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Encyclopedia > Oakland, California
City of Oakland
Nickname: see "Nicknames" below
Location in Alameda County and the state of California
Location in Alameda County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°48′43″N 122°15′41″W / 37.81194, -122.26139
Country United States
State California
County Alameda
Government
 - Mayor Ron Dellums
Area
 - City 78.2 sq mi (202.4 km²)
 - Land 56.1 sq mi (145.2 km²)
 - Water 22.1 sq mi (57.2 km²)
Elevation ft (1 m)
Population (2006)[1]
 - City 415,492
 - Density 7,126.1/sq mi (2,751.4/km²)
 - Metro over 7 million
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
Area code(s) 510
FIPS code 06-53000
GNIS feature ID 0277566
Website: http://www.oaklandnet.com

Oakland (IPA: /ˈoʊklənd/), founded in 1852, is the eighth-largest city in the U.S. state of California[1] and the county seat of Alameda County. Oakland is located in Northern California in the San Francisco Bay Area, the sixth-most-populous metropolitan area in the United States. Based on 2006 statistical data, Oakland is the 44th-largest city in the United States. Oakland may refer to: Oakland, California places in Canada Oakland, British Columbia Oakland, Brant County, Ontario Oakland, Essex County, Ontario Oakland, Manitoba Oakland, Nova Scotia places in the United States Oakland, Alabama Oakland, California Oakland, Florida Oakland, Maine Oakland, Maryland Oakland, Michigan Oakland, Missouri Oakland, Nebraska Oakland, New Jersey Oakland... Image File history File links Oakland_California_skyline. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Official website: http://www. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The U.S. state of California is divided into 58 counties. ... Official website: http://www. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Ronald Vernie Dellums (born November 24, 1935), U.S. Democratic Party politician, was a U.S. Representative from California from 1971 until 1999. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... PST is UTC-8 The Pacific Standard Time Zone (PST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) resulting in UTC-8. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... PDT is UTC-7 The Pacific Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-8). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Map of California area codes in blue (and border states) with 510 in red North American area code 510 is a California telephone area code which covers eastern Bay Area cities such as Hayward, Castro Valley, San Leandro, San Lorenzo, Alameda, Berkeley, Oakland, Piedmont, Richmond, San Pablo, Union City, and... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. state. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Official website: http://www. ... Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines micropolitan and metropolitan statistical areas. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Oakland is a major West Coast port, and is home to several Fortune 500 companies including Kaiser Permanente and Clorox, as well as corporate headquarters for national retailers like Dreyer's and Cost Plus World Markets.[2] Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... Kaiser Permanente is an integrated managed care organization, based in Oakland, California, founded in 1945 by industrialist Henry J. Kaiser and physician Sidney R. Garfield. ... Clorox headquarters The Clorox Company (NYSE: CLX) is a manufacturer of various food and chemical products based in Oakland, California, which is best known for its bleach product, Clorox. ... Not to be confused with Breyers. ... Cost Plus headquarters in Oakland Cost Plus, Inc. ...


Rand McNally named Oakland as having the best weather in the United States. According to the 2000 U.S. census, Oakland and Long Beach, California are the most ethnically diverse cities in the United States, with over 150 languages spoken in Oakland.[3] Attractions include Jack London Square, the Oakland Museum of California, the Chabot Space and Science Center, Lake Merritt and Chinatown. Rand McNally & Company is the preeminent American publisher of maps, atlases, and globes for travel, reference, commercial, and educational uses. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles County Government  - Mayor Bob Foster Area  - City  65. ... Reconstruction of Jack Londons Alaskan Hut in Jack London Square Jack London Square is a popular tourist attraction on the waterfront of Oakland, California. ... Oakland Museum of California or Oakland Museum is a museum dedicated to the art, history, and natural science of California located in Oakland, California. ... View of the entrance of the Chabot Space and Science Center. ... Lake Merritt is a large tidal lagoon that lies just east of downtown Oakland, California. ... Legendary Palace restaurant at the corner of Franklin and 7th st in Oakland. ...

Contents

History

Depiction of Oakland in 1900.
Depiction of Oakland in 1900.

The earliest recorded inhabitants were the Huchiun tribe,[4] belonging to a linguistic grouping later called the Ohlone (a Miwok word meaning "western people"). In Oakland, they were heavily concentrated around Lake Merritt and Temescal Creek, a stream which enters the San Francisco Bay at Emeryville. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For the college of the same name, see Ohlone College. ... Miwok (also spelled Miwuk, Mi-Wuk, or Me-Wuk) can refer to any one of four linguistically-related groups of Native Americans, who lived in what is now Northern California, who spoke one of the Miwokan languages in the Utian family. ... Lake Merritt is a large tidal lagoon that lies just east of downtown Oakland, California. ... Temescal Creek is one of the principal watercourses in Oakland, California. ... Butchers Creek, Omeo, Victoria A stream, brook, beck, burn or creek, is a body of water with a detectable current, confined within a bed and banks. ... Emeryville is a small city located in Alameda County, California. ...


Oakland, along with the rest of California, was claimed for the Spanish king by explorers from New Spain in 1772. In the early 19th century, the area which later became Oakland (along with most of the East Bay), was granted to Luís María Peralta by the Spanish royal government for his Rancho San Antonio. The grant was confirmed by the successor Mexican republic upon its independence from Spain. The area of the ranch that is today occupied by the downtown and extending over into the adjacent part of Alameda (originally not an island, but a peninsula), included a woodland of oak trees. This area was called encinal by the Peraltas, a Spanish word which means "oak grove", the origin of the later city's name. Upon his death in 1842, Peralta divided his land among his four sons. Most of Oakland fell within the shares given to Antonio Maria and Vicente. They would open the land to settlement by American settlers, loggers, European whalers, and fur-traders. map of New Spain in red, with territories claimed but not controlled in orange. ... A satellite image of the East Bay The East Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States and is comprised of Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. ... Don Luís María Peralta (b. ... Rancho San Antonio, also known as the Peralta Grant, was a 44,800-acre land grant by Governor Pablo Vicente de Solá, the last Spanish governor of California, to Don Luís María Peralta, a Spanish Army officer, in recognition of his forty years of service, on August 3... Nickname: Location in the state of California and Alameda County Coordinates: , Country State County Alameda Government  - Mayor Beverly Johnson (D) Area  - Total 23. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ...


Full-scale settlement and development occurred following California being conquered by the United States during the Mexican-American War, and the California Gold Rush in 1848. The original settlement in what is now the downtown was initially called "Contra Costa" and was included in Contra Costa County before Alameda County was established on March 25, 1853. The California state legislature incorporated the town of Oakland on May 4, 1852. Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 AWOL: 9,200+ 25,000... The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began shortly after January 24, 1848 (when gold was discovered at Sutters Mill in Coloma). ... Contra Costa County is a suburban county in Californias San Francisco Bay Area. ...


The town and its environs quickly grew with the railroads, becoming a major rail terminus in the late 1860s and 1870s. In 1868, the Central Pacific constructed the Oakland Long Wharf at Oakland Point, the site of today's Port of Oakland. The Long Wharf served as both the terminus of the Transcontinental Railroad as well as the local commuter trains of the Central (later, Southern) Pacific. The Central Pacific also established one of its largest rail yards and servicing facilities in West Oakland which continued to be a major local employer under the Southern Pacific well into the 20th century. The principal depot of the Southern Pacific in Oakland was the 16th Street Station located at 16th and Wood which is currently (2006–7) being partially restored as part of a redevelopment project.[5] External link Central Pacific Railroad Photographic History Museum Categories: Corporation stubs | Historical stubs | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | California railroads | Nevada railroads | Utah railroads | Historic civil engineering landmarks ... The Oakland Long Wharf was a massive railroad wharf and ferry pier (mole) in Oakland, California. ... The Port of Oakland was the first major port on the Pacific Coast of the United States to build terminals for container ships. ... A Transcontinental Railroad is a railway that crosses a continent typically from sea to sea. Terminals are at or connected to different oceans. ... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark SP) was an American railroad. ... Old Oakland SP depot seen from I-880. ... Urban Renewal redirects here. ...


A number of horsecar and cable car lines were constructed in Oakland in the latter half of the 1800s. The first electric streetcar set out from Oakland to Berkeley in 1891, and other lines were converted and added over the course of the 1890s. The various streetcar companies operating in Oakland were acquired by Francis "Borax" Smith and consolidated into what eventually became known as the Key System, the predecessor of today's publicly owned AC Transit. In addition to its system of streetcars in the East Bay, the Key System also operated commuter trains to its own pier and ferry boats to San Francisco, in competition with the Southern Pacific. Upon completion of the Bay Bridge, both companies ran their commuter trains on the south side of the lower deck direct to San Francisco. The Key System in its earliest years was actually in part a real estate venture, with the transit part serving to help open up new tracts for buyers. The Key's investors (incorporated as the "Realty Syndicate") also established two large hotels in Oakland, one of which survives as the Claremont Resort. The other, which burned down in the early 1930s, was the Key Route Inn, located at what is now West Grand and Broadway. From 1904 to 1929, the Realty Syndicate also operated a major amusement park in north Oakland called Idora Park. Rapid Transit in San Diego: An original 1886 horse-drawn trolley and its driver participate in a parade celebrating the groundbreaking of the Panama-California Exposition Center in 1911. ... Cable Car in San Francisco A San Francisco cable car Winding drums on the London and Blackwall cable-operated railway, 1840. ... a historic postcard showing electric trolley-powered streetcars in Richmond, Virginia, where Frank J. Sprague successfully demonstrated his new system on the hills in 1888 A streetcar is a railway vehicle designed to carry passengers on tracks, usually laid in city streets. ... Francis Marion Smith Francis Marion Smith (aka Borax Smith and the Borax King) (February 2, 1846 - August 27, 1931) was an American business magnate and civic builder of Oakland, California. ... The Key System (or Key Route) was a company that provided mass transit in the cities of Oakland, Berkeley, Emeryville, Piedmont, San Leandro, Richmond, Albany and El Cerrito in the eastern San Francisco Bay Area from the 1900s until 1960 when the system was sold to a newly formed public... AC Transit (in full, Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District) is a regional bus agency serving parts of Alameda County and Contra Costa County in the western coastal area of the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge ( ; known locally as the Bay Bridge) is a toll bridge which spans San Francisco Bay and links the California cities of Oakland and San Francisco in the United States, as part of Interstate 80. ... The Claremont Resort & Spa is an historic hotel that straddles the border between Berkeley, California and Oakland. ... Idora Park was a victorian era trolley park in North Oakland, California from the 1890s until the late 1920s. ...


The original extent of Oakland upon its incorporation lay south of today's major intersection of San Pablo Avenue, Broadway and 14th Street. The city gradually annexed farmlands and settlements to the east and north. Oakland's rise to industrial prominence and its subsequent need for a seaport led to the digging of a shipping and tidal channel in 1902, creating the "island" of nearby town Alameda. In 1906, its population doubled with refugees made homeless after the San Francisco earthquake and fire who had fled to Oakland. In 1915, a Chevrolet plant was opened at the southern border of Oakland. By 1920, Oakland was the home of numerous manufacturing industries, including metals, canneries, bakeries, automobiles, and shipbuilding. Nickname: Location in the state of California and Alameda County Coordinates: , Country State County Alameda Government  - Mayor Beverly Johnson (D) Area  - Total 23. ... San Francisco Earthquake redirects here. ... Chevrolet (IPA: - French origin) (colloquially Chevy) is a brand of automobile, produced by General Motors (GM). ...


