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Encyclopedia > Nyíregyháza
Nyíregyháza
County Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg
Area 274,46 km²
Population  
  • 117 002
  • 426,3 /km²
Postal code 4400, 4405
Area code 42

Nyíregyháza Sound listen (IPA: /ɲireɟhazɒ/; approximate pronunciation: "nyee-redy-haa-zah") is a city in North-east Hungary and the county capital of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg. With a population of 117.000 it counts as a large city and is one of the leading cities of Northern Hungary. Hungary is subdivided administratively into 40 regions. ... Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg is the name of an administrative county ( comitatus or megye) in north-eastern Hungary, on the border with Slovakia, Ukraine and Romania. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Square kilometre ( U.S. spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per unit of volume. ... A postal code is a series of letters and/or digits appended to a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... To play the audio file do not click on the -image. ... Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg is the name of an administrative county ( comitatus or megye) in north-eastern Hungary, on the border with Slovakia, Ukraine and Romania. ...

Contents

History

Nyíregyháza was first mentioned in 1209, although it was called only Nyír (means "birch"). A source from 1326 mentions that the town has a church, hence the 2nd part of the name, "egyház" (meaning "church"). In the middle of the 15th century the town had about 400 inhabitants. In the 16th century, during the Turkish occupation of Hungary Nyíregyháza became deserted, and became inhabited only in the 1630s1640s. Events Albigensian Crusade against Cathars (1209-1218) the Franciscans are founded. ... Species many species see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Osman I (1299-1326) to Orhan I (1326-1359) Aradia de Toscano, is initiated into a Dianic cult of Italian Witchcraft (Stregheria), and discovers through a vision that she is the human incarnation of the goddess Aradia. ... A church building is a building used in Christian worship. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Events and Trends Thirty Years War in full swing in Europe September 8, 1636 - A vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establishes Harvard College as the first college founded in the Americas. ... Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century Decades: 1590s 1600s 1610s 1620s 1630s - 1640s - 1650s 1660s 1670s 1680s 1690s Years: 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 Events and Trends The personal union of the crowns of Spain and Portugal ends due to a revolution in the...


After the Revolution led by Prince Francis II Rákóczi, the population of the town grew. Most of the new immigrants were from Slovakia. In 1786 Nyíregyháza was granted the right to hold four market days a year, by this time the town was the biggest town of the county with 7,500 inhabitants. In the early 19th century Nyíregyháza was wealthy enough to become free from her feudal lords, the families Dessewffy and Károlyi. During these prosperous years the town got a new town hall, a hospital, several schools and a restaurant by the nearby lake Sóstó ("salty lake"). Prince Francis II Rákóczi (or in Hungarian) was a Hungarian noble who in 1703 rebelled against Austria, who had just taken over. ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Feudalism refers to a general set of reciprocal legal and military obligations among the warrior nobility of Europe during the Middle Ages, revolving around the three key concepts of lords, vassals and fiefs. ...


The inhabitants of the town took an active part in the revolution and war in 1848-49, and after the suppression of the revolution several citizens were imprisoned, among them the mayor, Marton Hatzel. In 1848, the Austrian Empire under the Habsburgs was confronted with the combined effect of economic, social class, and nationalities conflicts. ...


In the second half of the 19th century Nyíregyháza got more and more urbanized and in 1876 the town became the county capital of Szabolcs county (which is today part of the larger county Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg). In 1858 the railway line reached Nyíregyháza, several new bulidings were built, including a telegraph office, the main post office and the theater. In 1911 the construction of tramways was finished. 1876 is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Szabolcs is the name of a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary in present-day north-eastern Hungary. ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ... A database query syntax error has occurred. ...


After the many trials and tribulations of World War I, Nyíregyháza was under Romanian occupation for ten months. Between the two world wars the city celebrated the 100th anniversary of becoming free from her feudal landowners. Missing image Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


During World War II more than 6,000 of the city's Jewish inhabitants were deported, and another 2,000 citizens were sent to Russian work camps (malenky robot). Several buildings were destroyed, too. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The word Jew (Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Concentration camp inmates during the Holocaust The Holocaust was Nazi Germanys systematic genocide (ethnic cleansing) of various ethnic, religious, national, and secular groups during World War II, starting in 1941 and continuing through 1945. ...


