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Encyclopedia > Octavia Hill

Octavia Hill (Wisbech, 1838 - 1912) was an English social reformer, particularly concerned with the welfare of the inhabitants of cities, specifically London, in the second half of the 19th century. She worked closely with her sister Miranda Hill (1836-1910), who founded the Kyrle Society. They were both daughters of Mr James Hill and granddaughters of Dr Thomas Southwood Smith, the pioneer of sanitary reform. Wisbech (pronounced wiz-beach) is a town with a population of about 19,000 in the Fenland district of Cambridgeshire. ... 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Ethnicity... St. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Miranda Hill (1836-1910), English social reformer. ... 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1910 in topic: Arts Architecture- Art- Film- Literature- Music- Television Science and technology Aviation- Rail transport- Radio- Science Other topics Australia- Canada- Ireland- South Africa- Sport Births- Deaths Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious leaders 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Miranda Hill (1836-1910), English social reformer. ... Thomas Southwood Smith (December 21, 1788 - December 10, 1861), English physician and sanitary reformer, was born at Martock, Somersetshire. ...

Hill was a moving force behind the development of social housing, including Council housing, and she also campaigned for the availability of open spaces for poor people, which resulted in the establishment of the National Trust. Both sisters worked for the preservation of open spaces. The council house is a form of public housing found in the United Kingdom. ... The standard of the National Trust The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, usually known as the National Trust, is an organisation which works to preserve and protect coastline, countryside and buildings in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. ...

She knew a great many notable Victorian artists and writers. To give but one example; at a party at George MacDonald's house John Ruskin formally started off a large dance with Octavia Hill as his dancing partner. It was Ruskin who funded her first ventures in housing reform. George MacDonald (December 10, 1824 – September 18, 1905) was a Scottish author, poet, and Christian minister. ... Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ...

A monument to Octavia Hill is to be found at a Surrey beauty spot, on the summit of a hill called Hydon Ball (now owned by the National Trust). Shortly after her death, the family erected a stone seat there, from which walkers can enjoy fine views over the Surrey countryside. Surrey is a county in southern England, one of the Home Counties. ... Hydons Ball is a 593ft hill on Hydon Heath, Surrey - a well-known local beauty spot offering a fine south-facing view over the Surrey countryside. ...

In 1995, to mark the centenary of the National Trust, a rose was named in her honour. 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Species About 100, see text A rose is a flowering shrub of the genus Rosa and the flower of this shrub. ...

There is an Octavia Hill Society.

External links

  • The Octavia Hill Museum

This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclop√¶dia Britannica, which is in the public domain. Supporters contend that the Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) represents, in many ways, the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...



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