FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Punctuation The term punctuation has two different linguistic meanings: in general, the act and the effect of punctuating, i. ...

apostrophe ( ' )
brackets ( ), [ ], { }, < >
colon ( : )
comma ( , )
dashes ( , , , )
ellipsis ( , ... )
exclamation mark ( ! )
full stop/period ( . )
guillemets ( « » )
hyphen ( -, )
question mark ( ? )
quotation marks ( ‘ ’, “ ” )
semicolon ( ; )
slash/stroke ( / )
solidus ( )
For the prime symbol (′) used for feet and inches, see Prime (symbol). ... For technical reasons, :) and some similar combinations starting with : redirect here. ... This article is about colons in punctuation. ... For other uses, see Comma. ... For other uses, see Dash (disambiguation). ... This article is about the punctuation symbol. ... an exclamation mark An exclamation mark, exclamation point or bang, !, is usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feeling. ... A full stop or period (sometimes stop, full point or dot), is the punctuation mark commonly placed at the end of several different types of sentences in English and many other languages. ... Guillemets, also called angle quotes, are line segments, pointed as if arrows (« or »), sometimes forming a complementary set of punctuation marks used as a form of quotation mark. ... This article is about the punctuation mark. ... ? redirects here. ... Quotation marks or inverted commas (also called quotes and speech marks) are punctuation marks used in pairs to set off speech, a quotation, a phrase or a word. ... A semicolon (  ;  ) is a punctuation mark. ... Due to technical limitations, /. redirects here. ... A solidus, oblique or slash, /, is a punctuation mark. ...

Interword separation

spaces ( ) ( ) ( )
interpunct ( · )
This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A space is a punctuation convention for providing interword separation in some scripts, including the Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, and Arabic. ... An interpunct · is a small dot used for interword separation in ancient Latin script, being perhaps the first consistent visual representation of word boundaries in written language. ...

General typography

ampersand ( & )
asterisk ( * )
at ( @ )
backslash ( )
bullet ( )
caret ( ^ )
currency ( ¤ ) ¢, $, , £, ¥, ₩,
dagger/obelisk ( ) ( )
degree ( ° )
inverted exclamation point ( ¡ )
inverted question mark ( ¿ )
number sign ( # )
numero sign ( )
percent and related signs
( %, ‰, )
pilcrow ( )
prime ( )
section sign ( § )
tilde/swung dash ( ~ )
umlaut/diaeresis ( ¨ )
underscore/understrike ( _ )
vertical/pipe/broken bar ( |, ¦ )
A specimen of roman typefaces by William Caslon Typography is the art and techniques of type design, modifying type glyphs, and arranging type. ... An ampersand (&), also commonly called an and sign is a logogram representing the conjunction and. ... This article is about the typographical symbol. ... “@” redirects here. ... The backslash ( ) is a typographical mark (glyph) used chiefly in computing. ... In typography, a bullet is a typographical symbol or glyph used to introduce items in a list, like below, also known as the point of a bullet: This is the text of a list item. ... For other uses, see Caret (disambiguation). ... A two cent euro coin A US penny In currency, the cent is a monetary unit that equals th of the basic unit of value. ... $ redirects here. ... The euro (&#8364;; ISO 4217 code EUR) is the currency of twelve of the twenty-five nations that form the European Union (and four outside it, as well as Montenegro and Kosovo), which form the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). ... This article is about the currency symbol. ... ¥ ¥9 Chinese price sticker ¥ is a currency sign used for the following currencies: Chinese yuan (CNY) Japanese yen (JPY) The base unit of the two currencies above share the same Chinese character (圓/元/円), pronounced yuan in Mandarin Chinese and en in Standard Japanese. ... ₩ is a currency sign that is used for the following currencies: North Korean won South Korean won Woolong, a fictional currency in Cowboy Bebop Category: ... ₪ ₪ is a currency sign that is used for the Israeli new sheqel currency which replaced the Israeli sheqel in 1985. ... Everyone please stop nitpicking on the use of daggers in theoldnewthing blog! This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article describes the typographical or mathematical symbol. ... The inverted question mark and exclamation point are used to begin interrogative and exclamatory sentences, respectively, in written Spanish. ... The inverted question mark and exclamation point are used to begin interrogative and exclamatory sentences, respectively, in written Spanish. ... The Numero sign (U+2116) or Number sign is used in many languages to indicate ordinal numbering, especially in names and titles, rather than the US-derived number sign, #. For example, instead of Number 4 Privet Drive or #4 Privet Drive, one could write № 4 Privet Drive. The symbol is... The percent sign (%) is the symbol used to indicate a percentage (that the preceding number is divided by one hundred). ... A pilcrow from the font Gentium, designed by J. Victor Gaultney, 2002. ... This article is not about the symbol for the set of prime numbers, ℙ. The prime (′, Unicode U+2032, &prime;) is a symbol with many mathematical uses: A complement in set theory: A′ is the complement of the set A A point related to another (e. ... The section sign (§; Unicode U+00A7, HTML entity &sect;) is a typographical character used mainly to refer to a particular section of a document, such as a legal code. ... For the baseball player known as the Big Tilde, see Magglio Ordóñez. ... The umlaut mark (or simply umlaut) and the trema or diaeresis mark (or simply diaeresis) are two diacritics consisting of a pair of dots placed over a letter. ... The underscore _ is the character with ASCII value 95. ... The symbol (|) has various names that refer to differing, yet sometimes related semantics: One of the more popular names is the Sheffer stroke, though often referred to as a pipe (by the Unix community) and Vertical bar, verti-bar, vertical line or divider line by others. ...

