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The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is an For the political science journal, see: International Organization An international organization (also called intergovernmental organization) is an organization of international scope or character. There are two main types of international organizations: international intergovernmental organizations, whose members are sovereign states; and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), which are private organizations. Generally the... international organization for security. In its region it is concerned with early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation. It has 55 participating states from World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. It is conventionally considered a continent, which, in this case, is more of a cultural distinction than a geographic one. ( National Geographic, however, officially recognises... Europe, the The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2.5 million km². Name The term Mediterranean derives from the Latin mediterraneus, inland (medius, middle + terra, land, earth). The Mediterranean Sea... Mediterranean, the The Caucasus is a region in West Asia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus mountains and surrounding lowlands. The highest peak is Elbrus (5642m). Ancient countries of Caucasus: Armenia, Iberia, Colchis and Albania Modern Caucasus: Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan The independent nations that comprise... Caucasus, Map of Central Asia outlined in orange showing one set of possible borders Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. Though various definitions of its exact composition exist, no one definition is universally accepted. Despite this uncertainty in defining... Central Asia and World map showing location of North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is the third largest continent in area and in population after Eurasia and Africa. It is bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the... North America.

Contents

Institutions

The decision making bodies of the organization are the Summit, Ministerial Council and Senior Council, with the Permanent Council the regular decision-making body, under the leadership of the Chairman-in-Office (CiO), who holds the position for one year. For 2005, the CiO is the The Republic of Slovenia ( Slovenian: Republika Slovenija) is a coastal sub-Alpine country in south central Europe bordering Italy to the west, the Adriatic Sea to the southwest, Croatia to the south and east, Hungary to the northeast, and Austria to the north. National motto: None National anthem: Zdravljica Capital... Slovenian Foreign Minister Dimitrij Rupel (born April 7, 1946 in Ljubljana) is a liberal politician from Slovenia and current foreign minister of that country. Rupel studied at the University of Essex, the University of Ljubljana (where he got his bachelors degree in world literature and sociology), and the Brandeis University (where he... Dimitrij Rupel.


The OSCE headquarters are located in This article is about the city and federal state in Austria. For other places or things called Vienna, see Vienna (disambiguation). Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]) is the capital of Austria, and also one of Austrias nine federal states (Bundesland Wien). Situated on both sides of the river... Vienna, The Republic of Austria ( German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It borders Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The state is a representative democracy... Austria. The Organization also has offices in City nickname: none Location in Denmark Area  - Total  - Water 526 km² xxx km² xx% Population  - City ( 2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density 502,204 1,116,979 954/km² [including water] xxx/km² [land only] Time zone Eastern: UTC+1 Latitude Longitude 55°... Copenhagen, Coat of arms of the Canton of Geneva Coat of arms of the City of Geneva Geneva (French: Genève, German: Genf, Italian: Ginevra, Romansh Genevra, Spanish: Ginebra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zurich), located where Lake Geneva (French: Lac de Genève or Lac L... Geneva, This article is about the city in the Netherlands; there is also a region known as (the) Hague in France. Arms of The Hague Flag of The city of The Hague. The Hague (Dutch: Den Haag, or officially s-Gravenhage) is the administrative capital of the Netherlands, located in the... The Hague, Prague (Praha in Czech) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. Situated on the Vltava river in central Bohemia, it is home to approximately 1.2 million inhabitants. (It can be derived from jobs statistics, however, that additional 300,000 work there without having registered as residents... Prague and Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. It is located on the Vistula river roughly 350 km from both the Baltic Sea coast and the Carpathian Mountains. Its... Warsaw.


The OSCE employs close to 440 persons in its various Institutions. In the field, the Organization has about 750 international and 2,370 local staff.


