FACTOID # 13: New York has America's lowest percentage of residents who are veterans.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Obento
Bento served at a restaurant

Bentō (弁当 or べんとう?) is a single-portion takeout or home-packed meal common in Japanese cuisine. A traditional bento consists of rice, fish or meat, and one or more pickled or cooked vegetables as a side dish. Containers range from disposable mass produced to hand crafted lacquerware. While bento are readily available at convenience stores and bento shops (弁当屋 bentō-ya?) throughout Japan, it is still considered an essential skill of a Japanese housewife to be able to prepare an appealing boxed lunch.[citation needed] A bento lunch served at Japanese restaurant This photo was taken in Nov 2004 in a Japanese restaurant in the US. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A bento lunch served at Japanese restaurant This photo was taken in Nov 2004 in a Japanese restaurant in the US. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... There are many views as to what defines Japanese cuisine, as the everyday food of the Japanese people has diversified immensely over the past century or so. ... For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... This article is about the food. ... For other uses, see Pickle. ... Cooking is the act of preparing food. ... For other uses, see Vegetable (disambiguation). ... A disposable product is a product designed for cheapness and short-term convenience rather than medium to long-term durability, with most products only intended for single use. ... Mass production is the production of large amounts of standardised products on production lines. ... In a general sense, lacquer is a paint or varnish that produces a hard, durable finish that can be polished to a very high gloss, and gives the illusion of depth. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Two homemakers. ...


Bento can be very elaborate, aesthetically pleasing cuisine arrangements. Often the food is arranged in such a way as to resemble other objects: dolls, flowers, leaves, and so forth. Cuisine (from French cuisine, cooking; culinary art; kitchen; ultimately from Latin coquere, to cook) is a specific set of cooking traditions and practices, often associated with a specific culture. ...

Contents

History

The origin of bento can be traced back to the late Kamakura Period (1185 to 1333), when cooked and dried rice called hoshi-ii ( or 干し飯, literally "dried meal") was developed. Hoshi-ii can be eaten as is, or can be boiled with water to make cooked rice, and is stored in a small bag. In the Azuchi-Momoyama Period (1568 to 1600), wooden lacquered boxes like today's were produced and bento would be eaten during a hanami or a tea party. The following text needs to be harmonized with text in the article History of Japan#Kamakura Period. ... Events April 25 - Genpei War - Naval battle of Dan-no-ura leads to Minamoto victory in Japan Templars settle in London and begin the building of New Temple Church End of the Heian Period and beginning of the Kamakura period in Japan. ... Events End of the Kamakura period and beginning of the Kemmu restoration in Japan. ... The Azuchi-Momoyama period (Japanese: 安土桃山時代, Azuchi-Momoyama-jidai) is a division of Japanese history running from approximately 1568 to 1600. ... Hanami parties along the Kamo River. ...

A typical 1000 Yen ekiben, purchased at Tokyo Station
Bento purchased on the Bullet train from Tokyo to Kyoto - in Daruma box

In the peaceful and prosperous time of the Edo Period (1603 to 1867), bento culture spread and became more refined. Travelers and sightseers would carry a simple koshibentō (腰弁当, "waist bento"), consisting of several onigiri wrapped with bamboo leaves or in a woven bamboo box. One of the most popular styles of bento, called makuno-uchi bentō ("between-act bento"), was first made during this period. People who came to see Noh and Kabuki ate specially prepared bento between maku (acts). Numerous cookbooks were published detailing how to cook, how to pack, and what to prepare for occasions like Hanami and Hinamatsuri. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 771 KB)A typical $10 (1000 Yen) Bento, bought from a bento store in Tokyo Terminal. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 771 KB)A typical $10 (1000 Yen) Bento, bought from a bento store in Tokyo Terminal. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Edo period ), also called Tokugawa period, is a division of Japanese history running from 1603 to 1868. ... Year 1603 (MDCIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Onigiri Onigiri (お握り) also known as Omusubi (おむすび) is a Japanese (short grain) rice ball snack most commonly formed into triangle or oval shapes and wrapped in seaweed (nori). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The oldest Kabuki theatre in Japan: the Minamiza in Kyoto The Kabukiza in Ginza is one of Tokyos leading kabuki theaters. ... Hanami parties along the Kamo River. ... Seven-tiered Hina doll set The Japanese Doll Festival ), or Girls Day, is held March 3, the third day of the third month. ...


