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Oceania The term Oceania has at least three meanings: Oceania - the most common use of the term, used to describe the geographical region comprising Australia and the Pacific Islands, including New Zealand. ... In warfare, a theater or theatre is normally used to define a specific geographic area within which armed conflict occurs. ... The South West Pacific was one of two theatres of World War II in the Pacific region, between 1942 and 1945. ...

World map exhibiting a common interpretation of Oceania; other interpretations may vary. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2759x1404, 54 KB)Oceanias place in the world. ...

Area 9,008,458 km² (3,478,185.1 sq mi)
Population 32,000,000 (6th)
Countries
Dependencies
Languages English, French, and many others
Time Zones UTC-11 (Samoa) to UTC+14 (Kiribati)
Look up Oceania in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Oceania (sometimes Oceanica[1]) is a geographical, often geopolitical, region consisting of numerous lands—mostly islands in the Pacific Ocean and vicinity. The term is often used in many languages to define one of the continents[2][3][4] and is one of eight terrestrial ecozones. This is a list of all major continents population, estimated for the year 2005. ... This is an alphabetical list of Oceanian countries and dependencies. ... This is an alphabetical list of Oceanian countries and dependencies. ... Location of Easter Island. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... UTC+14 is the easternmost time zone currently in use anywhere in the world, and thus the first part of the planet to start each new calendar day. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... For the books called Geography by Ancient Greek authors, see Geographia (Ptolemy) and Geographica (Strabo) For the magazine of the Royal Geographical Society, see Geographical (magazine) Geography is the study of the earth and its features, inhabitants, and phenomena. ... Geopolitics is the study that analyzes geography, history and social science with reference to spatial politics and patterns at various scales (ranging from home, city, region, state to international and cosmopolitics). ... Look up Region in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... Terrestrial literally means of the earth and is used in a variety of contexts: In biology and in the general sense, terrestrial means indicates ground-dwelling (compare aquatic). ... Ecozone is a classification system of the world first proposed by Miklos Udvardy under the name biogeographical realms for conservation purposes. ...


Ethnologically, the islands that are included in Oceania are divided into the subregions of Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.[5] Ethnology (from the Greek ethnos, meaning people) is the branch of anthropology that compares and analyses the origins, distribution, technology, religion, language, and social structure of the racial or national divisions of humanity. ... The definition of continental subregions in use by the United Nations. ... map of Melanesia Melanesia (from Greek: μέλας black, νῆσος island) is a subregion of Oceania extending from the western side of the West Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and northeast of Australia. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ...


The exact scope of Oceania is variably defined: it generally includes New Zealand, is often taken to include parts of Australasia such as Australia and New Guinea, and sometimes all or part of the Malay Archipelago.[6][7][8] Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... World map depicting Malay Archipelago The Malay Archipelago is a vast archipelago located between mainland Southeastern Asia (Indochina) and Australia. ...

Contents

Extent

Originally coined by the French explorer Dumont d'Urville in 1831, Oceania has been traditionally divided into Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia. As with any region, however, interpretations vary; increasingly, geographers and scientists divide Oceania into Near Oceania and Remote Oceania.[9] Map of Oceania, from a CIA factbook. ... Rear Admiral Jules Sébastien César Dumont dUrville ( May 23, 1790 – May 8, 1842) was a French explorer and naval officer, who explored the south and western Pacific, Australia, New Zealand, and Antarctica. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Near Oceania is a region, the part of Oceania that most linguists and scientists consider as one of the natural division of this continent — the other one is Remote Oceania — that includes Australia, New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. ... Remote Oceania is a part of Oceania (the other part is Near Oceania) Today, linguists and scientists prefer to use these classifications, replacing the more traditional classifications of Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia. ...


Most of Oceania consists of island nations composed of thousands of coral atolls and volcanic islands, with small human populations.


Australia is the only continental country but Indonesia has land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. If the Australia-New Guinea continent is included then the highest point is Puncak Jaya in Papua at 4,884 m (16,024 ft) and the lowest point is Lake Eyre, Australia at 16 m (52 ft) below sea level.
Australia-New Guinea, also called Sahul or Meganesia, is made up of the continent of Australia and the islands of New Guinea and Tasmania. ... Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... Puncak Jaya (IPA: /pʊn. ... Papua is a province of Indonesia comprising a majority part of the western half of the island of New Guinea and nearby islands (see also Western New Guinea). ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Regions

Regions of Oceania.

