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Encyclopedia > Occidental Mindoro
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
Province of Occidental Mindoro
Region: MIMAROPA (Region IV-B)
Capital: Mamburao
Founded:
Population:
2000 census—380,250 (21st smallest)
Density—65 per km² (9th lowest)
Area: 5,879.9 km² (11th largest)
Languages: Tagalog, Kamangyan
Governor: Josephine Ramirez Sato (2007-2010)

Occidental Mindoro (Filipino: Kanlurang Mindoro, “Western Mindoro”; Spanish: Mindoro Occidental) is a province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. Its capital is Mamburao and occupies the western half of the island of Mindoro; Oriental Mindoro is at the eastern half. The South China Sea is to the west of the province and Palawan is located to the southwest, across Mindoro Strait. Batangas is to the north, separated by the Verde Island Passage. Image File history File links Ph_seal_occidental_mindoro. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and their provinces (click for larger version). ... MIMAROPA, also known as Region IV-B, is a region of the Philippines located in Luzon. ... Mamburao is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Image File history File links Ph_locator_map_occidental_mindoro. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ... MIMAROPA, also known as Region IV-B, is a region of the Philippines located in Luzon. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and their provinces (click for larger version). ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Mamburao is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Beach in Northern Mindoro Mindoro is the seventh-largest island in the Philippines. ... Oriental Mindoro (Filipino: Silangang Mindoro) is a province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... Filipino name Tagalog: Luzon Sea Portuguese name Portuguese: Mar da China Meridional Vietnamese name Vietnamese: The South China Sea is a marginal sea south of China. ... Palawan is an island province of the Philippines located in the Mimaropa region. ... Mindoro Strait is a strait in the Philippines, at . ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Climate

Occidental Mindoro has two distinct weather types: rainy season and dry season. Rains begin to fall in the province in late May, intensifying through June, July, August, September and October, then gradually subsides in November. The months of August and September are the wettest period, with storms directly passing through the area.


On the other hand, the dry season starts in November, with rainfall subsiding in intensity, and altogether ceasing in January, February, March and April. March and April are the driest period, with cloudless skies and parched earth characterizing the general area.


Political divisions

Occidental Mindoro is subdivided into 11 municipalities. A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ...

City/Municipality No. of
Barangays
Area
(km²)
Population
(2000)
Pop. density
(per km²)
Abra de Ilog
Calintaan
Looc
Lubang
Magsaysay
Mamburao
Paluan
Rizal
Sablayan
San Jose
Santa Cruz

Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipyo, in Tagalog) is a local... A barangay is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is very similar to a village. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Abra De Ilog is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Calintaan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Looc is a 5th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Lubang is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Magsaysay is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Mamburao is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Paluan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Rizal is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Sablayan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... San Jose is a 1st class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Santa Cruz is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ...

Demographics

The population of Occidental Mindoro is 380,250 as of the 2000 census, making it the country's 21st least populated province. The population density is 65 persons per km². Major languages spoken are Tagalog, Ilokano, Visaya, Kapampangan, Bikolano, Mangyan, and other mainstream languages in the country. Occidental Mindoro is a cultural melting pot, populated mostly by recent immigrants.


The indigenous people in the province are the Mangyans (Manguianes in Spanish, Mañguianes in Old Tagalog), consisting of 7 distinct tribes. They occupy the interior, specially the highlands. Mangyans have inhabited the island since pre-history. They are believed to have originally travelled from Indonesia and settled down for good in the island.


There have been many evidences, historical and geophysical, that Mangyans were formerly living near the coastlines, but they were compelled to move into the interior jungles of the island when the Spanish colonizers came, to avoid cultural altercation which brought diseases to them, and to preserve their way of life.


Today, Mangyans number to only around 80,000 (freely moving in and out in both provinces of Oriental and Occidental Mindoro). But there is no accurate accounting of them since many still live elusively in the upper regions of the island, avoiding contact with lowlanders.


Economy

The present Occidental Mindoro is an agricultural area devoted to the production of food. It 's economic base is rice production (Oryza sativa culture), a Philippine staple crop. It is the leading activity and source of seasonal employment in the province, participated in by almost 80 per cent of the population, including children.


