ... Three of Scyllas heads as portrayed in The Odyssey (1997) TV miniseries; the film depicts each head striking with snake-like speed and accuracy and devouring men whole. ... In Greek mythology, Crataeis was a nymph. ...


The advice was to sail close to Scylla and lose six men but not to fight, lest he lose more men. However, he did not dare tell his crew of the sacrifice, or they would have cowered below and not rowed and everyone would have ended up in Charybdis. Six men died, and Odysseus announced that the desperate cries of the wretched betrayed men were the worst thing he had ever known. Undoubtedly, this affected morale and left the survivors feeling mutinous.


The Cattle of Helios

Finally, Odysseus and his surviving crew approached an island, Thrinacia, sacred to Helios, where he kept sacred cattle. Odysseus had been warned by Tiresias and Circe not to touch these cattle. Odysseus told his men that they would not be landing on the island. Eurylochus argued that the men were mourning, refused to travel by night and then threatened mutiny. Outnumbered, Odysseus gave in. The men were trapped by adverse winds on the island and, after their food stores had run out,and they began to get hungry. Odysseus went inland to pray for help and fell asleep. In his absence Eurylochus reasoned to the men that they might as well eat the cattle and be killed by the gods rather than die of starvation; and claims that they would offer sacrifices and treasure to the gods to appease them if they managed back alive to Ithaca. Thus they slaughtered oxen. The guardians of the island, Helios' daughters, Lampetia and Phaethusa, told their father. Helios complained to Zeus and said that he would take the sun down to Hades if justice was not done. Zeus destroyed the ship with a thunderbolt and all the men died except for Odysseus. Odysseus was swept past Scylla and Charybdis whom he luckily escaped and was washed up on Calypso's island. Thrinicia, mentioned in Homers Odyssey, is the island home of Helios cattle, is said to have been Sicily since the name Thrinicia implies an island connected to the number 3 and Sicily has three corners. ... For other uses, see Helios (disambiguation). ... Everes redirects here. ... Circe, a painting by John William Waterhouse. ... In Greek mythology, Eurylochus, or Eurýlokhos appears in Homers Odyssey as second-in-command of Odysseus ship during the return to Ithaca after the Trojan War. ... In Greek mythology, Eurylochus, or Eurýlokhos appears in Homers Odyssey as second-in-command of Odysseus ship during the return to Ithaca after the Trojan War. ... In Greek mythology, Lampetia (shining) was the daughter of Helios and Neaera; she was the personification of light. ... In Greek mythology, Phaethusa, or Phaetusa (radiance) was a daughter of Helios and Neaera, the personification of the brilliant, blinding rays of the sun. ... Hades, Greek god of the underworld, enthroned, with his bird-headed staff, on a red-figure Apulian vase made in the 4th century BC. For other uses, see Hades (disambiguation). ...

Odysseus and Nausicaä by Charles Gleyre.
Odysseus and Nausicaä by Charles Gleyre.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1152x781, 181 KB)Odysseus and Nausicaä - by Charles Gleyre - from Project Gutenberg eText 13725 - http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1152x781, 181 KB)Odysseus and Nausicaä - by Charles Gleyre - from Project Gutenberg eText 13725 - http://www. ... Odysseus and Nausicaä - by Charles Gleyre In Greek mythology, Nausicaa, (also Náusikaa or Nausicaä) was a daughter of King Alcinous of the Phaeaceans. ... Categories: Stub | 1806 births | 1874 deaths | Swiss painters | Natives of Vaud ...

Calypso and the Phaeacians

Odysseus was washed ashore on Ogygia, where the nymph Calypso, daughter of Atlas lived. She made him her lover for seven years and would not let him leave, promising him immortality if he stayed. As a result, Odysseus was strongly attracted to her by night yet wept by the shore for his home and family by day. On behalf of Athena, Zeus intervened and sent Hermes to tell Calypso to let Odysseus go. Odysseus left on a small raft furnished with provisions of water, wine and food by Calypso, only to be hit by a storm launched by his old enemy Poseidon and washed up on the island of Scheria and found by Nausicaa, daughter of King Alcinous and Queen Arete of the Phaeacians, who entertained him well and escorted him to Ithaca. While upon Scheria, the bard sings a song of the Trojan war. As Odysseus was at Troy and longed to return to his home, he wept at the song. Alcinous, realizing this decided to press Odysseus for his true identity. Ogygia was believed to have been an island in the Mediterranean that sank following a huge and powerful earthquake, which shook the area before the bronze age. ... Now hes left to pine on an island, wracked with grief (Odyssey V): Calypso and Odysseus, by Arnold Böcklin, 1883 Calypso (Greek: Καλυψώ, I will conceal, also transliterated as Kalypsó or Kālypsō), was a naiad, daughter of Atlas who lived on the island of Gozo in Greek mythology. ... Lee Lawries colossal bronze Atlas, Rockefeller Center, New York For the Transformers character see King Atlas (Transformers). ... This is the Greek name of the capital of the Hellenic Republic (Greece). ... For other uses, see Zeus (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Hermes (disambiguation). ... Nausicaa takes Odysseus to the palace Σχερία (Scheria, Skhería) or Phaeacia was a phantom island mentioned in the Greek mythology and literature as the homeland of the Phaeacians and the last destination of Odysseus before coming back home to Ithaca. ... Odysseus and Nausicaä — by Charles Gleyre In ancient Greek literature, Nausicaa (often rendered Nausicaä; Greek: Ναυσικάα[1]), burner of ships, a daughter of King Alcinous (Alkínoös) of the Phaeacians and Queen Arete, appears in Homers Odyssey (Odysseía). ... In Greek mythology, Alcinous (sometimes with the diacritical mark Alcinoüs; also transliterated as Alkínoös) was a son of Nausithous and father of Nausicaa and Laodamas with Arete. ... In Greek mythology, Queen Arete of Scheria was a queen of the Phaeacians, wife of Alcinous and mother of Nausicaa and Laodamas. ... In Greek mythology, Scheria, Skhería, or Phaeacia, is an island, the land of the Phaeacians. ...


It is here that we get the actual story of Odysseus' trip from Troy to Scheria taking up books nine to twelve of the epic. After the recital, the Phaecians offer Odysseus passage home, with all of the hoardings he obtained on the way and the gifts the Phaecians themselves had bestowed upon him (showing xenia, the idea of guest friendship). King Alcinous provided one fast Phæacian, ship that soon[10] carried Odysseus home to Ithaca. However, Poseidon, upon seeing Odysseus return home, was furious and intended to cast a ring of mountains around Scheria so they could never sail again. This naturally would have been damaging to the Phaecians, as they were seafarers. Zeus, however, managed to persuade Poseidon not to do this. Instead, he turned the ship which carried Odysseus home to stone. Xenia is a city in Greene County, Ohio, near Dayton. ... In Greek mythology, Alcinous (sometimes with the diacritical mark Alcinoüs; also transliterated as Alkínoös) was a son of Nausithous and father of Nausicaa and Laodamas with Arete. ... In Greek mythology, Scheria, Skhería, or Phaeacia, is an island, the land of the Phaeacians. ... For other places or objects named Ithaca, see Ithaca (disambiguation). ...


