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A timeline of events in the news for October, 2003.
- Japan: The trial of Shoko Asahara, accused of involvement in the 1995 sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway, ends in Japan with final statements from lawyers. The next court session is to be held in mid-February 2004.  (http://www.lasvegassun.com/sunbin/stories/w-asia/2003/oct/31/103107417.html)
- Russia: The furor surrounding Yukos deepens with an outspoken statement from the Russian Prime Minister expressing deep concern about the freezing of Yukos shares.  (http://www.iht.com/articles/115997.html)
- United Kingdom: Kenneth Clark has ruled himself out of the contest to lead the Conservative Party and the field is left potentially clear for Michael Howard to be elected unopposed.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/3229367.stm)
- Surfer Bethany Hamilton's arm is bitten off by a shark
- Security: A plastic toy gun, used as part of a Halloween costume, sparks a two-hour-long terrorism scare at the Capitol Building in Washington, DC.  (http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,101712,00.html)
- Economics: The U.S. Commerce Department reports that U.S. gross domestic product grew at an annual rate of 7.2% in the third quarter, the fastest growth rate since 1984.  (http://money.cnn.com/2003/10/30/news/economy/gdp/index.htm)
- Russia: Vladimir Putin removes his Chief of Staff as the political battle with the "Russian oligarchs", and between hard-liners and liberals, continues.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3229107.stm) (http://www.nytimes.com/2003/10/30/international/europe/30RUSS.html?th) Russian judicial authorities have seized control of Yukos, the giant oil company.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3221079.stm)
- Occupation of Iraq: Officials postpone awarding two contracts to repair Iraq's oil refineries and pipelines (primarily because of sabotage and dilapidated conditions).  (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A38036-2003Oct29.html) An investigation has been started on the high price that the US is paying to Kellogg, Brown and Root for oil imported from Kuwait. nl: (http://nu.nl/news.jsp?n=225670&c=20). A US research organization, the Center for Public Integrity, says that firms awarded contracts in Iraq have tended to be big donors (in the past) to the United States Republican Party.  (http://www.newsday.com/news/nationworld/world/wire/sns-ap-iraq-contracts,0,5572269.story?coll=sns-ap-world-headlines) The UN announces that it is withdrawing its remaining international staff from Baghdad, perhaps temporarily.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3227751.stm)
- Malaysia: After 22 years in power, Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad retires. He is succeeded by Dato' Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/3226343.stm)
- Israel: Israel is to train pigs to do guard work in Israeli settlements. The pigs have a better sense of smell than dogs and can be trained to walk towards perceived threats (e.g. explosives).  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3221079.stm)
- Medicine: The US FDA approves Risperdal Consta (Risperidone long-acting injection) for the treatment of schizophrenia. Although already approved in several other countries, it is the first long-acting, atypical antipsychotic medication to be approved by the FDA.
- Republic of Ireland: The Garda Síochána, the Irish police force, opens a criminal investigation following a hoax telephone call on 27 October from a woman claiming that she had abandoned her newborn baby in a derelict flat in Dublin. Hundreds of Gardaí had mounted a round the clock search of thousands of derelict sites in the working class suburb of Ballymun to find the child, as fears grew for its safety amid plummeting temperatures. Police later concluded that no such child existed and that the series of phone calls made to them and to childcare charities had been a deliberate hoax.
- United Kingdom: British Conservative Party leader Iain Duncan Smith loses a vote of confidence in his parliamentary party by 90 votes to 75 and, in accordance with party rules, resigns from the leadership. A new leadership election is called. Shadow Deputy Prime Minister David Davis, previously tipped as a future leader, surprises Westminster by announcing that he will not seek the leadership and endorses former Home Secretary Michael Howard, who is now seen as the frontrunner to assume the leadership. Other leading politicians endorse Howard, once famously described by a colleague as having "something of the night about him."  (http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml?type=worldNews&storyID=3717328)  (http://interestalert.com/brand/siteia.shtml?Story=st/sn/10290004aaa01957.upi&Sys=siteia&Fid=LATEBRKN&Type=News&Filter=Late%20Breaking)
- Occupation of Iraq: The International Red Cross announces that it is to scale back its commitments to Iraq.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3224723.stm) Two more GIs are killed, bringing the total killed since May 1 to 115.  (http://abcnews.go.com/wire/World/ap20031029_421.html)
- Mining: After six days trapped underground, eleven of the last thirteen remaining Russian coal miners have been rescued by underground rescuers from the mine where they were trapped underground. One more miner was found dead, and another is still missing. 33 miners had already been rescued on Sunday.
