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Encyclopedia > Oaxaca, Oaxaca
Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

State Party Flag of Mexico Mexico
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iii, iv
Reference 415
Region Latin America and the Caribbean
Inscription History
Inscription 1987  (11th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

The city of Oaxaca (formally: Oaxaca de Juárez, in honor of 19th-century president and national hero Benito Juárez, who was born nearby) is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of the same name. It is located in the Valley of Oaxaca in the Sierra Madre del Sur Mountains, at 17°05′N 96°45′W / 17.083, -96.75Coordinates: 17°05′N 96°45′W / 17.083, -96.75 near the geographic center of the state, and at an altitude of about 1550 m (5000 feet). The important Monte Albán archaeological site is close to the city. As of the 2005 census, the official population of the city was 258,008 people. Including its surrounding municipality, the total rises to 265,033. However, the Oaxaca metropolitan area, which includes seventeen different municipalities, had a population of 500,970 inhabitants. Oaxaca municipality has an area of 85.48 km² (33 sq mi). Monte Albán is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site in the southern Mexican state of Oaxaca. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File linksMetadata 12-05oaxaca098. ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Between the time of Emperor Agustín de Iturbides abdication (March 19, 1823) and Guadalupe Victorias assumption of the office of President (October 10, 1824), there was a brief period when the executive power of the government was held by a committee. ... For other uses, see Benito Juárez (disambiguation). ... Oaxaca is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... Looking southwest over the site of Monte Alban. ... Sierra Madre del Sur The Sierra Madre del Sur is a mountain range in southern Mexico, extending 1000 km from southern Michoacán east through Guerrero, to the Istmo de Tehuantepec in eastern Oaxaca. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... In a Euclidian space the geographic center, or mean center, is the calculated mean of coordinate values. ... Monte Albán is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site in the southern Mexican state of Oaxaca. ... An archaeological site is a place (or group of physical sites) in which evidence of past activity is preserved (either prehistoric or historic or contemporary), and which has been investigated using the discipline of archaeology. ... Municipal Palace of Veracruz Municipalities (municipios in Spanish) are the second-level administrative division in Mexico (where the first-level administrative division is the estado, or state). ... Map showing the location of the Metropolitan Areas in Mexico. ...

Contents

History

There had been Zapotec and Mixtec settlements in the general area of the modern city of Oaxaca for thousands of years, in connection with the important ancient centres of Monte Albán and Mitla. The colonial city, however, dates from 1532, when Spanish settlers who had followed Hernán Cortés' conquistadores successfully petitioned the Queen of Spain for a grant of land. They had already founded a city in the neighbourhood, under the name of Antequera, on the basis of a charter from King Carlos V of Spain, but Cortés had successfully sought to have the entire Valle de Oaxaca declared as part of his personal marquisate, and to have the settlers removed. The Queen's charter, however, secured the townspeople's rights. Extent of the Zapotec civilization The Zapotec civilization was an indigenous pre-Columbian civilization that flourished in the Valley of Oaxaca of southern Mesoamerica. ... Jade mask found in Tomb 7, Monte Alban, c. ... Mitla is a town in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, famous for its pre-Columbian Mesoamerican buildings. ... Events May 16 - Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England. ... Hernán(do) Cortés Pizarro, 1st Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca (1485–December 2, 1547) was the conquistador who became famous for leading the military expedition that initiated the Spanish Conquest of Mexico. ... Charles (February 24, 1500 – September 21, 1558) was Holy Roman Emperor (as Charles V) from 1519-1558; he was also King of Spain from 1516_1556, officially as Charles I of Spain, although often referred to as Charles V (Carlos Quinto or Carlos V) in Spain and Latin America. ...

The historic centre of the city is laid out in typical Spanish colonial style, with a rectangular grid of streets surrounding a central square, the zócalo. Most of the important buildings are within this central area. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (845x634, 552 KB) Summary Photo taken by Bobak HaEri. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (845x634, 552 KB) Summary Photo taken by Bobak HaEri. ... , Santo Domingo The Church and former monastery of Santo Domingo de Guzmán is the most important of the numerous baroque ecclesiastical buildings in Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico. ... The Zócalo, Mexico City Catedral Metropolitana Zócalo is a Mexican Spanish term for a town square or town center where social and business transactions take place. ...