Odysseus reaches Ithaca

In Ithaca, Penelope was having difficulties. Her husband had been gone for twenty years, and she did not know for sure whether he was alive or dead. She was beset with numerous men who thought that a (fairly) young widow and queen of a small but tidy kingdom was a great prize: they pestered her to declare Odysseus dead and choose a new husband from among them. Meanwhile, these suitors hung around the palace, ate her food, drank her wine, and consorted with several of her maidservants. Penelope was despondent by her husband's long absence and especially the mystery about his fate. He could come home at any time — or never. Temporizing, she fended them off for years, using stalling tactics that were wearing thin. Meanwhile, Odysseus' mother, Anticlea, had died of grief; and his father, Laërtes, was nearly so. In Greek mythology, Anticlea, (Ἀντίκλεια), was the daughter of Autolycus and Amphithea, and mother of Odysseus or Ulysses by Laërtes (though some say by Sisyphus). ... For the Shakespearean character, see Laertes (Hamlet). ...


Odysseus arrived alone. Upon landing, he was disguised as an old man or a beggar by Athena, and was welcomed by his old swineherd, Eumaeus, who did not recognize him but still treated him well. Odysseus' faithful dog Argos was the first to recognize him in his rags; he had waited twenty years to see his master. Aged and decrepit, he did his best to wag his tail, but Odysseus did not want to be found out, and had to maintain his cover, so the weary dog died in peace. The first human to recognize him was his old wet nurse, Euryclea, who knew him well enough to see through the rags, recognizing him by an old scar on his leg received when hunting boar with Autolycus's sons. Odysseus's son Telemachus didn't see through the disguise, but Odysseus revealed his identity to him. This is the Greek name of the capital of the Hellenic Republic (Greece). ... In a draw in a mountainous region, a shepherd guides a flock of about 20 sheep amidst scrub and olive trees. ... In Greek mythology, Eumaeus, or Eumaios, was Odysseus swineherd and friend before he left for the Trojan War. ... In Greek mythology, Argos was Odysseus faithful dog. ... A wet nurse is a woman who nurses a baby not her own. ... Odysseus and Euryclea, by Christian Gottlob Heyne In Greek mythology, Euryclea, or Eurýkleia was the wet-nurse of Odysseus. ... Slaughter of the suitors by Odysseus and Telemachus, Campanian red-figure bell-krater, ca. ...


Odysseus learned that Penelope had remained faithful to him. She pretended to weave a burial shroud for Odysseus' father, Laërtes, and claimed she would choose one suitor when she finished. Every day she wove a length of shroud, and every night she unwove the same length of shroud, until one day a maid of hers betrayed this secret to the suitors and they demanded that she finally choose one of them to be her new husband. When Odysseus arrived to his house, disguised as a beggar, he sat in the hall and observed the suitors, and was repeatedly humiliated by them. For the Shakespearean character, see Laertes (Hamlet). ...


Still in his disguise, Odysseus went to Penelope and told her that he had met Odysseus and told a tale of how Odysseus was a brave solider and bragged about himself. Penelope, still unknowing of this beggar's identity, started to cry in hearing of her husband. Penelope went to the suitors and said whoever can string Odysseus' bow and shoot an arrow through 12 axe-handles, would marry her. This was to Odysseus' advantage, as only he could string his own bow. (It is believed that Odysseus' bow was a composite bow, requiring great skill and leverage to string, rather than mere brute strength.) Penelope then announced what Odysseus had said.


The suitors each tried to string the bow, but in vain. Odysseus then took the bow, strung it, lined up twelve axe-handles, and shot an arrow through all twelve. Athena then took off his disguise and, with the help of his son Telemachus, a cattleherd, and Eumaeus, the swineherd, Odysseus killed all. Antinous is the first of the suitors to be killed, being slain by an arrow to the throat by Odysseus in the Great Hall while drinking. At first, Odysseus shot as many as he could with his bow, but when out of arrows he reached for spears. Caught by surprise and unarmed by Telemachus, the suitors were easy prey, but later on during the conflict they started arming themselves. This, however, did not save their lives. In Greek mythology, Eumaeus, or Eumaios, was Odysseus swineherd and friend before he left for the Trojan War. ...


When all the suitors were killed, the goatherd Melanthius, who had provided the suitors with arms but had been strung up by Eumaeus, was taken into the courtyard where his nose, ears, hands and feet were cut off, and his genitals pulled out and fed to the dogs. Telemachus hung the female servants who were availing themselves to the suitors. Melanthius was a noted Greek painter of the 4th century BC. He belonged to the school of Sicyon, which was noted for fine drawing. ...


Penelope, still not quite sure that the beggar was indeed her husband, tested him. She ordered her maid to make up Odysseus' bed and move it from their bedchamber into the hall outside his room. Odysseus was initially furious when he heard this because one of the bed posts was made from a living olive tree - he himself had designed it this way, and thus it could not be moved unless done by a god; he told her this, and since only Odysseus and Penelope knew this, Penelope accepted that he was her husband. She came running to him, hoping that he would forgive her. He forgave her, because he could understand why she had tested him and because he had passed the test.


To avenge the death of his son Antinous, his father Eupeithes tried to kill Odysseus. Laërtes killed him, and Athena thereafter required the suitors' families and Odysseus to make peace; this ends the story of the Odyssey. In Greek mythology, Antinous, son of Eupeithes, was one of the suitors of Penelope during the absence of her husband, Odysseus, at the Trojan war. ... In Greek mythology, Eupeithês was the father of Antinous, the leader of the suitors of Penelope. ... For the Shakespearean character, see Laertes (Hamlet). ...


Odysseus had been told (by the shade of Tiresias) that he had one more journey to make after he had re-established his rule in Ithaca and also that his death would come from the sea and would be peaceful and pleasant.


Other stories

Odysseus is one of the most recurrent characters in Western culture. For this articles equivalent regarding the East, see Eastern culture. ...


Classical

According to some late sources, most of them purely genealogical, Odysseus had many other children besides Telemachus, the most famous being: Slaughter of the suitors by Odysseus and Telemachus, Campanian red-figure bell-krater, ca. ...

Most such genealogies aimed to link Odysseus with the foundation of many Italic cities in remote antiquity. The Vatican Penelope: a Roman marble copy of an Early Classical 6th-century Greek work (Vatican Museums) For other uses, see Penelope (disambiguation). ... In Greek mythology Poliporthes (also known as Ptoliporthes or Ptoliporthus) is the son born Odysseus and Penelope after his return from Troy. ... Circe, a painting by John William Waterhouse. ... In Greek mythology, Telegonus (born afar) was the youngest son of Circe and Odysseus. ... In Greek mythology, Ardeas was a son of Odysseus. ... Latinus or Latinos in Greek mythology, in Hesiods Theogony, was the son of Odysseus and Circe who ruled the Tyrsenoi, that is the Etruscans, with his brothers Agrius and Telegonus. ... Now hes left to pine on an island, wracked with grief (Odyssey V): Calypso and Odysseus, by Arnold Böcklin, 1883 Calypso (Greek: Καλυψώ, I will conceal, also transliterated as Kalypsó or Kālypsō), was a naiad, daughter of Atlas who lived on the island of Gozo in Greek mythology. ... In Greek mythology, Nausinous was the son of Odysseus and either Circe or Calypso. ... Kallidike (Callidice, Kallidice), queen of Thesprotia, wife of Odysseus, they had a son together, Polypoetes. ... In Greek mythology, Polypoites or Polypoetes (Greek: Πολυποίτης) was the name of several individuals: Polypoites was a son of Hippodamia and Pirithous. ... “Italian Republic” redirects here. ... Classical antiquity is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, which begins roughly with the earliest-recorded Greek poetry of Homer (7th century BC), and continues through the rise of Christianity and the fall of the Western Roman Empire (5th century AD...


