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Encyclopedia > Ob River

lauren rocks my world The river splits into more than one arm, especially after joining the large Irtysh tributary at about 69° E. Originating in China, the Irtysh is actually longer than the Ob from their sources to the point of their confluence. From the source of the Irtysh to the mouth of the Ob, the river flow is the longest in Russia at 5,410 km. Other noteworthy tributaries are: from the east, the Tom, Chulym, Ket, Tym and Vakh rivers; and, from the west and south, the Vasyugan, Irtysh (with the Ishim and Tobol rivers), and Sosva rivers. Irtysh (Russian:  ; Kazakh: Ertis / Эртiс ; Tatar: Ä°rteÅŸ / Иртеш ; Chinese: Erqisi / 额尔齐斯河) a river in Siberia, the chief tributary of the river Ob. ... Irtysh (Russian:  ; Kazakh: Ertis / Эртiс ; Tatar: Ä°rteÅŸ / Иртеш ; Chinese: Erqisi / 额尔齐斯河) a river in Siberia, the chief tributary of the river Ob. ... For the river Tom in the Amur basin see Tom River, Amur Oblast. ... The Chulym (Russian: Чулым) is a river in Krasnoyarsk Krai and Tomsk Oblast in Russia, a right tributary of the Ob River. ... Ket River, also known as the Big Ket River in its upper reaches (Кеть, Большая Кеть in Russian) is a river in the Krasnoyarsk Krai and Tomsk Oblast in Russia, a right tributary of the Ob River. ... Tym River (Russian: Тым) is a river in Krasnoyarsk Krai and Tomsk Oblast in Russia, right tributary of the Ob River. ... The Vakh River (Вах in Russian) is a river in Khantia-Mansia (Tyumen Oblast) in Russia. ... Vasyugan (Васюга́н), river in Russia, left tributary of the Ob River. ... Irtysh (Russian:  ; Kazakh: Ertis / Эртiс ; Tatar: Ä°rteÅŸ / Иртеш ; Chinese: Erqisi / 额尔齐斯河) a river in Siberia, the chief tributary of the river Ob. ... The Ishim River (Иши́м, another name is Esil River) is a river running through Kazakhstan and Russia. ... Tobol (Тобол in Russian) is a river in Kazakhstan and Kurgan and Tyumen Oblasts in Russia, left tributary of Irtysh. ... Sosva (Сосьва) is the name of several rivers in Russia: Sosva River is a river in Sverdlovsk Oblast. ...


The navigable waters within its basin reach a total length of 9300 mi. By means of the Turn, an affluent of the Tobol, it secures connection with the Ekaterinburg-Perm railway at Tyumen, and thus is linked to the Kama and Volga rivers in the heart of Russia. Its own length is 3700 km (2,260 mi), and the area of its basin 2,600,000 km² (1,125,200 mi²). Photograph of snow-covered Yekaterinburg Yekaterinburgs Church on the Blood, built on the spot where the Tsar and his family were murdered. ... Location Position of Perm in Russia Government Country Federal district Federal subject Russia Volga Federal District Perm Krai Mayor Igor Nikolayevich Shubin Geographical characteristics Area  - City    - Land    - Water 799. ... Tymen in the 1680s Tyumen (Тюме́нь) is a city in Russia, administrative center of Tyumen Oblast in the Urals Federal District . ... Kama (Russian: ; Tatar: Çulman) is a river in Russia, the longest left tributary of the Volga. ... “Volga” redirects here. ...


The combined Ob-Irtysh system, the third-longest river system of Asia (after China's Yangtze and Yellow rivers), is 5,410 km (3,362 mi) long. The largest river port is on the Irtysh in Omsk, with a link to the Trans-Siberian Railway. For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), or Drichu in Tibetan (Tibetan: འབ; Wylie: bri chu) is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world, after the Nile in Africa, and the Amazon in South America. ... For other Yellow Rivers, see Yellow River (disambiguation). ... Irtysh (Иртыш ; Kazakh: Ertis / Эртiс ; Tatar: Ä°rteÅŸ / Иртеш ; Chinese: Erqisi / 额尔齐斯河) a river in Central Asia, the chief tributary of the river Ob. ... Omsk (Russian: ) is a city in southwest Siberia in Russia, the administrative center of Omsk Oblast. ... For the Fabergé egg, see Trans-Siberian Railway (Fabergé egg). ...


In the late 19th century, a system of canals, utilizing the Ket River, 560 mi long in all, was built to connect the Ob with the Yenisei, but soon abandoned as being uncompetitive with the railway. Ob-Yenisei canal connects the Ket River, a tributary of the Ob River with the Great Kaz River, a tributary of the Yenisei River. ... Ket River, also known as the Big Ket River in its upper reaches (Кеть, Большая Кеть in Russian) is a river in the Krasnoyarsk Krai and Tomsk Oblast in Russia, a right tributary of the Ob River. ... The Yenisei (Енисе́й) is the greatest river system flowing to the Arctic Ocean, and the fifth longest river in the world. ...


The river basin of the Ob consists mostly of steppe, taiga, swamps, tundra, and semi-desert topography. The floodplains of the Ob are characterized by many tributaries and lakes.


The Ob is ice-bound at southern Barnaul from early in November to near the end of April, and at northern Salekhard, 100 miles above its mouth, from the end of October to the beginning of June. Its middle reaches have been navigated by steamboats since 1845. Barnaul sign near the Ob River Barnaul (Russian Барнау́л, pop. ... Salekhard Coat of Arms Salekhard (Russian: ) is a town in and the administrative center of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia. ...

The Ob River in Barnaul.
The Ob River in Barnaul.

A dam was built near Novosibirsk in 1956, which created the largest artificial lake in Siberia, called Novosibirsk Reservoir. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Location of Novosibirsk in Russia and the Oblast Coordinates: Oblast Novosibirsk  - Mayor Vladimir Gorodetskiy Area    - City 447. ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... View of the Ob Sea Novosibirsk Reservoir or Novosibirskoye Reservoir (Russian: ), informally called the Ob Sea (), is the largest artificial lake in Novosibirsk Oblast and Altai Krai created by a dam on the Ob River near Novosibirsk. ...


The Ob is used mostly for irrigation, drinking water, hydroelectric energy, and fishing; the river has more than 50 species of fish.


Cities along the river include:

See also: Rivers of Russia Barnaul sign near the Ob River Barnaul (Russian Барнау́л, pop. ... Location of Novosibirsk in Russia and the Oblast Coordinates: Oblast Novosibirsk  - Mayor Vladimir Gorodetskiy Area    - City 447. ... Kolpashevo (Колпа́шево) is a town in Tomsk Oblast, Russia. ... Nizhnevartovsk (Russian: ) is a city in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia. ... Railway station in Surgut. ... Salekhard Coat of Arms Salekhard (Russian: ) is a town in and the administrative center of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia. ... Notable rivers of Russia in Europe are the Volga, Don, Kama, Oka and the Northern Dvina, while several other rivers originate in Russia but flow into other countries, such as the Dniepr and the Western Dvina. ...


References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Ob River
  • Information and a map of the Ob's watershed
  • River Basin Report: Ob River

 
 

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