The 2006 Oaxaca protests constituted a major social action by teachers from May to late 2006. Several teachers and their supporters were shot dead, including Indymedia journalist Bradley Roland Will on October 27, 2006[1] and Roberto López Hernández and Jorge Alberto Beltrán on October 29, 2006 when over 10,000 federal police and army intervened.[2] [3] The Mexican state of Oaxaca is currently embroiled in a conflict that has lasted more than seven months and has resulted in at least 17 deaths and in the occupation of the capital city of Oaxaca by police. ... The Independent Media Center, also called Indymedia or the IMC, is a loose network of amateur or alternative media organizations and journalists who organize into decentralized collectives, normally around geographic locations. ... Brad Will in Oaxaca two days before his death William Bradley Roland, (according to Reporters Without Borders: Bradley Roland Wheyler)[1] informally known as Brad Will, was a journalist in Indymedia New York City who was shot dead by gunmen [2] on October 27, 2006 during the teachers strike in... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On July 16th, 2007 protestors from APPO clashed with the police who used teargas to disperse the crowd resulting in scores injured. The APPO would like to be a socialist group but internal conflict prevents this.[citation needed]


Demographics

As of the census of 2005, there were 258,008 people living in the city of Oaxaca, 265,033 in the municipality, and 500,970 in the metropolitan area.


Oaxaca is the state with the highest indigenous population in Mexico at about 60-70% of the total population. There are also many immigrants from Central America, especially Guatemala and El Salvador, most of whom are illegal immigrants who were destined to the United States but decided to stay in Mexico.


Important buildings

Earthquakes damaged or destroyed many of the earliest buildings in the city, so most of those that currently exist date from no earlier than the beginning of the 18th century. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...

  • Churches and religious buildings
    • Catedral de Oaxaca, also referred to as The Cathedral of the Virgin of the Assumption, replacing an earlier building and completed in 1733, which contains chapels of Santa Cruz de Huatalco (1612) and Los Beatos.
    • Church and former convent of Santo Domingo de Guzmán
    • Church of San Augustín, completed in the summer of 1722.
    • Church and former monastery of St John of God (Templo y Exconvento de San Juan de Dios), Oaxaca's oldest church still standing, completed in 1703.
    • Church of San Felipe Neri
    • Former convent (Ex convento) of San Catalina (now the Hotel Camino Real, but open for viewing)
    • Basílica de Nuestra Señora de la Soledad, which contains a statue of the Virgin of Solitude, crowned with a 2 kg solid gold crown studded with diamonds – though this was the subject of a theft recently.
  • Government buildings
    • Governor's palace (Palacio de Gobierno), dating from 1884 though on the site of several earlier buildings serving the same purpose.
  • Museums and the arts
    • Centro Cultural de Santo Domingo, occupying the former monastery buildings attached to Santo Domingo church, and beautifully restored in the 1990s to serve as a museum of Oaxacan life from pre-Columban days to the present. Some important artefacts from Monte Albán are displayed here.
    • Museum of Contemporary Art (Museo de Arte Contemporaneo de Oaxaca, MACO), housed in the so-called Casa de Cortés. This is a beautiful colonial building, though as it dates from after the death of Hernán Cortés, it can never actually have served as his house.
    • Rufino Tamayo museum (Museo Arte Prehispánico de Rufino Tamayo) or Museo Rufino Tamayo, with an important collection of pre-Columban art, arranged in an unusual aesthetic and thematic manner
    • Museo de la Soledad, next to the Church of the Soledad.
    • Instituto de Artes Gráficos de Oaxaca
    • Casa de Juárez, a museum devoted to the life of Benito Juárez
    • Photography Museum, the Centro de Fotografía Álvarez Bravo
    • Stamp Museum, the Museo Philatélica de Oaxaca
    • Railway Museum of Southern Mexico, in the former mainline railway station
    • Teatro Macedonio Alcalá, which as well as being a working theatre houses a collection of romantic art.
    • Planetarium, on the Cerro del Fortín
  • Commercial buildings
    • Juárez market
Jardín Etnobotánico
Jardín Etnobotánico
    • 20 de Noviembre market
    • Crafts market (Mercado de Artesanías)
    • Mercado de Abastos
    • Los Arquitos (former aqueduct)
  • Parks and gardens
    • The Zócalo
    • Alameda de Léon, diagonally adjacent to the Zócalo and in front of the cathedral
    • Ethnobotanical garden, surrounding the former monastery of Santo Domingo
    • Parque Benito Juárez (known as
    • Cerro de Fortín, overlooking the highway that enters the city from Mexico City, and bearing in stone letters Benito Juárez's slogan, "El respeto al derecho ajeno es la paz" (Respect for others' rights is peace)
    • Parque Comunal de San Felipe, bordering the city and accessed via the suburb of San Felipe del Agua, and including the 3250-metre Cerro La Peña

Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... Events January 20 - Mathias becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... , Santo Domingo The Church and former monastery of Santo Domingo de Guzmán is the most important of the numerous baroque ecclesiastical buildings in Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico. ... // Events Abraham De Moivre states De Moivres theorem connecting trigonometric functions and complex numbers Publication of the first book of Bachs Well-Tempered Clavier Fall of Persias Safavid dynasty during a bloody revolt of the Afghani people. ... Events February 2 - Earthquake in Aquila, Italy February 4 - In Japan, the 47 samurai commit seppuku (ritual suicide) February 14 - Earthquake in Norcia, Italy April 21 - Company of Quenching of Fire (ie. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Museo Rufino Tamayo is an art museum in the city of Oaxaca, Oaxaca in south west Mexico. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1712x2288, 905 KB) Summary Jardín Etnobotánico (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) (by: a1437053) Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1712x2288, 905 KB) Summary Jardín Etnobotánico (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) (by: a1437053) Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Zócalo, Mexico City Catedral Metropolitana Zócalo is a Mexican Spanish term for a town square or town center where social and business transactions take place. ...

Nickname

"Verde Antequera"


Famous Oaxacans

Important people associated with Oaxaca include

For other uses, see Benito Juárez (disambiguation). ... José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mory (15 September 1830 – 2 July 1915), Mexican war volunteer and French intervention hero; later President. ... José Vasconcelos (Oaxaca, Oaxaca, 1882 – Mexico City, 1959) was a Mexican writer, thinker and politician. ... Ricardo Flores Magón (September 16, 1874 – November 21, 1922) was born on Mexican Independence Day, in San Antonio Eloxochitlán, Oaxaca, Mexico. ... Rodolfo Morales Rodolfo Morales (May 8, 1925 - January 30, 2001) was a Mexican surrealist painter. ... Rufino Tamayo holding a guitar in a photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, 1945. ... Francisco Toledo (b. ... Lila Downs Lila Downs (born 1968 in Tlaxiaco, Oaxaca, Mexico) is a Mexican singer. ... Vinicio Castilla Soria, commonly known as Vinny Cashsteala [cass-TEE-yah] (born July 4, 1967 in Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico), is a Major League Baseball third baseman who was traded to the San Diego Padres between the 2005 and 2006 seasons. ... Carlos Castaneda (December 25, 1925/31? – April 27, 1998) was a Peruvian- or Brazilian-born American author. ... Macedonio Alcalá Prieto Macedonio Alcalá Prieto (September 12, 1831, Oaxaca, Oaxaca—August 24, 1869, Oaxaca, Oaxaca) was a Mexican violinist, pianist and songwriter remembered today especially for his waltz, Dios nunca muere (God Never Dies). ... María Sabina García (1888 - November 23, 1985) was a Mazatec medicine woman who lived her whole life in a modest dwelling in the Sierra Mazateca of southern Mexico. ...

Education

A significant barrier for the indigenous population, a large proportion of the Oaxacan populous, is language with regards to participating in the Spanish-speaking educational system as well a society as a whole. In an effort to reduce the educational gap between indigenous population and the Latino population is Oaxaca Streetchildren Grassroots (OSCGR) [1]. OSCGR works with indigenous children and their families in efforts ranging from the provision of basic health care and nutrition to the operation of a kindergarten and other educational services at their Center in Oaxaca City. The goal is to provide participating children access to public education and provide the tools for an increased standard of living in the future. The program is supported via donations from sponsors who support individual children.


In terms of institutions of higher education Oaxaca has several universities. Oaxaca is the site of the Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca, which has buildings throughout the city centre. Additionally, the Universidad de Mesoamérica has locations in the city.