The regions and constituents of Oceania may vary according to source. In the table below, the subregions and countries of Oceania are broadly categorised according to the scheme for geographic subregions used by the United Nations,[10] and data included are per sources in cross-referenced articles. Where they differ, provisos are clearly indicated. Apropos, according to different definitions, the following territories and regions may be subject to various other categorisations. The UN geoscheme divides the world into macro regions[1] and subregions, all in alphabetical order. ... UN redirects here. ...

Name of region, followed by countries
and their flags[11]
Area
(km²)
Population
(1 July 2002 estimate)
Population density
(per km²)
Capital
Australasia[12]
Flag of Australia Australia 7,686,850 21,050,000 2.5 Canberra
Flag of Christmas Island Christmas Island (Australia)[13] 135 1493 3.5 Flying Fish Cove
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia)[13] 14 632 45.1 West Island
Flag of New Zealand New Zealand[14] 268,680 4,108,037 14.5 Wellington
Flag of Norfolk Island Norfolk Island (Australia) 35 1,866 53.3 Kingston
Melanesia[15]
Flag of East Timor East Timor 15,410 1,115,000 64 Dili
Flag of Fiji Fiji 18,270 856,346 46.9 Suva
Flag of Indonesia Indonesia (Oceanian part only)[16] 499,852 4,211,532 8.4 Jakarta
Flag of New Caledonia New Caledonia (France) 19,060 207,858 10.9 Nouméa
Flag of Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea[17] 462,840 5,172,033 11.2 Port Moresby
Flag of the Solomon Islands Solomon Islands 28,450 494,786 17.4 Honiara
Flag of Vanuatu Vanuatu 12,200 196,178 16.1 Port Vila
Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia 702 135,869 193.5 Palikir
Flag of Guam Guam (USA) 549 160,796 292.9 Hagåtña
Flag of Kiribati Kiribati 811 96,335 118.8 South Tarawa
Flag of the Marshall Islands Marshall Islands 181 73,630 406.8 Majuro
Flag of Nauru Nauru 21 12,329 587.1 Yaren
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands (USA) 477 77,311 162.1 Saipan
Flag of Palau Palau 458 19,409 42.4 Melekeok[18]
Polynesia[19]
Flag of American Samoa American Samoa (USA) 199 68,688 345.2 Pago Pago, Fagatogo[20]
Flag of the Cook Islands Cook Islands (NZ) 240 20,811 86.7 Avarua
Flag of French Polynesia French Polynesia (France) 4,167 257,847 61.9 Papeete
Flag of Niue Niue (NZ) 260 2,134 8.2 Alofi
Flag of the Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Islands (UK) 5 47 10 Adamstown
Flag of Samoa Samoa 2,944 178,631 60.7 Apia
Flag of Tokelau Tokelau (NZ) 10 1,431 143.1 [21]
Flag of Tonga Tonga 748 106,137 141.9 Nukuʻalofa
Flag of Tuvalu Tuvalu 26 11,146 428.7 Funafuti
Flag of Wallis and Futuna Wallis and Futuna (France) 274 15,585 56.9 Mata-Utu
Total 9,008,458 35,834,670 4.0
Total minus mainland Australia 1,321,608 14,784,670 11.2

