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Encyclopedia > OZNA

OZNA or Organ Zaštite Naroda (Armije) (lit. Department for Protection of the People) was a security agency of the communist Yugoslavia. Security agency is an organization which conducts intelligence activities for the internal security of a nation, state or organization. ... Communism - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ...

Contents


Founding

OZNA was founded on May 13, 1944 under the leadership of Aleksandar Ranković (aka Marko), who was a close associate of Josip Broz Tito, a top member of the Politburo until his downfall in 1965/66. May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (134th in leap years). ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Ranković, Tito and Đilas Aleksandar Leka Ranković (1909-1982) was a leading Yugoslav Communist of Serbian origin. ... Josip Broz Tito   listen? (May 7, 1892 – May 4, 1980) was the president of Yugoslavia between the end of World War II and his death in 1980. ... Politburo is short for Political Bureau. ... // Events January-February January 4 - United States President Lyndon Johnson proclaims his Great Society during his State of the Union address. ...


Function

Until OZNA was established, intelligence and security tasks were carried out by several organizations. In spring, 1944, the tasks were carried out by the Section for Protection of Nations in central and western Bosnia, part of Croatia, and Vojvodina; centers of territorial intelligence in Croatian Vojvodina and Montenegro; intelligence division of the Internal Affairs Section within the SNOS Presidency in Slovenia; and intelligence service of partisan detachments in Serbia, Macedonia, and Kosovo. Bosnia and Herzegovina (officially Bosna i Hercegovina, shortened to BiH, also in English variously written Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bosnia-Hercegovina) is a mountainous country in the western Balkans. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian Capital Podgorica Former Royal Capital Cetinje President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  13,812 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ Density  616,258  48. ... Intelligence has two different common meanings : Intelligence (trait) Animal intelligence Artificial intelligence Intelligence (information gathering) Business intelligence Military espionage This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Column The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II. // Origins The Rebellion The Yugoslav Partisans went under the official name of Peoples Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Narodno-oslobodilačka vojska... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  88,361 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)     (without Kosovo)  â€“ Density  7. ... Kosovo (Albanian: Kosovë / Kosova, Serbian: Косово и Метохија / Kosovo i Metohija), in English most often called just Kosovo, is a province of Serbia. ...


Organization

The reorganization of intelligence and security could not satisfy the growing needs of the Supreme Staff. OZNA was created as autonomous, military organization whose unitary structure and centralized leadership were to ensure a tough political line in the intelligence and counter-intelligence services. All OZNA tasks were divided into four groups, each comprising an organizational unit: Autonomy is the condition of something that does not depend on anything else. ... Counter Intelligence A uk label started and owned by John Machielsen. ...

  1. intelligence under Maks Baće
  2. counter-intelligence under Pavle Pekić
  3. army security under Jeftimije (aka Jefto) Sasić, and
  4. technical/statistics under Mijat Vuletić

The first section (intelligence) organized intelligence activity in other countries, enemy state institutions, and occupied territory. It recruited agents and sent them to work outside the borders of the liberated territory. It collected intelligence on enemy agent networks, police, quisling state machinery, and quisling military units. This was essentially an offensive intelligence service, directed against foreign countries and occupied territory. Maks Baće, also known as Makso Baće and Maks Baće Milić (b. ... Look up Quisling in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Quisling is the surname of Vidkun Quisling the leader of the Norwegian fascist party Nasjonal Samling (NS) and a staunch ally of Nazi Germany during World War II. He was executed by firing squad for his crimes. ... For the American magazine, see Foreign Policy. ...


The second section (counterintelligence service in the liberated territory) collected information from trusted informers on political groups which had either joined the national liberation movement or stayed outside it, on enemy agent activities, and on armed groups of national traitors and fifth columnists.


The third section organized counter-intelligence protection of armed forces and was active only in the NOVJ & PO (People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia and Partisan Detachments). National Liberation Army is the name of several groups: Albania One of the organizations that fought to liberate Albania during World War II from Italian and German troops; see National Liberation Army (Albania), History of Albania. ...