Uncommon typography

asterism ( )
index/fist ( )
therefore sign ( )
lozenge ( )
interrobang ( )
irony mark ( ؟ )
reference mark ( )
sarcasm mark
A specimen of roman typefaces by William Caslon Typography is the art and techniques of type design, modifying type glyphs, and arranging type. ... In typography, an asterism is a rare symbol consisting of three asterisks placed in a triangle, used to call attention to a passage or to separate sub-chapters in a book. ... The symbol ☞ is a rare punctuation mark, called an index or fist. ...   In a mathematical proof, the therefore sign is a symbol that is sometimes placed before a logical consequence, such as the conclusion of a syllogism. ... A lozenge (â—Š) is a form of rhombus. ... For other uses, see Interrobang (disambiguation). ... The irony mark (ØŸ) (French: point d’ironie) is a punctuation mark that purports to indicate that a sentence should be understood at a second level. ... This page lists Japanese typographic symbols which are not included in kana or kanji. ... A sarcasm mark, also called a sarcasm point, helps the reader identify certain messages as being derogatory or ironic. ...

Number sign is one name for the symbol #, and is the preferred Unicode name for the codepoint represented by that glyph. The symbol is similar to the musical symbol sharp (♯). Several names for this symbol are used in the United States and Canada. In most other English-speaking countries, it is called a hash. The Unicode Standard, Version 5. ... The international standard ISO/IEC 10646 defines the Universal Character Set (UCS) as a character encoding. ... variant glyphs representing the character a (allographs of a) in the Zapfino typeface. ... Figure 1. ...


The sign's Unicode codepoint is U+0023 and its ASCII value is 0x23 (hexadecimal). Image:ASCII fullsvg There are 95 printable ASCII characters, numbered 32 to 126. ... In mathematics and computer science, hexadecimal, base-16, or simply hex, is a numeral system with a radix, or base, of 16, usually written using the symbols 0–9 and A–F, or a–f. ...


In many parts of the world, including the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Russia, and the rest of Europe, "number sign" is the name of a different sign, , often written simply as No. or No. To distinguish and to avoid confusion, the Unicode standard calls this sign the Numero sign (codepoint U+2116). In these contexts, the # sign is not used to indicate a number or numerical value. EU redirects here. ... The Numero sign (U+2116) or Number sign is used in many languages to indicate ordinal numbering, especially in names and titles, rather than the US-derived number sign, #. For example, instead of Number 4 Privet Drive or #4 Privet Drive, one could write â„– 4 Privet Drive. The symbol is... The Numero sign (U+2116) or Number sign is used in many languages to indicate ordinal numbering, especially in names and titles, rather than the US-derived number sign, #. For example, instead of Number 4 Privet Drive or #4 Privet Drive, one could write â„– 4 Privet Drive. The symbol is...