He figures in the end of the story of King Telephus of Mysia. A Greek mythological figure, Telephus referred to two different people. ... Mysia. ...


The supposed last poem in the Epic Cycle is called the Telegony, and is thought to tell the story of Odysseus's last voyage, and of his death at the hands of Telegonus, his son with Circe. The poem, like the others of the cycle, is "lost" in that no authentic version has been discovered. The Telegony (Greek: Τηλεγόνεια, Telegoneia; Latin: Telegonia) is a lost epic of ancient Greek literature. ... In Greek mythology, Telegonus (born afar) was the youngest son of Circe and Odysseus. ...


In 5th century BC Athens, tales of the Trojan War were popular subjects for tragedies, and Odysseus figures centrally or indirectly in a number of the extant plays by Aeschylus, Sophocles, (Ajax, Philoctetes) and Euripides, (Hecuba, Rhesus, Cyclops) and figured in still more that have not survived. The 5th century BC started the first day of 500 BC and ended the last day of 401 BC. // The Parthenon of Athens seen from the hill of the Pnyx to the west. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Tragedy is one of the oldest forms of drama. ... This article is about the ancient Greek playwright. ... This article is about the Greek tragedian. ... Ajax is a play by Sophocles. ... The Philoctetes is a play by Sophocles written about 410 BC. Its subject is Philoctetes, the friend of Herakles, who was also a participant in the Trojan War. ... A statue of Euripides. ... Hecuba is a tragedy by Euripides written c. ... Rhesus, possibly 450 BC, was once thought to be the earliest play by Euripides. ... The Cyclops is an Ancient Greek satyr play by Euripides, the only complete satyr play that has survived. ...


As Ulysses, he is mentioned regularly in Virgil's Aeneid, and the poem's hero, Aeneas, rescues one of Ulysses' crew members who was left behind on the island of the Cyclops. He in turn offers a first-person account of some of the same events Homer relates, in which Ulysses appears directly. Virgil's Ulysses typifies his view of the Greeks: he is cunning but impious, and ultimately malicious and hedonistic. For other uses, see Virgil (disambiguation). ... Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci, 1598 Galleria Borghese, Rome The Aeneid (IPA English pronunciation: ; in Latin Aeneis, pronounced — the title is Greek in form: genitive case Aeneidos) is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BC (between 29 and 19 BC) that tells the legendary story... Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci, 1598. ...


Ovid retells parts of Ulysses' journeys, focusing on his romantic involvements with Circe and Calypso, and recasts him as, in Harold Bloom's phrase, "one of the great wandering womanizers." Ovid also gives a detailed account of the contest between Ulysses and Ajax for the armor of Achilles. For other uses, see Ovid (disambiguation). ... Harold Bloom (born July 11, 1930) is an American professor and prominent literary and cultural critic. ... Ajax Ajax or Aias (ancient Greek: ) was a mythological Greek hero, the son of Telamon and Periboea and king of Salamis. ...


Greek legend tells of Ulysses as the founder of Lisbon, Portugal, calling it Ulisipo or Ulisseya, during his twenty-year errand on the Mediterranean and Atlantic seas. Olisipo was Lisbon's name in the Roman Empire. Basing in this folk etymology, the belief that Ulysses is recounted by Strabo based on Asclepiades of Myrleia's words, by Pomponius Mela, by Gaius Julius Solinus (3rd Century A.D.), and finally by Camões in his epic poem Lusiads (source: [1]). For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Location    - Region Lisbon  - Subregion Grande Lisboa  - District or A.R. Lisbon Mayor Carmona Rodrigues  - Party PSD Area 84. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Folk etymology is a term used in two distinct ways: A commonly held misunderstanding of the origin of a particular word, a false etymology. ... The Greek geographer Strabo in a 16th century engraving. ... Pomponius Mela, who wrote around AD 43, was the earliest Roman geographer. ... Gaius Julius Solinus, Latin grammarian and compiler, probably flourished during the first half of the 3rd century AD. He was the author of De mirabilibus mundi (The wonders of the world) which mostly circulated under the title Collectanea rerum memorabilium (Collection of Curiosities), and the work is indeed a description... Luís de Camões Monument to Luís de Camões, Lisbon Luís Vaz de Camões (sometimes rendered in English as Camoens) (1524 – June 10, 1580) is generally considered Portugals greatest poet. ... Os Lusíadas (The Lusiads) is considered one of the finest and most important works in Portuguese literature. ...


Middle Ages and Renaissance

Dante, in Canto 26 of the Inferno of his Divine Comedy, encounters Odysseus ("Ulisse" in the original Italian) near the very bottom of Hell: with Diomedes, he walks wrapped in flame in the eighth ring (Counselors of Fraud) of the Eighth circle (Sins of Malice), as punishment for his schemes and conspiracies that won the Trojan War. In a famous passage, Dante has Odysseus relate a different version of his final voyage and death from the one foreshadowed by Homer. He tells how he set out with his men for one final journey of exploration to sail beyond the Pillars of Hercules and into the western sea to find what adventures awaited them. After travelling west and south for five months, they saw in the distance a great mountain rising from the sea (this is Purgatory, in Dante's cosmology) before a storm sank them. Dante did not have access to the original Greek texts of the Homeric epics, so his knowledge of their subject-matter was based only on information from later sources, chiefly Virgil's Aeneid but also Ovid; hence the discrepancy between Dante and Homer. DANTE is also a digital audio network. ... Dante shown holding a copy of The Divine Comedy, next to the entrance to Hell, the seven terraces of Mount Purgatory and the city of Florence, in Michelinos fresco. ... Dante shown holding a copy of the Divine Comedy, next to the entrance to Hell, the seven terraces of Mount Purgatory and the city of Florence, with the spheres of Heaven above, in Michelinos fresco. ... Diomēdēs or Diomed (Gk:Διομήδης - God-like cunning or advised by Zeus) is a hero in Greek mythology, mostly known for his participation in the Trojan War. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Illustration for Dantes Purgatorio (18), by Gustave Doré, an imaginative picturing of Purgatory. ... For other uses, see Virgil (disambiguation). ... Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci, 1598 Galleria Borghese, Rome The Aeneid (IPA English pronunciation: ; in Latin Aeneis, pronounced — the title is Greek in form: genitive case Aeneidos) is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BC (between 29 and 19 BC) that tells the legendary story... For other uses, see Ovid (disambiguation). ...