1920s

The 1920s were economic boom years in the United States as a whole, and in California especially. Economic growth was fueled by the general post-war recovery, as well as oil discoveries in Los Angeles, and the widespread introduction of the automobile. Oakland grew significantly in the 1920s. According to the Oakland Tribune yearbook for 1925, more houses were built from 1921 to 1924 than in the period 1907 to 1920.[6] Many of the single-family houses still standing in Oakland were built in the 1920s. Many large office buildings downtown were built in the 1920s, and reflect the architectural styles of the time.


World War II

During World War II, the East Bay Area was home to many war-related industries. Among these were the Kaiser Shipyards in nearby Richmond whose medical system for shipyard workers became the basis for the giant Kaiser Permanente HMO, which has a large medical center at MacArthur and Broadway, the first to be established by Kaiser. Oakland's Moore Dry Dock Company expanded its shipbuilding capabilities and built over 100 ships. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Kaiser Shipyards were seven major shipbuilding yards located on the West Coast of the United States during World War II headed by Henry J. Kaiser. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Contra Costa Government  - Mayor Gayle McLaughlin (G) Area  - City  52. ... Kaiser Permanente is an integrated managed care organization, based in Oakland, California, founded in 1945 by industrialist Henry J. Kaiser and physician Sidney R. Garfield. ... Moore Dry Dock Company was a ship repair and shipbuilding company in Oakland, California. ...


The war attracted large numbers of laborers from around the country to Oakland, many of whom were African Americans from the western South (Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Arkansas), who enjoyed great prosperity during the war years. but still had to confront Jim Crow racial discrimination.[7] Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Gay bashing Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial...


Post-WWII (1940s and 1950s)

View of Lake Merritt looking toward the Alameda County Courthouse.
View of Lake Merritt looking toward the Alameda County Courthouse.

Soon after the war, the shipbuilding and automobile industries virtually evaporated, as did the jobs that came with it. Many who came to the city did not leave and decided to settle in their new home of Oakland. Meanwhile, many of the city's more affluent residents left the city after the war in order to move into newly developing suburbs to the east of the hills while many blue-collar whites moved to adjacent cities such as San Leandro and Alameda, part of a nationwide phenomenon of white flight. Image File history File links Merrittview. ... Image File history File links Merrittview. ... Lake Merritt is a large tidal lagoon that lies just east of downtown Oakland, California. ... White flight is a term for the demographic trend where working- and middle-class white people move away from increasingly racial-minority inner-city neighborhoods to white suburbs and exurbs. ...


During this period, the freeway system was constructed and the Key System was dismantled. The largest high rise was constructed on the west side of Lake Merritt, the headquarters building of Kaiser Corporation (the industry, not the HMO). Also in this era, the seedy, rundown area at the foot of Broadway was transformed into Jack London Square. Kaiser Permanente is an integrated managed care organization, based in Oakland, California, founded in 1945 by industrialist Henry J. Kaiser and physician Sidney R. Garfield. ... Reconstruction of Jack Londons Alaskan Hut in Jack London Square Jack London Square is a popular tourist attraction on the waterfront of Oakland, California. ...


Nonetheless, by the late 1960s, Oakland, which had been quite prosperous before the war, found itself with a population that was increasingly poor. [8]


1960s and 1970s

In 1966, only 16 of the city's 661 police officers were black. Tensions between the poverty-stricken black community and the predominantly white police force were high, and killings of young boys in Harlem and San Francisco added fuel to the fire. In this charged atmosphere, the Black Panther Party was founded by Oakland City College students Huey Newton and Bobby Seale as a response to police brutality.[9] For other uses, see Harlem (disambiguation). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The Black Panther Party (originally called the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was an African American organization founded to promote civil rights and self-defense. ... Huey P. Newton (February 17, 1942 - August 22, 1989) was co-founder and inspirational leader of the Black Panther Party, a militant African-American activist group. ... Bobby Seale Bobby Seale (born October 22, 1936) is an American civil rights activist, who along with Dr. Huey P. Newton co-founded the Black Panther Party For Self Defense in 1966. ...


During the 1960s the city was home to an innovative funk music scene which produced well-known bands like Sly & the Family Stone, Graham Central Station, Tower of Power, Cold Blood, and The Headhunters. Larry Graham, the bass player for both Sly & the Family Stone and Graham Central Station, is credited with the creation of the extremely influential slap and pop sound still widely used by bassists in many musical idioms today. It was also during the 1960s when the Hells Angels Motorcycle Club's Oakland Chapter, began to grow into a formidable organization. By the 1980s it was the most feared and respected of all Hells Angels chapters. Its Oakland Clubhouse still sits at 4019 Foothill Boulevard in East Oakland. In sports, the Oakland Athletics MLB club won three World Series in a row (1972, 1973, and 1974); the Golden State Warriors won the 1974–1975 NBA championship; and the Oakland Raiders of the NFL won Super Bowl XI in 1977. Sly & the Family Stone was an American rock band from San Francisco, California. ... Graham Central Station was a funk band named after founder Larry Graham and Grand Central Station in New York City. ... For the episode of the 1987 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles cartoon TV series, see Tower of Power (TMNT 1987 episode). ... Cold Blood is a long-standing soul-rock-jazz band founded by Larry Field in 1968 and originally based in Oakland. ... The Headhunters are a popular jazz-funk fusion band, best known for their albums they recorded as a backing band of jazz keyboard player Herbie Hancock during the 1970s. ... Larry Graham, Jr. ... In music, the term slapping is often used to refer to two different though related playing techniques on the double bass and on the (electric) bass guitar. ... Deon Rexroat of Anberlin. ... This article is about the Hells Angels Motorcycle Club. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in North America. ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ... The Golden State Warriors are a professional basketball team based in Oakland, California. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... Date January 9, 1977 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Fred Biletnikoff, Wide Receiver Favorite Raiders by 4 1/2 National anthem Vikki Carr (America the Beautiful) Coin toss Jim Tunney Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show Disney presents Its A Small World with the Los Angeles Unified...


1980s and 1990s

Starting in the early 1980s, the number of Latinos, mostly of Mexican origin, began to increase significantly in Oakland, especially in the Fruitvale district and spilling over into East Oakland. This district is one of the oldest in Oakland, growing up around the old Peralta estate (now a city park). It has always had a concentration of Latino residents, businesses and institutions, but increased immigration, which has continued right up to the 21st century has added greater numbers. Fruitvale is a neighborhood in eastern Oakland, California, in the United States. ...


In the late 1980s and 1990s, Oakland featured prominently in rap music, both as the hometown for such artists as MC Hammer, Digital Underground, Spice 1, Hieroglyphics, Souls of Mischief, Del tha Funkee Homosapien, The Luniz and Too $hort. Tupac Shakur (2pac), who grew up in Baltimore and New York City and later moved to Oakland, lived there longer than in any other city. Outside of the rap genre, Grammy award winning artists such as Green Day, En Vogue and Tony! Toni! Tone! also emerged from Oakland. Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... MC Hammer (born Stanley Kirk Burrell on March 30, 1962) is an American MC who was popular during the late 1980s and early 1990s, known for his dramatic rise to and fall from fame and fortune, his trademark Hammer pants, and for leaving a lasting influence on hip hop culture... Digital Underground is an alternative rap group hailing from Oakland, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Hieroglyphics, also known as the Hieroglyphics Crew and Hiero, are an American underground hip hop collective based in Oakland, California. ... Souls of Mischief is a hip hop group, part of the hip hop collective Hieroglyphics. ... Del the Funky Homosapien, also known as Del tha Funkee Homosapien and Deltron Zero, is an alternative hip hop artist. ... The Luniz is a rap duo formed by rappers Yukmouth and Numskull. ... Todd Anthony Shaw (born April 28, 1966 in Los Angeles, California), better known by his stage name Too $hort, is an American rapper who started his career at the age of fourteen in Oakland, California. ... Years after his death, Tupac Shakur is still considered one of the most influential hip hop artists of all time. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the band Green Day. ... This article is about the American quartet. ... Tony! Toni! Toné! was a late 1980s through mid-1990s R&B group from Oakland, California (near San Francisco). ...


The Loma Prieta earthquake occurred on October 17, 1989, in the greater San Francisco Bay Area, measuring 7.1 on the Richter magnitude scale. Several structures in Oakland were badly damaged. The double-decker portion of the Cypress Viaduct freeway (Interstate 880) structure, located in Oakland, collapsed, killing 42. The eastern span of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge also sustained significant damage and was closed to traffic for one month. Throughout the 1990s, buildings throughout Oakland were retrofitted to better withstand earthquakes. The Loma Prieta earthquake was a major earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay Area of California on October 17, 1989 at 5:04 p. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The Richter magnitude scale, or more correctly local magnitude ML scale, assigns a single number to quantify the amount of seismic energy released by an earthquake. ... Portion of the collapsed Cypress Street Viaduct after the Loma Prieta Earthquake The collapsed Cypress Street Viaduct seen from ground-level. ... The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge ( ; known locally as the Bay Bridge) is a toll bridge which spans San Francisco Bay and links the California cities of Oakland and San Francisco in the United States, as part of Interstate 80. ...


On October 20, 1991, a massive fire (see 1991 Oakland firestorm) swept down from the Berkeley Hills above the Caldecott Tunnel. 25 were killed and 150 injured and over 2,000 homes were destroyed. The economic loss has been estimated at $1.5 billion. Many homes were rebuilt much larger than they originally were. is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Infrared aerial photograph of the firestorm. ... The Berkeley Hills are a range of the Pacific Coast Ranges which overlook the northeast side of the valley in which San Francisco Bay is situated. ...


In late 1996, Oakland was the center of a controversy surrounding Ebonics (African American Vernacular English), an ethnolect the outgoing Oakland Unified School District board voted to recognize on December 18.[10][11] Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Ethnolect is a variant of a language spoken by a certain ethnic/cultural subgroup and distinguishing them as a mark of social identity. ... Oakland Unified School District is a public education school district which operates elementary schools (K-5), middle schools (6-8), and high schools (9-12) in Oakland, California. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


2000s

View of downtown Oakland looking west across Lake Merritt.
View of downtown Oakland looking west across Lake Merritt.