Contents

Naming convention within the USA

In some regions of the United States and Canada, the symbol is traditionally called the pound sign, but in others, the number sign. This derives from a series of abbreviations for pound, which is a unit of weight. At first "lb." was used; however, printers later designed a font containing a special symbol of an "lb" with a line through the ascenders so that the lowercase letter "l" would not be mistaken for the number "1". Unicode character U+2114 () is called the "LB Bar Symbol," and it is a cursive development of this symbol. Ultimately, there was the reduction to a combination of two horizontal strokes (cf. skewed "=") and two forward-slash-like strokes (cf. "//"). In this respect, names like fence or square — as well as the representation of the sign containing two vertical strokes (rather than slanted ones), as on many keyboards — are misleading. Look up pound in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Weight (disambiguation). ...


Its traditional commercial use in the U.S. was such that when it followed a number, it was to be read as "pounds," as in 5# of sugar, and when it preceded a number, it was to be read as 'number', as in #2 pencil. Thus the same character in a printer's type case had two uses.


Other names in English

It has many other names (and uses) in English. (Those in bold are listed as alternative names in the Unicode documentation.) The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

  • crosshatch
    • resemblance
  • fence, gate, grid, gridlet
    • resemblance
  • hash / hash mark / hash sign
    • Hash is most common name for the mark used in the world.[citation needed]
    • Used in Ireland, the UK, Australia, and New Zealand on touch-tone telephones – "Please press the hash key"
    • In the UK and Australia the symbol is often used as medical shorthand for 'fracture' [1][2]
    • Used among computer professionals. For example, in Unix scripting, it's used in combination with an exclamation mark to produce a "#!" or "hash-bang," used to tell the kernel which program to use to run the script.
  • hex
    • from its use to denote hexadecimal values in some markup and programming languages
  • octothorp / octothorpe / octatherp
    • See wiktionary:Octothorpe for etymology. With some detail at www.octothorp.us.
    • See Doug Kerr's Octatherp article for detailed alternate etymology of octotherp.
    • See Encore magazine article "Pressing matters: touch-tone phones spark debates" for another attribution to Bell engineers, by 1968. Lauren Asplund, who provided the article, says that he and a colleague were the source of octothorp at AT&T engineering in New York in 1964.
    • The Merriam-Webster New Book of Word Histories, 1991, has a long article that's consistent with Doug Kerr's essay, in that it says octotherp was the original spelling, and that the word arose in the 1960s among telephone engineers.
    • The first appearance of octothorp in a U. S. patent is in a 1973 filing which also refers to the asterisk (*) as a sextile.[3]
    • http://www.worldwidewords.org/weirdwords/ww-oct1.htm tells of three possible etymologies, none likely, and says it wasn't in print until 1974, so the Merriam-Webster story that says it appeared in the 1960s may be more credible.
  • pound
    • Used as the symbol for the pound (the unit of mass) in the U.S. (where lb. would be used in the UK and Canada; note that lb. or lbs. is common in the U.S. as well and is used by the general public more often than #). It is never called the pound sign in the UK, where that term always denotes the symbol for pounds sterling (£) rather than that for pounds weight (lb).
      • Keith Gordon Irwin in, The Romance of Writing, p. 125 says: "The Italian libbra (from the old Latin word libra, 'balance') represented a weight almost exactly equal to the avoirdupois pound of England. The Italian abbreviation of lb with a line drawn across the letters was used for both weights. The business clerks' hurried way of writing the abbreviation appears to have been responsible for the # sign used for pound."
    • Used in the U.S. and Canada on touch-tone telephones – "Please press the pound key"
  • sharp
    • resemblance to the glyph used in music notation, U+266F (♯). Since most fonts don't contain the sharp sign, many works use the fallback number sign.
    • so called in the name of the Microsoft-invented programming language, C#. However Microsoft says at Frequently Asked Questions About C#:
      It's not the "hash" (or pound) symbol as most people believe. It's actually supposed to be the musical sharp symbol. However, because the sharp symbol is not present on the standard keyboard, it's easier to type the hash ("#") symbol. The name of the language is, of course, pronounced "see sharp".
      According to the ECMA-334 C# Language Specification, section 6, Acronyms and abbreviations, the name of the language is written "C#" ("LATIN CAPITAL LETTER C (U+0043) followed by the NUMBER SIGN # (U+0023)") and pronounced "C Sharp".
    • In computing a shebang is the inexact contraction of sharp and bang the typical names of the # and ! signs used at the beginning of executable text files.
  • space
    • used by editors to indicate where space should be inserted in a proof. This can mean (1) a line space (the space between two adjacent lines denoted by line # in the margin), (2) a hair space (the space between two letters in a word, denoted by hr #) (3) a word space, or letter space (the space between two words on a line, two letter spaces being ##). Em- and en-spaces (being the length of a letter m and n, respectively) are indicated by a square-shaped em- or en-quad character ( and ̷, respectively).
  • square
    • occasionally used in the UK (e.g. sometimes in BT publications and automatic messages) - especially during the Prestel era, when the symbol was a page address delimiter
    • the International Telecommunications Union specification ITU-T E.161 3.2.2 states: "The # is to be known as a 'square' or the most commonly used equivalent term in other languages."