In the Meiji Period (1868 to 1912), the first ekibentō or ekiben (駅弁当 or 駅弁, "train station bento") was sold. There are several records that claim where ekiben was first sold, but it is believed that it was sold on 16 July 1885, at the Utsunomiya train station, and contained two onigiri and a serving of takuan wrapped in bamboo leaves. As early schools did not provide lunch, students and teachers carried bento, as did many employees. A "European" style bento with sandwiches also went on sale during this period. The Meiji period ), or Meiji era, denotes the 45-year reign of Emperor Meiji, running, in the Gregorian calendar, from 23 October 1868 to 30 July 1912. ... Ekiben are a specific type of bento boxed meals, sold on trains and train stations in Japan. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Utsunomiya (Japanese: 宇都宮市; -shi) is a city located in Tochigi, Japan. ... Takuan (or takuan-zuke) is a traditional Japanese pickle made from daikon radish. ...


In the Taisho period (1912 to 1926), the aluminum bento box became a luxury item because of its ease of cleaning and its silver-like appearance. Also, a move to abolish the practice of bento in school became a social issue. Disparities in wealth spread during this period, following an export boom during World War I and subsequent crop failures in the Tohoku region. A bento too often reflected a student's wealth, and many wondered if this had an unfavorable influence on children both physically, from lack of adequate diet, and psychologically, from a clumsily made bento or the richness of food. After World War II, the practice of bringing bento to school gradually declined and was replaced by uniform food provided for all students and teachers. History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period ---Kofun period ---Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period ---Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period ---Japanese expansionism ---Occupied Japan ---Post-Occupation Japan Heisei The Taisho period (大正 Taishō, lit. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Bento regained its popularity in the 1980s, with the help of the microwave oven and the proliferation of convenience stores. In addition, the expensive wood and metal boxes have been replaced at most bento shops with inexpensive, disposable polystyrene boxes. However, even handmade bento have made a comeback, and they are once again a common, although not universal, sight at Japanese schools. The Bento is still used by workers as a packed lunch, by families on day trips, for school picnics and sports days etc. The Bento, made at home, is wrapped in a furoshiki cloth, which acts as both bag and table mat. The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... A convenience store is a small store or shop, generally accessible or local. ... For other uses, see Polystyrene (disambiguation). ... Furoshiki used to decorate a wine bottle. ...

Two typical home made Bentos (one open, one wrapped) - note the furoshki cloths

Bento is also popular in Taiwan. Biendang (便當) made its way to Taiwan in the first half of the 20th century from Japan, where it remains very popular to the present day. The term is a loan word from the Japanese word in Taiwanese Mandarin. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Taiwanese Mandarin (Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Tai2-wan1 Kuo2-yü3; also 台灣華語, Táiwān HuáyÇ”) is the dialect of Mandarin Chinese spoken on Taiwan. ...


In 2003, airports started offering an analogous version of the ekiben: bento filled with local cuisine, to be eaten while waiting for an airplane or during the flight. Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Shōkadō bentō

Japanese Lunchbox

(松花堂弁当) is a traditional black-lacquered Japanese bento box, a type of lunchbox. It inspired IBM's ThinkPad design.[1] Japanese Lunchbox File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Japanese Lunchbox File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Categories: Stub ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... IBM ThinkPad R51 ThinkPad is the brand name for a range of portable laptop and notebook computers originally designed and sold by IBM. Since early 2005 the ThinkPad range has been manufactured and marketed by Lenovo, which purchased the IBM PC division. ...