Jerry Brown, who was elected mayor of Oakland in 1998, initiated a plan to bring an additional 10,000 residents to downtown Oakland. The plan has resulted in several redevelopment projects near Lake Merritt, Jack London Square, and other neighborhoods just outside of downtown. These redevelopment projects have been controversial as many residents see these projects as gentrification, resulting in the loss of lower-income and minority residents in downtown Oakland. Additionally, the weakening of the Bay Area economy in 2000 and 2001 resulted in low occupancy of the new housing and slower growth and economic recovery than expected. In recent years demand for high-rise condos and towers has surged, as in San Francisco; there are currently many proposals for high-rise buildings, including a 63 floor, 827 ft. (252 m) tower that will rival the Transamerica Pyramid in San Francisco. The developer says that the height could be pushed up to beat out the Transamerica Pyramid, possibly giving Oakland a considerable skyline as well. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 2321 KB) Summary Photographed by and copyright of (c) David Corby (User:Miskatonic, uploader) 2006 Oakland California from across Lake Merritt. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 2321 KB) Summary Photographed by and copyright of (c) David Corby (User:Miskatonic, uploader) 2006 Oakland California from across Lake Merritt. ... Lake Merritt is a large tidal lagoon that lies just east of downtown Oakland, California. ... For the whistleblower, see Gerald W. Brown. ... Lake Merritt is a large tidal lagoon that lies just east of downtown Oakland, California. ... Reconstruction of Jack Londons Alaskan Hut in Jack London Square Jack London Square is a popular tourist attraction on the waterfront of Oakland, California. ... In San Francisco, during the mid-1960s, the bohemian center of the city shifted from the old Beat enclave of North Beach to Haight-Ashbury (pictured) as a response to gentrification. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... The Transamerica Pyramid. ...


Additionally, the Oakland Athletics have long been searching for a site to build a new baseball stadium. A site the A's found desirable was found near Telegraph Avenue and 20th Street in downtown Oakland, but was instead slated for a housing development. The site was favored by the Athletics for a new stadium as it was accessible by public transit and nearby freeways. Finally in 2006, the A's announced a deal to build a new stadium in Fremont, California, to be called Cisco Field. Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... This article is about the sport. ... The new Wembley Stadium in London is the most expensive stadium ever built; it has a seating capacity of 90,000 This article is about the building type. ... On a normal day, street vendors line Telegraph Avenue near the UC Berkeley campus. ... For the unincorporated community in Yolo County, California, see Fremont, Yolo County, California. ... Cisco Field is a proposed baseball stadium in Fremont, California. ...


In February 2006, the Oakland Ballet closed due to financial problems and the closure of their performance facility, the Calvin Simmons Theater at the Kaiser Convention Center. The Oakland Ballet had been performing in Oakland since 1965.[12] In 2007, however, founder Ronn Guidi announced the revival of the Oakland Ballet. A performance of The Nutcracker is scheduled for December, 2007, including members of the Oakland Ballet Academy, which Guidi presides over. A new use for the Kaiser Convention Center was proposed in 2006: a redevelopment designed to nucleate a cultural and educational district with the nearby Oakland Museum of California and Laney College.[13] In July 2006, the Oakland City Council approved a bond measure to expand the city's library system and convert the closed Center into a replacement for the city's aging main library, but Oakland voters defeated the library bond measure in the November 2006 election.[14] The Kaiser Convention Center is a 5,492-seat multi-purpose arena in Oakland, California, USA. It was home to the Oakland Skates roller hockey team. ... Insert non-formatted text here The Nutcracker (Russian: , Shchelkunchik) Op. ... Oakland Museum of California or Oakland Museum is a museum dedicated to the art, history, and natural science of California located in Oakland, California. ... Laney College is a community college located in Oakland, California. ...


Ron Dellums, a former Berkeley city council member and U.S. Representative, was elected mayor in June 2006. The mayoral election race was contentious between Dellums and other candidates, including Oakland city council president Ignacio de la Fuente and councilmember Nancy Nadel.[15] Each candidate had different visions of Oakland's future and different ideas about how to combat crime, encourage appropriate urban development, and foster successful public schools. In what was essentially a three-way race, Dellums barely won the required majority of votes needed to win without a runoff election in November.[16] Ronald Vernie (Ron) Dellums (born November 24, 1935), U.S. Democratic Party politician, is the mayor of the City of Oakland, California. ... Berkeley is a city in the San Francisco Bay Area of northern United States. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... Nancy Nadel is a United States politician. ...


Geography

Oakland is located around 37°48' North, 122°15' West (37.8, -122.25),GR1 in the longitudinal middle of California, on the east side of San Francisco Bay. This article is about the U.S. state. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 78.2 mi² (202.4 km²). 56.1 mi² (145.2 km²) of it is land and 22.1 mi² (57.2 km²) of it (28.28 percent) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ...


Oaklanders most broadly refer to their city's terrain as "the flatlands" and "the hills," which up until recent waves of gentrification have also been a reference to Oakland's deep economic divide, with "the hills" being more affluent communities. About two-thirds of Oakland lies within the flat plain of the San Francisco Bay, with one-third rising into the foothills and hills of the East Bay range.


One of Oakland's most notable features is its downtown Lake Merritt, the largest urban saltwater lake in the United States. (In fact, Lake Merritt is technically an estuary of San Francisco Bay, not a lake.[17]) Lake Merritt is a large tidal lagoon that lies just east of downtown Oakland, California. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Río de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ...


Neighborhoods

Aerial view looking west over downtown Oakland, Lake Merritt and the Port of Oakland.
Aerial view looking west over downtown Oakland, Lake Merritt and the Port of Oakland.

The city of Oakland stretches from the San Francisco Bay up into the East Bay hills. The character of these neighborhoods continues to change as waves of migrants from within the United States and from other countries relocate here. The changing economy has also lured more workers with information technology and biotechnology skills to Oakland. Photo taken by Aran Johnson on a United Airlines flight from SFO to PHL on Nov 30, 2004. ... Photo taken by Aran Johnson on a United Airlines flight from SFO to PHL on Nov 30, 2004. ... Lake Merritt is a large tidal lagoon that lies just east of downtown Oakland, California. ... The Port of Oakland was the first major port on the Pacific Coast of the United States to build terminals for container ships. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... A satellite image of the East Bay The East Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States and is comprised of Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. ...


Oakland has more than 50 distinct neighborhoods, many of which are not "official" enough to be named on a map. [18] The common large neighborhood divisions in the city are downtown Oakland, East Oakland, North Oakland, and West Oakland. East Oakland actually encompasses more than half of Oakland's area, stretching from Lake Merritt southeast to San Leandro. North Oakland encompasses the neighborhoods spread between downtown and Berkeley and Emeryville. West Oakland is the area between downtown and the Bay, partially surrounded by the Oakland Point encompassing the Port of Oakland. Downtown Oakland is the central business district in Oakland, California. ... East Oakland is the southeastern portion of Oakland, California, and takes up the largest portion of the citys land area. ... North Oakland is an area of Oakland, California. ... West Oakland is a neighborhood in Oakland, California. ... Lake Merritt is a large tidal lagoon that lies just east of downtown Oakland, California. ... San Leandro is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in Northern California, in the United States. ... The city of Emeryville highlighted within Alameda County Emeryville is a small city located in Alameda County, California, in the United States. ... Oakland Point, terminus of the first transcontinental railroad (and one of the most intact victorian districts in the state), was a thriving socially and ethnically mixed neighborhood from the start. ... The Port of Oakland was the first major port on the Pacific Coast of the United States to build terminals for container ships. ...


Another broad geographical distinction is between "the hills" and "the flatlands" (or "flats"). The flatlands are the historically working-class neighborhoods located relatively closer to San Francisco Bay, and the hills are the more upper-middle/upper-class neighborhoods along the northeast side of the city which include the Montclair and Rockridge neighborhoods. This hills/flats division is not only a characteristic of the City of Oakland, but extends beyond Oakland's borders into neighboring cities in the East Bay's urban core. Downtown and West Oakland are located entirely in the flatlands, while North and East Oakland incorporate both hills and flatlands neighborhoods. A satellite image of the East Bay The East Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States and is comprised of Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. ...


One island of "Non-Oakland" exists in the upscale city of Piedmont, in Oakland's central foothills, which is a separate city, completely surrounded by the city of Oakland. Piedmont is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ...


Downtown and Lake Merritt

Adams Point

Image File history File links Oakland_Adams_Point. ... Image File history File links Oakland_Adams_Point. ... A view towards the Grand Avenue side of Lake Merritt. ... Legendary Palace restaurant at the corner of Franklin and 7th st in Oakland. ... Oakland City Center at night. ... Downtown Oakland is the central business district in Oakland, California. ... Reconstruction of Jack Londons Alaskan Hut in Jack London Square Jack London Square is a popular tourist attraction on the waterfront of Oakland, California. ... Lake Merritt is a large tidal lagoon that lies just east of downtown Oakland, California. ... Location of the Lakeside district in the City of Oakland. ... Typical buildings in the vicinity of 9th and Washington Streets. ... Uptown is a neighborhood in Downtown Oakland, California, located just north of the center of downtown. ...

East Oakland

Fruitvale East Oakland is the southeastern portion of Oakland, California, and takes up the largest portion of the citys land area. ... Fruitvale is a neighborhood in eastern Oakland, California, in the United States. ...

Lower Hills District The Dimond District is a neighborhood centered on the intersection of MacArthur Boulevard and Fruitvale Avenue in East Oakland, Oakland, California, in the United States. ... Laurel is one of the many culturally diverse neighborhoods in Oakland, California. ...

Central East Oakland Crocker Highlands is an upland neighborhood of Oakland, California that is bounded by the adjacent city of Piedmont to the north, and roughly bordered by Lakeshore Avenue to the west and Mandana Street to the south and east. ... Location of Glenview in the City of Oakland. ... Redwood Heights is a neighborhood in Oakland, California, located along Redwood Road between Victor and the Warren Freeway. ... Grand Lake, or the Grand Lake District, is a neighborhood of Oakland, California. ...

San Antonio Maxwell Park is a neighborhood in Oakland, California, bordered by MacArthur Blvd, High Street, Foothill Blvd, and 55th Avenue. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into East Oakland, Oakland, California. ... Lockwood Gardens, is a housing project located in East Oakland CA, on 65th and International Blvd. ... Location of Ridgemont in the City of Oakland. ... Seminary is a neighborhood in eastern Oakland, California. ... San Antonio is a large district in Oakland, California, encompassing the land east of Lake Merritt to 29th Avenue. ...

  • Lynn
  • Tuxedo
  • Reservoir Hill
  • Cleveland Heights
  • Bella Vista
  • Highland Park
  • Highland Terrace
  • Meadow Brook
  • Ivy Hill
  • Clinton
  • Rancho San Antonio
  • Oak Tree
  • Merritt
  • East Peralta/Eastlake
  • Jingletown
  • Twomps (Murder Dubbs)

Southeast Hill Location of Fruitvale in the City of Oakland. ... The Twomps, also known as The Rolling 20s,[1] The Roaring 20s,[2] Funktown,[2] Brooklyn,[2] or Murder Dubbs[1][3], is a violent neighborhood located in East Oakland, California. ...

Elmhurst Sequoyah Heights is a neighborhood that runs alongside the southeastern part of the Oakland hills. ... Elmhurst is a residential neighborhood in the southernmost part of Oakland, California. ...

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into East Oakland, Oakland, California. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into East Oakland, Oakland, California. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into East Oakland, Oakland, California. ...

North Oakland

Main article: North Oakland, Oakland, California

North Oakland is an area in Oakland, California, bordered by West Oakland, downtown Oakland, and the adjacent cities of Berkeley and Emeryville. ... Location of Claremont in the cities of Oakland and Berkeley. ... The Golden Gate neighborhood of Oakland, California is located in the northwest corner of the city, east of Emeryville and south of Berkeley. ... Longfellow is a neighborhood of Oakland, California. ... A view of Montclair Village in Montclair. ... Oakmore is a neighborhood in Oakland that is off Leimert Street and above Dimond Park. ... Piedmont is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Location of Piedmont Avenue in the City of Oakland. ... Piedmont Pines is a residential district in Oakland, California. ... Location of Rockridge in the City of Oakland. ... Location of Temescal in the City of Oakland Temescal is one of the oldest neighborhoods in the northern section of Oakland, California. ...