Wet land or lowland rice is a rainy season crop, being heavily dependent on water, and therefore produced from July (planting season) to October (harvest season). Tobacco, onions, garlic and vegetables are rather grown during the dry season (November to May)since they are not water-intensive crops, and require longer photoperiodicity.


Rice, corn, onions, garlic, salt, fishes(both wild water and cultured) are some of the relatively significant surpluses produced in the province in exportable quantities. Mangoes, cashew nuts, cooking bananas (saba) and some other fruits grown in upland orchards are among the other exports of Occidental Mindoro that have traditionally contributed to its income. Peanuts are also comfortably grown in some parts of the province, as well as cassava, sweet potatoes, ginger and other minor cultivars.


Forest resources include timber and minerals, among them gold, copper, silver, chrome, and non-metallic minerals such as lime for making cement, and greenstones for ornaments. Timber groups include many species of hardwoods, such as mahogany, and other types of trees in high demand for durability.


There are no large industries in the province. The government is the biggest employer, absorbing most of the off-farm labor force. The local electric cooperative, Occidental Mindoro Electric Cooperative (OMECO), is the biggest employer in the private sector, with nearly 150 regular employees. The rest of the population are engaged in private trades.


Problems

There are many multi-faceted problems in Occidental Mindoro's economy. In rice farming, the biggest confronting the producers are the high cost of production. This is attributed mainly to the spiraling prices of farm inputs. A study concludes that from 1997 to 2003, the cost of production rose by 47 per cent, while the income derived from marketing rice has maintained 1997 levels. There are also confused reports that the average production rate has declined due to the reduced application of necessary farm chemicals. In street language, this means that the farmers simply cut the amount of inputs because they cannot afford the high capital requirements of following all the recommended inputs in the farming calendar.


Another structural problem is the inadequacy of irrigation. Most of the river systems in the province no longer have the demanded volume of water to make irrigation feasible. This is attributed to the greatly deforested watersheds.


In the fishing industry, one of the serious causes of depletion in the fish catch is overfishing. Since 1965, fishing fleets from other parts of the country have joined the locals in the fishing grounds. It was aggravated by the use of environment-destructive methods, disabling the marine resources to replenish. Other causes of the low fish population is the destruction of habitant, particularly, mangrove forests and corral reefs.


Geography

General land surface features that characterize Occidental Mindoro are mountains, rivers, hills, valleys, wide plains and some small fresh water lakes.The taller mountains can be found in the interior that it shares with Oriental Mindoro.


Mountain ranges converge on the two central peaks, namely Mt. Halcon in the North, and Mt. Baco in the South. The northern part of the province has relatively fewer plains, while the southern parts have wider flatlands. Most of the plains are cultivated fields, with few remaining untouched forests.


There are several major drainage or river systems flowing on a generally westerly course: Mamburao river, Pagbahan, Mompong, Biga, Lumintao, Busuanga and Caguray.


Significant hilly areas can be found rolling off in Sta Cruz in the north, and in San Jose and Magsaysay in the south. These are grassed-over rather than forested.


Swamp areas are restricted to the south, specially, along the river mouths.


Climate

The province has two distinct weather patterns, rainy from June to October, and dry from November to May. Wettest period is from August to September, and driest from March to April. Temperature range is from 78 °F (26 °C) in the windy uplands to 90 F (32 °C) in the unstirring lowlands.


Political history

The political history of Occidental Mindoro necessarily begins with the commercial history of Mindoro Island. Mindoro Island was originally known to the ancients as Ma-i. It's existence was mentioned in the old Chinese chronicles in 775 A.D.and more elaborately in 1225. It was a major anchorage in the Southeast Asia trade route during the pre-Philippines period. Chinese, Arab and Indian merchants traded with the natives.


The natives of Mindoro were called Manguianes by the Spaniards. But the natives refer to themselves by their ethnic or clan identification. There were seven such ethnic or clan distinctions, which are differentiated by language and areas where each can be found.


The Mangyans, as they are now anthropologically known, do not have a warrior society. They are a peaceful, shy but friendly people. They are rarely known to be hostile, and have had no significant record of violent conflict with other people in the entire history of the province. They grow root crops in forest clearings (slah and burn farms), and hunted wild animals in the forest for their meat needs.


