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October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 64 days remaining.
306 - Maxentius is proclaimed Roman emperor. 312 - Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine the Great defeats the forces of Maxentius. Roman emperor Constantine converts himself and the empire to Christianity. 1492 - Christopher Columbus lands in Cuba. 1516 - Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza. 1776 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of White Plains - British forces arrive at White Plains, attack and capture Chatterton Hill from the Americans. 1864 - American Civil War: Second Battle of Fair Oaks ends - Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant withdraw from Fair Oaks, Virginia, after failing to breach the Confederate defenses around Richmond, Virginia. 1868 - Thomas Edison applied for his first patent, the electric vote recorder. 1886 - In New York Harbor, US President Grover Cleveland dedicates the Statue of Liberty. 1918 - Czechoslovakia gains its independence from Austria-Hungary. 1918 - New Polish government in Western Galicia (Central Europe). 1919 - Prohibition begins: The U.S. Congress passes the Volstead Act over President Woodrow Wilson's veto. 1922 - March on Rome: Italian fascists led by Benito Mussolini march on Rome and take over the Italian government with the assistance of the Catholic Church; pope Pius XI declares that "Mussolini is a man sent by divine providence." 1936 - US President Franklin Roosevelt rededicates the Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary. 1940 - World War II: Italy invades Greece. 1942 - The Alaska Highway is completed. 1948 - Swiss chemist Paul Müller is awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT. 1949 - Georges Bidault becomes Prime Minister of France 1950 - The Jack Benny Show, starring Jack Benny, premiers (it ran for 15 years). 1958 - Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli becomes Pope and takes the name Pope John XXIII. 1962 - Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev announces that he had ordered the removal of Soviet missile bases in Cuba. 1965 - French foreign minister Couve de Murville travels to Moscow. 1965 - Nostra Aetate, the "Declaration on the Relation of the Church with Non-Christian Religions" of the Second Vatican Council, was promulgated by Pope Paul VI; it absolves the Jews of the alleged killing of Jesus, reversing Innocent III's declaration from 760 years ago. In short, Pope Paul VI announces that ecumenical council has decided that Jews are not collectively responsible for the killing of Christ. 1965 - In St. Louis, Missouri, the 630-foot-tall parabolic (catenarian) steel Gateway Arch is completed. 1970 - land speed record set by Gary Gabelich in a rocket powered automobile called the Blue Flame 1976 - John D. Ehrlichman, former domestic policy adviser of President Nixon and convicted Watergate felon, arrives at the Swift Trail Camp minimum-security facility in southeastern Arizona. 1986 - The centennial of the Statue of Liberty's dedication is celebrated in New York Harbor. 1986 - Jeremy Bamber is found guilty of the murder of his parents, sister and twin nephews and is given five life sentences. 1988 - Abortion: 48 hours after announcing it was abandoning RU-486, French manufacturer Roussel Uclaf states that it would resume distribution of the drug, bowing to pressure from the government of France. 1998 - An Air China jetliner is hijacked by disgruntled pilot Yuan Bin and flown to Taiwan. After landing the plane safely, Yuan Bin was arrested.
