FACTOID # 4: Just 1% of the houses in Nevada were built before 1939.
 
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Encyclopedia > Number One Observatory Circle
Number One Observatory Circle, official home of the Vice President of the United States, photographed in 2003.
Number One Observatory Circle, official home of the Vice President of the United States, photographed in 2003.

Number One Observatory Circle is the official residence of the Vice President of the United States. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Seal of the office of the Vice-President of the United States The Vice President of the United States is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the President. ...


Located on the grounds of the United States Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C., the house was built in 1893 for its superintendent. The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) liked the house so much that in 1923 he took over the house for himself. It remained the residence of the CNO until 1974, when Congress authorised its transformation to an official residence for the Vice President. The congressional authorization covered the cost of refurbishment and furnishing the house. Aerial view of USNO. The United States Naval Observatory (USNO) is one of the oldest scientific agencies in the United States. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - District Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack... Superintendent may refer to: Superintendent (education), an education executive or administrator Superintendent (police), a police rank Superintendent (United States Air Force), a United States Air Force position In buildings, a manager, a maintenance or repair person, a custodian or janitor. ... The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the senior military officer in the United States Navy. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political...


Before that time, the Vice President lived in his own home, but the cost of providing security for these private residences had become prohibitive.


Although Number One Observatory Circle was made available to the Vice President in 1974, three years passed before a Vice President lived full-time in the home. Vice President Gerald Ford became President before he could use the home, and his Vice President, Nelson Rockefeller, primarily used the home for entertaining since he already had a residence in Washington. Vice President Walter Mondale was the first Vice President to move into the home and every Vice President since has lived in the house. this guy is awsome i played him in a school play he also has some pretty funky history Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (July 8, 1908 – January 26, 1979) was an American Vice President, governor of New York State, philanthropist and businessman. ... Walter Frederick Fritz Mondale (born January 5, 1928) is an American politician and member of the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (largely established by former Vice President Hubert Humphrey). ...

The Entry Foyer at Number One Observatory Circle. Lynne Cheney gives a tour of the Naval Observatory to relatives of former Vice President Walter "Fritz" Mondale. The Mondales were the first full-time family of the Naval Observatory in 1977.
The Entry Foyer at Number One Observatory Circle. Lynne Cheney gives a tour of the Naval Observatory to relatives of former Vice President Walter "Fritz" Mondale. The Mondales were the first full-time family of the Naval Observatory in 1977.

The Vice Presidential mansion was refurbished by the United States Navy in early 2001, only slightly delaying the move of new Vice President Dick Cheney and his family. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Walter Frederick Fritz Mondale (born January 5, 1928) is an American politician and member of the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (largely established by former Vice President Hubert Humphrey). ... USN redirects here. ... Richard Bruce Dick Cheney (born January 30, 1941), is the 46th and current Vice President of the United States, serving under President George W. Bush. ...

Contents

Architecture and decoration

Queen Anne style

The house in 1895. The Queen Anne style house was built of terracotta brick and originally unpainted. In 1961 the house's brick face was painted white.
The house in 1895. The Queen Anne style house was built of terracotta brick and originally unpainted. In 1961 the house's brick face was painted white.

The house is built in the Queen Anne style popular in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. Hallmarks of the Queen Anne style are an asymmetrical floor plan, a series of rooms opening to each other rather than a common central hall, round turret rooms, inglenooks near fireplaces, and broad verandas wrapping the ground floor, all of which are found at Number One Observatory Circle. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The City of Wakefield MDCs Queen Anne style administrative HQ, County Hall, James Gibson and Samuel Russell, architects (1894-98) The Queen Anne Style of British and American architecture reached its greatest popularity in the last quarter of the 19th century, manifesting itself in a number of different ways...


When the house was constructed, its exterior was faced in terracotta brick. The wood trim was painted in a warm putty-gray, and the wooden porch in a combination of the putty-gray and white. Window frames and mullions were painted the same gray, and shutters were painted olive green. The interior was furnished mostly with the personal furnishings of the Naval Observatory Superintendent, and later those of the Chief of Naval Operations. Period photographs of the interior show middle-class nineteenth-century furnishings in a variety of styles, including Eastlake. Walls were covered in patterned wall-papers. The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the senior military officer in the United States Navy. ... The Eastlake Movement was a nineteenth century household design reform movement started by architect and writer Charles Eastlake (1836–1906). ...


By the first decade of the twentieth century, Victorian-style architecture had begun to fall out of fashion. Many houses that were originally built in brick, or in wood with complex painting, were simplified and "colonialized" by being painted white. This frequently happened inside as well as outside, and substantial wood millwork of mahogany, quarter-sawn oak, American chestnut and walnut were often painted over in white to "lighten" rooms and make them feel more contemporary. In 1961 the exterior of the house was painted white, the color it still retains. Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ...


The 1974 renovation

The 1974 renovation replaced and updated building systems, and increased the size of several rooms by removing internal walls. As a part of this renovation interior trim was painted white, and the walls a palette of mostly neutral colors. Little consideration was given to historic preservation with interior or exterior spaces, and no attempt was made at restoration of any interior space to its appearance at the period of construction or early use. The 1961 era white paint on the exterior was retained. Second floor shutters, which appear in an 1895 photograph were reinstalled.


Interior furnishings

The Library at Number One Observatory Circle. Vice President Dick Cheney and Lynne Cheney entertain his then Chief of Staff for the Vice President Lewis "Scooter" Libby (left) and his wife Harriet Grant (second on right) and former Vice President Dan Quayle (right) and his wife Marilyn Quayle (second on left) in the first floor library at the Naval Observatory Dec. 4, 2001.
The Library at Number One Observatory Circle. Vice President Dick Cheney and Lynne Cheney entertain his then Chief of Staff for the Vice President Lewis "Scooter" Libby (left) and his wife Harriet Grant (second on right) and former Vice President Dan Quayle (right) and his wife Marilyn Quayle (second on left) in the first floor library at the Naval Observatory Dec. 4, 2001.