West Oakland

This article is about the neighborhood in California. ... This article is about the neighborhood in California. ... Oakland Point, terminus of the first transcontinental railroad (and one of the most intact victorian districts in the state), was a thriving socially and ethnically mixed neighborhood from the start. ... The Port of Oakland was the first major port on the Pacific Coast of the United States to build terminals for container ships. ... Ghosttown is the informal name of a neighborhood in West Oakland, Oakland, California. ...

Climate

Oakland's climate is typified by the temperate and seasonally arid Mediterranean climate. More specifically, it has features found in both nearby coastal cities such as San Francisco and inland cities such as San Jose, so it is warmer than San Francisco and cooler than San Jose. Its position on San Francisco Bay directly across from the Golden Gate means that the city gets significant cooling maritime fog during the summer. It is far enough inland, though, that the fog often burns off by midday, allowing it to have typically sunny California days.  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... The Golden Gate The Golden Gate, looking south towards San Francisco. ...


The National Weather Service has two official weather stations in Oakland: Oakland International Airport and the Oakland Museum (established 1970). The National Weather Service (NWS) is one of the six scientific agencies that make up the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States government. ... Oakland International Airport (IATA: OAK, ICAO: KOAK, FAA LID: OAK), also known as Metropolitan Oakland International Airport, is an airport located 4 miles (6 km) south of downtown Oakland in Alameda County, California. ... Oakland Museum of California or Oakland Museum is a museum dedicated to the art, history, and natural science of California located in Oakland, California. ...



Weather averages for Oakland, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74 (23) 81 (27) 88 (31) 97 (36) 105 (41) 107 (42) 103 (39) 99 (37) 109 (43) 103 (39) 84 (29) 75 (24) 109 (43)
Average high °F (°C) 57 (14) 61 (16) 63 (17) 66 (19) 69 (21) 72 (22) 73 (23) 73 (23) 75 (24) 72 (22) 64 (18) 58 (14) 67 (19)
Average low °F (°C) 45 (7) 48 (9) 49 (9) 51 (11) 53 (12) 56 (13) 57 (14) 58 (14) 58 (14) 55 (13) 49 (9) 45 (7) 52 (11)
Record low °F (°C) 30 (-1) 29 (-2) 34 (1) 37 (3) 43 (6) 48 (9) 51 (11) 50 (10) 48 (9) 44 (7) 36 (2) 26 (-3) 26 (-3)
Precipitation inch (mm) 4.85 (123.2) 4.27 (108.5) 3.56 (90.4) 1.38 (35.1) 0.57 (14.5) 0.11 (2.8) 0.07 (1.8) 0.10 (2.5) 0.33 (8.4) 1.33 (33.8) 3.14 (79.8) 3.23 (82) 22.94 (582.7)
Source: Weather.com – Monthly Averages for Oakland[21] 2007-09-04

Demographics

City of Oakland
Population by year
[22][23]
1880: 34,555 1950: 384,575
1890: 48,682 1960: 367,548
1900: 66,960 1970: 361,561
1910: 150,174 1980: 339,337
1920: 216,261 1990: 372,242
1930: 284,063 2000: 399,484
1940: 302,163 2007: 415,492

In early 2007, Oakland's population reached 415,492. In the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 399,484 people, 150,790 households, and 86,402 families residing in the city. The population density was 7,126.6/mi² (2,751.4/km²). There were 157,508 housing units at an average density of 2,809.8/mi² (1,084.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 35.66 percent African American, 23.52 percent White, 0.66 percent Native American, 15.23 percent Asian American, 0.50 percent Pacific Islander, 11.66 percent from other races, and 4.98 percent from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.89 percent of the population.[24] Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


The US Census Bureau 2005 estimates show 31.00 percent African American, 26.10 percent White, 0.60 percent Native American, 16.40 percent Asian American, 0.90 percent Pacific Islander, 14.00 percent from other races, and 4.80 percent from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.00 percent of the population. The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...

African American population. More maps at Maps of Oakland, California for racial and ethnic groups, age and sex, housing, and economy distribution

The African American population has been shrinking since the mid-80s, while the Latino population has been growing. Oakland is one of the most ethnically diverse cities in the country.[25] Thematic map of Oakland showing Black or African American population. ... Thematic map of Oakland showing Black or African American population. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... These thematic maps of Oakland, California illustrate the different neighborhoods and the contrasting demographics of the diverse city. ...


Out of 150,790 households 28.6 percent had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.0 percent were married couples living together, 17.7 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7 percent were non-families. 32.5 percent of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6 percent had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.38. Matrimony redirects here. ...


An analysis by the Urban Institute of U.S. Census 2000 numbers showed that Oakland has the third-highest concentration of gays and lesbians among the 50 largest U.S. cities, behind San Francisco and Seattle. Census data show that, among incorporated areas that have at least 500 female couples, Oakland has the nation's largest percent per capita. In 2000, Oakland counted 2650 lesbian couples; one in every 41 Oakland couples listed themselves as a same-sex female partnership.[26][27] 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


In 2000, Oakland's population was reported as 25.0 percent under the age of 18, 9.7 percent from 18 to 24, 34.0 percent from 25 to 44, 20.9 percent from 45 to 64, and 10.5 percent who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $40,055, and the median income for a family was $44,384. Males had a median income of $37,433 versus $35,088 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,936. About 16.2 percent of families and 19.4 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.9 percent of those under age 18 and 13.1 percent of those age 65 or over. 0.7% of the population is homeless.[28] Home ownership is 41%[28] and 14% of rental units are subsidized.[28] Unemployment is 8.4%[28] The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Crime

Though substantial gains have been made as evidenced from the Uniform Crime Reports published by the FBI, the city still ranks high in California for most categories of crime. In the 2006 Morgan Quitno crime rankings, Oakland is ranked the eighth most dangerous city nationwide and the second most dangerous in California. In 2007, according to annual FBI crime statistics (based on 2006 numbers) Oakland is the 4th most dangerous city in the U.S., surpassing another Bay Area city Richmond, California, which ranks 9th.[29]. In 2006, Oakland had 148 murders [30] the highest amount in ten years and the third highest amount since the early 1990s.[31] The murder rate increased 57 percent from only 94 murders in 2005. The highest peak was 175 homicides in 1992[32]—which was at a time when an average of 160 murders a year occurred in the 1990s (1999 saw the lowest count at 68). The majority of the crimes being committed occur in the flatlands of the city in between I-580 and I-880.[33] Besides homicides, Oakland has significant problems with other crimes of violence and property crimes. Despite these problems, the homicide rate for 2007 has been down from 2006's, with 113 as of November 24th; there were 138 up to that date in 2006.[34] The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) contain official data on crime that is reported to law enforcement agencies across the United States, who then provide the data to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ... Morgan Quitno Press is an research and publishing company based out of Lawrence, Kansas. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Contra Costa Government  - Mayor Gayle McLaughlin (G) Area  - City  52. ... Interstate 580 (abbreviated I-580) is an interstate highway in Northern California. ... Interstate 880 is a regional bypass interstate highway in the Bay Area metropolitan area of Northern California. ...


Current mayor Ron Dellums is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition,[35] an organization formed in 2006 and co-chaired by New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg and Boston mayor Thomas Menino. The Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition is a coalition of mayors from 225 different United States cities, with a stated goal of making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born 14 February 1942) is an American businessman, founder of Bloomberg L.P., and the current Mayor of New York City. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Thomas Michael Menino (born December 27, 1942) is the current mayor of Boston, Massachusetts, United States and the citys first Italian-American mayor. ...


Politics

In the state legislature Oakland is located in the 9th Senate District, represented by Democrat Don Perata, and in the 14th, 16th, and 18th Assembly Districts, represented by Democrats Loni Hancock, Sandré Swanson, and Mary Hayashi respectively. Federally, Oakland is located in California's 9th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +38[36] and is represented by Democrat Barbara Lee. Lee received a 97% progressive rating from a self-described non-partisan group that provides a "searchable database of Congressional voting records from a Progressive perspective"[37], and a 13% conservative rating from a conservative group.[38] Californias Capitol, where the State Legislature meets California State Assembly chamber California state Senate chamber The California Legislature is the legislative branch of the state government of California. ... California State Senate chamber The California State Senate is the upper house of the California State Legislature. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Don Perata (born April 30, 1945) is a California Democratic politician, who is the current President Pro Tempore of the California State Senate. ... The California State Assembly chamber California State Assembly Chamber in the State Capitol The California State Assembly is the lower house of the California State Legislature. ... Loni Hancock served as mayor of Berkeley, California from 1986 to 1994, and is currently representing California State Assembly District 14. ... Sandré Swanson was elected to the California State Assembly in November 2006. ... Mary Hayashi was elected to the California State Assembly in 2006. ... The 9th Congressional District of California is a Congressional District that currently covers a significant portion of the East Bay portion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California. ... The Cook Partisan Voting Index indicates how much more Democratic or Republican a district performs compared to the nation as a whole. ... Barbara Jean Lee (born July 16, 1946), American politician, has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1998, representing Californias 9th congressional district (map) and is the first woman to represent that district. ... For other uses, see Progressivism (disambiguation). ... Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favor tradition and gradual change, where tradition refers to religious, cultural, or nationally defined beliefs and customs. ...


Economy

Oakland is a major West Coast port, and is home to several Fortune 500 companies including Kaiser Permanente and Clorox, as well as corporate headquarters for national retailers like Dreyer's and Cost Plus World Markets.[39] Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... Kaiser Permanente is an integrated managed care organization, based in Oakland, California, founded in 1945 by industrialist Henry J. Kaiser and physician Sidney R. Garfield. ... Clorox headquarters The Clorox Company (NYSE: CLX) is a manufacturer of various food and chemical products based in Oakland, California, which is best known for its bleach product, Clorox. ... Not to be confused with Breyers. ... Cost Plus headquarters in Oakland Cost Plus, Inc. ...


Revitalization

Oakland has experienced an increase of both its population and of real-estate prices in the past decade, attributable to economic recovery and former mayor Brown's "10k Plan," which resulted in large amounts of new multi-family housing and development. In addition, Oakland's weather, location, and hillside neighborhoods with views of San Francisco and the Bay provide an attractive alternative to the high rents and home prices in nearby San Francisco. Because of its size, Oakland offers a substantial number of shopping districts and restaurants representing many American and international cuisines. The 10K Plan is a plan by Oakland, California Mayor Jerry Brown to attract 10,000 new residents to the citys downtown and Jack London Square areas. ...


