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Encyclopedia > Nurestan province
Nurestan
نورستان
Map of Afghanistan with Nurestan نورستان highlighted.
Capital
 • Coordinates
Kamdish
 • ~° N ~° E
Population (~)
 • Density
~
 • /km²
Area
~ km²
Time zone UTC+4:30
Main language(s) Pashto Nuristani

Nurestan (also spelled Nuristan or Nooristan) (Persian/Nuristani: نورستان) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. It was formed in 2001 from the northern parts of Laghman Province and Kunar Province. Nuristanis and Pashtuns make up the majority of the population of this province. Image File history File links Afghanistan-Nurestan. ... Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... KāmdÄ«sh or KāmdÄ“sh (Persian: ) is a village, located in the Bashgal Valley, in Nurestan Province of Afghanistan. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Nuristani languages form a language sub-family of the Indo-Iranian languages localized between the Iranian languages and the Indo-Aryan languages Ashkun language Kamviri language Kati language (Bashgali) Prasuni language (Wasi-Weri) Tregami language Waigali language (Kalasha-Ala) Categories: Language stubs | Indo-Iranian languages ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Nuristani languages form a language sub-family of the Indo-Iranian languages localized between the Iranian languages and the Indo-Aryan languages Ashkun language Kamviri language Kati language (Bashgali) Prasuni language (Wasi-Weri) Tregami language Waigali language (Kalasha-Ala) Categories: Language stubs | Indo-Iranian languages ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the province in Afghanistan. ... Kunar (also spelled Konar) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the northeastern part of the country and on the border with Pakistan. ...


Located on the southern slopes of the Hindu Kush mountains in the northeastern part of the country, Nuristan spans the basins of the Alingâr, Pech, Landai Sin, and Kunar rivers. Its capital is Nuristan. It is bordered on the north by Badakhshan Province, on the west by Kapisa Province, on the south by Laghman and Kunar provinces, and on the east by Pakistan. The Hindu Kush or Hindukush (هندوکش in Persian) is a mountain range in Afghanistan as well as in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Badakhshan (Persian: بدخشان Badakhshān) is one of the provinces of Afghanistan, consisting of 29 districts. ... Kapisa is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. ...

Contents

History

Until the 1890s, the region was known as Kafiristan (Persian: Land of the unbelievers) because of its inhabitants: the Nuristani, an ethnically distinctive people (numbering about 60,000) who practiced animism. The region was conquered by Emir Abdur Rahman Khan in 1895-96 and the Nuristani were forcibly converted to Islam. The region was renamed Nuristan, meaning Land of the Enlightened, a reflection of the "enlightening" of the pagan Nuristani by the "light" of Islam. Kafiristan (land of the infidels) was a region in Afghanistan whose inhabitants maintained a wild independence until they were subdued by the amir Abdur Rahman Khan in 1896. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... The Nuristani are a religious/ethnic group in the Nurestan Province of Afghanistan. ... In its most general sense, the term Animism refers to belief in souls (anima is Latin for soul): in this sense, animism is present in nearly all religions, including religions such as Christianity that see souls as distinct from bodies and as limited to humans. ... Entrance to the emirs palace in Bukhara. ... Amir Abdur Rahman Khan Abdur Rahman Khan Abdur Rahman Khan (1844 - October 1, 1901), Emir of Afghanistan, was the third son of Afzul Khan, who was the eldest son of Dost Mahommed Khan, who had established the Barakzais family dynasty in Afghanistan. ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... Nurestan Province (also spelled Nuristan) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. ...


Nuristanis are believed to be descendants of the Proto-Indo-Europeans (sometimes also referred as Aryans). Nuristan is thought to have been the area of land where Alexander of Macedon camped with his men. Therefore there has been a myth circulating among some Westerners suggesting that the Nuristani people are direct descendants of Alexander. The Proto-Indo-Europeans are the hypothetical speakers of the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European language, a prehistoric people of the Chalcolithic and early Bronze Age. ...