Transportation

Oaxaca-Xoxocotlan airport (IATA code OAX) is approximately 10 km south of the city centre. Most flights are to Mexico City for onward connection, but there are also flights to Huatulco, Cancún, Tuxtla Gutierrez and Tijuana. Continental Airlines flights between Oaxaca and Houston have also been initiated. The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organization of airlines headquarted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Mexico City (in Spanish: Ciudad de México, México, D.F. or simply México) is the capital city of Mexico. ... Huatulco, Mexico (Cacaluta Bay). ... Giant Mexican flag in the Hotel Zone Cancún (pronounced as IPA: ) is a coastal city in Mexicos easternmost state, Quintana Roo, on the Yucatán Peninsula. ... Tijuana (Spanish [], English usually []), is the largest city in the Mexican state of Baja California and the seat of the municipality of Tijuana. ... Continental Airlines (NYSE: CAL) is a U.S. certificated air carrier. ... Houston redirects here. ...


The city has separate first class and second class bus stations, offering services to most places within the state of Oaxaca, including the coastal resorts of Huatulco, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Ángel and Pinotepa Nacional, and also long-distance services to Puebla and Mexico City and other Mexican locations such as Veracruz. There are several bus lines which run in Oaxaca. The largest is TUSUG, a type of "cooperative" company. All of the drivers own their own buses and are aided by other drivers in purchasing new buses. Autobus redirects here. ... Puerto Escondido (literally: Hidden Port) is a port city in the Mexican state of Oaxaca. ... The Mexican state of Puebla is located in the center of the country, to the east of Mexico City. ... Veracruz from space, July 1997 The city of Veracruz is a major port city and municipality on the Gulf of Mexico in the Mexican state of Veracruz. ...


The major highways serving Oaxaca are Federal Highways 175 and 131, southwards to the Oaxacan coastal resorts; National Highways 190 and 125, southwest to Pinotepa Nacional, Guerrero; National Highways 190 and 130, to Mexico City; the autopista 150D/131D, offering a more rapid route to Mexico City; and National Highway 175 north to Veracruz, Veracruz. Toll roads are named after the parallel free road, with the letter D added; for example, Mexican Federal Highway 1D parallels Mexican Federal Highway 1. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...


Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Official Press Release on Brad Will Murder From Ad-Hoc Media Group", Indymedia New York City, October 28, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-10-29. 
  2. ^ "APPO Reports Two Dead in Confrontations with Federal Police in Oaxaca", Indymedia New York City, October 30, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-10-30. 
  3. ^ "Violence flares in Oaxaca, Indymedia reporter murdered", Indymedia United Kollectives, 30 October 2006. Retrieved on 2006-10-30. 
  • Oaxaca Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

The Independent Media Center, also called Indymedia or the IMC, is a loose network of amateur or alternative media organizations and journalists who organize into decentralized collectives, normally around geographic locations. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Independent Media Center, also called Indymedia or the IMC, is a loose network of amateur or alternative media organizations and journalists who organize into decentralized collectives, normally around geographic locations. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Independent Media Center, also called Indymedia or the IMC, is a loose network of amateur or alternative media organizations and journalists who organize into decentralized collectives, normally around geographic locations. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

A very active Yahoo Community regarding Oaxaca City can be located at -- http://www.OaxacaCity.net


The Group has 375+ members and includes many expats living in Oaxaca City. The Group called, "Oaxaca City -- Streets and Shops," has several photo albums and is also linked to a sister site with additional photos.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Oaxaca - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (609 words)
Oaxaca borders the states of Guerrero to the west, Puebla to the northwest, Veracruz to the north, and Chiapas to the east.
Oaxaca is also known for producing mezcal, similar to tequila and sometimes with the worm inside the bottle.
Oaxaca is also known for at least two plants which are native to this particular area of the world, both used in Shamanism: Psilocybe mushrooms (of which at least once species originates from here), and Salvia divinorum which has been said to be what is used when said mushrooms are not in season.
Oaxaca, Oaxaca - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1311 words)
Oaxaca is the name of both a state in Mexico and that state's capital city.
The city of Oaxaca, Oaxaca (formally: Oaxaca de Juárez, in honor of 19th-century president and national hero Benito Juárez, who was born nearby) is the capital and main city of the Mexican state of the same name.
Oaxaca is the site of the Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca, which has buildings throughout the city centre.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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