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Encyclopedia > Obligation

An obligation can be legal or moral. There are also obligations in other normative contexts, such as obligations of etiquette, social obligations, and possibly the "obligation" to spell words correctly. Law (a loanword from Old Norse lagu), in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate, proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations, intended to provide methods for ensuring the impartial treatment of such people, and provide punishments of/for those who... ... Etiquette is the code that governs the expectations of social behavior, the conventional norm. ...


In terms of politics, obligations are requirements that are to fulfil. These are generally in the form of legal obligations, which incur a penalty for lack of fulfilment, although certain people are obliged to carry out certain actions for other reasons as well, which can be due to tradition or social reasons. Obligations vary from person to person, for example, a monarch will generally have far more obligations than an average adult citizen, who themselves will have more obligations than a child. Obligations are generally granted in return for an increase in an individual’s rights or power. Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Politics Look up Politics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Politics (disambiguation) Democracy History of democracy List of democracy and elections-related topics List of years in politics List of politics by country articles Progressivism Progressive Logic Political corruption Political economy Political movement...


Common legal obligations for citizens include the need to participate as a juror if called upon and pay taxes, which is granted in return for the right to participate in the electoral process and the financial and physical protection by the state. Another example is the obligation to participate in a census every ten years, which, like many legal obligations, often carries a heavy fine if not completed.


The obligations for heads of state such as politicians and monarchs are generally much more prolific. One example of this is the Queen’s numerous obligations in comparison to others. Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor), born 21 April 1926, is the Queen regnant of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Antigua and Barbuda...


The term obligate can also be used in a biological context to refer to species which must occupy a certain niche or behave in a certain way in order to survive. In biology, the opposite of obligate is facultative, meaning a species is able to behave in a certain way and may do so under certain circumstances, but that it can survive without having to preform this certain behavior. For example, species of salamanders in the family Proteidae are obligate paedomorphs, whereas species belonging to the Ambystomatidae are facultative paedomorphs. Genera Necturus Proteus The Mudpuppies or Waterdogs are a family of aquatic salamanders. ... Paedomorphosis is a biological term describing the retention of ancestral infantile or juvenile traits in an adult organism. ... Genera   Ambystoma   Rhyacosiredon Mole salamanders (family Ambystomatidae) are secretive salamanders which spend most of their adult life underground or under cover. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Obligation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (341 words)
Obligations are generally granted in return for an increase in an individual’s rights or power.
Common legal obligations for citizens include the need to participate as a juror if called upon and pay taxes, which is granted in return for the right to participate in the electoral process and the financial and physical protection by the state.
In biology, the opposite of obligate is facultative, meaning a species is able to behave in a certain way and may do so under certain circumstances, but that it can survive without having to preform this certain behavior.
OBLIGATION - LoveToKnow Article on OBLIGATION (722 words)
In English law obligation is used in at least four senses(I) any duty imposed by law; (2) the special duty created by a vinculum juris; (3) not the duty, but the evidence of the dutythat is to say, an instrument under seal, otherwise called a bond; (4) the operative part of a bond.
A perfect obligation is one which is directly enforceable by legal proceedings; an imperfect or moral obligation (the naturalis obliga~tio of Roman law) is one in which the vinculum juris is in some respects incomplete, so that it cannot be directly enforced, though it is not entirely destitute of legal effect.
The obligation, however, remains, though imperfect, for if there be a subsequent acknowledgment by the debtor, the debt revi~es, and the imperfect obligation becomes agsin perfect.
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