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Encyclopedia > Oberbergischer Kreis
Oberbergischer Kreis
Statistics
State: North Rhine-Westphalia
Capital: Gummersbach
Adm. Region: Cologne
Area: 918.53 km²
Inhabitants: 289,518 (2002)
pop. density: 315 inh./km²
Car identification: GM
Homepage: http://www.oberbergischer-kreis.de
Map
Map of North Rhine-Westphalia highlighting the district Oberbergischer Kreis

The Oberbergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Ennepe-Ruhr, Märkischer Kreis, Olpe, Altenkirchen, Rhein-Sieg, Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, and the district-free cities Remscheid and Wuppertal.

Contents

History

The area of the Bergisches Land did belong to the earldom Berg for most of the medieval times, which still give the district its name.


In 1816 after the whole Rhineland area did come to Prussia the districts of Waldbröl, Homburg, Gimborn Wipperfürth and Lennep were created on the area now covered by the district. In 1825 the districts Gimborn and Homburg were merged to the district Gummersbach. In 1932 it was merged with the district Waldbröl, and then for the first time called Oberbergischer Kreis. The restructure of the districts in 1969/75 did then create the district in its current size.


Geography

Geographically it covers the hills west of the Sauerland and north of the Westerwald, the so called Bergisches Land. In North Rhine-Westphalia it is the district with the most artificial lakes, the biggest one being the Wiehl lake in the southeast.


Coat of arms

Coat of arms The coat of arms is a combination of the heraldic signs of the territories the district belonged. The red-white bar in top comes from the earldom Mark. The lion in the symbol of the earldom Berg, and the Homburg castle (near Nümbrecht) was the seat of the Princes of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg.

Towns and municipalities

Towns Municipalities
  1. Bergneustadt
  2. Gummersbach
  3. Hückeswagen
  4. Radevormwald
  5. Waldbröl
  6. Wiehl
  7. Wipperfürth
  1. Engelskirchen
  2. Lindlar
  3. Marienheide
  4. Morsbach
  5. Nümbrecht
  6. Reichshof

External links


Rural and urban districts in North Rhine-Westphalia

Aachen (town) | Aachen (district) | Bielefeld | Bochum | Bonn | Borken | Bottrop | Cleves (Kleve) | Coesfeld | Cologne (Köln) | Dortmund | Duisburg | Düren | Düsseldorf | Ennepe-Ruhr | Essen | Euskirchen | Gelsenkirchen | Gütersloh | Hagen | Hamm | Heinsberg | Herford | Herne | Hochsauerland | Höxter | Krefeld | Leverkusen | Lippe | Märkischer Kreis | Mettmann | Minden-Lübbecke | Mönchengladbach | Mülheim | Münster | Neuss | Oberbergischer Kreis | Oberhausen | Olpe | Paderborn | Recklinghausen | Remscheid | Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis | Rhein-Erft-Kreis | Rhein-Sieg | Siegen-Wittgenstein | Soest | Solingen | Steinfurt | Unna | Viersen | Warendorf | Wesel | Wuppertal

edit  (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Germany_districts_north_rhine-westphalia&action=edit)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Oberbergischer Kreis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (403 words)
The Oberbergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Neighboring districts are Ennepe-Ruhr, Märkischer Kreis, Olpe, Altenkirchen, Rhein-Sieg, Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, and the urban districts Remscheid and Wuppertal.
The Oberbergischer Kreis covers the hills west of the Sauerland and north of the Westerwald.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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