Births 1510 - St. Francis Borgia, Spanish duke and Jesuit priest (d. 1572) 1718 - Ignacije Szentmartony, Croat geographer (d. 1793) 1793 - Eliphalet Remington, firearm manufacturer (d. 1861) 1804 - Pierre François Verhulst 1846 - Georges Auguste Escoffier, chef 1875 - Gilbert Grosvenor 1879 - E.M. Forster, novelist (d. 1970) 1892 - Dink Johnson, jazz musician (d. 1954) 1896 - Howard Hanson, composer (d. 1981) 1902 - Elsa Lanchester, actress (d. 1986) 1903 - Evelyn Waugh, comic, satirical and tragic novelist (d. 1966) 1907 - Edith Head, costumer (d. 1981) 1909 - Francis Bacon, painter 1912 - Richard Doll, epidemiologist 1914 - Dr. Jonas Salk, medical scientist, discoverer/inventor of polio vaccine (d. 1995) 1915 - Paul Jarrico, screenwriter (d. 1997) 1916 - Jack Soo, actor (d. 1979) 1922 - Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwean politician (d. 2003) 1930 - Bernie Ecclestone, Formula 1 racing tycoon 1932 - Suzy Parker, actress 1937 - Charlie Daniels, musician 1938 - Anne Perry, novelist 1939 - Jane Alexander, actress 1944 - Dennis Franz, actor 1945 - Wayne Fontana, musician 1948 - Telma Hopkins, singer 1949 - Bruce Jenner, athlete 1955 - Bill Gates, software tycoon, co-founder and Chairman of Microsoft 1964 - Paul Wylie, figure skating champion 1966 - Steve Atwater, American football player 1967 - Julia Roberts, actress 1967 - John Romero 1972 - Terrell Davis, American football player 1974 - Joaquin Phoenix, actor 1981 - Milan Baros, Czech soccer player
Deaths 1412 - Margaret I of Denmark 1485 - Rodolphus Agricola, Dutch scholar and humanist 1520 - Pier Gerlofs Donia, pirate and freedom fighter 1661 - Agustín Moreto y Cavana, dramatist and playwright 1676 - Jean Desmarets, French dramatist 1703 - John Wallis, mathematician 1704 - John Locke, philosopher 1708 - Prince George of Denmark, consort of Queen Anne 1740 - Anna of Russia 1754 - Friedrich von Hagedorn, poet 1794 - John Smeaton, civil engineer 1800 - Artemas Ward, politician and soldier 1806 - Charlotte Turner Smith, poet and novelist 1818 - Abigail Adams, First Lady of the United States 1841 - Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist 1857 - Louis Eugène Cavaignac, French soldier and politician 1877 - Robert Swinhoe, naturalist 1879 - Marie Roch Louis Reybaud, writer 1897 - Hercules Robinson, colonial administrator 1899 - Ottmar Mergenthaler, inventor 1900 - Max Müller, orientalist 1916 - Oswald Boelcke, pilot 1916 - Cleveland Abbe, U.S. meteorologist (b. 1838) 1917 - Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg. 1918 - Ulisse Dini, mathematician 1929 - Bernhard von Bülow, Chancellor of Germany 1952 - Billy Hughes, seventh Prime Minister of Australia 1957 - Ernst Gräfenberg, physican and scientist 1959 - Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary 1965 - Earl Bostic, musician 1973 - Sergio Tofano, Italian actor 1975 - Georges Carpentier, boxer 1986 - John Braine, novelist 1987 - André Masson, French artist 1996 - Morey Amsterdam, actor and comedian 1998 - Ted Hughes, poet 2000 - Lída Baarová, Czech actress 2000 - Carlos Guastavino, composer 2001 - Grigori Tschuchrai, movie director 2001 - Gerard Hengeveld, Dutch composer 2002 - Margaret Booth, film editor 2002 - Erling Persson, entrepreneur (Hennes & Mauritz)
Holidays and observances
October 27 - October 29 - November 28 - September 28 - more historical anniversaries
Results from FactBites:
October, 1942 (6898 words)
On October 1st and 2d many demolition and incendiary bomb hits were scored on the camp area and the seaplane hangar.
During the night of October 3d-October 4th Navy and Marine Corps dive bombers attacked an enemy heavy cruiser and several destroyers which were engaged in landing troop reinforcements on Guadalcanal.
On October 5th, Navy carrier-based aircraft from a task force under the operational control of Vice Admiral R. Ghormley, attacked the enemy ships while long-range bombers under the command of Gen. Douglas MacArthur coordinated in the attack plan with simultaneous raids on Japanese bases in nearby islands.
October 2004 News (4831 words)
On October 8, 2004, MDCH issued an order immediately suspending LevinÂ’s registration pursuant to the Public Health Code, which provides for the mandatory summary suspension of a health professionalÂ’s license upon the conviction of a felony.
The suspension is a result of audits of controlled substances that revealed significant shortages of OxyContin, Percocet and Percodan, and the Medicine ShoppeÂ’s failure to report to the DCH the loss of the controlled substances and required by the Public Health Code.
On October 4, 2004, MDCH issued an order immediately suspending WaltherÂ’s license pursuant to the Public Health Code, which provides for the mandatory summary suspension of a health professionalÂ’s license upon the conviction of a felony.
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