Nuristan was the scene of some of the heaviest guerrilla fighting during the 1979-89 invasion and occupation of Afghanistan by Soviet forces. For a period of time during this era, the eastern area of Nuristan was a semi-autonomous region called the Islamic Revolutionary State of Afghanistan, or Dalwat. It was a Wahhibist Islamic state run by anti-Soviet warlord Maulvi Afzal and was recognized by Saudi Arabia and Pakistan. The Dalwat dissolved under Taliban rule. [1] Look up guerrilla in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Soviet Union Democratic Republic of Afghanistan Afghan and foreign Mujahideen rebels supported by nations such as: United States, Peoples Republic of China, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Iran Commanders Soviet forces only Boris Gromov Pavel Grachev Valentin Varennikov Abdul Haq Jalaluddin Haqqani Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Mohammed Khalis Ismail Khan Ahmed Shah... Soviet redirects here. ... Wahhabism (Arabic: الوهابية, Wahabism, Wahabbism) is the name given to Muslims who practice the theology taught by the heretic Muhammed Ibn Abdul Wahhab. ... For the position of women during the Talibans rule, see Taliban treatment of women. ...


Nuristan is one of the poorest and most remote provinces of Afghanistan. As of Summer 2006, no NGO's operate in Nuristan because of a poor security situation and lack of infrastructure. In response to a publicity campaign by Nuristan's governor, Tamim Nuristani, roads are being built between Nangarej to Mandol and Chapa Dara to Titan Dara [2]. Nuristani is also working on a direct road route to Laghman province, in order to not be so dependent on the road through restive Kunar province to the rest of Afghanistan. NGO is an abbreviation or code for: Non-governmental organization Nagoya Airport (IATA code) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Tamim Nuristani is the current governor of Nuristan province. ... This article is about the province in Afghanistan. ... Kunar (also spelled Konar) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the northeastern part of the country and on the border with Pakistan. ...


Districts

  • Bargimatal District
  • Doab District
  • Kamdesh District
  • Mandol District
  • Nurgram District
  • Wama District
  • Waygal District

Politics

The current Governor of the province is Tamim Nuristani. Tamim Nuristani is the current governor of Nuristan province. ...


Security Situation

Since Nuristan is the only ethnically homogeneous province in Afghanistan, there are few incidents of inter-ethnic violence. However, there are instances of disputes between inhabitants, some of which continue for decades. Nuristan has suffered from its inaccessibility and lack of infrastructure. The government presence is under-developed, even compared to neighboring provinces. Nuristan's educational sector is weak, with few professional teachers. Illiteracy is high.


The terrain, coupled with its proximity to Pakistan make Nuristan vulnerable to infiltration from anti-government elements who receive support and sanctuary and support in Pakistan. This does not necessarily mean that the insurgents enjoy the support of Nuristanis.


Sami Nuristani

At Kala Gush in Nurgram district there is a Provincial Reconstruction Team, led by the US. It provides security, governance and development assistance to support the sub-national administration at the provincial and district levels. Other Coalition military units operate in Nuristan are based at Kala Gush; Nangalam, Pech District, Kunar Province; and Narai, Narai District, Kunar Province. A Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) is an administrative unit of international aid to Afghanistan, consisting of a small operating base from which a group of sixty to more than one hundred civilians and military specialists work to perform small reconstruction projects or provide security for others involved in aid work. ...


Trivia

  • Nuristan is the subject of the book A Short Walk in the Hindu Kush by the British travel writer Eric Newby.
  • Nuristan was the location of three of the missions in Hitman: Silent Assassin.
  • Rudyard Kipling's short story The Man Who Would Be King and the film it inspired are set in pre-Islamic Nuristan (when it was called Kafiristan, the Land of the Kafirs, or infidels).

Eric Newby CBE MC (born December 6, 1919 - October 20, 2006)[1] was an English author of travel literature, regarded by many as one of the finest British travel writers of the 20th century. ... Hitman is a video game franchise available on PC and several video game consoles including Xbox 360, Xbox, Gamecube, and Playstation 2. ... This article is about the British author. ... The Man Who Would Be King (1888) is a short story by Rudyard Kipling concerning two British ex-soldiers who set off from 19th century British India in search of adventure and end up as kings of Kafiristan (now part of Pakistan). ... The Man Who Would Be King is a 1975 film adapted from the Rudyard Kipling story of the same title. ...

External References

M. Klimburg. NURISTAN in Encyclopedia Iranica. [3]


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
AFGHANISTAN PROVINCES (763 words)
Badakhshan province is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan.It is in the east of the country.
Nurestan province is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan.
.Vardak province is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan.
Nurestan Province - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (644 words)
Nurestan (also spelled Nuristan or Nooristan) (Persian: نورستان) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan.
It was formed in 2001 from the northern parts of Laghman Province and Kunar Province.
It is bordered on the north by Badakhshan Province, on the west by Kapisa Province, on the south by Laghman and Kunar provinces, and on the east by Pakistan.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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