Gentrification

The West Oakland Community Land Trust, Inc. and The Institute for Community Economics have found ways to keep people in West Oakland. Since 1999, there has been a fall in crime, several ownership changes of land parcels, and much more community cohesiveness due to the redevelopment projects taking place in West Oakland.[citation needed] With developers interested in a "village community" with the West Oakland BART station as its center, West Oakland has seen an influx of new residents, some blue-collar and many white-collar workers. As a result, programs, such as the Anti-Displacement Network, have been started to assist in the stabilization of costs for homeowners and renters in West Oakland who may face hardships due to the rising cost of rent[citation needed]. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... West Oakland is a neighborhood in Oakland, California. ... Platforms 2 Side Parking Monthly Reserved Permit, Daily Fee ($5), Single Day Reserved Permit, Midday ($5), Extended Weekend Bicycle facilities Eight Lockers Other information Opened 1973 Accessible West Oakland is a Bay Area Rapid Transit station located in the neighborhood of West Oakland in Oakland. ...


Redevelopment proponents believe that by 2015, the redevelopment projects under way in West Oakland may provide employment, health services, recreational facilities, special placement facilities, and additional housing (with buyer options) for new and current renters. The success of this project may serve as the spark the city needs to change Oakland's reputation for high crime rates.[citation needed]


Nicknames

Oakland is known by several nicknames, of which the most common[citation needed] is "Oaktown". In the 1970s and '80s, some called Oakland "Bump City" as a reference to cocaine.[citation needed] Oakland is sometimes called the "Sunny Side of the Bay"[citation needed], as it is less foggy and more temperate than San Francisco. Other nicknames include "O-town"[40], "The Town," and "The O."[citation needed]


"There's no there there"

The HERETHERE sculpture on the Oakland/Berkeley border
The HERETHERE sculpture on the Oakland/Berkeley border

Many Oaklanders have been frustrated by the misuse of this famous quote about Oakland. "There's no there there," writer Gertrude Stein declared upon learning as an adult that her childhood Oakland home had been torn down. Contrary to popular belief, the comment was not meant to disparage the city, but rather to express a sentiment similar to "you can't go home again." Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 846 KB) uploading self-made image for Oakland, California I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 846 KB) uploading self-made image for Oakland, California I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 – July 27, 1946) was an American writer who became a catalyst in the development of modern art and literature. ... This article is about the novel. ...


Modern-day Oakland has turned the quote on its head, with a statue downtown simply titled "There." Additionally, in 2005 a sculpture called HERETHERE was installed by the City of Berkeley on the Berkeley-Oakland border at Martin Luther King Jr. Way. The sculpture consists of eight-foot-tall letters spelling "HERE" and "THERE" in front of the BART rapid transit tracks as they descend from their elevated section in Oakland to the subway through Berkeley. Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in Northern California, in the United States. ... Bart can refer to: A diminutive of Bartholomew Barts is the frequently used abbreviation for St Bartholomews Hospital in the City of London. ...


Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

Many annual events celebrate the diverse cultures of Oakland:

Attractions

View of the entrance of the Chabot Space and Science Center. ... Childrens Fairyland, U.S.A. was the first theme park created to cater to families with young children. ... Oaklands Chinatown in California is frequently referred to as Oakland Chinatown in order to distinguish it from nearby San Franciscos Chinatown. ... Built in the Neoclassical-Revival architectural style and located in Oakland, California, the 50 acre Dunsmuir House and Gardens Historic Estate is recognized as a National Historic Landmark. ... Reconstruction of Jack Londons Alaskan Hut in Jack London Square Jack London Square is a popular tourist attraction on the waterfront of Oakland, California. ... For other uses, see Coliseum. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... NFL redirects here. ... The Mountain View Cemetery is a large cemetery in Oakland, California. ... {{Infobox Person | name = | image = FLOlmstead. ... Oakland Museum of California or Oakland Museum is a museum dedicated to the art, history, and natural science of California located in Oakland, California. ... Side of the Piedmont Avenue branch library The Oakland Public Library system is the network of libraries in Oakland, California. ... The Oracle Arena also known by its former name of The Arena in Oakland is an indoor arena in Oakland, California, United States. ... The Golden State Warriors are a professional basketball team based in Oakland, California. ... NBA redirects here. ... The Paramount Theater (2005). ... The Pardee Home in 1960 The Pardee Home is a house in Oakland, California that was home to three generations of the Pardee family. ... USS Potomac The USS Potomac (AG-25) was Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s presidential yacht from 1936 until his death in 1945. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ...

Nightlife

Downtown Oakland has an assortment of bars and nightclubs. They range from punk-rock makeovers of dive bars, such as The Stork Club and the Ruby Room, to modern bistros and dance clubs, such as Luka's Taproom and Lounge, @17,Pat's bar, Roy's 19th. st. Station, and The Oasis, to hipster spots such as Radio, Geoffreys, Karribean City, and art and jazz bar Cafe van Kleef. Singles bar redirects here. ... A nightclub (often dance club or club, particularly in the UK) is an entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment rock music genre and movement that emerged in the mid-1970s. ...


Oakland is home to a world-class jazz venue, Yoshi's, near Jack London Square. Jack London Square is a nighttime destination because of its movie theaters, restaurants, and clubs. Reconstruction of Jack Londons Alaskan Hut in Jack London Square Jack London Square is a popular tourist attraction on the waterfront of Oakland, California. ...


Recent months have seen the growth of the "Oakland Art Murmur" event, occurring in the Uptown neighborhood the first Friday evening of every month, which features concurrent art openings from many galleries including 21 Grand, Boontling Gallery, Ego Park, Mama Buzz, and Rock Paper Scissors.[41]


The Rockridge area around the Rockridge BART station is known for its restaurants and bars. It stretches along College Ave from Broadway to Alcatraz Ave. Bart can refer to: A diminutive of Bartholomew Barts is the frequently used abbreviation for St Bartholomews Hospital in the City of London. ...


Hyphy

Oakland is also known as the home[citation needed] of "hyphy," a word coined by[citation needed] the Oakland rapper Keak Da Sneak. East Oakland is dubbed "Land of the Sideshow"[citation needed] and is known as a center of Bay Area hip hop culture.[citation needed] Hyphy (pronounced HI-fee; IPA: ) is a style of music and dance primarily associated with the Bay Area hip hop culture. ... Charles Toby Bowens[1] (born May 9, 1979), commonly known by his stage name Keak Da Sneak, is a rapper from Oakland, California . ... A sydeshow (sometimes sideshow) is an informal demonstration of automotive stunts held on public street corners, most often in low-income, non-white neighborhoods of cities in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, United States. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ...


Sports

Oakland has teams in three professional sports: Basketball, baseball, and football.

Club Sport Founded League Venue
Oakland Athletics Baseball 1901 (in Oakland since 1968) Major League Baseball: American League McAfee Coliseum
Oakland Raiders American Football 1960 (in Los Angeles from 1982–1994) National Football League: American Conference. AFC West McAfee Coliseum
Golden State Warriors Basketball 1948 (In Oakland since 1971) National Basketball Association: Western Conference. Oracle Arena
Oakland Slammers Basketball 2005 International Basketball League (2005-): Merritt College
McAfee Coliseum, home of the Oakland Athletics baseball and Oakland Raiders football teams
McAfee Coliseum, home of the Oakland Athletics baseball and Oakland Raiders football teams

Oakland's former sports teams include: Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... This article is about the sport. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... For other uses, see Coliseum. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... NFL redirects here. ... The AFC West is a division of the National Football Leagues American Football Conference. ... For other uses, see Coliseum. ... The Golden State Warriors are a professional basketball team based in Oakland, California. ... This article is about the sport. ... NBA redirects here. ... The Oracle Arena also known by its former name of The Arena in Oakland is an indoor arena in Oakland, California, United States. ... The Oakland Slammers are members of the International Basketball League (2005-), and are entering their second season in the league. ... This article is about the sport. ... The International Basketball League is a U.S.-based professional basketball summer league featuring teams from the West Coast and the Midwest. ... Merritt College is a two-year community college located in Oakland in Alameda County, California. ... Image File history File links Ballpark. ... Image File history File links Ballpark. ... For other uses, see Coliseum. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970...

Moss mansion in Mosswood Park was built in 1834 by San Francisco businessman J. Mora Moss and his wife, Julia Wood, in the Carpenter Gothic style
Moss mansion in Mosswood Park was built in 1834 by San Francisco businessman J. Mora Moss and his wife, Julia Wood, in the Carpenter Gothic style

For the American Basketball League team see: Oakland Oaks (ABL). ... The Pacific Coast League (PCL) is a minor league baseball league operating in the West and Midwest of the United States. ... Oaks Park, also known as the Oakland Baseball Park, was a baseball stadium in Emeryville, California. ... The city of Emeryville highlighted within Alameda County Emeryville is a small city located in Alameda County, California, in the United States. ... For the professional baseball team see: Oakland Oaks (PCL). ... The American Basketball League played one full season, 1961-1962, and part of 1962-1963. ... For the professional baseball team see: Oakland Oaks (PCL). ... For the league that began in 1999, see American Basketball Association (2000-). The American Basketball Association (ABA) was a professional basketball league founded in 1967, and eventually merged, in part, with the National Basketball Association (NBA). ... The Oakland Seals were a team in the National Hockey League (NHL). ... NHL redirects here. ... The Oakland Clippers were a soccer team based out of Oakland, California that played in the non-FIFA sanctioned National Professional Soccer League. ... North American Soccer League or (NASL) was a professional soccer league with teams in the United States and Canada that operated from 1968 to 1984. ... The Oakland Stompers were a soccer team based out of Oakland that played in the NASL. They played only one season, 1978. ... North American Soccer League or (NASL) was a professional soccer league with teams in the United States and Canada that operated from 1968 to 1984. ... Oakland Invaders were a professional American football team that played in the United States Football League (USFL) from 1983 through 1985. ... “USFL” redirects here. ... The Oakland Skates were a professional inline hockey team and was a member team in Roller Hockey International (RHI) from 1993 through 1996. ... Roller Hockey International or RHI was an inline hockey league in North America between 1993-97 and 1999. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 768 pixels, file size: 228 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Moss mansion in Mosswood Park, Oakland, California. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 768 pixels, file size: 228 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Moss mansion in Mosswood Park, Oakland, California. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster, London: Gothic details provided by A.W.N. Pugin The Gothic revival was a European architectural movement with origins in mid-18th century England. ...

Parks and recreation

Additionally, the following seven East Bay Regional Parks are located entirely or partially in the city of Oakland: Joaquin Miller Park is a park in the Oakland Hills owned and operated by the city of Oakland, California, named after early California writer and poet Joaquin Miller. ... Categories: US geography stubs | Zoos in the United States | California landmarks | Oakland, California ... Lake Merritt is a large tidal lagoon that lies just east of downtown Oakland, California. ... The Morcom Rose Garden (formerly the Morcom Amphitheater of Roses) is located in a residential neighborhood in Oakland, California, near the Piedmont border. ... The William Joseph McInnes Botanic Garden and Campus Arboretum is located at the corner of Seminary Avenue and McArthur Boulevard, on the campus of Mills College in Oakland, California, USA. See also List of botanical gardens in the United States Categories: US geography stubs | California botanical gardens ... Founded in 1852 and established in Oakland, California, in 1871, Mills College is an independent liberal arts womans college, with graduate programs for women and men. ... The East Bay Regional Park District (EBRPD) is a public authority operating in Alameda County and Contra Costa County, California, within the East Bay area of the San Francisco Bay Area. ...