- Earth's magnetic field: The Earth's magnetosphere is hit by the recent solar flare causing a brief but intense geomagnetic storm, provoking unusual displays of northern lights.  (http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/10/23/tech/main579650.shtml)
- Economics: The United States Federal Reserve leaves its key interest rate unchanged at today's meeting, saying that rates will be kept low for a considerable period.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/3222071.stm)
- Solar system: The sun emits another coronal mass ejection directly toward the Earth, the 3rd largest solar flare on record. The effects are projected to affect Earth on the 29th.  (http://www.spaceweather.com/) (http://www.cnn.com/2003/TECH/space/10/28/solar.flare/index.html)
- California: Wildfires are largest in state history; 1,500 homes are destroyed, 16 people killed and 600,000 acres (2,400 km²) burned. Evacuations are ordered from parts of cities in Los Angeles and San Diego counties.  (http://www.cnn.com/2003/US/West/10/28/california.wildfire/index.html) The conflagration also spreads across the border into the Mexican state of Baja California, where two deaths are reported.
- United Kingdom: The Conservative Party's 1922 Committee announces that leader Iain Duncan Smith will face an immediate vote of confidence in his leadership on the following day, after at least 25 backbenchers formally request it.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/3221105.stm)
- Japan - politics: The campaign for Japan general election, 2003 starts, lasting until a voting date, Nov 9.  (http://www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/getarticle.pl5?nn20031029a1.htm)
- Occupation of Iraq: More than 40 people are killed and over 200 are injured in a wave of coordinated bomb attacks on the Red Cross compound and several local police stations in Baghdad.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3216539.stm). George W. Bush states that the bombings are a sign of desperation by the insurgents.  (http://www.ajc.com/news/content/news/ap/ap_story.html/Intl/AP.V7797.AP-Iraq-US-Militar.html)
- Mutual funds: U.S. fund group Putnam Investments fires four fund managers as scandals about improper and/or fraudulent dealings reach the mutual fund industry.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/3212941.stm)
- Politics of Japan: Former Prime Ministers Miyazawa Kiichi and Nakasone Yasuhiro announce that they are going to retire.
- Northwest Territories general election, 2003: The writ is dropped for the 19 electoral districts of the Northwest Territories to elect members to the 15th session of the consensus government.
- California: Wildfires continue to rage in Southern California. The scheduled NFL Monday Night Football game between the San Diego Chargers and Miami Dolphins is relocated from San Diego, California to Tempe, Arizona as a consequence of the fires.  (http://abcnews.go.com/wire/US/ap20031026_1295.html)
- Occupation of Iraq: The Al Rashid Hotel in Baghdad where US deputy defense secretary Paul Wolfowitz was staying has been evacuated after several rockets were fired at it in the morning. 1 US Colonel was killed and 15 individuals wounded (3 seriously) in the attack.  (http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/ap/20031026/ap_on_re_mi_ea/iraq_hotel_attacked&cid=540&ncid=716) (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3214901.stm). Two more explosions occurred near Al Rashid hotel later towards the evening. Further investigations confirm that Iraq had no active nuclear program, but did not relinquish nuclear ambitions or technical records.  (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A17707-2003Oct25.html)  (http://www.macon.com/mld/macon/news/7105826.htm)
- Syria: The President of Syria says that Iran and Syria, which are increasingly close allies, are capable of neutralizing conspiracies of foreign powers (implicitly referring to the USA and Israel).  (http://www.tehrantimes.com/Description.asp?Da=10/26/03&Cat=2&Num=7)
- Russia: Mikhail Khodorkovsky, the country's wealthiest businessman, has been arrested and is being held in Moscow facing charges of fraud and tax evasion.  (http://www.themoscowtimes.com/stories/2003/10/27/001.html)
- Mining : 49 miners are trapped in a Russian mine as water began seeping into the mine, disabling electrical systems  (http://www.news.com.au/common/story_page/0,4057,7654094%255E1702,00.html).
- Israeli-Palestinian conflict: The body of the Hamas militant killed in the attack on an Israeli military camp (that killed 3 Israeli soldiers) returns to his family in their refugee camp.  (http://interestalert.com/brand/siteia.shtml?Story=st/sn/10240000aaa00601.upi&Sys=siteia&Fid=LATEBRKN&Type=News&Filter=Late%20Breaking)
- 2003 invasion of Iraq: The US Senate Committee on Intelligence finalizes its report on pre-war intelligence and is highly critical e.g. of George Tenet and the quality of US intelligence about Iraq's weapons.  (http://www.arabnews.com/?page=4§ion=0&article=34114&d=25&m=10&y=2003&pix=world.jpg&category=World%22)
- Space weather: Earth is expected to be hit by a solar ion storm, potentially disrupting satellite communications and posing a threat to electric power transmission grids. Canada, the northern US northern Europe are expected to be treated to an exceptional display of aurora borealis.  (http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/solar_storm_031023.html) (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/3210901.stm)
- Aircraft: The final flights of Concorde, from New York, Edinburgh, and a loop around the Bay of Biscay, touch down at Heathrow International Airport around 1600 BST, marking the end of 27 years of commercial supersonic flight.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/3211053.stm)
- Same-sex marriage: Three same-sex couples in Spain, including a Madrid city councilman, apply for marriage licenses. They state that if the registry judge does not grant them the licenses, they will appeal to Spain's constitutional court, and as far as the European Court of Human Rights if necessary. They describe their actions as inspired by the recent rulings on same-sex marriage in Canada.  (http://www.advocate.com/new_news.asp?ID=10276&sd=10/23/03)
- Computing: Mac OS X v. 10.3 (Panther) is released.