A shell script is a script written for the shell, or command line interpreter, of an operating system. ... A programming language is an artificial language that can be used to control the behavior of a machine, particularly a computer. ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of Perl Programming Perl is a dynamic programming language created by Larry Wall and first released in 1987. ... An illustration of Java source code with prologue comments indicated in red and inline comments in green. ... Dual-tone multi-frequency (DTMF), also known as Touch Tone® is used for telephone signaling over the line in the voice frequency band to the call switching center. ... For other uses, see Telephone (disambiguation). ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®, sometimes also written as or ® with small caps) is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ... In computing, a shebang is a specific pair of characters used in a special line that begins a text file (commonly called a script) causing Unix-like operating systems to execute the commands in the text file using a specified interpreter (program) when executed. ... A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer. ... In mathematics and computer science, hexadecimal, base-16, or simply hex, is a numeral system with a radix, or base, of 16, usually written using the symbols 0–9 and A–F, or a–f. ... Jimbo Lyon, one of the authors of INTERCAL INTERCAL, programming language parody, is the canonical esoteric programming language created by Don Woods and James M. Lyon, two Princeton University students, in 1972. ... The Jargon File is a glossary of hacker slang. ... Look up pound in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the currency symbol. ... GBP redirects here. ... Dual-tone multi-frequency (DTMF), also known as Touch Tone® is used for telephone signaling over the line in the voice frequency band to the call switching center. ... For other uses, see Telephone (disambiguation). ... Figure 1. ... Music notation is a system of writing for music. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... C# (pronounced see-sharp) is an object-oriented programming language developed by Microsoft as part of their . ... For the formal concept of computation, see computation. ... In computing, a shebang is a specific pair of characters used in a special line that begins a text file (commonly called a script) causing Unix-like operating systems to execute the commands in the text file using a specified interpreter (program) when executed. ... In traditional grammar, a contraction is the formation of a new word from two or more individual words. ... A space is a punctuation convention for providing interword separation in some scripts, including the Latin, Cyrillic, and Arabic. ... BT Group plc (formerly British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (pronounced Bee tee) (also previously as British Telecom and is still commonly known as such amongst the general public) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ... Prestel, the brand name for the British General Post Offices Viewdata technology, was an interactive videotex system developed during the late 1970s and commercially launched in 1979. ...

Other uses

In a URL the sign is used immediately after the URL of a webpage or other resource to introduce a "fragment identifier" — a name or id which defines a position within that resource or a section of the document. For example, in the URL http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Number_sign#Other_uses the portion after the # (Other_uses) is the fragment identifier (a link such as this will take you to a section in a web page, such as the 'In other languages' section of this article). A relative reference to the fragment from within the document itself can start with the number sign, and consist of just the fragment identifier: <a href="#top">TOC</a> refers to an anchor named "top" on the current web page. [4] // Uniform Resource Locator (URL) formerly known as Universal Resource Locator, is a technical, Web-related term used in two distinct meanings: In popular usage and many technical documents, it is a synonym for Uniform Resource Identifier (URI); Strictly, the idea of a uniform syntax for global identifiers of network-retrievable... A webpage or web page is a page of the World Wide Web, usually in HTML/XHTML format (the file extensions are typically htm or html) and with hypertext links to enable navigation from one page or section to another. ...