He appears in Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida, set during the Trojan War. Shakespeare redirects here. ... For the Chaucer poem, see Troilus and Criseyde. ...


Modern

The bay of Palaiokastritsa in Corfu as seen from Bella vista of Lakones. Corfu is considered to be the mythical island of the Phaeacians. The bay of Palaiokastritsa is considered to be the place where Odysseus disembarked and met Nausicaa for the first time. The rock in the sea visible near the horizon at the top centre-left of the picture is considered by the locals to be the mythical petrified ship of Odysseus. The side of the rock toward the mainland is curved in such a way as to resemble the extended sail of a trireme
The bay of Palaiokastritsa in Corfu as seen from Bella vista of Lakones. Corfu is considered to be the mythical island of the Phaeacians. The bay of Palaiokastritsa is considered to be the place where Odysseus disembarked and met Nausicaa for the first time. The rock in the sea visible near the horizon at the top centre-left of the picture is considered by the locals to be the mythical petrified ship of Odysseus. The side of the rock toward the mainland is curved in such a way as to resemble the extended sail of a trireme

Alfred, Lord Tennyson's Ulysses presents an aging king who has seen too much of the world to be happy sitting on a throne idling his days away. Leaving the task of civilizing his people to his son, he gathers together a band of old comrades "to sail beyond the sunset". Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 3066 KB) I am the creator. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 3066 KB) I am the creator. ... Palaiokastritsa (Παλαιοκαστρίτσα) is a municipality in the Corfu Prefecture, Greece. ... This article is about the Greek island Kerkyra known in English as Corfu or Corcyra. ... In Greek mythology, Scheria, Skhería, or Phaeacia, is an island, the land of the Phaeacians. ... Odysseus and Nausicaä — by Charles Gleyre In ancient Greek literature, Nausicaa (often rendered Nausicaä; Greek: Ναυσικάα[1]), burner of ships, a daughter of King Alcinous (Alkínoös) of the Phaeacians and Queen Arete, appears in Homers Odyssey (Odysseía). ... A Greek trireme. ... Lord Tennyson, Poet Laureate Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson (August 6, 1809 - October 6, 1892) is generally regarded as one of the greatest English poets. ... Ulysses is a poem by Alfred Lord Tennyson, written in 1833 but not published until 1842. ...


James Joyce's novel Ulysses uses modern literary devices to narrate a single day in the life of a Dublin businessman named Leopold Bloom; which turns out to bear many elaborate parallels to Odysseus' twenty years of wandering. This article is about the writer and poet. ... Ulysses is a novel by James Joyce, first serialized in parts in the American journal The Little Review from March 1918 to December 1920, and then published in its entirety by Sylvia Beach on February 2, 1922, in Paris. ... Leopold Bloom is a fictional character in James Joyces novel Ulysses. ...


Cream's song "Tales of Brave Ulysses" speaks somewhat of the travels of Odysseus including his encounter with the sirens. Cream were a 1960s British rock band comprising guitarist Eric Clapton, bassist Jack Bruce and drummer Ginger Baker. ... Disraeli Gears is the second LP release by British blues-rock group Cream. ...


Frederick Rolfe's The Weird of the Wanderer has the hero Nicholas Crabbe (based on the author) travelling back in time, discovering that he is the reincarnation of Odysseus, marrying Helen, being deified and ending up as one of the three Magi. Fr. ... Helen of Troy redirects here. ... Three Kings, or Three Wise Men redirects here. ...


In Dan Simmons' novels Ilium and Olympos, Odysseus is encountered both at Troy and on a futuristic Earth. Dan Simmons (born April 4, 1948 in Peoria, Illinois) is an American author most widely known for his Hugo Award-winning science fiction novel Hyperion and its sequel The Fall of Hyperion. ... For other uses, see Ilium. ... Dan Simmons novel Olympos, published in 2005, is the sequel to Ilium and final part of Ilium/Olympus duology. ...


Nikos Kazantzakis' The Odyssey: A Modern Sequel, a 33,333 line epic poem, begins with Odysseus cleansing his body of the blood of Penelope's suitors. Odysseus soon leaves Ithaca in search of new adventures. Before his death he abducts Helen; incites revolutions in Crete and Egypt; communes with God; and meets representatives of various famous historical and literary figures, such as Vladimir Lenin, Don Quixote and Jesus. Nikos Kazantzakis (Greek: Νίκος Καζαντζάκης) (February 18, 1883, Heraklion, Crete, Greece - October 26, 1957, Freiburg, Germany), author of poems, novels, essays, plays, and travel books, was arguably the most important and most translated Greek writer and philosopher of the 20th century. ... Odyssey, poem of Greek writer, poet and philosopher Nikos Kazantzakis, the largest of his works. ... The Vatican Penelope: a Roman marble copy of an Early Classical 6th-century Greek work (Vatican Museums) For other uses, see Penelope (disambiguation). ... Helen of Troy redirects here. ... For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... Lenin redirects here. ... This article is about the fictional character and novel. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ...


Ulysses 31 is a Japanese-French anime series (1981) which updates the Greek and Roman mythologies of Ulysses (or Odysseus) to the thirty-first century. In the series, the gods are angered when Ulysses, commander of the giant spaceship Odyssey, kills the giant Cyclops to rescue a group of enslaved children including Telemachus. Zeus sentences Ulysses to travel the universe with his crew frozen until he finds the Kingdom of Hades, at which point his crew will be revived and he will be able to return to Earth. In one episode, he travels back in time and meets the Odysseus of the Greek myth. Ulysses 31 (Japanese: , French: ) is a Franco-Japanese anime series (1981) which updates the Greek and Roman mythology of Odysseus (known as Ulysses in Roman Mythology and Ulysse in French, hence the name) to the 31st century. ...


Early 20th century British composer Cecil Armstrong Gibbs's second symphony (for chorus and orchestra) is named after and based on the story of Odysseus, with text by Essex poet Mordaunt Currie. Cecil Armstrong Gibbs (August 10, 1889, Great Baddow, Essex - May 12, 1960, Chelmsford) was an English composer. ... Mordaunt Currie was an early 20th century poet, who lived in Essex. ...


Suzanne Vega's song Calypso shows Odysseus from Calypso's point of view, and tells the tale of him coming to the island and his leaving. Suzanne Vega (born Suzanne Nadine Vega, 11 July 1959, Santa Monica, California) is an American songwriter and singer known for her highly literate lyrics and eclectic folk-inspired music. ...


Joel and Ethan Coen's film O Brother Where Art Thou? (2000) is loosely based on the Odyssey. However, they also admit to never having read the epic. George Clooney plays Ulysses Everett McGill, leading a group of escapees from a chain gang through an adventure in search of the proceeds of an armoured truck heist. On their voyage, the gang encounter—amongst other characters—a trio of sirens and a one eyed bible salesman. Joel and Ethan Coen at Cannes 2001 Joel and Ethan Coen, commonly known as The Coen Brothers have written and directed numerous successful films, such as comedies O Brother Where Art Thou, Raising Arizona and The Big Lebowski, as well as darker film noir dramas such as Fargo, Millers... O Brother, Where Art Thou? is a musical comedy film written and directed by Joel and Ethan Coen, set in Mississippi during the Great Depression. ... George Timothy Clooney (born May 6, 1961) is an Academy Award- and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter, who gained fame as one of the lead doctors in the long-running television drama, ER (1994–99), as Anthony Edwardss characters best friend and partner...