See Also: List of Oceanian countries by population For other uses, see Flag (disambiguation). ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Christmas_Island. ... Flying Fish Cove is the main settlement of the Australian Christmas Island. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Cocos_(Keeling)_Islands. ... West Island is the capital of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... For the first Duke of Wellington, see Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norfolk_Island. ... Kingston is the capital of the Australian South Pacific Territory of Norfolk Island. ... map of Melanesia Melanesia (from Greek: μέλας black, νῆσος island) is a subregion of Oceania extending from the western side of the West Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and northeast of Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Timor. ... Dili, also spelled Díli, Dilli or Dilly, is the capital of East Timor. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Fiji. ... Suva is the capital city of Fiji. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nouméa is the capital city of the French territory of New Caledonia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Papua_New_Guinea. ... Downtown Port Moresby Port Moresby (IPA: ), or Pot Mosbi in Tok Pisin, population 255,000 (2000), is the capital of Papua New Guinea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Solomon_Islands. ... Honiara, population 49,107 (1999), is the capital of the Solomon Islands and of Guadalcanal Province, although it is a separately administered town. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vanuatu. ... Port Vila (population 29,356, coordinates ) is the capital city of Vanuatu. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Micronesia. ... Palikir (population approx. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guam. ... Hagåtña (formerly Agana and in Spanish Agaña), the capital of the American island of Guam. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kiribati. ... South Tarawa (in Gilbertese and English: Teinainano Urban Council or abr. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands. ... Lagoon shoreline on Majuro, February 1973 Majuro, population 25,400 (as of 2004), is the capital of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nauru. ... Yaren, in earlier times Makwa, is a district and constituency of the island nation of Nauru, located in the south of the island, at (-0. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Northern_Mariana_Islands. ... Saipan seen from the air A map of Saipan, Tinian & Aquijan Saipan (IPA: in English) is the largest island and capital of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), a chain of 15 tropical islands belonging to the Marianas archipelago in the western Pacific Ocean (15°10... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palau. ... Melekeok is one of Palaus sixteen states. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_American_Samoa. ... Pago Pago, pronounced PAHNG-oh PAHNG-oh, is the capital of American Samoa, a territory of the United States of America. ... Fagatogo is the capital of American Samoa (de facto and constitutionally de iure), situated on the Tutuila Island, Pago Pago Harbour. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Cook_Islands. ... Avarua is a town on Rarotonga Island and the national capital of Cook Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_French_Polynesia. ... Papeete Waterfront Papeete is the capital of French Polynesia, and is located on the island of Tahiti, which is part of the Society Islands, in French Polynesia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Niue. ... Alofi is the capital city of the Pacific Ocean nation of Niue. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Pitcairn_Islands. ... View of Adamstown Adamstown is the only settlement of the Pitcairn Islands, and by default, the capital of the Pitcairn Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Samoa. ... Apia, Samoa is the capital of Samoa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tonga. ... Busy Talamahu market in Nukualofa Tonga Royal Palace Nukualofa, population 22,400 (1996), is the capital of Tonga. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tuvalu. ... Funafuti is the sinking capital of the small island nation of Tuvalu. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Mata-Utu is the capital of the Wallis and Futuna. ... This is a list of Oceanian countries/dependencies by population. ...

Political map of Oceania
Political map of Oceania

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Interpretative details and controversies

  • New Zealand is the western corner of the Polynesian triangle. Its indigenous Māori constitute one of the major cultures of Polynesia. It is also, however, considered part of Australasia.
  • Hawaii is the northern corner of the Polynesian triangle and is generally included in Oceania, though politically it is part of the United States. The Hawaiian language is a Polynesian member of the Oceanic language family, and Hawaiian culture is one of the major cultures of Polynesia.
  • The U.S. territories in the North Pacific are generally considered part of Oceania.
  • Rapa Nui, or Easter Island, is the eastern corner of the Polynesian triangle. A Polynesian island in the eastern Pacific Ocean and part of the territory of Chile, it is generally included in Oceania, in which case the most easterly place in Polynesia and Oceania is its dependency Sala y Gómez 415 km to the East.
  • The line in Indonesia dividing Oceania from Asia varies in location and is sometimes considered to be the Wallace Line. See the transcontinental country article.
  • East Timor is often reckoned as a part of Oceania due to its location to the east of the Wallace Line and its cultural ties to Pacific peoples. See transcontinental country; [1] Biogeographically, East Timor lies within Wallacea, an ecological transition zone between Asia and Australasia. This transition is less known and less favoured these days as a continental boundary.
  • Australia is sometimes not included in Oceania. Terms such as Pacific Islands or South Sea Islands might be used to describe Oceania without Australia (and New Zealand). The term "Australasia" invariably includes Australia, and usually includes New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and some other parts of Oceania, but this term is sometimes controversial outside of Australia, as it may be seen as indicating a link with Asia — a separate continent — or as too greatly emphasising Australia.[citation needed] "Austral" means "of, relating to, or coming from the south", and is the common root of both Australia and Australasia.
  • Although Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands belong to the Commonwealth of Australia, they are west of Sumatra and are commonly associated with Asia, and not with Oceania.[citation needed]
  • The Philippines, an archipelago in the Western Pacific Ocean, is sometimes included in Oceania, due to its Austronesian people, its role as the centre of the former Spanish East Indies, and as a former naval power in the Pacific when it was a territory of the United States from (1898–1946). Except for Palawan all of its larger islands lie to the East of the Wallace line.
  • In its widest sense, the term may embrace the entire insular region between Asia and the Americas, thereby including other Pacific island groups such as the Ryukyu, Kuril and Aleutian islands, and the Japanese Archipelago.[2]

