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Encyclopedia > Occult

The word occult comes from the Latin occultus (clandestine, hidden, secret), referring to "knowledge of the hidden".[1] In the medical sense it is used commonly to refer to a structure or process that is hidden, e.g. an "occult bleed."[2] Occult may refer to: Occult, secret or hidden knowledge, usually of a mystical nature Occultism, occult practises Occultists, occult practicioners Occultation, in astronomy, referring to the event in which one celestial body passes in front of another, blocking it from view Doctor Occult, in DC Comics a magic-using detective... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... See drugs, medication, and pharmacology for substances that are used to treat patients. ...


The word has many uses in the English language, popularly meaning "knowledge of the paranormal", as opposed to "knowledge of the measurable",[3][4] usually referred to as science. The term is sometimes popularly taken to mean "knowledge meant only for certain people" or "knowledge that must be kept hidden", but for most practicing occultists it is simply the study of a deeper spiritual reality that extends beyond pure reason and the physical sciences.[5] The terms esoteric and arcane can have a very similar meaning, and the three terms are often interchangeable.[6][7] The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Paranormal is an umbrella term used to describe a wide variety of reported anomalous phenomena. ... In mathematics, a measure is a function that assigns a number, e. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... List of notable occultists and mystics. ... Look up Esotericism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The term occult is also used as a label given to a number of magical organizations or orders, and the teachings and practices as taught by them. The name also extends to a large body of literature and spiritual philosophy. A magical organization is an organization put up for the furtherance of its members by use of magic or to further the knowledge of magic among its members. ...

Contents

Occultism

Occultism is the study of occult or hidden wisdom. To the occultist it is the study of "Truth", a deeper truth that exists beneath the surface: 'The truth is always hidden in plain sight'. It can involve such subjects as magic (alternatively spelled and defined as magick), extra-sensory perception, astrology, spiritualism, numerology and lucid dreaming. There is often a strong religious element to these studies and beliefs, and many occultists profess adherence to religions such as Gnosticism, Hermeticism,Luciferianism, Thelema, and Neopaganism. Not to be confused with Magic (illusion). ... This article refers to the magical system of Aleister Crowley and Thelema. ... Extra-sensory perception (ESP) is defined in parapsychology as the ability to aquire information by paranormal means. ... Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888). ... // By 1853, when the popular song Spirit Rappings was published, Spiritualism was an object of intense curiosity. ... Numerology is any of many systems, traditions or beliefs in a mystical or esoteric relationship between numbers and physical objects or living things. ... Hypnos and Thanatos,Sleep and His Half-Brother Death by John William Waterhouse Wikibooks has a book on the topic of Lucid dreaming A lucid dream is a dream in which the person is aware that he or she is dreaming while the dream is in progress. ... Various Religious symbols, including (first row) Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Bahai, (second row) Islamic, tribal, Taoist, Shinto (third row) Buddhist, Sikh, Hindu, Jain, (fourth row) Ayyavazhi, Triple Goddess, Maltese cross, pre-Christian Slavonic Religion is the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Hermeticism should not be confused with the concept of a hermit. ... Luciferianism can be understood best as a belief system that venerates the essential characteristics that are affixed to Lucifer. ... Thelema is the English transliteration of the Ancient Greek noun : will, from the verb θέλω: to will, wish, purpose. ... Neopaganism or Neo-Paganism is any of a heterogeneous group of new religious movements, particularly those influenced by ancient, primarily pre-Christian and sometimes pre-Judaic religions. ...


The word "occult" is somewhat generic, in that most everything that isn't claimed by any of the major religions is considered to be occult (and many things that are). Even religious scientists have difficulties in defining occultism. A broad definition is offered by Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke: Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke is the author of several books on modern occultism and esotericism with the history of its intersection with fascist politics. ...