The Anthony Chabot Regional Park, along the eastern border of Oakland, California, is a regional park that houses a golfing club, and a public archery range, where the Redwood Bowmans Club practices the sport with a variety of bows and arrows. ... Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve is a regional park located in Oakland, CA that is part of the East Bay Regional Parks system. ... Leona Canyon Regional Open Space Preserve is a regional park located in Oakland, CA that is part of the East Bay Regional Parks system. ... Redwood Regional Park is a park of the East Bay Regional Parks District (EBRPD) in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Robert Sibley Volcanic Regional Preserve is located in the Oakland Hills just east of Oakland, California. ... Roberts Regional Recreation Area is a regional park located in Oakland, CA that is part of the East Bay Regional Parks system. ... Lake Temescal is a small lake in Oakland, California, and the centerpiece of Temescal Regional Park. ...

Government

Oakland is a mayor-council government. The mayor is elected for a 4-year term. The council has eight council members representing seven districts in Oakland with one member elected at-large; council members serve staggered 4-year terms. The mayor appoints a city administrator, subject to the confirmation by the City Council, who is the chief administrative officer of the city. Other city officers include: city attorney (elected), city auditor (elected), and city clerk (appointed by city administrator).[42] Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ...   This is a redirect from a plural word to the singular equivalent. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single multimember constituency. ... The council-manager government is one of 2 main variations of representative municipal government (for contrast, also see Mayor-Council government). ... The Columbus City Attorney is an election position with a 4 year term. ... For other uses, see Audit (disambiguation). ... In the United States, a city clerk as an elected or appointed official who is charged with the responsibility of being the official keeper of the municipal records. ...

See also: List of mayors of Oakland, California

List of mayors of Oakland, California, founded in 1852. ...

Education

Primary and secondary education

Most public schools in Oakland are operated by the Oakland Unified School District (OUSD), which covers the entire city of Oakland; due to financial troubles and administrative failures, it has been in receivership by the state of California since 2002. The Oakland Unified School District (2006-2007) includes 59 elementary schools, 23 middle schools, 19 high schools, with 9 alternative education schools and programs, 4 adult education schools and early childhood education centers at most of the elementary schools [43] There are 46,000 K-12 students, 32,000 adult students, and 6,000 plus employees. [44] Oakland Unified School District is a public education school district which operates elementary schools (K-5), middle schools (6-8), and high schools (9-12) in Oakland, California. ...


Overall, OUSD schools have performed poorly for years. In the 2005 results of the STAR testing, over 50 percent of students taking the test performed "below basic," while only 20 percent performed at least "proficient" on the English section of the test.[45] Some individual schools have much better performance than the city-wide average, for instance, in 2005 over half the students at Hillcrest Elementary School performed at the "advanced" level in the English portion of the test, and students at Lincoln Elementary School performed at the "advanced" level in the math portion. Lincoln Elementary School is part of the Oakland Unified School District. ...


Several factors have been blamed for poor performance, including an inefficient top-heavy administrative structure and a student body that is often poor or from a background of limited English proficiency.


Oakland's three largest public high schools are Oakland High School, Oakland Technical High School, and Skyline High School. There are also numerous small high schools within Castlemont Community of Small Schools, Fremont Federation of High Schools, and McClymonds Educational Complex, all of which were once single, larger public high schools (Castlemont High School, Fremont High School, and McClymonds High School, respectively). Oakland Senior High School (also known as O-High and OHS) is a public high school that belongs to the Oakland Unified School District and is the third oldest high school in the state of California. ... Oakland Tech Front Oakland Technical High School is a public high school in Oakland, California. ... Skyline High School is a public high school in Oakland, California, USA. // Skyline High School is nestled in the hills of Oakland, CA, near the Redwood Regional Park. ... Castlemont Community of Small Schools is a community of three small schools in Oakland, California, created by splitting up Castlemont Senior High School. ... The Fremont Federation of High Schools is a group of four high schools in Oakland, California formerly known as Fremont Senior High School. ... A view of the entrance of McClymonds Educational Complex. ... Before becoming McClymonds Educational Complex in 2005, McClymonds High School, also known as Mack, and Mack House, was a public high school in the West Oakland neighborhood of Oakland, California, USA. The school song was as follows: O McClymonds, O McClymonds, Youre the High for me. ...


There are 25 public charter schools with 5,887 students [46] which operate outside the domain of OUSD. Lionel Wilson College Prep Academy and Oakland Unity High School have been certified by the California Charter Schools Association[2]. [47] Other charter schools include the Oakland Military Academy, Oakland School for the Arts, Bay Area Technology School, and Oakland Charter Academy. In the United States, a charter school is a school that is created via a legal charter. ... Oakland Unity High School (Unity) is an independent charter high school serving all students in Oakland. ... The Oakland Military Institute Prep Academy STILL exists so should not be a list of defunct U.S. military academies. ... Oakland School for the Arts is a charter school in Oakland, California. ...


There are several private high schools. Notables include the secular The College Preparatory School and Head-Royce School, both with tuitions around $25,000 per year and the Catholic Bishop O'Dowd High School, Holy Names High School and St. Elizabeth High School. Catholic schools in Oakland are operated by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Oakland also include 8 K-8 schools (plus 1 in Piedmont on the Oakland city border). The College Preparatory School (also known as CPS or College Prep), of Oakland, California, is a four-year private coeducational day high school. ... The Head-Royce School (Head-Royce or just HRS) is a co-educational college-preparatory K-12 school in Oakland, California. ... Bishop ODowd High School is a Catholic, co-educational, college preparatory school in Oakland, California, administered by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Oakland. ... Holy Names High School is a private Catholic girls college preparatory high school located in the Oakland Hills in California. ... St. ... The Roman Catholic Diocese of Oakland is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the northern California region of the United States. ...


Julia Morgan School for Girls is a private middle school for girls housed on the campus of Mills College. Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary/elementary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ... Founded in 1852 and established in Oakland, California, in 1871, Mills College is an independent liberal arts womans college, with graduate programs for women and men. ...


Colleges and universities

Colleges and universities include:

Oakland is also the home of the headquarters of the University of California system. The Peralta Community College District is the community college district serving northern Alameda County, California. ... Laney College is a community college located in Oakland, California. ... Merritt College is a two-year community college located in Oakland in Alameda County, California. ... Pacific Oaks College has campuses in Pasadena, California, United States. ... Founded in 1907, California College of the Arts (formerly California College of Arts and Crafts) is a regionally accredited, independent school of art and design in Oakland and San Francisco, California, USA. It is one of the premier fine arts and design institutions in the United States. ... Holy Names University is a private, coeducational university located in Oakland, California. ... Founded in 1852 and established in Oakland, California, in 1871, Mills College is an independent liberal arts womans college, with graduate programs for women and men. ... Patten University is a private institution of higher education in Oakland, California. ... Samuel Merritt College, originally founded in 1909 as a hospital school of nursing, is a fully accredited health sciences institution located in Oakland, California. ... Sather tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... California State University, East Bay (also known as CSUEB, Cal State East Bay, and formerly known as California State University, Hayward) is a campus of the California State University system. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced Riverside San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ...


Media

Oakland is served by major television stations broadcasting out of San Francisco and San Jose mostly. The region's Fox affiliate, KTVU, is based in (and licensed to) Oakland at Jack London Square along with independent station KICU-TV (licensed to San Jose). In addition, the city is served by various AM and FM radio stations as well; AM stations KMKY, KNEW and KQKE are licensed to Oakland. San Francisco The major network television affiliates include KGO-TV 7 (ABC) KPIX 5 (CBS) KTVU 2 (based in Oakland) (FOX) KNTV 11 (based in San Jose) (NBC) KBWB 20 (WB) KBCW 12/44 (UPN) KQED 9 (PBS) Several independent television stations also operate in the area, including KRON 4... FOX redirects here. ... {{Infobox_Broadcast | call_letters = KTVU| city = | station_logo = | station_slogan = Complete Bay Area News Coverage| station_branding = KTVU Fox 2 (general)KTVU Channel 2 News HD (news)| analog = 2 (VHF)| digital = 56 (UHF)| other_chs = | affiliations = Fox| network = | founded = March 3, 1958| location = [[Oakland, California]| callsign_meaning = K TeleVision for YoU(though original owner claimed calls were... Reconstruction of Jack Londons Alaskan Hut in Jack London Square Jack London Square is a popular tourist attraction on the waterfront of Oakland, California. ... KICU-TV, known as Action 36 Cable 6, is a television station in San José, California that broadcasts on analog channel 36. ... KMKY is a radio station in Oakland, California that broadcasts on 1310 AM. It has childrens variety programming and is part of the Radio Disney network. ... KNEW, are the call letters of 910 AM in San Francisco, Oakland, and San Jose. ... KQKE The Quake is a talk radio station in San Francisco, USA, owned by Clear Channel, broadcasting on 960 AM. It tag lines are The Bay Area Home of Air America and Talk Radio for the Rest of Us. They are also described as Talk Radio from the Left. Their...


The Oakland Tribune published its first newspaper on February 21, 1874. The Tribune Tower, which sports a clock, is one of Oakland's landmarks. At key times throughout the day (8:00 am, noon and 5:00 pm), the clock tower carillon plays a variety of classic melodies, which change on a daily basis. In 2007, the Oakland Tribune announced they were leaving the Tribune tower (where they had actually been a tenant for several years) for a new location in East Oakland outside the downtown core. The Oakland Tribune is a daily newspaper published in Oakland, California by the ANG Newspapers, a subsidiary of MediaNews Group. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Tribune Tower at night, viewed from the Oakland City Center The Tribune Tower is a 305 ft (93 m), 21 story building located in Downtown Oakland, California. ...


The East Bay Express, a locally-owned free weekly paper, is based in Emeryville near North Oakland and distributed throughout the East Bay. The East Bay Express (founded 1978) is an Emeryville-based weekly newspaper serving the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. ...


Infrastructure

Transportation

Freeways, bridges, and tunnels

Oakland is served by several major highways: Interstate 80 (Eastshore Freeway), Interstate 580 (MacArthur Freeway), Interstate 880 (Nimitz Freeway), Interstate 980, State Route 13 (Warren Freeway) and State Route 24 (Grove Shafter Freeway). A stub of a planned freeway was constructed at the High Street exit from the Nimitz Freeway, but that freeway extension plan was abandoned. Interstate 80, a major east-west route of the Interstate Highway System, has its western terminus in San Francisco, California, United States. ... Interstate 580 (abbreviated I-580) is an interstate highway in Northern California. ... Interstate 880 is a regional bypass interstate highway in the Bay Area metropolitan area of Northern California. ... Interstate 980 is a short Interstate spur in northern California connecting Interstate 580 and California State Highway 24 to Interstate 880 via downtown Oakland. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE SR-61 ALA 0. ... State Route 24 in the U.S. State of California is a heavily-traveled east-west freeway in the eastern side of the San Francisco Bay Area of northern California between Oakland (junction Interstate 580, the MacArthur Freeway) and Walnut Creek (junction Interstate 680). ...

Portion of the collapsed Cypress Viaduct in Oakland.
Portion of the collapsed Cypress Viaduct in Oakland.