Types of bento

  • Chūka bentō (中華弁当) are filled with Chinese food. While Chinese do have cold plates, it is more for appetizers or midnight "snack". The food that is associated with chuka bento was invented in Japan.
  • Kamameshi bentō (釜飯弁当) are sold at train stations in the Nagano prefecture. A bento is packed in a clay pot and cooked. This clay pot is a souvenir item.
Hinomaru style rice in a Makunouchi bento
  • Makunouchi bentō (幕の内弁当) is a classic style of bento with rice, a pickled ume fruit (umeboshi), a slice of broiled salmon, a rolled egg, etc.
  • Noriben (海苔弁) is the simplest bento, with nori dipped in soy sauce covering cooked rice.
  • Sake bentō (鮭弁当) is a simple bento with a slice of broiled salmon (, saki) as the main dish.
  • Shidashi bentō (仕出し弁当) is made in a restaurant and delivered during lunch. This bento is often eaten at a gathering like a funeral or a party. It is usually packed with traditional Japanese foods like tempura, rice and pickled vegetables. A shidashi bento packed with European-style food is also available.
  • Sushizume (鮨詰め) literally means "packed sushi", and is a bento filled with sushi.
  • Tori bento (鳥弁当) consists of pieces of chicken cooked in sauce served over rice. It is a popular bento in Gunma prefecture.
  • Hinomaru bento (日の丸弁当) is the name for a bento consisting of plain white rice with an umeboshi in the centre. The name was taken from the Hinomaru, the Japanese flag, which has a white background with a red circle in the centre. Pure Hinomaru bento only consists of rice and umeboshi to flavor rice without any other side dishes. The metal bento boxes, once popular in Japan, were often corroded by the acid of umeboshi, eventually making a hole in the middle of the lid.

China has one of the richest culinary heritages on Earth. ... Nagano Prefecture (長野県; Nagano-ken) is located on Honshu island, Japan. ... Clay pot cooking is a technique of cooking food in an unglazed clay pot which has been soaked in water so as to release steam during the cooking process. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Makuuchi, or Makunouchi, is the top division in professional Sumo wrestling in Japan. ... Binomial name Prunus mume Siebold & Zucc. ... Umeboshi Umeboshi (Japanese: 梅干; literally dried ume) are pickled umes. ... For other uses, see Nori (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Restaurant (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Funeral (disambiguation). ... Tempura Tempura Ice Cream Tempura (Japanese: てんぷら or 天麩羅, tenpura) refers to classic Japanese deep fried batter-dipped seafood and vegetables. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Gunma redirects here. ... Umeboshi Umeboshi (Japanese: 梅干; literally dried ume) are pickled umes. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The national flag of Japan, (vexillological symbol: ) known as the Nisshohki (日章旗) or Hinomaru (日の丸 sun disc) in Japanese, is a base white flag with a large red disc (representing the sun) in the centre. ...

Other

  • Hokaben (ホカ弁) is any kind of bento bought at take-out bento shops. Freshly cooked hot (hokka hoka) rice is usually served with freshly prepared side dishes. The name was popularized after a pioneering take-out bento franchise in the field, Hokka Hokka Tei.
  • Hayaben (早弁), literally "early bento", is eating a bento before lunch, and having another lunch afterward.
  • Dokaben (ドカベン) is a baseball manga of which the title came from the protagonist, Taro Yamada's large bento box (dokaben).
  • Ekiben is a bento sold at railway stations (eki). There are many kinds of ekiben most are inexpensive and filling.

Hokka Hokka Tei is a bento take-out chain with over 2,000 franchises and company-owned branches throughout Japan. ... Dokaben ) is a baseball manga by Shinji Mizushima, serialized in Weekly Shonen Champion from April 24, 1972 to March 27, 1981. ... This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ...

See also

There are many views as to what defines Japanese cuisine, as the everyday food of the Japanese people has diversified immensely over the past century or so. ... For other uses, see Tiffin (disambiguation). ... Categories: Stub ...

References

  1. ^ Golden, Peter. "Big Blue's big adventure", Electronic Business, January 1, 1999. Retrieved on 2007-03-24. 

is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Bento (food)

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m