- Luis A. Ferré, the third Democratically Elected Governor of Puerto Rico, dies at age 99.
- Canada: Dalton McGuinty is sworn in as the 24th premier of Ontario.  (http://www.cbc.ca/stories/2003/10/23/dalton031023)
- Occupation of Iraq: There is every sign that the international conference in Madrid at which pledges to re-build Iraq are hoped for will disappoint and e.g. Paul Bremer seeks to lower expectations.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3208647.stm) (http://www.arabnews.com/?page=6§ion=0&article=34106&d=24&m=10&y=2003&pix=business.jpg&category=Business%22)
- United States Supreme Court: Before a conservative legal organization, Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia ridicules the recent Supreme Court decision overturning anti-sodomy laws in Texas, saying that the Court had "held to be a constitutional right what had been a criminal offense at the time of the founding and for nearly 200 years thereafter." According to news reports, Scalia adopted a mocking tone to read from the court's ruling.  (http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/ap/20031024/ap_on_go_su_co/scotus_scalia_2)
- India: India launches a peace initiative to normalise relations with Pakistan. Formal talks are conditional on Islamabad ending Kashmiri cross-border terrorism initiatives.  (http://jang.com.pk/thenews/oct2003-daily/23-10-2003/main/main1.htm)
- Mahathir bin Mohamad, outgoing prime minister of Malaysia, accuses leading democratic nations of terrorising the world. He seemed to be referring to the USA, Israel, and Australia.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/3204001.stm)
- Occupation of Iraq: The commander of US ground forces in Iraq says that Al-Qaeda is now operating in Iraq as witnessed by increasingly sophisticated attacks on US troops.  (http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&cid=578&ncid=578&e=7&u=/nm/20031022/ts_nm/iraq_dc)
- European Union and Guantanamo Bay: Leaders of the European Union parliament urge the EU to take action over 26 Europeans being held indefinitely by the USA without charges, without trial, without legal representation at Guantanamo Bay. The detainees are experiencing increasing psychological problems.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3205055.stm)
- Human Rights Watch (HRW) releases a report about mentally ill inmates of United States prisons. It concludes that mentally ill offenders are frequently physically abused, punished by staff for self-destructive behavior and not given the treatment they need.  (http://www.hrw.org/press/2003/10/us102203.htm)
- Afghanistan: The commander of NATO forces in Afghanistan says that his troops are increasingly facing a new "excellently trained" species of terrorist.  (http://abcnews.go.com/wire/World/ap20031022_158.html)
- Sport - Performance enhancing drugs: Top British runner Dwain Chambers tests positive for the drug tetrahydrogestrinone (THG). The steroid was previously believed to be undetectable but an anonymous source provided a used syringe containing traces last week.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/athletics/3203005.stm)
- Politics of Japan: A popular politician Tanaka Makiko resigns as a member of the Liberal Democratic Party. Her membership has been suspended since last year.  (http://www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/getarticle.pl5?nn20031023a1.htm)
- Indy Racing League: Racecar driver Tony Renna is killed in a crash during a test drive at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.  (http://www.voanews.com/article.cfm?objectID=C2103395-30C9-4B08-B5DB5CCCEDB69F10)
- War on Terrorism: US officials state that they believe Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl was killed by Khalid Sheikh Mohammed.  (http://www.cnn.com/2003/US/10/21/pearl.mohammed/)
- North Sea: Scientists call for a total ban on fishing for cod in the North Sea to allow stocks to recover from near extinction.  (http://www.news.scotsman.com/latest.cfm?id=2072259)
- Afghanistan: The commander of UN forces in Afghanistan warns that the security of Kabul is at risk if security is not achieved in the Afghan countryside.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/3211928.stm)
- Occupation of Iraq: Human Rights Watch (HRW) accuses US troops of using excessive force against civilians in Iraq.  (http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/s972113.htm)
- Iran's Supreme Council agrees to comply with the IAEA, allow inspections of its nuclear facilities, and suspend its uranium enrichment program.  (http://www.reuters.co.uk/newsPackageArticle.jhtml?type=worldNews&storyID=391666§ion=news) (http://www.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/meast/10/21/iran.nuclear/) (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3211112.stm)
- Africa: Outbreaks of locusts are reported in Mauritania, Niger and Sudan and might spread to other areas of north Africa.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/3210464.stm)