History

The organization was established in 1973 as the Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE). Talks had been mooted about a European security grouping since the 1950s but the The Cold War ( 1947- 1991) was the open yet restricted rivalry that developed after World War II between groups of nations practicing different ideologies and political systems. On one side was the Soviet Union and its allies, often referred to as the Eastern bloc. On the other side were the... Cold War prevented any substantial progress until the talks at Dipoli in Helsinki (pronounced with the stress on the first syllable in Finnish — think Helsin Ki), or Helsingfors in Swedish, is the capital of Finland. It is located in the southern part of Finland on the shore of the Gulf of Finland. Helsinki forms a conurbation with three other cities, Espoo... Helsinki began in November 1972. The recommendations of the talks, "The Blue Book", gave the practical foundations for a three-stage conference, the Helsinki process. The CSCE opened in Helsinki on July 3 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ July 3 From Wikipedia July 3rd is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 181 days remaining. Events 300-1899 323 - Battle of Adrianople... July 3, 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. Events January January 1 - United Kingdom, Ireland, and Denmark enter the European Economic Community, now known as the European Union. January 3 - Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) sells the New York Yankees for $10 million to a 12-person syndicate led by George... 1973 with 35 states sending representatives. Stage I only took five days to agree to follow the Blue Book. Stage II was the main working phase and was conducted in Coat of arms of the Canton of Geneva Coat of arms of the City of Geneva Geneva (French: Genève, German: Genf, Italian: Ginevra, Romansh Genevra, Spanish: Ginebra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zurich), located where Lake Geneva (French: Lac de Genève or Lac L... Geneva from September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). There are 104 days remaining. Events 96 - Nerva elevated as Roman Emperor after Domitian was stabbed to death. 323 - Constantine the Great decisively defeats Licinius in the Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing Constantines sole control over the... September 18, 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. Events January January 1 - United Kingdom, Ireland, and Denmark enter the European Economic Community, now known as the European Union. January 3 - Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) sells the New York Yankees for $10 million to a 12-person syndicate led by George... 1973 until July 21 is the 202nd day (203rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 163 days remaining. Events 1200-1899 1298 - Battle of Falkirk (1298): Englands Edward Longshank defeats William Wallaces Scottish rebels 1568 - Battle of Jemmingen: Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva... July 21, 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). Events January January 1 - Watergate scandal: John N. Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman, John D. Ehrlichman are found guilty of the Watergate cover-up and are sentenced to between 30 months and 8 years in... 1975. the result of Stage II was the The Helsinki Accords is the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe held in Helsinki in 1975 between the United States and Canada, the Soviet Union and the countries of Europe, including Turkey but not Albania. The civil rights portion of the agreement provided the basis... Helsinki Final Act which was signed by the 35 particpating nations during Stage III, which took place in Helsinki from July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. Events 1608 - At Ticonderoga (now Crown Point, New York), Samuel de Champlain shot two Iroquois chiefs to death. This was to set the tone for French-Iroquois relations for... July 30 to August 1st is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. Events 500-1899 527 - Justinian I becomes Byzantine Emperor. 1291 - The Swiss Confederation is formed. 1492 - Ferdinand and Isabella drive the Jews out of Spain. 1461 - Edward IV crowned... August 1, 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). Events January January 1 - Watergate scandal: John N. Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman, John D. Ehrlichman are found guilty of the Watergate cover-up and are sentenced to between 30 months and 8 years in... 1975.


The concepts of improving relations and implementing the Act were developed over a series of follow-up meeting, with major gatherings in Belgrade (disambiguation). Belgrade ( Serbian, Београд, Beograd), is the capital ( 2003–) of Serbia and Montenegro and Yugoslavia ( 1918– 2003). The city lies on the outfall of the Sava river to the Danube river in northern central Serbia, at 44.83° N 20... Belgrade ( October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in Leap years). There are 88 days remaining. Events 600-1899 610 - Heraclius arrives by ship from Africa at Constantinople, otherthrows Byzantine Emperor Phocas and becomes Emperor. 1535 - The first complete English language Bible is printed, with translations by William... October 4, For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). Events January-February January 1 - First woman Episcopal priest ordained. January 6 - EMI sacks the Sex Pistols January 18 - Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious legionnaires disease January 18 - Australia experiences its worst railway disaster... 1977 - March 8 is the 67th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (68th in Leap years). There are 298 days remaining. Events 1618 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but later on May 15 confirms... March 8, Events January January 1 - The Copyright Act of 1976 takes effect, making sweeping changes to United States copyright law. January 1 - Air Indias Boeing 747 explodes near Bombay - 213 dead. January 4 - Referendum in Chile supports policies of Augusto Pinochet. January 7 - Emilio Palma is born in Antarctica, making... 1978), This article is about the Spanish capital. For other entries, see Madrid (disambiguation). Coat of arms The Plaza de España square Madrid, the capital of Spain, is located in the center of the country at 40°25N, 3°45W. Population of the city of Madrid proper was... Madrid ( November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. Events 1215 - The Fourth Lateran Council meets, adopting the doctrine of transubstantiation, meaning that bread and wine are transformed into the body and blood of Christ. 1620 - In what... November 11, 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. Events January-February January 1- April 1 - National steel strike in the United Kingdom January 1 - Changes to the Swedish Act of Succession creates Victoria of Sweden, Crown Princess over her younger brother January 4 - American president Jimmy Carter proclaims, with support... 1980 - September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). There are 113 days remaining. Events 1000 - Battle of Swold 1379 - Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian Habsburg lands between the Habsburg Dukes Albert III and Leopold III 1513 - In the Battle of Flodden Field James IV... September 9, 1983 is an integer and composite number that represents a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 1 - Beat Raaflaub became Basel Boys Choirs new conductor January 1 - the ARPANET officially changes to use the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet. January 1 - compulsory wearing... 1983), and This article is about the city and federal state in Austria. For other places or things called Vienna, see Vienna (disambiguation). Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]) is the capital of Austria, and also one of Austrias nine federal states (Bundesland Wien). Situated on both sides of the river... Vienna ( November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 57 days remaining. Events 1500-1899 1576 - Eighty Years War: In Belgium, Spain captures Antwerp (after three days the city was nearly destroyed). 1612 - Moscow China Town taken by Russian troops under... November 4, 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 1 - Spain and Portugal enter the European Community January 1 - Aruba gains increased autonomy from the Netherlands and is separated from the Netherlands Antilles. January 9 - After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak leaves... 1986 - January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 346 days remaining (347 in leap years) Events 1419 - Hundred Years War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England which makes Normandy a part of England. 1520 - Sten Sture the Younger, the Regent of Sweden... January 19, 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 7 - Akihito becomes Emperor of Japan following the death of Hirohito. The Heisei period begins January 8 - the Kegworth Air Disaster - A British Midland Boeing 737 crashes on approach to East Midlands Airport - 44 dead... 1989).