In 1989, the Loma Prieta earthquake caused the Cypress Street Viaduct double-deck segment of the Nimitz Freeway I-880 to collapse, killing 42 people. The old freeway segment had passed right through the middle of West Oakland, forming a barrier between West Oakland neighborhoods. Following the earthquake, this section of the Nimitz Freeway was rerouted around the perimeter of West Oakland and rebuilt in 1997. The east span of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge also suffered damage from the quake when a 50-foot (15-meter) section of the upper deck collapsed onto the lower deck; the damaged section was repaired one month after the earthquake. As a result of the earthquake, a significant seismic retrofit was performed on the western span of the Bay Bridge, and the eastern span is scheduled for replacement, with the new span projected to be completed in 2014. USGS photo from 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. ... USGS photo from 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. ... The Loma Prieta earthquake was a major earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay Area of California on October 17, 1989 at 5:04 p. ... Portion of the collapsed Cypress Street Viaduct after the Loma Prieta Earthquake The collapsed Cypress Street Viaduct seen from ground-level. ... Interstate 880 is a regional bypass interstate highway in the Bay Area metropolitan area of Northern California. ... The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge ( ; known locally as the Bay Bridge) is a toll bridge which spans San Francisco Bay and links the California cities of Oakland and San Francisco in the United States, as part of Interstate 80. ... Proposed replacement span Obsolete eastern span and replacement construction Construction progress, January 2007 As of June 2006, work is continuing on the eastern span replacement of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge. ...


Two underwater tunnels, the Webster and Posey Tubes, connect the main island of Alameda to Downtown Oakland, coming above ground in Chinatown. In addition, the Park Street, Fruitvale, and High Street Bridges connect Alameda to East Oakland over the Oakland Estuary. The Posey Tube is an underwater tunnel connecting the cities of Oakland and Alameda, California, running beneath the Alameda-Oakland Estuary. ... The Posey Tube is an underwater tunnel connecting the cities of Oakland and Alameda, California, running beneath the Alameda-Oakland Estuary. ... The Park Street Bridge is a small drawbridge that crosses the Oakland Estuary in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... The Fruitvale Bridge is a small drawbridge that crosses the Oakland Estuary. ... External links Oakland Estuary Panorama ...


In the hills, the Leimert Bridge crosses Dimond Canyon, connecting the Oakmore neighborhood to Park Boulevard. The Caldecott Tunnel carries Highway 24 through the Oakland Hills, connecting central Contra Costa County to Oakland. The Caldecott has three bores, with a fourth one planned. Leimert Bridge is located in the Oakmore neighborhood of Oakland, California. ... The Caldecott Tunnel is a three bore tunnel in Oakland, California. ...


Mass transit

Lake Merritt BART Station
Lake Merritt BART Station

The metropolitan area is served by Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) from eight convenient[citation needed] stations for Oakland commuters. The system has headquarters in Oakland, with major transfer hubs at MacArthur and Oakland City Center/12th Street stations. BART's headquarters was located in a building above the Lake Merritt Station until 2006, when it relocated to the Kaiser Center over seismic safety concerns. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixels, file size: 1. ... A westbound BART train with aerodynamic design A car in downtown San Francisco. ... MacArthur is a Bay Area Rapid Transit station near MacArthur Blvd. ... Station entrance Station platform Oakland City Center/12th Street is an underground Bay Area Rapid Transit station located at 12th Street and Broadway next to the Oakland City Center in downtown Oakland. ... The Lake Merritt Bay Area Rapid Transit station is located on Oak Street near Oaklands Lake Merritt and Chinatown, next to Laney College. ...


Public bus service is provided by AC Transit, which was created from the old privately owned Key System. The Alameda / Oakland Ferry operates ferry service from Jack London Square to Alameda, San Francisco, and Angel Island. Autobus redirects here. ... AC Transit (in full, Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District) is a regional bus agency serving parts of Alameda County and Contra Costa County in the western coastal area of the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... The Key System (or Key Route) was a company that provided mass transit in the cities of Oakland, Berkeley, Emeryville, Piedmont, San Leandro, Richmond, Albany and El Cerrito in the eastern San Francisco Bay Area from the 1900s until 1960 when the system was sold to a newly formed public... Alameda / Oakland Ferry in Oakland Alameda / Oakland Ferry is a a public transportation system that uses ferries run by Blue & Gold Fleet that does the service for and is run by Blue & Gold Fleet in Alameda, California, Oakland, California, on top of the San Francisco Bay and in San Francisco... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... Reconstruction of Jack Londons Alaskan Hut in Jack London Square Jack London Square is a popular tourist attraction on the waterfront of Oakland, California. ... Nickname: Location in the state of California and Alameda County Coordinates: , Country State County Alameda Government  - Mayor Beverly Johnson (D) Area  - Total 23. ... Aerial view of Angel Island. ...


Air

Oakland is served by the Oakland International Airport, one of three international airports in the San Francisco Bay Area, which is located 4 miles (6 km) south of downtown Oakland. Airlines serving Oakland International provide service to numerous destinations in the United States, as well as Mexico. Serving most low-cost air travelers to other major cities, the airport has proven a popular alternative to San Francisco International, thanks largely to a heavy Southwest Airlines presence. Right now it is served by AirBART, which links the airport to the Coliseum BART Station, and a rail connector is tentatively in the works. Oakland International Airport (IATA: OAK, ICAO: KOAK, FAA LID: OAK), also known as Metropolitan Oakland International Airport, is an airport located 4 miles (6 km) south of downtown Oakland in Alameda County, California. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... FAA diagram of SFO SFO redirects here. ... This article is about the American airline. ... A shuttle connector for the Bay Area Rapid Transit in Oakland, CA, which connects the Coliseum Station with the Oakland International Airport(OAK). ... Amtrak Connections AirBART shuttle to Oakland International Airport AC Transit routes 45, 46, 50, 56, 98, 805 (All Nighter) pedestrian walkway to Amtrak Station and McAfee Coliseum Platforms Island (BART); Side (Amtrak) Parking Monthly Reserved, Daily (free), Extended Weekend and Long Term (BART) 35 Spaces (Amtrak) Bicycle facilities Two Lockers...


Rail

The city has regional and long distance passenger train service provided by Amtrak, with a station located blocks from Jack London Square served by the Amtrak Capitol Corridor, Coast Starlight and San Joaquin train routes. Capitol Corridor trains also stop at a second, newer Oakland Coliseum station. Amtrak's California Zephyr has its western terminus at Emeryville station, just outside of Oakland's borders in the city of the same name. The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Reconstruction of Jack Londons Alaskan Hut in Jack London Square Jack London Square is a popular tourist attraction on the waterfront of Oakland, California. ... Amtrak California system map, with Capitol Corridor in Red The Capitol Corridor is a 172-mile (275 km) passenger train route operated by Amtrak in California. ... The Coast Starlight at San Luis Obispo, California. ... San Joaquin is a city located in Fresno County, California. ... The Oakland Coliseum Amtrak Station is located between the Oakland Coliseum, and the Coliseum/Oakland Airport BART station. ... Two California Zephyr express trains meet at a railroad siding (Grizzly) in Garfield County, Colorado beside the Colorado River on March 21, 1949. ... Built in Emeryville to replace the Beaux Arts Oakland station that was declared unsafe (unreinforced masonry)after sustaining damage in the Loma Prieta Earthquake of 1989 in bordering Oakland, California. ...


Freight service, which consists primarily of moving shipping containers to and from the Port of Oakland, is provided today by the Union Pacific (which absorbed the Western Pacific in 1983 and the Southern Pacific in the 1990s), and to a lesser extent by the Burlington Northern Santa Fe (which now shares the tracks of the Union Pacific between Richmond and Oakland). The Union Pacific Railroad (NYSE: UNP) is the largest railroad in the United States. ... The Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway Company (AAR reporting mark BNSF) (NYSE: BNI), headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, and established as a result of a 1995 merger between the parent companies of the Burlington Northern Railroad and the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, is one of the largest...


Historically, Oakland was served by several railroads. Besides the transcontinental line (the "overland") of the Southern Pacific, there was also the Santa Fe (whose Oakland terminal was actually in Emeryville), the Western Pacific Railroad (who built a pier adjacent to the SP's), and the Sacramento Northern Railroad (eventually absorbed by the Western Pacific which in turn was absorbed by UP in 1983). Drumhead logos such as these often adorned the ends of observation cars on the Western Pacific Railroad. ... The Sacramento Northern Railway began as an electric interurban railway system in the U.S. state of California, operating under that name between 1918 and 1983. ...


Sea

As one of the three major ports on The American West Coast, the Port of Oakland is the largest seaport on San Francisco Bay and the fourth busiest container port in the United States. It was one of the earliest seaports to switch to containerization and to intermodal container transfer,[48] thereby displacing San Francisco which never modernized its old waterfront. One of the earlier limitations to growth was the inability to transfer containers to rail lines, all cranes historically operating between ocean vessels and trucks. In the 1980s the Port of Oakland began the evaluation of development of an intermodal container transfer capability, i.e. facilities that now allow trans-loading of containers from vessels to either trucks or rail modes. Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... The Port of Oakland was the first major port on the Pacific Coast of the United States to build terminals for container ships. ... Containers on the Port of Singapore. ... For passenger transport, see Intermodal passenger transport. ... A modern crawler type derrick crane with outriggers. ... Animated map exhibiting the worlds oceanic waters. ... For other uses, see Ship (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Truck (disambiguation). ... For passenger transport, see Intermodal passenger transport. ...


Utilities

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Water supply. ... Sewage treatment, or domestic wastewater treatment, is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, both runoff and domestic. ... The East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD) provides water and sewage treatment for customers in Alameda County and portions of Contra Costa County in California, on the eastern side of San Francisco Bay. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... 11kV/400V-230V transformer in an older suburb of Wellington, New Zealand Electricity distribution is the penultimate stage in the delivery (before retail) of electricity to end users. ... The Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) , (NYSE: PCG), is the utility that provides natural gas and electricity to most of Northern California. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Waste For the company, see Waste Management, Inc. ... Waste Management, Inc. ... A lockout is a work stoppage in which an employer prevents employees from working. ... This article is about the current AT&T. For the 1885-2005 company, see American Telephone & Telegraph. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... Comcast Corporation (NASDAQ: CMCSA) is the largest[1] cable television (CATV) company and the second largest Internet service provider in the United States. ...

Healthcare

Despite large tax breaks East Bay nonprofit hospitals receive for community service, public hospitals such as Highland devote a much larger portion of their operating expenses to charity care. [50] Kaiser Permanente is an integrated managed care organization, based in Oakland, California, founded in 1945 by industrialist Henry J. Kaiser and physician Sidney R. Garfield. ... HMO can mean the following: Health maintenance organization Houses in multiple occupation Home Media Option (Tivo) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Location of Piedmont Avenue in the City of Oakland. ... Alta Bates Summit Medical Center is a hospital group located in the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in Northern California, in the United States. ... Sutter Health is a hospital network in Northern California based in Sacramento, California. ... Official website: http://www. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Health insurance is a form of group insurance, where individuals pay premiums or taxes in order to help protect themselves from high or unexpected healthcare expenses. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A trauma center is a hospital equipped to perform as a casualty receiving station for the emergency medical services by providing the best possible medical care for traumatic injuries 24 hours a day, 365 days per year. ... A satellite image of the East Bay The East Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States and is comprised of Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. ... Childrens Hospital Oakland, full name Children’s Hospital & Research Center Oakland, in Oakland, California is the only independent children’s hospital in Northern California. ... This article is about the branch of medicine. ... A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) can be seen as an organization that doesnt have a goal to make a profit. ... Charity care is a term used in the United States to refer to health care services rendered to patients unable to pay for some, in whole or in part. ...