The Polynesian Triangle is a geographical region of the Pacific Ocean anchored by Hawaii, Rapa Nui and New Zealand. ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The Polynesian Triangle is a geographical region of the Pacific Ocean anchored by Hawaii, Rapa Nui and New Zealand. ... The Hawaiian language is an Austronesian language that takes its name from HawaiÊ»i, the largest island in the tropical North Pacific archipelago where it developed. ... The Oceanic languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages, containing approximately 450 languages. ... In April of 1990, Daniel K. Akaka became the first native Hawaiian and Chinese American to serve in the United States Congress as a Senator from the State of Hawaii. ... The flag of the United States is used for all of the United States Minor Outlying Islands The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a statistical designation defined by ISO 3166-1, consists of nine insular United States possessions: All of these islands are in the Pacific Ocean except Navassa Island... Rapa Nui redirects here. ... Isla Sala y Gómez (Rapa Nui: Motu Motiro Hiva) is a small uninhabited island lying in the eastern Pacific at 26°27′ S 105°28′ W. It is part of Chiles Easter Island province. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Wallaces line between Australasian and Southeast Asian fauna. ... A transcontinental country is a country belonging to more than one continent. ... A transcontinental country is a country belonging to more than one continent. ... Map of Wallacea; upper right corner facing North. ... Tuamotu, French Polynesia The Pacific Ocean contains an estimated 20,000 to 30,000 islands (the exact number has yet to be precisely determined). ... For other uses, see Sumatra (disambiguation). ... The Austronesian people are a population group in Oceania and Southeast Asia who speak or had ancestors who spoke one of the Austronesian languages. ... Flag A map of the Spanish East Indies Capital Manila (Cebu until 1595, Bacolor 1762-1763, Iloilo 1898) Language(s) Spanish Religion Roman Catholicism Political structure Colony Monarch  - 1565-1598 Philip II  - 1896-1898 Alfonso XIII Governor-General  - 1565-1572 Miguel López de Legazpi  - 1898 Diego de los R... Palawan is an island province of the Philippines located in the Mimaropa region. ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas in an equal-area projection The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World, consisting of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... Location of Ryukyu Islands The Ryukyu Islands, in Japanese called the Nansei Islands ) are a chain of Japanese islands in the western Pacific Ocean at the eastern limit of the East China Sea. ... For the political history of the sovereignty conflict, see Kuril Islands dispute. ... Aleutians seen from space The Aleutian Islands (possibly from Chukchi aliat, island) are a chain of more than 300 small volcanic islands forming an island arc in the Northern Pacific Ocean, occupying an area of 6,821 sq mi (17,666 km²) and extending about 1,200 mi (1,900... The Japanese Archipelago which forms the country of Japan extends from north to south along the eastern coast of the Eurasian Continent, the western shore of the Pacific Ocean. ...

Ecogeography

Oceania is one of eight terrestrial ecozones, which constitute the major ecological regions of the planet. The Oceania ecozone includes all of Micronesia, Fiji, and all of Polynesia except New Zealand. New Zealand, along with New Guinea and nearby islands, Australia, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia, constitute the separate Australasia ecozone. An ecozone or biogeographic realm is the largest scale biogeographic division of the earths surface based on the historic and evolutionary distribution patterns of plants and animals. ... Oceania is the smallest of the worlds terrestrial ecozones, and unique in not including any continental land mass. ... The Australasia Ecozone The Australasian ecozone – is an ecological region that is coincident, but not synonymous (by some definitions), with the geographic region of Australasia. ...


History

Further information: History of Oceania

History of Australia History of New Zealand History of the Pacific Islands See also history, history of present-day nations and states. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

Sport

Pacific Games

The Pacific Games (formerly known as the South Pacific Games) is a multi-sport event, much like the Olympics, (albeit on a much smaller scale), with participation exclusively from countries around the South Pacific. It is held every four years and began in 1963. The Pacific Games (formerly known as the South Pacific Games) is a multi-sport event, much like the Olympics, (albeit on a much smaller scale), with participation exclusively from countries around the South Pacific. ...


