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Encyclopedia > Nye Committee
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The Nye Committee studied the causes of United States involvement in World War I between 1934 and 1936. There were seven members of what was officially known as Senate Munitions Investigating Committee. Senators Homer T. Bone, James P. Pope, Bennett Champ Clark, and Arthur H. Vandenberg served on the committee. Alger Hiss was the committee's general councel. Ninety-three hearings questioned more than two hundred witnesses, finding little evidence that the arms industry, which had benefited so much from the US entry into the war, had unduly influenced the American policy. Gerald Prentice Nye (1892-1971) was an United States legislator and political activist, serving in the U.S. Senate from the 1920s to the 1940s Nye worked in journalism as a young man, serving as first editor and later owner of several newspapers. ... Jump to: navigation, search World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machineguns, and poison gas. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... James Pinckney Pope (1884-1966) was a mayor of Boise, Idaho, and a United States Senator from Idaho. ... Joel Bennett Clark (January 8, 1890–July 13, 1954), better known as Bennett Champ Clark, was a United States Senator from Missouri from 1932 to 1945. ... Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg (March 22, 1884–April 18, 1951) was a Republican Senator from the state of Michigan who participated in the creation of the United Nations. ... Alger Hiss Alger Hiss (November 11, 1904 – November 15, 1996) was a U.S. State Department official and Secretary General to the founding charter conference of the United Nations. ...


However the committee reported that between 1915 and April 1917, the US loaned Germany 27 million dollars ($27,000,000). In the same period, the US loaned the UK and its allies 2.3 billion dollars ($2,300,000,000), or about 85 times as much. The conclusion has been drawn that the US entered the war because it was in its commercial interest for the UK not to lose.


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The Nye Report on the Munitions Industry and World Peace, 1936 (4009 words)
The committee finds also that there is a very considerable threat to the peace and civic progress of other nations in the success of the munitions makers and of their agents in corrupting the officials of any one nation and thereby selling to that one nation an armament out of proportion to its previous armaments.
The committee finds, further, that munitions companies engaged in bribery find themselves involved in the civil and military politics of other nations, and that this is an unwarranted form of intrusion into the affairs of other nations and undesirable representation of the character and methods of the people of the United States.
The committee finds that the usual form of arrangement is a license to a foreign ally involving rights to manufacture and sell in certain parts of the world, together with more or less definite price-fixing agreements and occasionally profit-sharing arrangements, and that in effect the world is partitioned by parties at interest.
Gerald Nye (3212 words)
Nye was elected to Congress in 1926 and served on the Committee on Public Lands and Surveys.
Nye was a member of the Special Committee on Public Lands and Surveys that investigated the Teapot Dome Scandal.
Nye was strongly opposed to the United States government exporting arms to both sides in the Spanish Civil War.
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