The collapse of Communism is a term that can refer to one of several things: a social and economic system, an ideology which supports that system, or a political movement that wishes to implement that system. As a theoretical social and economic system, communism would be a type of egalitarian society with no... Communism required a change of role for the CSCE. The Paris Charter for a New Europe which was signed on November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 40 days remaining. Events 235 - Anterus is elected Pope. 1783 - In Paris, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent, the marquis dArlandes, make the first untethered... November 21, 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1990 in video gaming January January 3 - Former leader of Panama Manuel Noriega surrenders to American forces. January 7 - The Leaning Tower of Pisa is closed to the public due to safety concerns. January 9 - Lt Gen... 1990 marked the beginning of this change. With the changes capped by the re-naming of the CSCE to the OSCE on January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. Here a calendar year refers to the order in which the months are displayed, January to December. The first day of the medieval Julian year was usually a day other than January 1... January 1, 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. It was the first year of the International Decade of the Worlds Indigenous People (1995- 2005): http://www.unesco.org/culture/indigenous/ Events January January 1 Austria, Finland and Sweden enter the European Union Fred West, accused... 1995.


In This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. Suleymaniye Mosque seen from Tepebaşı (January 2005) Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul) is the largest city in Turkey, located in the northwest of the country where the Bosporus joins the Sea of... Istanbul on November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 42 days remaining. Events 1-1899 461 - St. Hilarius becomes Pope. 1493 - Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to go ashore on an island he only saw for the first time... November 19, 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. Events Kosovo War Shooting in Littleton, Colorado, United States, leaves several high school students dead. Y2K preparation was a major event in 1999 both in... 1999, the OSCE ended a two-day summit by calling for a political settlement in The Chechen Republic (Russian: Чеченская Республика; Chechen: Нохчийн Республика/Noxçiyn Respublika), also known as Chechnya (Russian... Chechnya and adopting a Charter for European Security.


A 43-member OSCE team helped oversee the October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in Leap years). There are 83 days remaining. Events 1000 - Leif Ericson discovers Vinland, becoming the first known European to set foot in North America. 1238 - James I of Aragon conquered Valencia and founded the Kingdom of Valencia. 1446 - The... October 9, 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) Elections were held in 73 countries during 2004. See a list of elections... 2004 presidential election in Afghanistan (Pashtu/Dari-Persian: Afğānistān افغانستان) is a country in Central Asia. It is bordered by Iran in the west, Pakistan in the south and east, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the... Afghanistan.