"OCCULTISM has its basis in a religious way of thinking, the roots of which stretch back into antiquity and which may be described as the Western esoteric tradition. Its principal ingredients have been identified as Gnosticism, the Hermetic treatises on alchemy and magic, Neo-Platonism, and the Cabbalah, all originating in the eastern Mediterranean area during the first few centuries AD."[8]

From the 15th to 17th century, these kinds of ideas had a brief revival, that was halted by the triumph of empirical sciences in the seventeenth-century. "By the eighteenth century these unorthodox religious and philosophical concerns were well defined as 'occult', inasmuch as they lay on the outermost fringe of accepted froms of knoxledge and discurse,"[9] and were only preserved by a few antiquarians and mystics. However, from about 1770 onwards, a renowed desire for mystery, an interest in the Middle Ages and a romantic temper encouraged a revival of occultism in Europe, "a reaction to the rationalist Enlightenment."[10]


Based on his research into the the modern German occult revival 1890-1910, Goodrick-Clarke puts forward a thesis on the driving force behind occultism. Behind its many varied forms apparently lies an uniform function, "a strong desire to reconcile the findings of modern natural sciene with a relIgious view that could restore man to a postition of centrality and dignity in the universe.[11] This article gives an overview of Esotericism in Germany and Austria, mainly since 1880. ...


That the Kabbalah has been considered an occult study is also perhaps because of its popularity among magi (the biblical wise men who visited the Infant Jesus are said to have been magi of Zoroastrianism) and Thelemites. Kabbalah was later adopted by the Golden Dawn and brought out into the open by Aleister Crowley and his protégé Israel Regardie. Since that time many authors have emphasized a syncretic approach by drawing parallels between different disciplines. For other uses, see Magi (disambiguation). ... Three Kings, or Three Wise Men redirects here. ... This article is about the figure known by both Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ. For other usages, see Jesus (disambiguation). ... Zoroastrianism is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ... Thelema is the English transliteration of the Ancient Greek noun : will, from the verb θέλω: to will, wish, purpose. ... The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (or, more commonly, the Golden Dawn) was a magical order of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, practicing a form of theurgy and spiritual development. ... Aleister Crowley, born Edward Alexander Crowley, (12 October 1875 – 1 December 1947; the surname is pronounced // i. ... Israel Regardie (Francis Israel Regudy) was born on November 17, 1907 in London, England to poor Jewish immigrant parents. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Direct insight into or perception of the occult does not consist of access to physically measurable facts, but is arrived at through the mind or the spirit. The term can refer to mental, psychological or spiritual training. It is important to note, however, that many occultists will also study science (perceiving science as a branch of Alchemy) to add validity to occult knowledge in a day and age where the mystical can easily be undermined as flights-of-fancy. An oft-cited means of gaining insight into the occult is the use of a focus. A focus may be a physical object, a ritualistic action (for example, meditation or chanting), or a medium in which one becomes wholly immersed; these are just a few examples of the vast and numerous avenues that can be explored. For other uses, see Soul (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Mind (disambiguation). ... Psychological science redirects here. ... Spirituality, in a narrow sense, concerns itself with matters of the spirit. ... A ritual is a set of actions, performed mainly for their symbolic value, which is prescribed by a religion or by the traditions of a community. ... For other senses of this word, see Meditation (disambiguation). ... Chant is the rhythmic speaking or singing of words or sounds, often primarily on one or two pitches called reciting tones. ... Look up immersion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Science and the occult

Occultism is conceived of as the study of the inner nature of things, as opposed to the outer characteristics that are studied by science. The German Kantian philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer designates this 'inner nature' with the term 'Will', and suggests that science and mathematics are unable to penetrate beyond the relationship between one thing and another in order to explain the 'inner nature' of the thing itself, independent of any external causal relationships with other 'things'.[12] Schopenhauer also points towards this inherently relativistic nature of mathematics and conventional science in his formulation of the 'World as Will'. By defining a thing solely in terms of its external relationships or effects we only find its external, or explicit nature. Occultism, on the other hand, is concerned with the nature of the 'thing-in-itself'. This is often accomplished through direct perceptual awareness, known as mysticism. Kant redirects here. ... Arthur Schopenhauer (February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860) was a German philosopher who believed that the will to live is the fundamental reality and that this will, being a constant striving, is insatiable and ultimately yields only suffering. ... The noumenon (plural: noumena) classically refers to an object of human inquiry, understanding or cognition. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The occultist Aleister Crowley likens the approach of conventional science to the process of measuring ten yards with a stick about which we really know nothing but that it is one tenth of the ten yards in question. Every "fact" we hold true of the physical universe is merely an idea stated in relationship to other ideas, and if we try to establish any such "fact" in absolute terms we find it is impossible. If A is defined as BC, where B is DE, C is FG and so onwards the terms of dependency increase exponentially, and we even come to the point where Z is circularly defined in terms of A.[13] Aleister Crowley, born Edward Alexander Crowley, (12 October 1875 – 1 December 1947; the surname is pronounced // i. ...