Rugby codes

Rugby League and Rugby Union are two of the region's most popular sports. Rugby union is the national sport of New Zealand, Samoa, Fiji and Tonga and is the sixth most popular sport in Australia[22]. Rugby League is the national sport in Papua New Guinea (the second most populous country in Oceania after Australia), is fifth most popular in Australia[23], and has a significant following in New Zealand. Rugby league football is a full-contact team sport played with a prolate spheroid-shaped ball by two teams of thirteen on a rectangular grass field. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ...


Australia has won the Rugby Union World Cup twice, New Zealand have won the inaugural World Cup in 1987. Australia and New Zealand jointly hosted the World Cup in 1987; Australia hosted it in 2003 and New Zealand is to host it in 2011. For the rugby league competition, see Rugby League World Cup. ...


Australian rules football

Australian rules football is the national sport in Nauru and is third most popular in Australia[24]. It is also very popular in Papua New Guinea. High marking is a key skill and spectacular attribute of Australian rules football Precise field and goal kicking using the oval shaped ball is the key skill in Australian rules football Australian rules football, also known as Australian football, Aussie rules, or simply football or footy is a code of...


Cricket

Cricket is the most popular and national sport of Australia [25], and also has a significant following in New Zealand.


Football (soccer)

Currently Vanuatu is the only country in Oceania to call football its national sport. In Australia it is the fourth most popular sport[26]. A National sport is a sport which has been declared to be the sport of a nation by its government such as Lacrosse and ice hockey in Canada. ...


The Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) is one of six football (soccer) confederations under the auspices of FIFA, the international governing body of the sport. The OFC is the only confederation without an automatic qualification to the World Cup Finals. Currently the winner of the OFC qualification tournament must play-off against an Asian confederation side to qualify for the World Cup. Oceania Football Confederation logo since 1998 The Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) is one of the six continental confederations of international football. ... “Soccer” redirects here. ... This article is about the international association football organization. ... The FIFA World Cup Trophy, which has been awarded to the world champions since 1974. ... The 46 member Asian Football Confederation (AFC) is the governing body of football in Asia, excluding Cyprus and Israel but including Australia. ...


Oceania has only been represented at three World Cup Finals — Australia in 1974 plus 2006 and New Zealand in 1982. However, Australia is now no longer a member of the Oceania Football Confederation, having joined the Asian Football Confederation in 2006. In Australia, many forms of football are played. ... The 1974 Football World Cup was held in West Germany. ... The 2006 FIFA World Cup (officially titled 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany, sometimes referred to as the Football World Cup) finals are scheduled to take place in Germany between 9 June and 9 July 2006. ... The 1982 Football World Cup was held in Spain. ... The 46 member Asian Football Confederation (AFC) is the governing body of football in Asia, excluding Cyprus and Israel but including Australia. ...


See also

Moai at Rano Raraku, Rapa Nui (Easter Island) Oceanic art refers to the creative works made by the native peoples of the Pacific Islands and Australia, including areas as far apart as Hawaii and Easter Island. ... The Australian continental shelf (light blue) is contiguous with New Guinea, but not with other Pacific islands like New Zealand. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... The economy of Oceania is comprised of more than. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... This is a gallery of national flags of Oceania. ... History of Australia History of New Zealand History of the Pacific Islands See also history, history of present-day nations and states. ... Political map of Oceania The military history of Oceania spans from the colonial wars of the 1800s to Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam and the Iraq War. ... Tuamotu, French Polynesia The Pacific Ocean contains an estimated 20,000 to 30,000 islands (the exact number has yet to be precisely determined). ... The Pacific Islands Forum is an inter-governmental consultative organization which aims to enhance cooperation between the independent countries of the Pacific Ocean and represent their interests. ... The Pacific Games (formerly known as the South Pacific Games) is a multi-sport event, much like the Olympics, (albeit on a much smaller scale), with participation exclusively from countries around the South Pacific. ... The Australian academic journal Oceania was founded in 1930. ...