Mergers and closings

Summit Medical Center was a previous merger with Samuel Merritt Medical Center and Providence Medical Center in the 1990s. Peralta Hospital earlier had merged with Samuel Merritt Hospital. Oakland Hospital in the Fruitvale district closed in the 1990s. Naval Hospital Oakland (Oak Knoll Naval Hospital) closed during the military Base Realignment and Closure of 1993. Heritage aerial photograogh of the Oak Knoll complex‎ Naval Hospital Oakland also known as Oak Knoll Naval Hospital was a U.S. naval hospital located in Oakland, California opened during World War II (1942) and closed in 1996[1] as part of the 1993 Base Realignment and Closure program. ... Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) is a process of the United States federal government directed at the administration and operation of the US Armed Forces, used by the United States Department of Defense and Congress to close excess military installations and realign the total asset inventory in order to save...


Sister cities

Oakland, California has eight sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Dalian (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Japanese: Dairen; Russian: Далянь, Dalian or Дальний, Dalny) is the governing sub-provincial city in the eastern Liaoning Province of Northeast China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... This article is about a city in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Nakhodka is a port city in Primorsky Krai (Maritime Region) in the Far Eastern part of Russia, at 42°49′ N 132°53′ E The city has approximately 200,000 inhabitants. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... View of Ocho Ríos, taken from Shaw Park Gardens - 2006 Ocho Ríos is a town on the northern coast of Jamaica, located in the parish of Saint Ann. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ghana. ... Sekondi-Takoradi, population 335,000 (2005), is the capital of the Western Region of Ghana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Santiago de Cuba is the capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province in the south-eastern area of the island nation of Cuba, some 540 miles (869 km) east south-east of the Cuban capital of Havana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Panorama of the seaside from the kasbah Agadir (Arabic: أكادير, Berber (Amazigh): ) is a city in southwest Morocco, capital of the Souss-Massa-Dra region. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... Da Nang (in Vietnamese: Quốc Ngữ Đà Nẵng) is a major port city in the South Central Coast of Vietnam, on the coast of the South China Sea. ...

See also

San Francisco Bay Area Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... The East Bay, in the northern part of the U.S. state of California, lies on the east shores of the San Francisco Bay and San Pablo Bay, and includes Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. ... Books about Oakland, California grouped by genre and listed by publication date. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Hyphy (pronounced HI-fee; IPA: ) is a style of music and dance primarily associated with the Bay Area hip hop culture. ... This is a listing of famous people who were either born in, or have lived in, Oakland, California. ...

References

  1. ^ a b E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties and the State with Annual Percent Change — January 1, 2005 and 2006 (PDF). California Department of Finance (May 1, 2006). Retrieved on November 16, 2007.
  2. ^ http://www.business2oakland.com/main/majoremployers.htm
  3. ^ Liu, Deborah (June 25, 2002), Annual Status Report from the City Manager’s Office on the Implementation of the Equal Access Ordinance for FY 2001-02, City of Oakland
  4. ^ Milliken, Randall. Ohlone Tribal Regions Map. Retrieved on 2007-04-15.
  5. ^ See [1]
  6. ^ Prentice, Helaine Kaplan, Rehab Right, Ten-Speed Press. ISBN 0-89815-172-4
  7. ^ Arroyo, Cuahutémoc (Faculty Mentor: Professor Leon F. Litwack). "Jim Crow" Shipyards: Black Labor and Race Relations in East Bay Shipyards During World War II. The Berkeley McNair Journal, The UC Berkeley McNair Scholars Program. - Accessed from Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia at Ferris State University on August 19, 2007
  8. ^ "Spouseless Motherhood, Psychological Stress, and Physical Morbidity", Journal of Health and Social Behavior. Retrieved on 2007-09-25. “The "Oakland Poverty Area" is a set of contiguous census tracts with male unemployment rates of 9 percent or more as reported in the 1960 census. ...” 
  9. ^ Jessica McElrath. The Black Panthers. afroamhistory.about.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-22.
  10. ^ The Notorious Ebonics Resolution of Oakland, California: Drake, Dan 1997
  11. ^ Junk Science and the "Ebonics" Resolution: Is academia looking the other way?: Salvucci, Claudio R. - Evolution Publishing, June 1997
  12. ^ Ballet Company's Comeback is Short-lived: Howard, Rachel - San Francisco Chronicle, February 1, 2006
  13. ^ Library Bond Measure Headed for the November 7 Ballot: Oakland Public Library Press Release, August 1, 2006
  14. ^ Defeat of Bond Measure Forces Library System to Rethink Improvements: Nance, Mariama - North Gate News Online, November 15, 2006
  15. ^ Oakland Mayor’s Race: Top Candidates Offer Voters Clear Contrasts: Heredia, Christopher - San Francisco Chronicle, January 19, 2006
  16. ^ "Dellums Wins Oakland Mayoral Race Outright", San Francisco Chronicle, June 16, 2006. 
  17. ^ http://www.murakaminelson.com/lakemerritt.html
  18. ^ Troutman, Keri Hayes. Great Oakland Neighborhoods Oakland Magazine, May 2006. Accessed September 16, 2007
  19. ^ a b Neighborhood Search Map, Oakland Museum of California.
  20. ^ "'Ghost Town' a Work in Progress", San Francisco Chronicle, January 24, 2001. Retrieved on 2007-09-25. 
  21. ^ Weather.com – Monthly Averages for Oakland. Retrieved on 2007-09-04.
  22. ^ Population Of The 100 Largest Cities And Other Urban Places In The United States: 1790 To 1990: Gibson, Campbell – U.S. Bureau of the Census, June 1998
  23. ^ Population Estimates: U.S. Census Bureau
  24. ^ American FactFinder Table for Oakland, CA: U.S. Census Bureau Online
  25. ^ Lopez, Alejandra. (2001). Racial/Ethnic Diversity and Residential Segregation in the San Francisco Bay Area. Retrieved on 17 Sept 2006. Quinn, Lois M. and Pawasarat, John. (2003). Racial Integration in Urban America: A Block Level Analysis of African American and White Housing Patterns. Retrieved on 17 Sept 2006.
  26. ^ Lesbians Step Out With Pride: DeFao, Janine – San Francisco Chronicle, August 27, 2006
  27. ^ Gay Demographics via Census 2000 sorted by incorporated area
  28. ^ a b c d Designing a Socially Just Downtown, NHI, by Alex Salazar, Spring 2006, retrieved August12, 2007
  29. ^ Goodman, N. David. (November 18, 2007).Detroit Named Most Dangerous U.S. City, AOL News.
  30. ^ Grieving Mom's Mission Of Mercy: Zamora, Jim Herron – San Francisco Chronicle, December 19, 2006
  31. ^ Murders Go Up and Oakland Tries to Understand Why: Mamberto, Carola – North Gate News Online, October 2, 2006
  32. ^ Homicides In Oakland Multimedia Map: D’Angelo, Gus – San Francisco Chronicle Online
  33. ^ Oakland: A Plague of Killing: San Francisco Online
  34. ^ http://www.insidebayarea.com/search/ci_7538747?IADID=Search-www.insidebayarea.com-www.insidebayarea.com
  35. ^ Mayors Against Illegal Guns: Coalition Members.
  36. ^ Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?. Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved on 2007-10-19.
  37. ^ Leading with the Left. Progressive Punch. Retrieved on 2007-10-19.
  38. ^ ACU Ratings of Congress, 2006. American Conservative Union (2006). Retrieved on 2007-10-19.
  39. ^ http://www.business2oakland.com/main/majoremployers.htm
  40. ^ For Keyshia Cole, it's good to be back in the Bay Area, by Jim Harrington, Oakland Tribune, April 25, 2007, retrieved October 16, 2007
  41. ^ Robert Taylor, Staff Writer (08/14/2007). Oakland art galleries creating loud 'Murmur' on first Fridays. InsideBayArea.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-23.
  42. ^ Oakland Municipal Code. Accessed August 31, 2007.
  43. ^ OUSD Schools & Principals 2006-2007). Accessed August 31, 2007.
  44. ^ OUSD Board of Education Overview. Accessed August 31, 2007.
  45. ^ STAR 2005 Test Results (must fill in County, District)
  46. ^ Enrollment by School and Grade (2006-2007) Select Charter School, Enrollment by School and Grade, and click on Get Info.
  47. ^ Dang. Shirley. 2 Oakland charter schools get association's approval. Oakland Tribune September 22, 2007. Accessed September 22, 2007.
  48. ^ Initial Study: Intermodal Interface Demonstration Project, Port of Oakland, Oakland, California, Earth Metrics and Korve Engineerning, December 20, 1989
  49. ^ E. Bay Garbage Lockout Over; Teamsters OK Contract. cbs5.com. Accessed September 6, 2007
  50. ^ Kleffman, Sandy. Nonprofit hospitals take millions more than they give. The Montclarion (Bay Area News Group - East Bay), A6-7. September 7, 2007. Accessed September 9, 2007

is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Leon F. Litwack is an American historian and professor of history at the University of California at Berkeley. ... The University of California, Berkeley (also known as Cal, UC Berkeley, UCB, or simply Berkeley) is a prestigious, public, coeducational university situated in the foothills of Berkeley, California to the east of San Francisco Bay, overlooking the Golden Gate and its bridge. ... Ferris State University is an institute of higher learning whose main campus is located in Big Rapids, Michigan, in Mecosta County, with a secondary campus in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and smaller programs located throughout the region. ... is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Oakland Tribune is a daily newspaper published in Oakland, California by the ANG Newspapers, a subsidiary of MediaNews Group. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Oakland Tribune is a daily newspaper published in Oakland, California by the ANG Newspapers, a subsidiary of MediaNews Group. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

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Coordinates: 37.803833° N 122.269861° W Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Oakland Museum of California or Oakland Museum is a museum dedicated to the art, history, and natural science of California located in Oakland, California. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Oakland California | Hotels | Oakland Real Estate | Restaurants (973 words)
Executive Inns along the Oakland shore are perfect for business travelers while tourists visiting Oakland will find both luxury boutique hotels featuring work from famous designers and more affordable accommodations ranging from the hotels near the Oakland Airport and contemporary hotels near Oakland's vibrant downtown.
Historic Jack London Square, the centerpiece of Oakland's revitalized waterfront with plenty of shops, restaurants and cafes, easily ranks as Oakland's most popular attraction, but there are also plenty of other attractions to spark the imagination.
Oakland has one of the largest populations of artists per capita in the Bay Area.
Oakland, California at AllExperts (2209 words)
Oakland is the county seat of Alameda County.
Oakland was founded and incorporated in 1852 and grew with the railroads, becoming a major rail terminus in the late 1860s and 1870s.
West Oakland is the area between Downtown and the bay, partially surrounded by the Port of Oakland.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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