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Encyclopedia > Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts
Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts
Official flag of Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts
Flag
Official seal of Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Massachusetts
Location in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 41°27′15″N 70°33′45″W / 41.45417, -70.5625
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Dukes County
Settled 1642
Incorporated 1880
Government
 - Type Open town meeting
Area
 - Town  26.0 sq mi (67.2 km²)
 - Land  7.4 sq mi (19.1 km²)
 - Water  18.6 sq mi (48.1 km²)
Elevation  30 ft (9 m)
Population (2000)
 - Town 3,713
 - Density 504.1/sq mi (194.6/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02557
Area code(s) 508 / 774
Website: http://www.ci.oak-bluffs.ma.us/

Oak Bluffs is a town located on Martha's Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts, USA. The population was 3,713 at the 2000 census. It is one of two Steamship Authority ferry ports on the island, although the Oak Bluffs steamships only operate in the summer. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Dukes County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 508 was split from area code 617 on July 16, 1988. ... Area code 774 is an overlay of parts of area code 508. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Map of Marthas Vineyard. ... Dukes County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... The Woods Hole, Marthas Vineyard and Nantucket Steamship Authority (known more briefly as The Steamship Authority) operates ferries in Nantucket Sound, Massachusetts, United States. ...

Contents

History

Oak Bluffs was first settled in 1642 and was officially incorporated in 1880 as Cottage City, Massachusetts. Before its incorporation, it was part of Edgartown. The town re-incorporated in 1907 as Oak Bluffs, so named because the town was the site of an oak grove along the bluffs. Events January 4 - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Edgartown is a town located on Marthas Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ...


Oak Bluffs originally began as the center for tourism on the Vineyard. While the other towns were more focused on industry, Oak Bluffs became a mecca for travelers from around the world as early as the beginning of the 1800‘s. It also became a center of the thriving 19th Century Methodist movement. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ...


In the area known now as the Camp Meeting Association or “The Campground“, members of the Methodist church would come each summer to pitch tents and have open air meetings. As these meetings became more and more popular, returning visitors began replacing the tents with small wooden buildings generally known now as Gingerbread Cottages. This name originated from the ornate molding and bright colors that these summer homes were painted and because of their quaint, almost storybook look. With the Methodist camp meetings taking place in the center, the campground expanded in a circular pattern around the meeting area until hundreds of the small cottages sprang up. Later a more permanent structure was built, called the Tabernacle. This covered open sided structure allowed speakers and meeting attendees to weather the elements and gave rise to a community center which is still in use today.


The campground Gingerbread cottages are cherished historic landmarks as well as very expensive real estate. Many are still family owned and passed on generation to generation.


In 1884, the Flying Horses Carousel was brought to Oak Bluffs, where it remains the oldest platform carousel still in operation. The Flying Horses Carousel is the oldest operating platform carousel in America. ...


It is still a yearly event to hold what residents call “Illumination”. This traditional celebration is held once a year, usually in August. For one special night, residents of the Campground place ornate Chinese lanterns (some electric, some still lit with just a candle), around each Gingerbread Cottage. The lanterns remain dark until after dusk. At an appointed hour, people gather in the Tabernacle for a sing-along and community gathering. At the end all the lights go out and thousands of Chinese lanterns spring to life in a brilliant cascade of light throughout the campground. The celebration ends after visitors walk through the Campground enjoying the sights and sounds of an event taken straight from the turn of the century and brought to life yearly in the small town of Oak Bluffs.


On April 5, 2005, the grounds and buildings in the Campground were designated a National Historic Landmark by the Secretary of the Interior. is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ...


On November 16, 2006 MTV announced that they where going to make a new TV show called "The Bluffs," about African-Americans going to Oak Bluffs for summer November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 67.2 km² (26.0 mi²). 19.1 km² (7.4 mi²) of it is land and 48.1 km² (18.6 mi²) of it (71.61%) is water. The town is 323rd out of 351 communities in the Commonwealth in terms of land area, and is the third smallest community (behind Aquinnah and Tisbury) in Dukes County. Oak Bluffs is bordered by Nantucket Sound to the north and east, Edgartown to the south, and Vineyard Harbor, Lagoon Pond and Tisbury to the west. It also shares a common corner, along with Tisbury and Edgartown, with West Tisbury. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Aquinnah is a town, formerly known as Gay Head, located on Marthas Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 344. ... Nantucket Sound is a roughly triangular area of the Atlantic Ocean offshore from the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Edgartown is a town located on Marthas Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts. ... The Lighthouse of Tisbury (West Chop Light) in 1891 Northern view of Holmes Hole, East Tisbury, 1841 Tisbury is a town located on Marthas Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts. ... West Tisbury is a town located on Marthas Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 2,467. ...


From the northernmost tip of the town, at East Chop Light, the town is just over five miles from the mainland. The town shares Sengekontacket Pond with Edgartown, with the town's land ending and Sarson's Island, but wrapping around the waters around Felix Neck into Major's Cove. There are three beaches in the town, at Eastville Point (along the lagoon road), the town beach just south of Oak Bluffs Harbor, and Joseph Sylvia State Beach along the shore opposite Sengekontacket Pond. The highest points in town are between the pond and the lagoon, and west of the lagoon in the irregular triangle of land which juts into Tisbury. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Oak Bluffs is the site of Trade Winds Airport, a private landing strip located just north of the pond, as well as a steamship authority pier for the ferries from Woods Hole, Falmouth Harbor and Hyannis Port. Only the Woods Hole ferry, however, is year round; the others are seasonal only.


