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Encyclopedia > Nyen

Nyen (Skantsen, Nyenskans, in Finnish: Nevanlinna, also Skantsi, in Russian: Kantsy) was a Swedish fortress built in 1611 at the mouth of the Neva river in Swedish Ingria. "Nyen" was properly Swedish for the Neva river, and officially the fortress was always known as "Nyenskans", even though the concepts were in flux in common parlance. Near the fortress of Nyenskans a town, "Nyen", soon developed which received town privilegies in 1642. An important Swedish emporium, it was burned down in 1702 in order not to become a threat to the fortress in case of a Russian invasion. On 1 May 1703, during the Ingrian campaign of the Great Northern War, the fortress of Nyenskans was taken by Peter the Great and renamed Schlotburg ("Lock-town", corresponding to Schlüsselburg, "Key-town", at the other end of the Neva river). Last Swedish commandant of Nyenskans was colonel Johan Apolloff (preceded by colonel Alexander Pereswetoff-Morath). Having fallen in Russian hands the fortress functioned only for some weeks, and very soon the tsar founded the fortress and city of Saint Petersburg near the site. Nothing remains of the fortress or township above ground, but in 2000 (?) a monument was constructed on the site of the fortress, at the mouth of the Okhta river (architect: V. A. Reppo). Events June 23 - Henry Hudsons crew maroons him, his son and 7 others in a boat November 1 - At Whitehall Palace in London, William Shakespeares romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time. ... The River Neva (Нева́) is a 74 km long Russian river flowing from Lake Ladoga (Ладожское Озеро — Ladozhskoye Ozero) through the Karelian Isthmus (Карельский Перешеек — Karelskii Peresheyek) and the city of Saint Petersburg (Санкт — Петербург — Sankt Peterburg) to the Gulf of Finland (Финский Залив — Finskii Zaliv). ... Ingria, or Ingermanland, was a dominion of Sweden from 1580 to 1595 and then again from 1617 to 1719, when it was ceded to Russia in the Treaty of Nystad. ... The River Neva (Нева́) is a 74 km long Russian river flowing from Lake Ladoga (Ладожское Озеро — Ladozhskoye Ozero) through the Karelian Isthmus (Карельский Перешеек — Karelskii Peresheyek) and the city of Saint Petersburg (Санкт — Петербург — Sankt Peterburg) to the Gulf of Finland (Финский Залив — Finskii Zaliv). ... Events February 2 - Earthquake in Aquila, Italy February 4 - In Japan, the 47 samurai commit seppuku (ritual suicide) February 14 - Earthquake in Norcia, Italy April 21 - Company of Quenching of Fire (ie. ... The Great Northern War was the war fought between a coalition of Russia, Denmark-Norway and Saxony-Poland (from 1715 also Prussia and Hanover) on one side and Sweden on the other side from 1700 to 1721. ... Portrait of Peter by Paul Delaroche Peter I (Russian: Пётр I Алексеевич or Pyotr I Alexeyevich) (10 June 1672–8 February 1725 [30 May 1672– 28 January 1725 O.S.] ) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death. ... Shlisselburg (Russian: ) is a town in western Russia (Kirovsky District, Leningrad Oblast) located at the head of the Neva River on Lake Ladoga. ... Pereswetoff-Morath, Swedish noble family of Russian origin (one of the so-called baijor families). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... This article is about the year 2000. ...


See also: Nöteborg Shlisselburg is a town in western Russia (Kirovsky District, Leningrad Oblast) located at the head of the Neva River on Lake Ladoga. ...


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Nyen (573 words)
Andra kyrkor som fanns i Nyen var en finsk-svensk kyrka samt en liten grekisk-ortodox tsjasouna (kapell).
Alldeles vid stadsgränsen i Nyen fanns förråd, strandbodar, en tegelfabrik och tre parker, av vilka stadsparken var känd för sina tulpaner och andra blommor.
Den svenska församlingen i Nyen lever idag vidare som den svenskspråkiga församlingen Sankta Katarina kyrka i Sankt Petersburg.
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