There are no authentic documents in existence explaining the original stock of the Mangyan people, but later theoreticians postulate that they migrated from Indonesia before 775 A.D They hopped from island to island, until finally settling down permanently in Mindoro. It appeared that clan settlements existed in the North as well as in the southern ends of the island. By 779, the southwest coast of the island was already a known trading center, and its fine natural harbor frequented by Arab, Indian and Chinese maritime traders who plied the route. But there was no attempt of subjugation, just trading.


The first semblance of polital system in Mindoro's experience was provided by China in the 13th century. Chinese imperial forces under Admiral Cheng Ho with a powerful armada of 60 war junks visited Mindoro and other parts of the archipelago in the 13th century, with the purpose of gaining more trading favors for Chinese merchants.


For a time, Admiral Ho tried to exert some effort of rule as a prelude to Sino annexation. Internal trouble in the Chinese home front, however, recalled the armada, and the attempts of the empire to annex the archipelago did not materialize.


Some time after the Ho overture, Islamic influence reached the island, probably, through Suluanons who traded with the natives. Moslem peoples, possibly - Orang Dampuans (economic refugees from Sulu)crossed Mindoro Strait from Paragua (now Palawan) and settled along the coastal areas, developing progressive maritime communities.


In 1572, Captain Juan de Salcedo of the Spanish expeditionary army set sail from Cebu and explored the West coast of the island, encountering the Mangyans, who appeared used to seeing foreigners and were not at all a bit surprised at their arrival. On the contrary, it was he and Martin de Goiti who were surprised to see cross designs on the clothing and basketwork of the natives, and thought some early Christian missionary had been there before them. But later scholars believed the design was Indic in origin and had no religious meaning.


They also encountered moro settlers in Lubang Island that were vassals of and paid tribute to the kingdom of Maynilad in the North, under Raha Sulaiman. This was the first real political system in the island. The moros, who apparently have heard of the invaders from their kinsmen in the south, engaged the small Spanish force who landed on their shore, but the Spaniards' arquebuses, and cannon fire from the ships hoved-to broadside to the Island, took the field. The moros fled to the hills, and Salcedo burned their village.


After the defeat of Sulaiman in the same year, Mindoro and other vassal states of Maynilad became subject of Castillan rule. The island was officially referred to from then on as Mina de Oro (mine of gold), compressed later on into Mindoro. The free land name, Ma-i, fell into disuse, replaced by the colonial place name, Mindoro. But the Spanish-Moro war would rage on in Mindoro until toward the end of the Spanish regime in the 19th century.


In 1602, Moro forces plundered the most important Spanish towns along the coasts of Mindoro and Southern Luzon, and subsequently reestablished their hold in Mindoro by constructing a fort at Mamburao. From 1720 onwards Moro raids became devastating not only to the island's Hispanized communities but to other parts of the archipelago as well.


In 1757, the Moros, more particualrly, the Iranuns (a relative of the Maranaws of the Lake Lanao regions) organized a war fleet of 74 fast native ships called prahus they destroyed completely several settlements in the island, carrying off their inhabitants to be sold as slaves in the slave market in Jolo. Lake Lanao a large lake in the Philippines, located in Lanao del Sur province in the countrys southern island of Mindanao. ...


The fact that a Moro fort at Mamburao threatened Manila, the very capital of the colonial government, embarrassed the conquerors in the eyes of their native subjects, which was politically intolerable to the Spanish administrators. So in 1766, the Spaniards gathered a large force of 1,200 fully armed marines, augmented by a large army of native mercenaries, and burned the Iranun fort. But the moros simply faded into the hills to escape, and came back when the counter-raid was over and the raiders returned to Manila.


The moros not only plundered goods, but also—more importantly—took prisoners of war which they sold as slaves. Many Islamic leaders in Mindanao, in spite of the peace settlement with the Spaniards contained in treaties and formal agreements, supported piratical raids with arms, ammunition and food, not only because it was a patriotic act (defending moroland), but this patriotism was also giving them handsome profits. They received part of the "prisoners of war" when a successful raider returns, which earned them huge amounts.


Most of the raids were successful because of the fast watercrafts in the employ of the raiders. It was not until the commission of the vapor, fast steamships, in the mid-18th century that the Spanish navy successfully patrolled the archipelagic waters, and fared well against the wind-powered native seacrafts of the pirates. Many pirate fleets were sunk at sea, or confined to their hiding places.