In S.M. Stirling's Island in the Sea of Time Trilogy, Odikweos (Mycenean spelling) is a 'historical' figure who is every bit as cunning as his legendary self and is one of the few Bronze Age inhabitants who discerns the time-traveller's real background. Odikweos first aids William Walker's rise to power in Achaea, and later helps bring Walker down after seeing his homeland turn into a police state. Stephen Michael Stirling is a Canadian-American science fiction and fantasy author. ... Achaea (Greek: , Achaïa; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is an ancient province and a present prefecture of Greece, on the northern coast of the Peloponnese, stretching from the mountain ranges of Erymanthus and Cyllene on the south to a narrow strip of fertile land on the...


Between 1978 and 1979, German director Tony Munzlinger made a documentary series called Unterwegs mit Odysseus (roughly translated: "Journeying with Odysseus"), in which a film team sails across the Aegean Sea trying to find traces of Odysseus in the modern-day settings of the Odyssey. In between the film crew's exploits, hand-drawn scissor-cut cartoons are inserted which relate the hero's story, with actor Hans Clarin providing the narratives. Look up Aegean Sea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Hans Clarin (1929-2005) was a German actor. ...


Odysseus appears as a playable character in the video game Age of Mythology (2002). In addition, one of the levels in the game involves the player's rescue of Odysseus and his men from Circe. Age of Mythology (commonly abbreviated as AoM), is a popular mythology-based, real-time strategy computer game developed by Ensemble Studios and published by Microsoft Game Studios. ... Circe, a painting by John William Waterhouse. ...


The Penelopiad by Margaret Atwood retells the story from the point of view of Penelope. The Penelopiad is a fiction novel by Margaret Atwood in which Penelope (the wife of Odysseus and cousin to Helen of Troy) tells about the time her husband was away, how she kept suitors at bay and about his return after 20 years of absence. ... Margaret Eleanor Atwood, OC (born November 18, 1939) is a Canadian writer. ... The Vatican Penelope: a Roman marble copy of an Early Classical 6th-century Greek work (Vatican Museums) For other uses, see Penelope (disambiguation). ...


Lindsay Clarke's "The War at Troy" features Odysseus, and its sequel, "The Return from Troy" retells the voyage of Odysseus in a manner which combines myth with modern psychological insight. Lindsay Clarke (born 1939, Halifax, West Yorkshire) is a British novelist. ...


Odysseus may be part of the basis for the character of Desmond Hume on the television series Lost. He is attempting to finish a "race around the world" and return to his girlfriend Penelope when he is stranded on the island. Desmond David Hume is a fictional character on the ABC television series Lost portrayed by Henry Ian Cusick. ... LOST redirects here. ...


Progressive metal band Symphony X have a song based on Odysseus' journey called 'The Odyssey' on the album going by the same name. It comes in at 24 minutes 7 seconds long, and has a 6 part orchestra playing in it, each part comprising of 60 people or so. Progressive metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music which blends the powerful, guitar-driven sound of metal with the complex compositional structures, odd time signatures, and intricate instrumental playing of progressive rock. ... Symphony X is an American progressive metal band from New Jersey founded in 1994 by guitarist Michael Romeo. ...


Eilean Ni Chuilleanain, an Irish poet, wrote a poem called 'The Second Voyage' in which she makes use of the story of Odysseus.


The Simpsons re-enacted a version of the Odyssey in their 13th season, fourteenth episode named 'Tales from the Public Domain ' There were three main stories in the episode, the first bearing the title 'D'oh, Brother Where Art Thou?' which starred Homer Simpson as Odysseus. “Tales from the Public Domain” is the fourteenth episode of The Simpsons’ thirteenth season. ...


The Police song King of Pain refers to Homer's connotation of the name "Odysseus". This article is about the rock band. ... King of Pain is a song by The Police, originally released on their 1983 album Synchronicity. ...


A cartoon show named Class of the Titans has a character named 'Odie' who is a direct desendant of Odysseus. One of the Episodes, named 'The Odie-sey' on the show re-enacted the story of The Odyssey, with characters like Calypso, Scylla, and Aeolus, and also modern twists and such. Not to be confused with MGMs 1981 film, Clash of the Titans. ... Odysseus and Nausicaä - by Charles Gleyre For other uses, see Odyssey (disambiguation). ... Calypso might refer to one of several things: Calypso is the name of a sea nymph in Greek mythology; Calypso music is a style of Caribbean folk music; Calypso is the name of an album sung by Harry Belafonte; Calypso is the name of a moon of Saturn; 53 Kalypso... Three of Scyllas heads as portrayed in The Odyssey (1997) TV miniseries; the film depicts each head striking with snake-like speed and accuracy and devouring men whole. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Actor Sean Bean portrayed Odysseus in the epic movie Troy. Shaun Mark Bean (born 17 April 1959) is an English film and stage actor. ... Troy is a movie released on May 14, 2004 about the Trojan War, which is described in Homers Iliad and other Greek myths as having taken place in Anatolia (modern Turkey) around the 13th or 12th century BC. It stars, among others: Brad Pitt as Achilles, Eric Bana as...


Actor Armand Assante played Odysseus in The Odyssey (TV miniseries). Armand Anthony Assante, Jr. ... The Odyssey was a 1997 miniseries on NBC with Armand Assante as the main character, Odysseus. ...


Comic book characters Batman and Superman are said to be somewhat inspired by Odysseus and Hercules. Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... For other uses, see Hercules (disambiguation). ...


One plotline in the comic series 52 features a storyline (which follows the character Animal Man) is a parallel of the Odyssey. In this storyline, Animal Man is lost in space and must voyage home to his wife and children, and on his way back he encounters a planet of drug-like plants, a giant who captures him and various other things which parallel the voyage of Odysseus. 52 is the title of a comic book limited series published by DC Comics, which debuted on May 10, 2006, one week after the conclusion of the seven-issue Infinite Crisis. ... Animal Man (Buddy Baker) is a fictional DC Comics superhero. ...


Odysseus is also a character in David Gemmell's Troy trilogy. In the first book he's a very good friend and mentor of Helikaon. He is known as the ugly king of Itaca due to his appearance. His wife didn't love him at first but due to her loyalty she grew to respect him and maybe even love him. He's also a famous story teller, known to exaggerate his stories to make them sound better heralded as the greatest story teller of his age. In the series, he is depicted as an older man during his escapades in the Trojan War, and an unwilling ally of Agamemnon. David Andrew Gemmell (August 1, 1948–July 28, 2006) was a popular UK fantasy writer and occasional historical fictionalist. ...


In the second book of the Percy Jackson series, The Sea of Monsters, Percy and his friends encounter many obstacles similar to the Odyssey, including Charybidis and Scyllia, the Sirens, Polyphemus, and others. The Sea of Monsters is a 2006 book written by Rick Riordan. ...