Alchemy, is considered an occult practice. Alchemy used to be common among scientists, such as Isaac Newton. [14] During the Age of Enlightenment alchemy and science went their separate ways. For other uses, see Alchemy (disambiguation). ... Sir Isaac Newton FRS (4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727) [ OS: 25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727][1] was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, and alchemist. ... 18th century philosophy redirects here. ...


Religion and the occult

Some religious denominations view the occult as being anything supernatural or paranormal which is not achieved by or through God, and is therefore the work of an opposing and malevolent entity. The word has negative connotations for many people, and while certain practices considered by some to be "occult" are also found within mainstream religions, in this context the term "occult" is rarely used and is sometimes substituted with "esoteric". This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ...


In Judaism, special spiritual studies such as Kabbalah have been allowed for certain individuals (such as rabbis and their chosen students). These studies do not conform to mainstream Jewish ritual. Also, some forms of Islam allow spirits to be commanded in the name of Allah to do righteous works and assist steadfast Muslims. Furthermore, there are branches of Esoteric Christianity that practice divination, blessings, or appealing to angels for certain intervention, which they view as perfectly righteous, often supportable by gospel (for instance, claiming that the old commandment against divination was superseded by Christ's birth, and noting that the Magi used astrology to locate Bethlehem). Rosicrucianism, one of the most celebrated of Christianity's mystical offshoots, has lent aspects of its philosophy to most Christian-based occultism since the 17th century. This article is about traditional Jewish Kabbalah. ... For the town in Italy, see Rabbi, Italy. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Allah is the Arabic language word for God. ... Esoteric Christianity refers to the occult study and the mystic living of the esoteric knowledge related to what adherents view as the inner teachings of early Christianity, seen as a Mystery religion. ... For other uses, see Divination (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Magi (disambiguation). ... Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888). ... The Temple of the Rose Cross, Teophilus Schweighardt Constantiens, 1618. ...


Tantra, originating in India, includes amongst its various branches a variety of ritualistic practices ranging from visualisation exercises and the chanting of mantras to elaborate rituals involving sex or animal sacrifice, sometimes performed in forbidden places such as cremation grounds. Tantric texts were at one stage unavailable for mass public consumption due to the social stigma attached to the practices. In general, tantra was predominantly associated with black magic and the tantriks were held in great dishonor. This article is an overview of Tantra and an in-depth look at the Tantra of Hinduism. ... In Tibet, many Buddhists carve mantras into rocks as a form of devotion. ... This article is an overview of Tantra and an in-depth look at the Tantra of Hinduism. ... This article is an overview of Tantra and an in-depth look at the Tantra of Hinduism. ... This article is an overview of Tantra and an in-depth look at the Tantra of Hinduism. ...


See also

Occult Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... Thule Society emblem Nazi mysticism is a term used to describe a philosophical undercurrent of Nazism; it denotes the combination of Nazism with occultism, esotericism, cryptohistory, and/or the paranormal. ... According to Websters Dictionary: the practice of professedly entering a meditative or trancelike state in order to convey messages from a spiritual guide. ... This article gives an overview of Esotericism in Germany and Austria, mainly since 1880. ... The Baphomet, symbol of some Left-Hand Path religions. ... . ... Nazi occultism denotes an occult undercurrent of Nazism. ... Theosophy is a word and a concept known anciently, commonly understood in the modern era to describe the studies of religious philosophy and metaphysics originating with Helena Petrovna Blavatsky from the 1870s. ... Satanism can refer to a number of belief systems depending on the user and contexts. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Crabb, G. (1927). English synonyms explained, in alphabetical order, with copious illustrations and examples drawn from the best writers. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co.
  2. ^ Harvard Medical School Family Health Guide. Harvard Medical School 2005. 1272 pages ISBN 0684863731
  3. ^ Underhill, E. (1974). Mysticism, Meridian, New York,.
  4. ^ http://www.icrcanada.org/kundandpara.html
  5. ^ Blavatsky, H. P. (1897). Occultism of the secret doctrine. [Whitefish, Mont.]: Kessinger Pub., LLC.
  6. ^ Houghton Mifflin Company. (2004). The American Heritage College Thesaurus. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Page 530.
  7. ^ Wright, C. F. (1895). An outline of the principles of modern theosophy. Boston: New England Theosophical Corp.
  8. ^ Goodrick-Clarke, The Occult Roots of Nazism (1985), p.17
  9. ^ Goodrick-Clarke (1985): 18
  10. ^ Goodrick-Clarke (1985): 18
  11. ^ Goodrick-Clarke (1985): 29
  12. ^ Schopenhauer, Arthur. The World as Will and Representation
  13. ^ Crowley, Aleister. "What is a "number" or a "symbol"?", 777 and other Qabalistic writings. 
  14. ^ Newton's Dark Secrets.