After a group of 13 The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States. The Party is currently ( as of 2005) the minority party in both the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives, as well as in governorships and state legislative seats. Of the two... democratic US,Us or us may stand for the United States of America us, the oblique case form of the English language pronoun we. Us, a 1992 Peter Gabriel album. the IATA code for US Airways. the ICAO code for the airport at Mirny, Sakha Republic, Russian Federation. Us, a commune... US The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. Together, they compose the legislative branch of the United States government. Seal of the Senate Each state elects two senators through statewide elections. The Constitution of the United States... senators petitioned United Kingdom In the United Kingdom, a Secretary of State is a senior Cabinet Minister in charge of a Government Department. Secretary of State positions can be created without primary legislation; and legislation refers to Secretary of State, which is a notional position split between all the Secretaries of State... Secretary of State Colin Luther Powell (pronounced Coe-lin, born April 5, 1937) was the 65th United States Secretary of State, serving from January 20, 2001 to January 26, 2005 under President George W. Bush. Nominated by Bush on December 16, 2000 and unanimously confirmed by the United States Senate, Powell became the... Colin Powell to have foreign election monitors oversee the Presidential electoral votes by state. Red denotes Bush/Cheney wins, Blue denotes Kerry/Edwards wins. The U.S. presidential election of 2004 took place on Election Day, Tuesday, November 2. The Republican candidate, George W. Bush, won re-election to the presidency over his Democratic rival, Senator John Kerry. Bush... 2004 US presidential election, the The United States Department of State, often referred to as the State Department, is the Cabinet-level foreign affairs agency of the United States government, equivalent to foreign ministries in other countries. It is administered by the United States Secretary of State. It is headquartered in the Harry S. Truman... State Department acquiesced, and President Bush invited the OSCE to do so. [1] (http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1187060/posts)


Structural History

The Chairman in Office for -

  • 2005: Slovenian Foreign Minister Dimitrij Rupel
  • 2004: Bulgarian Foreign Affairs Minister Solomon Passy
  • 2003: Netherlands Foreign Minister Jaap de Hoop Scheffer

Fiscal History

Budget (in Millions of Euros, not adjusted for inflation) for -

  • 2005: ?
  • 2004: 180.8
  • 2003: 165.5
  • 2002: 167.5
  • 2001: 194.5
  • 2000: 202.7
  • 1999: 146.1
  • 1998: 118.7
  • 1997: 43.3
  • 1996: 34.9
  • 1995: 18.9
  • 1994: 21
  • 1993: 12