Other cultures

  • Nala and Rama. A similar story exists in Hindu mythology with Nala and Damayanti where Nala separates from Damayanti and reunites with her. The story of stringing a bow is similar to the description in Ramayana of Rama stringing the bow to win Sita's hand in marriage..

Nala is a character in Hindu mythology. ... Rama ( in IAST, in Devanāgarī) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ...

References

  • Vasil S. Tole, Odyssey and Sirens: A Temptation towards the Mystery of the Iso-polyphonic Regions of Epirus, A Homeric theme with variations, Tirana, Albania, 2005, ISBN 99943-31-63-9
  • Bittlestone, Robert; with James Diggle and John Underhill (2005). Odysseus Unbound: The Search for Homer’s Ithaca. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-85357-5.  Odysseus Unbound website

Notes

  1. ^ Homer does not link Laertes as one of the Argonauts.
  2. ^ Scholium on Sophocles' Aiax 190, noted in Karl Kerenyi, The Heroes of the Greeks 1959:77.
  3. ^ "A so-called 'Homeric' drinking-cup shows pretty undisguisedly Sisyphos in the bed-chamber of his host's daughter, the arch-rogue sitting on the bed and the girl with her spindle." (Kerenyi, eo. loc..
  4. ^ Entry: Ὀδυσσεὺς at Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, 1940, A Greek-English Lexicon.
  5. ^ Definition in Liddell & Scott
  6. ^ Polyaretos, "prayed for.
  7. ^ Mommsen
  8. ^ Iliad 4.356-63
  9. ^ Haft, Adele J. "Odysseus' Wrath and Grief in the "Iliad": Agamemnon, the Ithacan King, and the Sack of Troy in Books 2, 4, and 14." The Classical Journal, Vol. 85, No. 2. (Dec., 1989 - Jan., 1990), pp. 97-114.
  10. ^ King Alcinous in Odyssey, Book 7, 320–26, describes how the Pheacians carried Rhadamanthus from Scheria to Euboea, "which is the furthest of any place" and came back on the same day.

This article is about the Greek tragedian. ... One of the founders of modern studies in Greek mythology, Karl (Carl, Károly) Kerényi (January 19, 1897 - April 14, 1973) was born in Hungary but became a citizen of Switzerland in 1943. ... LSJ redirects here. ... In Greek mythology, Alcinous (sometimes with the diacritical mark Alcinoüs; also transliterated as Alkínoös) was a son of Nausithous and father of Nausicaa and Laodamas with Arete. ... This article is about Homers epic poem. ... In Greek myths, Rhadamanthus (Ῥαδαμάνθυς; also transliterated as Rhadamanthys or Rhadamanthos) was a wise king, the son of Zeus and Europa. ... Nausicaa takes Odysseus to the palace Σχερία (Scheria, Skhería) or Phaeacia was a phantom island mentioned in the Greek mythology and literature as the homeland of the Phaeacians and the last destination of Odysseus before coming back home to Ithaca. ... For the Greek mythological figures see Euboea Euboea, or Negropont or Negroponte (Modern Greek: Εύβοια Évia, Ancient Greek Eúboia), is the second largest of the Greek Aegean Islands and the second largest Greek island overall in area and population (after Crete). ...

See also

Homer Where was Homers Ithaca? There have been many suggestions as to where, exactly, the Ithaca of the Iliad and Odyssey of Homer was geographically located: as many, perhaps, as the theories which once fought among themselves over whether Troy ever really existed, and if so where it was. ... Paliki, Kefalonia (Cephalonia) & Ithaki (the traditional Ithaca) : click map to show scale -- Homer said Ithaca was low-lying According to Robert Bittlestones Odysseus Unbound (2005), written with the assistance of Professor James Diggle of Cambridge University and Professor John Underhill of the University of Edinburgh, Paliki, a peninsula of...

External links

  • Archaeological Discovery in Greece may be the tomb of Odysseus [2]
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Odysseus
  • In the animated television series Class of the Titans, the character Odie is descended from Odysseus.
  • Spanish poem to Odysseus