The Occult Roots of Nazism: Secret Aryan Cults and Their Influence on Nazi Ideology : The Ariosophists of Austria and Germany, 1890-1935 is a book by Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke. ... Arthur Schopenhauer (February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860) was a German philosopher who believed that the will to live is the fundamental reality and that this will, being a constant striving, is insatiable and ultimately yields only suffering. ... Published in 1819, The World as Will and Representation, sometimes translated as The World as Will and Idea (original German title: Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung), is the central work of Arthur Schopenhauer. ... Aleister Crowley, born Edward Alexander Crowley, (12 October 1875 – 1 December 1947; the surname is pronounced // i. ... Cover of 777 and Other Qabalistic Writings of Aleister Crowley by Aleister Crowley. ...

References

  • Walker, Benjamin, Encyclopedia of the Occult, the Esoteric and the Supernatural, Stein & Day, New York, 1980, ISBN 0-8128-6051-9.

Benjamin Walker (November 25, 1913) is the truncated pen name of George Benjamin Walker, who also writes under the pseudonym Jivan Bhakar. ...

Further reading

  • Bardon, Franz (1971). Initiation into Hermetics. Wuppertal: Ruggeberg.
  • Fortune, Dion (2000). The Mystical Qabala. Weiser Books. ISBN 1578631505
  • Regardie, I., Cicero, C., & Cicero, S. T. (2001). The Tree of Life: An Illustrated Study in Magic. St. Paul, Minn: Llewellyn Publications.
  • Rogers, L. W. (1909). 'Hints to Young Students of Occultism. Albany, N.Y.: The Theosophical Book Company.

Violet Mary Firth Evans, born Violet Mary Firth (December 6, 1890[1] - 1946) and better known as Dion Fortune, was a British occultist and author[2]. Her pseudonym was inspired by her family motto Deo, non fortuna (Latin for God, not fate)[3]. // She was born at Bryn-y-Bia...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
  • University of Amsterdam Center for Study of Western Esotericism
  • University of Exeter Centre for the Study of Esotericism (EXESESO)
  • ESSWE European Society for the Study of Western Esotericism, with many links to associated organizations, libraries, scholars etc.
  • Joseph H. Peterson , Twilit Grotto: Archives of Western Esoterica (Esoteric Archives: Occult Literature)
  • Asiya, Magickal Athenaeum (Collection of occult works in PDF Format)

  Results from FactBites:
 
OccultForums.com - Occult, Paganism, Witchcraft, Magick Forum (295 words)
Information for all those new to the occult and the various practices.
Emphasizing the relationship between science, philosophy, and the occult.
Discussions regarding the roots and practices of ancient religious and occult traditions including, but not limited to, Sumerian, Egyptian, Kabbalah and the mythos behind them.
Occult - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (864 words)
The word occult comes from Latin occultus (clandestine, hidden, secret), referring to the 'knowledge of the secret' or 'knowledge of the hidden' and often meaning 'knowledge of the supernatural', as opposed to 'knowledge of the visible' or 'knowledge of the measurable', usually referred to as science.
Direct insight into or perception of the occult is said not to consist of access to physically measurable facts, but to be arrived at through the mind or the spirit.
The beliefs and practices of those who consider their activities "occult" or part of "the occult" in the more usual western interpretation 'hidden knowledge' (ceremonial magicians, and so on) are generally far from being secret or hidden, being found very easily in print or on the Internet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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