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 3,713 people, 1,590 households, and 914 families residing in the town. The population density was 194.5/km² (504.1/mi²). There were 3,820 housing units at an average density of 200.1/km² (518.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 86.72% White, 4.31% African American, 1.51% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 2.50% from other races, and 4.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.19% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 1,590 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.5% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.94. “Spouse” redirects here. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $42,044, and the median income for a family was $53,841. Males had a median income of $39,113 versus $31,797 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,829. About 6.2% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.0% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Oak Bluffs ranks 263rd in population in the Commonwealth, and third in Dukes County (behind Edgartown and Tisbury). It is 173rd in the Commonwealth in terms of population density, and second behind Tisbury in Dukes County.


Government

On the national level, Oak Bluffs is a part of Massachusetts's 10th congressional district, and is currently represented by Bill Delahunt. The state's senior (Class I) member of the United States Senate, re-elected in 2006, is Ted Kennedy. The junior (Class II) Senator, up for re-election in 2008, is John Kerry. The 10th District includes the South Shore of Massachusetts, running from Quincy to Weymouth and Abington and includes all of Cape Cod, Nantucket and Marthas Vineyard. ... William D. (Bill) Delahunt (born July 18, 1941), has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1997, representing the 10th District of Massachusetts. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Politics Portal      The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the... Edward Moore Ted Kennedy (born February 22, 1932) is the senior United States Senator from Massachusetts and a member of the Democratic Party. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ...


On the state level, Oak Bluffs is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a part of the Barnstable, Dukes and Nantucket district, which includes all of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket, as well as a portion of Falmouth. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senate as a portion of the Cape and Islands district, which includes all of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket and most of Barnstable County (with the exception of Bourne, Sandwich, Falmouth and a portion of Barnstable.[1]. The town is home to the Fifth Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police, which serves all of Dukes County.[2] The Massachusetts House of Representatives is the lower house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ... The garden of the historical society of Falmouth Falmouth is a town located in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... The Massachusetts Senate is the upper house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ... Barnstable County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Barnstable County Settled 1640 Incorporated 1884 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  52. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Barnstable County Settled 1637 Incorporated 1639 Government type Open town meeting Area    - Town  44. ... The garden of the historical society of Falmouth Falmouth is a town located in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Barnstable County Settled 1637 Incorporated 1638 Government  - Type Council-manager city  - Town    Manager John C. Klimm Area  - City  76. ... The Massachusetts State Police (MSP) is an agency of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Executive Office of Public Safety responsible for criminal law enforcement and traffic vehicle regulation across the state. ...


Oak Bluffs is governed on the local level by the open town meeting form of government, and is led by a board of selectmen. The town has its own police and fire departments, with the police being located near Oak Bluffs Harbor and the fire department being more centrally located in the town. The post office is located just east of the Vineyard Camp Meeting Association lands, as is Oak Bluffs Public Library, which is a member of the Cape Libraries Automated Materials Sharing (CLAMS) Network. Oak Bluffs is also home to Martha's Vineyard Hospital, just northeast of the Lagoon, which serves all of the island, as does the Massachusetts Registry of Motor Vehicles branch near the center of town. An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ... The Board of Selectmen is commonly the executive arm of town government in New England. ...


Education

Oak Bluffs is served by Martha's Vineyard Public School District. The town operates Oak Bluffs Elementary School, which serves approximately 420 students from pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. The town is home to Martha's Vineyard Regional High School. located just north of the Corellus State Forest in Edgartown, and not far from the geographic center of the island. MVRHS's teams are nicknamed the Vineyarders, and their colors are violet and white. The school has a longstanding rivalry with Nantucket High School, with both competing for the Island Cup on an annual basis. Marthas Vineyard Regional High School is the one of the two public schools in Oak Bluffs on the island of Marthas Vineyard, Massachusetts, United States. ...


Gallery

See also

The Flying Horses Carousel is the oldest operating platform carousel in America. ... Map of Marthas Vineyard. ... Edgartown is a town located on Marthas Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts. ... Chilmark is a town located on Marthas Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts. ... Vineyard Haven is a census-designated place and village located in the town of Tisbury on Marthas Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts. ...

References

  1. ^ Index of Legislative Representatives by City and Town
  2. ^ Station D-5, SP Oak Bluffs

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (568 words)
Oak Bluffs is a town located on Martha's Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts, USA.
Oak Bluffs was first settled in 1642 and was officially incorporated in 1880 as Cottage City, Massachusetts.
Oak Bluffs is known for its colorful Victorian-era "gingerbread houses", which are clustered around a central Tabernacle on curved streets in an area of town known as "the Campground".
Welcome Town of Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts - Martha's Vineyard - Official Web Site! (538 words)
The Town of Oak Bluffs is a resort town on the northeast shore of Martha's Vineyard, originally incorporated in 1880 as Cottage City.
Oak Bluffs operates the largest marina on Martha's Vineyard, which not only has the most slips, but is situated in the midst of the historic gingerbread campgrounds, and offers easy access to the rest of the Island.
Oak Bluffs has experienced simultaneous development of a secular seaside resort, and the continuation of a religious summer revival.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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