Not to be confused with MGMs 1981 film, Clash of the Titans. ... This is a list of the characters that appear in the Iliad by Homer. ... In Greek mythology, Acamas (unwearying) was the son of Phaedra and Theseus. ... For other uses, see Achilles (disambiguation). ... In Greek mythology, Actor was a son of King Deion, of Phocis and Diomede, the daughter of Xuthus. ... In Greek mythology, Adrastus, or Adrastos (he who stands his ground, son of Talaus) was one of the three kings at Argos, along with Iphis and Amphiaraus, who was married to Adrastus sister Eriphyle. ... This article is about a character in Greek mythology. ... Agapenor: Leader of the Arkadians Reference Homer, The Iliad, translated by Richmond Lattimore, 1951 Categories: ... Ajax Ajax or Aias (ancient Greek: ) was a mythological Greek hero, the son of Telamon and Periboea and king of Salamis. ... Ajax (Greek: Αἴας), a Greek hero, son of Oïleus the king of Locris, called the lesser or Locrian Ajax, to distinguish him from Ajax, son of Telamon. ... In Greek mythology, Antilochus (also transliterated as Antílokhos) was the son of Nestor, king of Pylos. ... In Greek mythology, two people share the name Ascalaphus. ... In Greek mythology, Automedon, son of Diores, was Achilles charioteer. ... In Greek mythology, Balius (Dappled) and Xanthus (Blonde) were two immortal horses, the offspring of the harpy Podarge and the West wind, Zephyros (); following another tradition, their father was Zeus. ... In Greek mythology, Bias was a brother of Melampus who received one third of Argos (see Melampus for more information). ... In Greek mythology, BrisÄ“is (Greek Βρισηίς) was a Trojan widow (from Lyrnessus) who was abducted during the Trojan War by Achilles upon the death of her three brothers and husband, King Mynes of Lyrnessus, in the fight. ... DiomÄ“dÄ“s or Diomed (Gk:Διομήδης - God-like cunning or advised by Zeus) is a hero in Greek mythology, mostly known for his participation in the Trojan War. ... In Greek mythology, Euryalus referred to two different people. ... In Greek mythology, Eurybates was the herald for the Greek armies during the Trojan War. ... As written in Homers The Iliad, Hecamede, daughter of Arsinous, was captured from the isle of Tenedos and given as captive to King Nestor. ... In Greek mythology, Idomeneus was a Cretan warrior, grandson of Minos. ... In Greek mythology, Machaon was a son of Asclepius. ... In Greek mythology, Mecisteus was the son of Talaus and and Lysimache. ... In Greek mythology, there were two people called Medôn. ... In Greek mythology, Mégês Phyleïdês was a son of Phyleus. ... Menelaus regains Helen, detail of an Attic red-figure crater, ca. ... Menestheus, the son of Peteus, son of Orneus, son of Erechtheus, was a legendary King of Athens during the Trojan War. ... Meriones was a son of Molus and Melphis. ... In Greek mythology, Nestor of Gerênia (Greek: Νέστωρ) was the son of Neleus and Chloris, and the King of Pylos. ... In Greek mythology, Nireus was the name of several individuals: Nireus was a son of Poseidon and Canace. ... A cup depicting Achilles bandaging Patroklos arm, by the Sosias Painter. ... In Greek mythology, Philoctetes (also Philoktêtês or Philocthetes, Φιλοκτήτης) was the son of King Poeas of Meliboea in Thessaly. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Phoenix (mythology). ... In Greek mythology, Podarces was a son of Iphicles. ... In Greek mythology, Promachus (who leads in battle) referred to several different people. ... In Greek mythology, Protesilaus was the son of Iphicles and the leader of the Phylaceans. ... In the Iliad, he was the son of Iphitus and brother of Epistrophus. ... In Greek mythology, Stentor (Στεντωρ) was a herald of the Greek forces during the Trojan War. ... In Greek mythology, Sthenelus refers to four different people. ... In Greek Mythology and epic poetry, Talthybius was a herald in the Greek camp during the Trojan War and a friend of Agamemnons. ... In Greek mythology Teucer, also Teucrus or Teucris from Greek Τεύκρος, was the son of King Telamon of Salamis and his second wife Hesione, daughter of King Laomedon of Troy. ... In Greek mythology, Thersites, son of Agrius, was a rank-and-file soldier of the Greek army during the Trojan War. ... Thoas, son of Andraimon, was one of the heroes who fought for the Greeks in the Trojan War. ... In Greek mythology Thrasymedes was a participent in the Trojan War. ... Tlepolemus, or Tlêpólemos, in Greek mythology was the son of Heracles by Astyocheia, daughter of the King of Ephyra. ... Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci, 1598. ... In Greek mythology, Aesepus was the son of the naiad Abarbarea and Bucolion. ... In history and Greek mythology, Agenor (which means very manly) was a king of Tyre. ... In Greek mythology, Alcathous was a son of Pelops and Hippodamia. ... In Greek mythology, Amphimachus is the name of seven men. ... Aeneas Bearing Anchises from Troy, by Carle van Loo, 1729 (Louvre) In Greek mythology, Anchises was a son of Capys and Themiste (daughter of Ilus, son of Tros) or Hieromneme, a naiad. ... Andromache grieves the loss of Hector In Greek mythology, Andromache was the wife of Hector and daughter of Eetion, sister to Podes. ... In Greek mythology, Antenor was a son of the Dardanian noble Aesyetes by Cleomestra. ... In Greek mythology, Ant phat s was King of the Laestrogynes. ... In Greek mythology, one of these people: In the Iliad, Antiphus, or Ántiphos, a Trojan ally, the son of Talaemenes and a nymph. ... In the Iliad Archelochus was a son of Antenor and along with his brother Acamas and Aeneas, shared the command of the Dardanians fighting on the side of the Trojans. ... In Greek mythology, Asius refers to two people who fought during the Trojan War: Asius (Asios) son of Hyrtacus was the leader of the Trojan allies that hailed from, on, or near the Dardanelles (Iliad, 2. ... In the Iliad Asteropaios (Latin: Asteropaeus) was the leader of the Trojan-allied Paionians along with fellow warrior Pyraechmes. ... In Greek mythology, Astyanax (Greek Ἀστυάναξ, prince of the city) was the son of Hector and Andromache. ... Axylus is mentioned in Book VI of Homers Iliad. ... In Greek mythology, Kalchas Thestórides (son of Thestor), or Calchas (brazen) for short, a loyal Argive, was a powerful seer, a gift of Apollo: as an augur, Calchas had no rival in the camp (Iliad i, E.V. Rieu translation) Calchas prophesized that in order to gain a favourable... Calesius was the attendant and charioteer of Axylus. ... For other uses, see Cassandra (disambiguation). ... In Greek mythology, Chryseis (Greek: Χρύσηίς, Khrysēís) was a Trojan woman, the daughter of Chryses. ... Chryses attempting to ransom his daughter Chryseis from Agamemnon, Apulian red-figure crater by the Athens 1714 Painter, ca. ... Clytius is the name of many people in Greek mythology: A son of Laomedon in Homers Iliad, book 10. ... Dares Phrygius, according to Homer (Iliad, v. ... In Greek mythology, Deiphobus was a son of Priam and Hecuba. ... In Greek mythology, Dolon (In Ancient Greek: Δόλων) was the son of Eumedes. ... In Greek mythology Elephenor was the son of Chalcodon and king of the Abantes of Euboea. ... Epeus redirects here. ... In the Iliad, he was the son of Iphitus and brother of Schedius. ... In Greek mythology, Eteóneus was King Menelaus of Spartas weapon-carrier during the Trojan War. ... In Greek mythology, Euneus was a son of Jason and Queen Hypsipyle of Lemnos; he later became King of Lemnos. ... In Greek mythology, Euphemus was the son of Europa and Poseidon. ... Euphorbus, the son of Panthous, was a Trojan hero during the Trojan War. ... In Greek mythology, Eurypylus (Greek: Εὐρύπυλος) was the name of several different people. ... In Greek mythology, Glaucus (shiny, bright or bluish-green) was the name of several different figures, including one God. ... The Halizones (Halizonians) are an obscure people that appear in Homers Iliad as allies of Troy during the Trojan War. ... For other uses, see Hector (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Helen of Troy redirects here. ... Helenus was a Trojan soldier in the Trojan War. ... In Greek mythology, Kebriones was the son of King Priam of Troy and a slave. ... Lykomedes was on the side of the Argives in the Trojan War. ... In Greek mythology, there were three people named Melanippus: Son of Agrius, killed by Heracles Son of Perigune and Theseus Son of Astacus, defended Thebes in the Seven Against Thebes. ... In Greek mythology, Mentor (sometimes Mentes) was the son of Alcumus and, in his old age, a friend of Odysseus. ... Mydon was one of the defenders of Troy in Homers Iliad. ... In Greek mythology, King Mygdon of Phrygia was a son of Acmon and father