The fourth section performed statistical and technical tasks, processed information, and kept records. This section also included special photography, secret writing, radio centers, and decoders.


A fifth and sixth section were formed in OZNA in March and April,1945.


The fifth section was formed as a counterintelligence service against foreign agent networks in Yugoslavia; that is, foreign intelligence services. (In 1946, this section merged with the new third section, which was created after the military counterintelligence service became independent).


The sixth section performed tasks dealing with counter-intelligence protection of transportation, but was absorbed soon after its establishment by the second sector.


Activities

When the National Liberation Army changed its name into the Yugoslav Army on March 1, 1945, the OZNA of Democratic Federal Yugoslavia proclaimed by special directive ( March 24,1945) a new organization of the Yugoslav Army - OZNA. OZNA was in direct command of counter-intelligence protection of military command posts, institutions, and units. Sections were set up within independent corps. This third OZNA section was in force until the end of July, 1945, when the "military" and "civil" part of OZNA began to separate and finally split in March, 1946. At that time, the Administrative Directorate for Security of Yugoslav Army - (KOS or Kontra-Obaveštajna Služba) was formed from the military part and the Administrative State Security Directorate - (UDBA) from its civilian counterpart. The Yugoslav Peoples Army (Jugoslavenska/Jugoslovenska narodna armija, JNA, Slovene Jugoslovanska ljudska armada, JLA) was the army of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia prior to its dissolution. ... The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ... The Yugoslav Peoples Army (Jugoslavenska/Jugoslovenska narodna armija, JNA, Slovene Jugoslovanska ljudska armada, JLA) was the army of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia prior to its dissolution. ... Counter Intelligence A uk label started and owned by John Machielsen. ... A Command Post is a term, of military origin, referring to a field location from where the person in charge of a situation issues orders. ... The Yugoslav Peoples Army (Jugoslavenska/Jugoslovenska narodna armija, JNA, Slovene Jugoslovanska ljudska armada, JLA) was the army of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia prior to its dissolution. ... KOS or Kontra-ObaveÅ¡tajna Služba was the counter-intelligence service of the Yugoslav Peoples Army. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...


Since OZNA was actually left without its third section after the military counter-intelligence service became independent, it formed a new third section unconnected to the previous one. It focused initially on reconstruction and operations of the German intelligence service (especially Gestapo). Later, the third section assumed operations for all foreign intelligence services, borders, and traffic of foreigners (which were essentially the tasks of the fifth section). Counter Intelligence A uk label started and owned by John Machielsen. ... The Gestapo was the official secret police force of Nazi Germany. ... ...


The fourth section continued filing information they had been collected within the OF VOS since 1941. From initial information files on 4,000 people, by the end of the war the number had increased to 17,750.


OZNA was led by a chief who was directly subordinate to the Supreme Commander of SFRJ, Marshall Josip Broz Tito. Supreme Commander is a computer game of the Real-Time Strategy genre, developed by Chris Taylors Gas Powered Games and slated for release sometime in 2006. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
OZNA - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (618 words)
OZNA was founded on May 13, 1944 under the leadership of Aleksandar Ranković (aka Marko), who was a close associate of Josip Broz Tito, a top member of the Politburo until his downfall in 1965/66.
OZNA was created as autonomous, military organization whose unitary structure and centralized leadership were to ensure a tough political line in the intelligence and counter-intelligence services.
OZNA was in direct command of counter-intelligence protection of military command posts, institutions, and units.
The South Slav Journal (5667 words)
The operation of bourgeois cleansing was immediately launched by a special department of the Partisan Army, called OZNA, an abbreviation for one of many cynical Communist appellations meaning the Department for the Protection of the People.
OZNA was established in May 1944, and it was immediately introduced into Serbian towns upon Communist entrance.
The empty streets of the capital were flooded by OZNA agents.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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