- Northern Ireland: In a series of moves designed to bring about final implementation of the Good Friday Agreement, the British Government confirms that elections to the region's devolved administration will be held on November 26. The IRA announces a further act of weapons decommissioning. Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams declares "the end to physical force republicanism". Statements from all the major parties involved are expected over the course of the day. (http://politics.guardian.co.uk/northernirelandassembly/story/0,9061,1067604,00.html) (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/northern_ireland/3210160.stm) (http://www.rte.ie/news/2003/1021/north.html)
- Israeli-Palestinian conflict: The UN General Assembly approves a resolution demanding that Israel remove a security fence in the West Bank. The resolution passes by an overwhelming majority of 144 to 4 with the USA voting against the motion.  (http://abcnews.go.com/wire/World/ap20031022_128.html) (http://www.nytimes.com/2003/10/22/international/middleeast/22NATI.html?th)
- Newfoundland and Labrador general election, 2003: The Tories of Danny Williams defeat the incumbent Liberals under Premier Roger Grimes, taking more than two-thirds of the seats in the House of Assembly.  (http://www.cbc.ca/stories/2003/10/21/nfldelexn031021)
- Ecuador - A trial opens in Lago Agrio in which US oil company ChevronTexaco is charged with polluting a once-pristine swath of the Amazon rainforest. The plaintiffs' lawyers have put a US$1 billion price tag on clean up and medical care for the region's inhabitants.
- Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien indicates that during an informal meeting between him and Vladimir Putin, the Russian president indicated that he was tentatively in favour of signing the Kyoto Protocol. Russia's signature is absolutely necessary for the protocol to acquire the force of law.  (http://www.canada.com/news/world/story.asp?id=6C295231-46EB-48CF-A02B-1CCB901F2326)
- Public health in France: Cigarette prices in France go up by 20% today. Tobacconists (tobacco retailers) go on strike.  (http://www.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/europe/10/20/france.tobacco.reut/index.html)
- United States deficit: The United States posts a record budget deficit of $374.2 billion in the fiscal year ending September 30. The figure broke the previous record of $290 billion, set in 1992. The number was actually better than the U.S. government's own forecast of $455 billion.  (http://money.cnn.com/2003/10/20/news/economy/budget.reut/)
- United States: The publicist of Robert de Niro announces that the actor has prostate cancer.  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/3209434.stm)
- Politics of Switzerland: Early results in Swiss elections show larger-than-predicted gains for the right-wing Swiss People's Party.  (http://www.rte.ie/news/2003/1020/switzerland.html)
- Archaeology - Early Art: An Italian archaeologist claims to have found a carved two-faced head over 200,000 years old. The carving is possible the work of Homo erectus. (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/3197402.stm)
- Space Exploration - The Soyuz TMA-3 spacecraft docked with the International Space Station bringing a new crew of three from Russia, the United States, and Spain.  (http://abcnews.go.com/wire/World/ap20031020_1017.html)
- Canada: A man survives a fall over Niagara Falls without any protective device.  (http://www.newsday.com/news/local/wire/ny-bc-ny--niagarafalls-surv1021oct21,0,262360.story?coll=ny-ap-regional-wire)
- United Kingdom: A new biography, reported in
||Results from FactBites:
The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 ... (17688 words)
| Returning to Baghdad and the 2003 war: Press reports suggest that more than 30 large government, military, and regime buildings in Baghdad and more than 80 smaller structures were destroyed or very severely damaged during the war, requiring reconstruction. |
| In the 2003, intense air attacks on ground troops came early, allowing little effective adaptation by ground troops, thus contributing to the catastrophic collapse of the ground force after only two weeks. |
| In the 2003 war, "regime change" required an engagement with Iraqi power that was more thorough and unrelenting than was the case in the first Gulf War.|
|ICANN | Letter from Paul Twomey to Russell Lewis | 3 October 2003 (925 words)
| This letter is further to the advisory posted by ICANN on 19 September 2003 regarding the changes to the operation of the.com and.net Top Level Domains announced by VeriSign on 15 September 2003, and in response to your letter of 21 September 2003. |
| Because of numerous indications that these unannounced changes have had very significant impacts on a wide range of Internet users and applications, ICANN on 19 September 2003 asked VeriSign to voluntarily suspend these changes, and return to the previous behavior of.com and.net, until more information could be gathered on the impact of these changes. |
| On 21 September 2003, VeriSign refused to honor that request.|
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