In the C preprocessor, as used in the C programming language and elsewhere, the sign is used to introduce preprocessor directives. The C preprocessor (cpp) is the preprocessor for the C programming language. ... C is a general-purpose, block structured, procedural, imperative computer programming language developed in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie at the Bell Telephone Laboratories for use with the Unix operating system. ...


In several assembly languages, the sign is used preceding an expression to denote an immediate value. See the terminology section, below, regarding inconsistent use of the terms assembly and assembler. ...


In writing press releases, the notation "###" indicates that there is no further copy to come. A news release or press release is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ...


In many countries, such as Norway, a "#" is used as a delimiter between different drugs on medical prescriptions. [5] Delimiters are marks which are used to seperate subfields of data. ... A medical prescription ) is an order (often in written form) by a qualified health care professional to a pharmacist or other therapist for a treatment to be provided to their patient. ...


In chess, the # symbol represents checkmate. For other uses, see Checkmate (disambiguation). ...


In other languages

  • Albanian: "diezis", (sharp)
  • Arabic: "مربع", pronounced "morabaa" (square)
  • Basque: Traol
  • Bulgarian: диез, pronounced dies
  • Catalan: Coixinet
  • Chinese: "井號" (jǐng hào; literally: "well" sign) as it resembles the hanzi for water well, 井; jǐng
  • Czech: mřížka (small grid or small bar)
  • Danish: firkant (tetragon, i.e. square), the official name used by telcos for touch-tone key, or havelåge (garden gate from the gate in a picket fence)
  • Dutch: hekje (fence), spoorwegteken (railroad sign), matje (mat), kardinaalteken (cardinal sign)
  • Estonian: trellid (grate)
  • Finnish: ristikkomerkki ("grid mark"), ruutu ("square") or risuaita ("brushwood fence")
  • French: dièse in music (sharp sign) or cardinal in math (to represent cardinality). In Québec and Benelux it is called carré (square) in the context of a phone keyboard.
  • German: Raute or Rautenzeichen (Rhombus, the official name used by telephone companies for the touch-tone key), Lattenzaun (picket fence), Doppelkreuz (double cross), Gatter (gate)
  • Greek: δίεση (diesis -- the name of the music symbol)
  • Hebrew: סוּלָמִית, pronounced sulamit (from sulam("ladder") + -it (diminutive))
  • Hungarian: kettőskereszt (double cross, misleadingly the same word as the one for double dagger and patriarchal cross; only used in telephone service)
  • Icelandic: ferkantur (square), kassi (box)
  • Italian: cancelletto (small gate)
  • Japanese: "番号記号" (bangōkigō, "number sign"); "井桁" (igeta, literally the rim of a well, which is traditionally this shape) or "シャープ" (sharp in katakana)
  • Latvian: restīte [IPA: restiːte] (little grid)
  • Lithuanian: grotelės [IPA: groːteleːs] (little grid)
  • Norwegian: firkant (tetragon, i.e. square) or (sometimes) skigard (A particular kind of fence with a visual resemblance)
  • Persian: "چهارگوش" (Four-Corner) pronounced "Chaa'haa'r Goo'sh"
  • Polish: kratka, krzyżyk (sharp sign), płotek, hash
  • Portuguese: cardinal, used in mathematics notation to represent the cardinality of a set, sustenido ("sharp sign"), jogo-da-velha or jogo-do-galo ("tic-tac-toe"). Also known as "cerquinha" in Brazil because it resembles a picket fence (cerca).
  • Romanian: diez ("sharp sign")
  • Russian: решётка (reshëtka), pronounced rye-SHOT-ka (grid); диез ("sharp sign")
  • Serbian: тараба / taraba (fence)
  • Slovak: mriežka ("small grid")
  • Slovenian: lojtra (the official name used by telcos for the touch-tone key, a colloquial term for ladder)
  • Spanish: numeral, cardinal, cuadradillo, almohadilla ("cushion"), michi, gato, tatetí (the last three meaning "tic-tac-toe")
  • Swedish: stakettecken ("fence sign"), staket ("fence"), galler ("grid, grating") fyrkant ("square"), ruta ("square, box"), vedstapel ("stack of wood") or brädgård ("timberyard")
  • Swiss German: Gartehag (fence)
  • Thai: เครื่องหมายสี่เหลี่ยม (square sign, only used in telephone service)
  • Turkish: Sayı işareti