From the 1960s the city is growing and developing fast. Today, Nyíregyháza is one of the most prosperous cities of Hungary, being both an educational centre and a popular tourist destination. Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ...


Tourist sights

The thermal lake of Sóstófürdő has been a tourist attraction for centuries. The lake is very warm, around 26ºC, and is surrounded by a park of 2000 m2. There is also a large zoo with animals from all continents of the world. Sóstó is easily accessible from Nyíregyháza by the local bus 8.


Nyíregyháza also has several museums and exhibitions, showing the city's rich cultural heritage.

  • Collection of Greek Catholic Religious Arts – icons and liturgical objects from the 17th–18th centuries
  • Collection of the International Medallion Art and Small Sculpture Creative Community of Nyíregyháza-Sóstó – periodic exhibitions of works of contemporary artists
  • András Jósa Museum with archeological findings from all ages of the city's history, including a numismatic collection from the Bronze Age
  • Village Museum of Sóstó – a glimpse at village life in the 19th century

The city has beautiful churches (Roman Catholic, Greek Catholic, Calvinist, Lutheran churches and a synagogue). ... Numismatics (ancient Greek: νομισματική) is the scientific study of money and its history in all its varied forms. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ...


Twin towns

Nyíregyháza is twinned with : This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ...

St Albans (thus spelt, no apostrophe or dot) is the main urban area of the City and District of St Albans in southern Hertfordshire, England, around 22 miles (35. ... Rzeszów (pronounce: [ʒεʃuv]) is a city in south-eastern Poland with a population of 159,649 ( 2003), granted a town charter in 1354, the capital of the Subcarpathian Voivodship (since 1999), previously of Rzeszow Voivodship ( 1945- 1998). ... Map of Germany showing Iserlohn Iserlohn is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Kajaani (Kajana in Swedish) is a town in Finland. ... Uzhhorod (Ukrainian: and Russian: Ужгород, Hungarian: Ungvár, Slovak and Czech: Užhorod, German: Ungwar, Yiddish: Ungvir, Ingver, Yngvyr) is a city in Ukraine, at the border with Slovakia. ... Satu Mare (Hungarian: Szatmárnémeti, German: Sathmar) (population: 115,000) is a city in Satu Mare county, Romania. ... Prešov (Hungarian: Eperjes, German: Preschau or Eperies) is a town in eastern Slovakia. ... Qiryat Motzkin (קרית מוצקין; unofficially also spelled Kiryat Motzkin) is a city in the Haifa District in Israel. ...

External links

  • Official site (http://www.nyirhalo.hu:51080/nyiregyhaza/eng/english.php) in English
  • Link collection (http://nyiregyhaza.lap.hu)
  • Sóstó Thermal Bath (http://www.furdohaz.hu/) (only in Hungarian)
  • Sóstó Zoo (http://www.sostozoo.hu/index.htm)
  • A portal site (http://www.nyiron.hu/) (Hungarian only)



Counties of Hungary
Counties: Bács-Kiskun | Baranya | Békés | Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén | Csongrád | Fejér | Győr-Moson-Sopron | Hajdú-Bihar | Heves | Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok | Komárom-Esztergom | Nógrád | Pest | Somogy | Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg | Tolna | Vas | Veszprém | Zala
Capital: (usually treated as the 20th county) Budapest
Urban counties: Békéscsaba | Debrecen | Dunaújváros | Eger | Győr | Hódmezővásárhely | Kaposvár | Kecskemét | Miskolc | Nagykanizsa | Nyíregyháza | Pécs | Salgótarján | Sopron | Szeged | Szekszárd | Székesfehérvár | Szolnok | Szombathely | Tatabánya | Veszprém | Zalaegerszeg
See also: List of historic counties of Hungary

 
 

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