Most of the furniture placed in the house following the 1974 renovation were twentieth century copies of either colonial or Federal style pieces. A notable exception was a bed placed in the house by Nelson Rockefeller. The bed was designed by artist Max Ernst. Called the "cage" bed, the headboard had the form of a Greek pediment, and the baseboard a lower version of a pediment. Sculptural foliage similar to olive or laurel leaves wrapped around the posts. The seal of the Vice President of the United States was incorporated into the headboard. The Rockefellers twice offered the bed permanently to the house but it was turned down both by Vice President George H.W. Bush and Vice President Dan Quayle. On visiting Barbara Bush at the house, Mrs. Rockefeller offered her the bed, and Mrs. Bush responded "you are always welcome in this house, but there's no need to bring your own bed." The Rockefellers did leave a lithograph called "The Great Ignoramus," several antique Korean and Japanese chests, and nearly a dozen other pieces. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... I. Lewis Scooter Libby Irve Lewis Scooter Libby, Jr. ... James Danforth Dan Quayle (born February 4, 1947) was the 44th Vice President of the United States under George H. W. Bush (1989-1993). ... [[[pl:Marilyn Quayle]] Marilyn Tucker Quayle (born July 29, 1949 in Indianapolis, Indiana) is the wife of Dan Quayle and held the unofficial title of Second Lady of the United States from 1989 until 1993. ... Max Ernst and Dorothea Tanning in 1948. ... George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States, serving from 1989 to 1993. ... James Danforth Dan Quayle (born February 4, 1947) was the 44th Vice President of the United States under George H. W. Bush (1989-1993). ...

Then-Vice President Nelson Rockefeller (right) and his wife Margaretta Murphy (second on left) entertain then-President Gerald R. Ford (left) his wife Betty (second on right) and their daughter Susan (center) at the Naval Observatory on September 7, 1975.

When the Mondales occupied the house, Joan Mondale introduced more saturated upholstery and wall colors, and contemporary art. Like the Rockefellers, the Mondales brought some Asian antiques into the house. The Bush family worked with interior decorator Mark Hampton, used a palette of celadon, lime, and light blue. The Quayles removed the lime green and used off-white. The Gores oversaw a complete redecoration, the addition of a new dining room table, new furniture for the library, and a substantial renovation of the grounds and porches to make them more suitable for outdoor entertaining. Immediately before the Cheneys moved in some needed work on the air conditioning and heating was performed and the interiors were repainted. The Cheneys have brought several pieces of contemporary art into the house. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... Betty Fords official White House portrait, painted in 1977 by Felix de Cossio Elizabeth Anne Bloomer Warren Ford (born April 8, 1918) is the widow of former United States President Gerald R. Ford and was the First Lady from 1974 to 1977. ... Susan Ford Vance Bales (born July 6, 1957 in Washington, D.C.) is an American author, photojournalist, and drug addiction and cancer awareness advocate. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joan Adams Mondale (born August 8, 1930), is a former Second Lady of the United States and the wife of Walter Mondale. ...


The three-story brick house - completed in April of 1893 - is compact, 39 by 77 feet, with 9,150 square feet of floor space. On the ground floor is a reception hall, living room, sitting room, sun porch, dining room and small pantry, and lavatories added later to the north side. The second floor contains two bedrooms, a study, and a den. The third floor attic was originally servants' quarters and storage space. The kitchen was placed in the basement, along with a laundry room and other storerooms.


Security

A broad porch wraps around the front of the house, photographed during the administration of Vice President Al Gore.
A broad porch wraps around the front of the house, photographed during the administration of Vice President Al Gore.

After the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City and the Washington, D.C. area, plans were quietly made to renovate the house to make it more secure. In late 2002, neighbors reported incidents of what was likely blasting under the house to create a bunker for the Vice President's family and staff. [1] The work lasted several months. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 467 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (620 × 795 pixel, file size: 102 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Veranda at Number One Observatory Circle, official home of the vice President of the United States. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 467 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (620 × 795 pixel, file size: 102 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Veranda at Number One Observatory Circle, official home of the vice President of the United States. ... Albert Arnold Gore Jr. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Bunkers in Albania A bunker is a defensive military fortification. ...


Satellite images

At the request of the United States government, high-resolution satellite images of One Observatory Circle have been censored from Google Maps[2]; however, high-resolution aerial images are still available from Yahoo Maps as of July 24, 2007[3]. For omission and secrecy, see censorship. ... Screenshot of Google Maps showing a route from Toronto to Ottawa on the 400-Series highways. ... Yahoo! Maps web site Yahoo! Maps is a free Web Map Server provided by the Yahoo! network, based out of Sunnyvale, California. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


See also

For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... The presidential seal is a well-known symbol of the presidency. ... // Algeria El Mouradia (President) Antigua and Barbuda Government House (Governor General) Argentina Casa Rosada (presidential) Australia Government House (Yarralumla), Canberra (governor-general) Admiralty House, Sydney (governor-general) The Lodge, Canberra (prime minister) Kirribilli House, Sydney (prime minister) Austria Hofburg Palace (presidential) The Bahamas Government House (Governor-General) Bahrain Rifaa...

External links

  • Maps and aerial photos for 38°55′23″N 77°03′55″W / 38.9230, -77.0654Coordinates: 38°55′23″N 77°03′55″W / 38.9230, -77.0654

 
 

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