Arabic redirects here. ... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia, and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of Sardinia. ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... Village pump redirects here, for information on Wikipedia project-related discussions, see Wikipedia:Village pump. ... A fence in Westtown Township, Pennsylvania. ... Figure 1. ... In mathematics, the cardinality of a set is a measure of the number of elements of the set. There are two approaches to cardinality – one which compares sets directly using bijections and injections, and another which uses cardinal numbers. ... During the 1960s, a terrorist group known as the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) launched a decade of bombings, robberies and attacks on government offices. ... Location of Benelux in Europe Official languages Dutch and French Membership  Belgium  Netherlands  Luxembourg Website http://www. ... Two rhombi. ... Also known as the Latin cross or crux ordinaria. ... Hebrew redirects here. ... A diminutive is a formation of a word used to convey a slight degree of the root meaning, smallness of the object or quality named, encapsulation, intimacy, or endearment. ... A dagger (†, &dagger;, U+2020) is a typographical symbol or glyph. ... Patriarchal cross The Patriarchal cross is a variant of the Christian cross, the universal religious symbol of Christendom. ... Katakana ) is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji, and in some cases the Latin alphabet. ... Farsi redirects here. ... In mathematics, the cardinality of a set is a measure of the number of elements of the set. There are two approaches to cardinality – one which compares sets directly using bijections and injections, and another which uses cardinal numbers. ... Tic-tac-toe, also called noughts and crosses and many other names, is a paper and pencil game between two players, O and X, who alternate in marking the spaces in a 3×3 board. ... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... For other uses, see Ladder (disambiguation). ... Tic-tac-toe, also called noughts and crosses and many other names, is a paper and pencil game between two players, O and X, who alternate in marking the spaces in a 3×3 board. ... Swiss German (Schweizerdeutsch, Schwyzerdütsch, Schwiizertüütsch, Schwizertitsch) is any of the Alemannic dialects spoken in Switzerland. ...

See also

The Numero sign (U+2116) or Number sign is used in many languages to indicate ordinal numbering, especially in names and titles, rather than the US-derived number sign, #. For example, instead of Number 4 Privet Drive or #4 Privet Drive, one could write â„– 4 Privet Drive. The symbol is...

References (as numbered above)

  1. Weird Words
    • Entry for this symbol: http://www.quinion.com/words/weirdwords/ww-oct1.htm – valid as of May 22, 2003
  2. World Heritage Dictionary
    • Entry for this symbol: http://www.bartleby.com/61/88/O0028850.html – valid as of May 22, 2003

  Results from FactBites:
 
Signed number representations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (756 words)
One may first approach this problem of representing a number's sign by allocating one sign bit to represent the sign: set that bit (often the most significant bit) to 0 for a positive number, and set to 1 for a negative number.
The ones' complement form of a binary number is the bitwise NOT applied to it - the complement of its positive counterpart.
In two's complement, negative numbers are represented by the bit pattern which is one greater (in an unsigned sense) than the ones' complement of the positive value.
Number sign - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1155 words)
Number sign is the preferred Unicode name for the glyph or symbol # (Do not confuse with ♯ (Sharp)).
It is never called a "pound sign" in the UK, where that term always denotes the symbol for pounds sterling (£) rather than that for pounds weight (lb).
Japanese: "番号記号" (bangōkigō, "number sign"); "井桁" (igeta, literally the rim of a well, which is traditionally this shape) or "シャープ" (sharp in katakana)
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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