Participating States

State Admission Signed the Helsinki Final Act Signed the Charter of Paris
Albania is a Mediterranean country in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Montenegro in the north, Serbia ( Kosovo) in the north-east, the Republic of Macedonia in the east, and Greece in the south, has a coast on the Adriatic Sea in the west, and a coast on the Ionian... Albania 1991 June 19 1991 September 16 1991 September 17
National motto: Virtus Unita Fortior ( Latin: Virtue united is stronger) Official language: Catalan Capital:  - Population:  - Coordinates: Andorra la Vella 70,787 ( 2001) 42°30′ N 1°31′ E French Co-Prince: Jacques Chirac Episcopal Co-Prince: Joan Enric Vives i Sicilia Head... Andorra 1996 April 25 1999 November 10 1998 February 17
The text or formatting below is generated by a template which has been proposed for deletion. Please see its entry on Wikipedia:Templates for deletion for comments and voting. Armenia (disambiguation). Armenia ( Armenian: Հայաստան Hayastan, Hayq) is a landlocked country in southern Caucasus... Armenia 1992 January 30 1992 July 8 1992 April 17
The Republic of Austria ( German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It borders Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The state is a representative democracy... Austria 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
Azerbaijan (disambiguation). Azerbaijan ( Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan) is a country in the Caucasus, in the crossroads of Europe and Southwest Asia, with an east coast on the Caspian Sea. It borders Russia on the north, Georgia and Armenia on the west, and Iran on the south. The Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic... Azerbaijan 1992 January 30 1992 July 8 1993 December 20
Belarus ( Belarusian: Белару́сь, Russian: Белару́сь (formerly: Белору́ссия), Polish: Białoruś) is a landlocked nation of Eastern Europe with the capital Minsk. Belarus... Belarus 1992 January 30 1992 February 26 1993 April 8
General info: Large flag of Belgium Dimensions: 348x302 pixels Source: Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook License: originally public domain, modifications under GFDL Most of the flags have had their colours improved and many have been resized to the proper ratios. For a... The Kingdom of Belgium ( Dutch: Koninkrijk België, French: Royaume de Belgique, German: Königreich Belgien) is a country in Western Europe, bordered by the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, France, and the North Sea. Belgium is at a cultural crossroad between Germanic Europe and Romance Europe. It has Dutch speakers... Belgium 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
  Bosnia and Herzegovina (officially Bosna i Hercegovina, shortened to BiH, also in English variously written Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bosnia-Hercegovina) is a mountainous country in the western Balkans. Its capital is Sarajevo and it was formerly one of the six federal units constituting Yugoslavia. The republic gained its... Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992 April 30 1992 July 8  
General info: Large flag of Bulgaria Dimensions: 604x302 pixels (1:2) 503x (3:5) 483x (5:8) 453x (2:3) 431x (7:10) Source: Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook License: originally public domain, modifications under GFDL Most of the flags have had... The Republic of Bulgaria is a republic in the southeast of Europe. It borders the Black Sea to the east, Greece and Turkey to the south, Serbia and Montenegro and the Republic of Macedonia to the west, and Romania to the north along the river Danube. National motto: Съ... Bulgaria 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
National Flag of Canada / lUnifolié For more information, see Department of Canadian Heritage and Image_talk:Canada_flag_large.png. Created by User:Anthony S. Tsoumbris / User:Mzajac File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date... Canada is an independent sovereign state in northern North America, the northern-most country in the world, and the second largest in total area. Bordering the United States, its territorial claims extend north into the Arctic Ocean as far as the North Pole. Canada is a federation of ten provinces... Canada 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
The Republic of Croatia is a crescent-shaped country in Europe bordering the Mediterranean, Central Europe and the Balkans. Its capital is Zagreb. In recent history, it was a republic in the SFR Yugoslavia, but it achieved independence in 1991. It is a candidate for membership of the European Union... Croatia 1992 March 24 1992 July 8  
Cyprus (in Greek Kypros Κύπρος and in Turkish Kıbrıs) is an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, 113 kilometres (70 miles) south of Turkey and around 120 km west of the Syrian coast. National motto: None National anthem: Ύμν... Cyprus 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
General info: Large flag of the Czech Republic Dimensions: 453x302 pixels Source: Image originally derived from the public domain License: Originally public domain, modifications under GFDL Most of the flags have had their colours improved and many have been resized to the proper ratios. For a complete list of Wikipedia...   National motto: Truth prevails ( Czech: Pravda vítězí) Official language Czech Capital Praha ( Prague) President Václav Klaus Prime Minister Stanislav Gross Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 114th 78,866 km² 2% Population  - Total ( 2003)  - Density Ranked 76th 10.25 million... Czech Republic 1993 January 1    
General info: Large civil flag of Denmark Dimensions: 399x302 pixels Source: Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook License: Originally public domain, modifications under GFDL Most of the flags have had their colours improved and many have been resized to the proper ratios. For... Denmark (disambiguation). The Kingdom of Denmark is geographically the smallest Nordic country and is part of the European Union. It is located in Scandinavia, which is in northern Europe. Denmark borders the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, and consists of a peninsula attached to Northern Germany named Jutland (Jylland... Denmark 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
Estonia (disambiguation). The Republic of Estonia is a country in Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea to the west and the Gulf of Finland to the north. Estonia has land borders with its fellow Baltic state, Latvia, to the south, with Russia to the east, and maritime border with Finland... Estonia 1991 September 10 1992 October 14 1991 December 6
File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 14:00, 7 Sep 2004 . . Samuelsen (241 bytes) (black border) (del) (rev) 07... The Republic of Finland ( Finnish: Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken Finland) is a Nordic country in northeastern Europe, bordered by the Baltic Sea to the southwest, the Gulf of Finland to the southeast and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west. Finland has land frontiers with Sweden, Norway and Russia and... Finland 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
Tricolore of France Created by User:Anthony S. Tsoumbris French Tricolore flag File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 12... The French Republic or France ( French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. France is a democracy organised as a... France 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
Georgia ( Georgian: საქართველო Sakartvelo), known from 1991 to 1995 as the Republic of Georgia, is a country to the east of the Black Sea in the southern Caucasus. A former republic of the Soviet Union, it shares borders with Russia in... Georgia 1992 March 24 1992 July 8 1994 January 21