The invention of machines during the industrial revolution, which gradually replaced manual labor, and the consecutive abolitions of slave ownership in many liberalized countries, caused a great decline in the demand for slave labor. Many of the pirate markets closed, and prices fell severely for captives.


With the loss to the Spanish navy increasing, and the eventual fall in profits from slave selling, raiding became less appealing to the Iranuns and their Islamic supporters. Uneconomical patriotism simply did not make quite an appeal. Thus, it came to pass that the moro pirates faded away from Mindoro's history. The pirates fort in Mamburao was abandoned, and the moros retreated to Mindanao to consolidate their forces and continue the moslem resistance at the homefront. Mindoro Island then became a Spanish possession in a truer sense for the first time. But not for long.


In 1896, the Philippine revolution begun, which spread like wildfire throughout the islands.In 1897, the Spaniards posted a rifle company of 140 troops and 51 marines to Calapan to secure the island from the forces of General Emilio Aguinaldo and his revolutionary army, then beginning to overrun Spanish positions in the archipelago. Only Mindoro was relatively safe. In 1898, the revolutionaries attacked and overwhelmed the settlement that is now Bongabong. The revolution also ignited in the western part (Occidental Mindoro), which seized control of the settlements there from the Spaniards. Finally, they marched against the capital of Calapan with some 1,000 ill-armed foot soldiers.


But the attack came to nothing. The Spanish defenses held. It was only the arrival of 1,000 regular army, with artillery, under General Malvar in Batangas that compelled the surrender of the Spaniards under Governor Morales. Hence on July 1, 1898, the Spanish rule in Mindoro Island, lasting for 328 years, came to an end. is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


A new battalion "Mindoro", with two rifle companies, was formed under the command of Captain Ruperto Hernandez and Estanislao Cayton, both from Batangas. The revolutionary political reins were held by the elite, who also held the same reins under the Spaniards (and later under the Americans). The revolution, therefore, was a revolution for liberation against colonial rule but not a war for social change, which was to be defeated late in the US-Filipino war that followed.


The political waltz continued, from Spanish colonialism to U.S. neo-colonialism.Im 1910, the succesor United States politico-military administration granted over 50 km² of land to the Welch and Fargo Sugar Company in what is now San Jose, which built the first modern and biggest sugar mill in the Far East at siete central (now barangay Central). In the same year, the boldly developing community of sugar cane planters, mill workers, company professionals and businessmen enabled the creation of San Jose as an official Philippine town.


Interesting sites

Paleonthology


LARGE SNAKE SKELETAL IMPRINT ON MILLION YEAR OLD ROCK


Location: Montangcob point, Anahawin River, Barangay Poypoy, Calintaan.


In a bend of Anahawin river called Montangcob point, a house-size boulder rests on the river bed, like an island. Etched on the side of the boulder is what is clearly a skeletal impression of a snake. The boulder may be millions of years old.