Notes

  1. ^ "Oceanica" in WordWeb Online dictionary and thesaurus. http://www.wordwebonline.com/en/OCEANICA
  2. ^ The Atlas of Canada - The World - Continents
  3. ^ List of IOC members (122) by continent. International Olympic Committee: 112th session, Moscow 2001
  4. ^ Encarta Mexico "Oceanía"
  5. ^ "Oceania". 2005. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Columbia University Press.
  6. ^ Merriam Webster's Online Dictionary (based on Collegiate vol., 11th ed.) 2006. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Inc.
  7. ^ See, e.g., The Atlas of Canada - The World - Continents
  8. ^ United Nations Statistics Division - Countries of Oceania
  9. ^ Ben Finney, The Other One-Third of the Globe, Journal of World History, Vol. 5, No. 2, Fall, 1994
  10. ^ United Nations Statistics Division - Countries of Oceania
  11. ^ Regions and constituents as per UN categorisations/map except notes 2-3, 6. Depending on definitions, various territories cited below (notes 3, 5-7, 9) may be in one or both of Oceania and Asia or North America.
  12. ^ The use and scope of this term varies. The UN designation for this subregion is "Australia and New Zealand."
  13. ^ a b Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands are Australian external territories in the Indian Ocean southwest of Indonesia.
  14. ^ New Zealand is often considered part of Polynesia rather than Australasia.
  15. ^ Excludes parts of Indonesia, island territories in Southeastern Asia (UN region) frequently reckoned in this region.
  16. ^ Indonesia is generally considered a territory of Southeastern Asia (UN region); wholly or partially, it is also frequently included in Australasia or Melanesia. Figures include Indonesian portion of New Guinea (Irian Jaya) and Maluku Islands.
  17. ^ Papua New Guinea is often considered part of Australasia as well as Melanesia.
  18. ^ On 7 October 2006, government officials moved their offices in the former capital of Koror to Melekeok, located 20 km northeast of Koror on Babelthuap Island.
  19. ^ Excludes the US state of Hawaii, which is distant from the North American landmass in the Pacific Ocean, and Easter Island, a territory of Chile in South America.
  20. ^ Fagatogo is the seat of government of American Samoa.
  21. ^ Tokelau, a domain of New Zealand, has no capital: each atoll has its own administrative centre.
  22. ^ http://www.sweeneyresearch.com.au/newsPDF/news_pdf_16.pdf
  23. ^ http://www.sweeneyresearch.com.au/newsPDF/news_pdf_16.pdf
  24. ^ http://www.sweeneyresearch.com.au/newsPDF/news_pdf_16.pdf
  25. ^ http://www.sweeneyresearch.com.au/newsPDF/news_pdf_16.pdf
  26. ^ http://www.sweeneyresearch.com.au/newsPDF/news_pdf_16.pdf

Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... The Journal of World History is the official journal of the World History Association. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 62 KB) Summary Created by User:Ben Arnold from Image:BlankMap-World. ... A transcontinental nation is a country belonging to more than one continent. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... map of Melanesia Melanesia (from Greek: μέλας black, νῆσος island) is a subregion of Oceania extending from the western side of the West Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and northeast of Australia. ... Map showing Papua province in Indonesia Papua is a province of Indonesia comprising part of the western half of the island of New Guinea and nearby islands. ... Maluku redirects here. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... map of Melanesia Melanesia (from Greek: μέλας black, νῆσος island) is a subregion of Oceania extending from the western side of the West Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and northeast of Australia. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Palau boatyard on Malakal Island, August 1973 Koror is the state comprising the main commercial center of the country of Palau. ... Babeldaob (also Babelthuap) is the largest island in the island nation of Palau. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... North American redirects here. ... Rapa Nui redirects here. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Fagatogo is the capital of American Samoa (de facto and constitutionally de iure), situated on the Tutuila Island, Pago Pago Harbour. ...

External links

Oceania Portal

  Results from FactBites:
 
Geography Quizzes For Australia - Fun Map Games (426 words)
Oceania's economy ranges widely from wealthy Australia to the poorer Pacific islands.
The Mariana Trench, the deepest point in the Earth’s crust, is found in the waters of Oceania.
Although the Spanish, Dutch and Portuguese all explored the area, the British laid claim to the continent of Australia.
RPGnet : Review of Oceania (1588 words)
Oceania actually plays a lot like Carcassonne, though it's much more aggressive with its scout placement than the meeple placement is in Carcassonne (primarily because you can explicitly grab someone else's territory, while you have to be cunning to do the same in Carcassonne).
On the other hand, it must be clearly said that there's a large random element to Oceania with its tile draw; although this can be somewhat helped by careful choice of starting position, it still remains a large factor.
Overall, I think Oceania is a fine filler, that maintains some of the exploration and majority control elements of Entdecker, but loses most of the complexity and strategy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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