File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 02:35, 14 Apr 2005 . . Zscout370 (260 bytes) (Reverted to earlier revision) (del... The Federal Republic of Germany ( German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. Due to its central location, Germany has more neighbours than any other European country: these are Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the... Germany 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
Greece, formally called the Hellenic Republic ( Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία), is a country in the southeast of Europe on the southern tip of the Balkan peninsula. It has land boundaries with Bulgaria, the Former Yugoslav... Greece 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
  The coat of arms of the Holy See The term Holy See ( Latin: Sancta Sedes, lit. holy seat) refers in a geographic sense to the episcopal see of Rome, of which the Pope is the ordinary (i.e., the diocesan bishop); in canon law, the terms Holy See and Apostolic... Holy See 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
The Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság) or Hungary (Magyarország) is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. It is known locally as the Country of the Magyars. National motto: (none current) historical: Regnum... Hungary 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
Image replaced by commons:The Civil flag of Iceland.png, please use that one. -- Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason 18:56, 2004 Nov 8 (UTC) The Flag of Iceland Image taken from http://www.sodipodi.com For a complete list of Wikipedia flags, see List of flags. File... Iceland (disambiguation). The Republic of Iceland ( Icelandic: Lýðveldið Ísland) is a borderless country in the northern Atlantic Ocean, located between Greenland, Scotland and Norway. National motto: None Official language None. Icelandic de facto. Capital and largest city Reykjavík President Ólafur Ragnar Gr... Iceland 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 11:06, 11 Feb 2005 . . Zoney (1043 bytes) (Reverted to earlier revision) (del... The Republic of Ireland ( Irish: Poblacht na hÉireann) is the official description of an independent state which covers approximately five-sixths of the island of Ireland, off the coast of north-west Europe. It is the westernmost state of the European Union, and has a developed economy and... Ireland 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
Download high resolution version (1200x800, 1 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Arsenal F.C. A.S. Roma A.C. Milan ACF Fiorentina Chievo Verona Chelsea F.C. European Union European Parliament European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party European Peoples Party (Christian Democrats) and European... The Italian Republic or Italy ( Italian: Repubblica Italiana or Italia) is a country in southern Europe. It comprises a boot-shaped peninsula and two large islands in the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily and Sardinia, and shares its northern alpine boundary with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. The independent countries of San... Italy 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
Kazakhstan ( Kazakh: Қазақстан, Qazaqstan, IPA /qɑzɑqˈstɑn/; Russian: Казахстан, Kazakhstán, IPA /kɐzəxˈstɐn/), also spelled Kazakstan, is a... Kazakhstan 1992 January 30 1992 July 8 1992 September 23
Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан) is a country in Central Asia. It borders China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Its capital is Bishkek (formerly Frunze.) National motto: none Official languages Kyrgyz, Russian Capital Bishkek President Askar Akayev Prime Minister Nikolay Tanayev Area  - Total... Kyrgyzstan 1992 January 30 1992 July 8 1994 June 3
The Republic of Latvia ( Latvian: Latvijas Republika), or Latvia ( Latvian: Latvija), is a country in Northern Europe. Latvia has land borders with its two fellow Baltic states — Estonia to the north and Lithuania to the south — and Russia and Belarus to the east. In the west Latvia shares... Latvia 1991 September 10 1991 October 14 1991 December 6
The Principality of Liechtenstein ( German: Fürstentum Liechtenstein) is a small, doubly landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Switzerland to its west and by Austria to its east. Being mountainous, it is a winter sports resort. It is also known as a tax haven. National motto: None Official... Liechtenstein 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
Large flag of Lithuania Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook. Most of the flags have had their colours improved and many have been resized to the proper ratios. For a complete list of Wikipedia flags, see List of flags. File history Legend: (cur... The Republic of Lithuania (in Lithuanian, Lietuva) is a republic in Northeastern Europe. One of the three Baltic States along the Baltic Sea, it shares borders with fellow Baltic State Latvia to the north, Belarus to the southeast, Poland to the south, and the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia to the... Lithuania 1991 September 10 1991 October 14 1991 December 6
  The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a small landlocked state in the north-west of the continental European Union, bordered by France, Germany and Belgium. National motto: Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn ( Luxembourgish: We wish to stay what we are) Official languages French, German, Luxembourgish ( de jure... Luxembourg 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
This article is about the European nation. For other meanings, see this page. Official languages Maltese and English Capital Valletta Largest City Birkirkara President Edward (Eddie) Fenech Adami Prime Minister Lawrence Gonzi Religion Catholicism Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 184th 316 km² Negligible Population  - Total ( 2003)  ... Malta 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
This article refers to the Republic of Moldova. For information about the adjacent Romanian region, see Moldavia; for other uses see Moldova (disambiguation) The Republic of Moldova is a landlocked country in eastern Europe, located between Romania to the west and Ukraine to the east. Its border with Romania follows... Moldova 1992 January 30 1992 February 26 1993 January 29
The Principality of Monaco or Monaco ( French: Principauté de Monaco or Monaco; Monegasque: Munegu or Principatu de Munegu) is a city state and the second-smallest country in the world, wedged in between the Mediterranean Sea and France along the French Riviera or Côte dAzur (The... Monaco 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
Large flag of the Netherlands. The image has a 300px hoist, according to the current Wikipedia preferred size for flags. Image created originally as SVG image for the public domain Sodipodi flag collection. The colours of the flag are calculated from the official Dutch government standards document which describes textile... The Netherlands ( Dutch: Nederland) is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands ( Dutch: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden). The Netherlands is a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch, located in northwestern Europe. It borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the... Netherlands 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