  • Online Community for Mindorenyos
  • WOW Philippines - Occidental Mindoro

Coordinates: 13°00′N, 120°55′E Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipyo, in Tagalog) is a local... Abra De Ilog is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Calintaan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Looc is a 5th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Lubang is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Magsaysay is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Mamburao is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Paluan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Rizal is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Sablayan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... San Jose is a 1st class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... Santa Cruz is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. ... This is a list of current and former national capital cities in the Philippines, which includes during the time of the Spanish colonization, the First Philippine Republic, the Commonwealth of the Philippines, the Second Republic of the Philippines (Japanese-Sponsored Republic), the Third Republic of the Philippines, the Fourth Republic... 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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Isabela Region: Cagayan Valley (Region II) Capital: Ilagan Founded: May 01, 1856 Population: 2000 census—1,287,575 (17th largest) Density—121 per km² (18th lowest) Area: 10,664. ... Kalinga is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. ... La Union is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in Luzon. ... Laguna is a province of the Philippines found in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. ... Lanao del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. ... Lanao del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Leyte Region: Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) Capital: Tacloban City Founded: 1543 and March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—1,592,336 (14th largest) Density—279 per km² (24th highest) Area: 5,712. ... Maguindanao is a province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). ... Marinduque is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... Masbate is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region. ... Misamis Occidental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. ... Misamis Oriental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. ... Mountain Province is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. ... Negros Occidental is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Negros Oriental Region: Central Visayas (Region VII) Capital: Dumaguete City Founded: March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—1,126,061 (20th largest) Density—208 per km² (41st highest) Area: 5,402. ... Northern Samar is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. ... Nueva Ecija is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... Nueva Vizcaya is a province of the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. ... Oriental Mindoro (Filipino: Silangang Mindoro) is a province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... Palawan is an island province of the Philippines located in the Mimaropa region. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Pampanga Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: City of San Fernando Founded: December 11, 1571 Population: 2000 census—1,882,730 (10th largest) Density—863 per km² (4th highest) Area: 2,180. ... Pangasinan, officially Province of Pangasinan (Pangasinan: Luyag na Pangasinan), is one of the provinces of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Quezon is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Quirino Region: Cagayan Valley (Region II) Capital: Cabarroguis, Quirino Founded: June 18, 1966 Population: 2000 census—148,575 (8th smallest) Density—49 per km² (2nd lowest) Area: 3,057. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Rizal Region: CALABARZON (Region IV-A) Capital: Antipolo City† Founded: June 11, 1901 Population: 2000 census—1,707,218 (11th largest) Density—1,304 per km² (2nd highest) Area: 1,308. ... Romblon is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... Samar, formerly Western Samar, is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Sarangani Region: SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII) Capital: Alabel Founded: March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—410,622 (58th largest) Density—138 per km² (23rd lowest) Area: 2,980. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Shariff Kabunsuan Region: Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) Capital: Kabuntalan Founded: Population: 2000 census— () Density— per km² () Area: km² () Divisions: Highly urbanized cities—0 Component cities—0 Municipalities—10 Barangays— Congressional districts— Languages: Maguindanaoan Governor: (2004-2007) Shariff Kabunsuan is the newest province... Siquijor is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Sorsogon Region: Bicol Region (Region V) Capital: Sorsogon City Founded: — Population: 2000 census—650,535 (37th largest) Density—304 per km² (19th highest) Area: 2,141. ... South Cotabato is a province of the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao. ... Southern Leyte is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Sultan Kudarat Region: SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII) Capital: Isulan Founded: Population: 2000 census—586,505 (42nd largest) Density—124 per km² (21st highest) Area: 4,714. ... Sulu is an island province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). ... Surigao del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. ... Surigao del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Tarlac Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: Tarlac City Founded: 1872 Population: 2000 census—1,068,783 (23rd largest) Density—350 per km² (14th highest) Area: 3,053. ... Tawi-Tawi is an island province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Zambales Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: Iba Founded: 1578 Population: 2000 census—627,802 (39th largest) Density—169 per km² (49th highest) Area: 3,714. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Zamboanga del Norte Region: Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX) Capital: Dipolog City Founded: June 23, 1635 and June 6, 1952 Population: 2000 census—823,130 (27th largest) Density—124 per km² (27th highest) Area: 6,618. ... Zamboanga del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. ... Zamboanga del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. ... The Philippines is divided into: Regions of the Philippines Provinces of the Philippines Municipalities of the Philippines and Cities of the Philippines Barangays Each division at each level is a local government unit (LGU). ... The Philippines is divided into three island groups. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and their provinces (click for larger version). ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipyo, in Tagalog) is a local... A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. ... The Legislative districts of the Philippines are the representations of the Philippines provinces and cities in the Philippine Congress. ... A territorial dispute is a disagreement over the possession/control of land between two or more states, or over the possession/control of land by one state after it has conquered it from a former state no longer currently recognized by the occupying power. ... For other uses, see Sabah (disambiguation). ... The Scarborough Shoal, more correctly described as a group of islands, atolls, and reefs then a shoal, is located in the Luzon Sea (South China Sea). ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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Occidental Mindoro - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2051 words)
Occidental Mindoro (Filipino: Kanlurang Mindoro, “Western Mindoro”; Spanish: Mindoro Occidental) is a province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon.
Its capital is Mamburao and occupies the western half of the island of Mindoro; Oriental Mindoro is at the eastern half.
Occidental Mindoro is a cultural melting pot, populated mostly by recent immigrants.
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