of Coroebus by his wife Anaximene. ... In Greek Mythology, Othryoneus was a suitor of Princess Cassandra of Troy. ... In Homers Iliad, Pandarus or Pandaros is the son of Lycaon and a famous archer. ... See List of King Priams children Statue of Paris in the British Museum This article is about the prince of Troy. ... In Greek mythology, Pedasus was the son of the naiad Abarbarea and Bucolion. ... Phorcys and Ceto, Mosaic, Late Roman, Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia In Greek mythology, Phorcys, or Phorkys was one of the names of the Old One of the Sea, the primeval sea god, who, according to Hesiod, was the son of Pontus and Gaia. ... In Greek mythology, Podalirius was a son of Asclepius. ... In Greek mythology, Polites referred to two different people. ... In Greek mythology, Poludamas was a lieutenant and friend of Hector during the Trojan War. ... Polybus was a famous physician. ... In Greek mythology, Polydorus referred to three different people. ... King Priam killed by Neoptolemus, son of Achilles, detail of an Attic red-figure amphora In Greek mythology, Priam (Greek Πρίαμος, Priamos) was the king of Troy during the Trojan War, and youngest son of Laomedon. ... Pyraechmes was, along with Asteropaeus, a leader of the Paeonians in the Trojan War. ... Rhesus (Rhêsos) was a Thracian king who fought on the side of Trojans in the Iliad. ... In Greek mythology, Sarpedon referred to several different people. ... This article is about the mythological Theano. ... In Greek mythology, Achaemenides was one of Odysseus crew who stayed on Sicily with Polyphemus until Aeneas arrived and took him with him. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about a character in Greek mythology. ... In Greek mythology, Agelaus, or Ageláos was a suitor of Penelope, killed by Odysseus. ... Ajax Ajax or Aias (ancient Greek: ) was a mythological Greek hero, the son of Telamon and Periboea and king of Salamis. ... In Greek mythology, Alcinous (sometimes with the diacritical mark Alcinoüs; also transliterated as Alkínoös) was a son of Nausithous and father of Nausicaa and Laodamas with Arete. ... Amphimedon is a suitor of Penelope who gave a glancing blow to Telemachus with his spear before falling to him. ... In Greek mythology, Amphinomus, also Amphínomos (literally grazing all about), was the son of King Nisos and one of the suitors of Penelope that was killed by Odysseus. ... In Greek mythology, Anticlea, (Ἀντίκλεια), was the daughter of Autolycus and Amphithea, and mother of Odysseus or Ulysses by Laërtes (though some say by Sisyphus). ... In Greek mythology, Antinous, son of Eupeithes, was one of the suitors of Penelope during the absence of her husband, Odysseus, at the Trojan war. ... In Greek mythology, Ant phat s was King of the Laestrogynes. ... In Greek mythology, Queen Arete of Scheria was a queen of the Phaeacians, wife of Alcinous and mother of Nausicaa and Laodamas. ... In Greek mythology, Aretus was one of several characters: King Aretus, or Arêtós of Pylos was a son of Nestor and Anaxibia. ... In Greek mythology, Argos was Odysseus faithful dog. ... Autonoe is the name of five characters in Greek mythology Autonoë, daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia. ... In Greek mythology, Baius was Odysseus helmsman. ... Now hes left to pine on an island, wracked with grief (Odyssey V): Calypso and Odysseus, by Arnold Böcklin, 1883 Calypso (Greek: Καλυψώ, I will conceal, also transliterated as Kalypsó or Kālypsō), was a naiad, daughter of Atlas who lived on the island of Gozo in Greek mythology. ... Circe, a painting by John William Waterhouse. ... Clytius is the name of many people in Greek mythology: A son of Laomedon in Homers Iliad, book 10. ... In the Odyssey, Demodocus (Greek Δημοδόκος, Demodokos) is a poet who often visits the court of Alcinous, king of the Phaeacians on the island of Scherie. ... A suitor of Penelope who was killed by Odysseus. ... Echephron is the name of three characters in Greek and Roman mythology. ... In Greek mythology King Echetus was the cruel king of Epirus. ... There were two figures named Elatus or Élatos in Greek mythology. ... In Greek mythology, Elpenor was a good friend of Odysseus. ... In Greek mythology, Eumaeus, or Eumaios, was Odysseus swineherd and friend before he left for the Trojan War. ... In Greek mythology, Eupeithês was the father of Antinous, the leader of the suitors of Penelope. ... Odysseus and Euryclea, by Christian Gottlob Heyne In Greek mythology, Euryclea, or Eurýkleia was the wet-nurse of Odysseus. ... In Greek mythology, Eurylochus, or Eurýlokhos appears in Homers Odyssey as second-in-command of Odysseus ship during the return to Ithaca after the Trojan War. ... Eurymachus, or Eurýmakhos, an Ithacan nobleman and the son of Polybus, was one of the leading suitors of Penelope in The Odyssey. ... In Greek mythology, there were many women with the name Eurýnomê (far ruling). Wife of Ophion and a daughter of Oceanus (may be the same as the following) An Oceanid who mothered the Charites (may be the same as the following) Daughter of King Nisus of Megara and mother of... In Greek mythology, Halithersês was an Ithacan prophet who warned the suitors of Odysseuss wife Penelope after divining the symbols that Zeus sent to be wise in time, and put a stop to this wickedness before he comes. ... Helen of Troy redirects here. ... Ilus is the name of several mythological/homeric persons associated directly or indirectly with Troy. ... The Kikonians were a fictional people mentioned briefly in the beginning of Homers Odyssey. ... In Greek mythology, there were two people called Medôn. ... Melanthius was a noted Greek painter of the 4th century BC. He belonged to the school of Sicyon, which was noted for fine drawing. ... Melantho, also known as Melántho, is one of the minor characters in The Odyssey. ... Menelaus regains Helen, detail of an Attic red-figure crater, ca. ... In Greek mythology, Mentor (sometimes Mentes) was the son of Alcumus and, in his old age, a friend of Odysseus. ... It has been suggested that Maître à penser be merged into this article or section. ... In Greek mythology, there were two people called Misenus. ... Odysseus and Nausicaä — by Charles Gleyre In ancient Greek literature, Nausicaa (often rendered Nausicaä; Greek: Ναυσικάα[1]), burner of ships, a daughter of King Alcinous (Alkínoös) of the Phaeacians and Queen Arete, appears in Homers Odyssey (Odysseía). ... In Greek mythology, Nestor of Gerênia (Greek: Νέστωρ) was the son of Neleus and Chloris, and the King of Pylos. ... Peisistratus or Peisistratos or Pisistratus (Ancient Greek: )[1] was a figure in Greek mythology, the youngest son of Nestor and became an intimate friend of Telemachus the son of Odysseus on their first meeting. ... The Vatican Penelope: a Roman marble copy of an Early Classical 6th-century Greek work (Vatican Museums) For other uses, see Penelope (disambiguation). ... Perimedes is the name of several characters in Greek mythology. ... In Greek mythology, Phemius, or Phêmios was an Ithacan singer who was forced to help the suitors against Penelope. ... From Homers The Odyssey, Philoeteus is the primary cowherd of Odysseus. ... In Greek mythology, Philoetius, was Odysseus cowherd and friend before he left for the Trojan War. ... In Greek mythology, Polites referred to two different people. ... Polydamna is a figure from Greek mythology. ... For the collection of short stories by Michael Shea, see Polyphemus (book). ... In Greek mythology, Stratichus is the son of Nestor and either Eurydice or Anaxibia. ... Slaughter of the suitors by Odysseus and Telemachus, Campanian red-figure bell-krater, ca. ... In Greek mythology Thrasymedes was a participent in the Trojan War. ...


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Odysseus (627 words)
Odysseus (called Ulysses in Latin) was the son of Laertes and was the ruler of the island kingdom of Ithaca.
Odysseus was one of the original suitors of Helen of Troy.
Odysseus' return from Troy, chronicled in the Odyssey, took ten years and was beset by perils and misfortune.
Odysseus | Odiseo, Greek Mythology Link - www.maicar.com (6597 words)
On the occasion Odysseus feigned madness to avoid joining the coalition, but Palamedes, by threatening to kill Odysseus' son Telemachus with his sword, forced him to confess that his madness was pretended, and he consented to go to war.
Odysseus neither forgot nor forgave the envoy's trick, and having plotted against Palamedes when they were at Troy, he had him stoned to death by the army.
Odysseus was one of the ambassadors who came to Troy to demand the peaceful restoration of Helen and the property.
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