The Kingdom of Norway is a Nordic country on the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, bordering Sweden, Finland and Russia, with territorial waters bordering Danish and British waters. It has a very elongated form and has an extensive coastline along the North Atlantic Ocean, where Norways famous fjords... Norway 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
Large flag of Poland Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook. Most of the flags have had their colours improved and many have been resized to the proper ratios. For a complete list of Wikipedia flags, see List of flags. File history Legend: (cur... The Republic of Poland, a democratic country with a population of 38,626,349 and area of 312,685 km², is located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania... Poland 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 22:10, 22 Jun 2004 . . Romanm (8338 bytes) (from CIA Factbook 2004) (del... The Republic of Portugal (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe; it is the westernmost country in continental Europe. Portugal is bordered by Spain to the north and east and by the Atlantic... Portugal 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
Romania (formerly spelled Rumania or Roumania; Romanian: România) is a country in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Ukraine and Moldova in the northeast, Hungary in the west and Serbia and Bulgaria to the south along the Danube river. Romania has a stretch of sea coast on the... Romania 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 23:41, 14 Mar 2005 . . Zscout370 (918 bytes) (Changed image ratio. See my... The Russian Federation ( Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja Federacija), or Russia (Russian: Росси́я, transliteration: Rossiya or Rossija), is a country that stretches... Russia 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
San Marino (disambiguation). The Most Serene Republic of San Marino or San Marino ( Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino or San Marino) is one of the smallest nations in the world. Located in southern Europe, it is completely surrounded by Italy and has a population of less than 29,000... San Marino 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 12:07, 1 Jul 2004 . . Romanm (851 bytes) (from CIA Factbook 2004) File...   Serbia and Montenegro ( Serbian: Србија и Црна Гора, often abbreviated as SCG) is the name of the union of Serbia and Montenegro, two former Yugoslav republics united since 2003 in a loose confederation. It is located on the west... Serbia and Montenegro 2000 November 10    
File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 12:04, 1 Jul 2004 . . Romanm (2792 bytes) (from CIA Factbook 2004) (del... National motto: None Official language Slovak Capital Bratislava President Ivan Gašparovič Prime Minister Mikuláš Dzurinda Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 126th 49,035 km² Negligible Population  - Total ( 2004)  - Density Ranked 103rd 5,379,455 109/km² Independence January 1, 1993... Slovakia 1993 January 1    
The Republic of Slovenia ( Slovenian: Republika Slovenija) is a coastal sub-Alpine country in south central Europe bordering Italy to the west, the Adriatic Sea to the southwest, Croatia to the south and east, Hungary to the northeast, and Austria to the north. National motto: None National anthem: Zdravljica Capital... Slovenia 1992 March 24 1992 July 8 1993 March 8
Source: Sodipodis Clipart Gallery. Author: Pedro A. Gracia Fajardo (in the public domain). Original source in SVG: [1]. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image... The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. It shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra. To the... Spain 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
Large flag of Sweden Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook. Most of the flags have had their colours improved and many have been resized to the proper ratios. For a complete list of Wikipedia flags, see List of flags. This image has been... The Kingdom of Sweden ( Swedish: Konungariket Sverige  listen?) is a Nordic country in Scandinavia, in Northern Europe. It is bordered by Norway on the west, Finland on the northeast, the Skagerrak Strait and the Kattegat Strait on the southwest, and the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia on... Sweden 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in Europe, with neighbours Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. The country has a strong tradition of political and military neutrality, but also of international co-operation, and is home to many international organisations. Confoederatio Helvetica (CH), the Latin version... Switzerland 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
The Republic of Tajikistan (Тоҷикистон), formerly known as the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic, is a country in Central Asia. It has borders with Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan. National motto: none Official language Tajiki-Persian Capital Dushanbe President Emomali Rahmonov Prime... Tajikistan 1992 January 30 1992 February 26  
National motto: None Official languages Macedonian2 Capital Skopje President Branko Crvenkovski Prime Minister Vlado Buckovski Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 145th 25,713 km² 1.9% Population  - Total (2003 est.)  - Density Ranked 140th  2,022,547  81/km² Independence 8 September 1991... Republic of Macedonia 1995 October 12    
The Republic of Turkey is a country located in Southwest Asia with a small part of its territory (3%) in southeastern Europe. Until 1922, the country was the center of the Ottoman Empire. The Anatolian peninsula, between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, forms the core of the country... Turkey 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
  Turkmenistan, once known as the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic is a country in Central Asia. It has borders with Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and has a coastline on the Caspian Sea. National motto: none Official language Turkmen Capital Ashgabat President and Prime Minister Saparmurat Niyazov Area  - Total  - % water... Turkmenistan 1992 January 30 1992 July 8  
Ukraine (Україна, Ukrayina in Ukrainian; Украина in Russian) is a republic in eastern Europe which borders Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest and... Ukraine 1992 January 30 1992 February 26 1992 June 16
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and a member of the British Commonwealth and European Union. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, UK or, inaccurately, as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent parts. Three of these parts... United Kingdom 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
Download high resolution version (1520x800, 18 KB) Subject: Flag of the United States. Source: Created by Jacobolus using Adobe Illustrator and Rasterized with better antialiasing by Cantus This version licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License Notes: Colors used: Old Glory Red (PMS 193C, RGB BF0A30) and Old Glory Blue... The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America¹, the States, or (archaically) Columbia — is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii... United States 1973 June 25 1975 August 1 1990 November 21
The Republic of Uzbekistan is a doubly landlocked country in Central Asia (it is surrounded only by landlocked countries and, along with Liechtenstein, is one of only two such countries in the world). It shares borders with Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. National motto: none Official language Uzbek Capital... Uzbekistan 1992 January 30 1992 February 26 1993 October 27

See also

  • World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. It is conventionally considered a continent, which, in this case, is more of a cultural distinction than a geographic one. ( National Geographic, however, officially recognises... Europe
  • The European Union or EU is an intergovernmental organisation of European countries, which currently has 25 member states. The Union was established under that name by the Treaty on European Union (commonly known as the Maastricht Treaty) in 1992. However, many aspects of the EU existed before that date through... European Union
  • The Palace of Europe in Strasbourg The Council of Europe is an international organisation of 46 member states in the European region. Membership is open to all European states which accept the principle of the rule of law and guarantee fundamental human rights and freedoms to their citizens. One of... Council of Europe
  • For the National Association of Theatre Owners, please see National Association of Theatre Owners. The flag of NATO NATO 2002 Summit The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), sometimes called North Atlantic Alliance, Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for defence collaboration established in 1949, in support... NATO
  • Not to be confused with the European Union, the Western European Union (WEU) is said by some to be a partially dormant European defence and security organization composed of those states members of both NATO and the EU. Interestingly, however, New York Universitys published work (Holyworth and Jolyon) Defending... WEU
  • For the political science journal, see: International Organization An international organization (also called intergovernmental organization) is an organization of international scope or character. There are two main types of international organizations: international intergovernmental organizations, whose members are sovereign states; and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), which are private organizations. Generally the... International organization

External links

  • OSCE (http://www.osce.org/) official website
  • Open Directory Project - OSCE (http://dmoz.org/Society/Government/Multilateral/Regional/Organization_for_Security_and_Cooperation_in_Europe/) directory category
  • OSCEWatch (http://www.oscewatch.org)
  • ODIHR (http://www.osce.org/odihr) OSCE's Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights

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OSCE Economic Forum, held in Prague in Spring, and for the various preparatory seminars held during the year.
Thirteenth Meeting of the OSCE Economic Forum was held in Prague from 23-27 May 2005, with the overall theme of "Demographic Trends, Migration and Integrating Persons belonging to National Minorities: Ensuring Security and Sustainable Development in the OSCE area".
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (244 words)
The OSCE is the world's largest regional security organization whose 56 participating States span the geographical area from Vancouver to Vladivostok.
With assistance from the OSCE Presence in Albania, senior police officials from Tirana, Podgorica and the region are working together to boost security on the border between the two countries.
To protect vulnerable children from being exploited in the travel and tourism industry, the OSCE Mission to Montenegro has been promoting the acceptance and implementation of an international code of conduct.
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