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Encyclopedia > Novosibirsk
Novosibirsk (English)
Новосибирск (Russian)

Novosibirsk opera and ballet theatre is the city's main symbol

Novosibirsk on the 2005 map of Russia
Coordinates
55°01′N 82°56′E / 55.017, 82.933Coordinates: 55°01′N 82°56′E / 55.017, 82.933
Coat of Arms Flag
City Day: Last Sunday of June
Administrative status
Federal subject
In jurisdiction of
Administrative center of
Novosibirsk Oblast
Novosibirsk Oblast
Novosibirsk Oblast, Novosibirsky District
Local self-government
Charter Charter of Novosibirsk
Municipal status n/a
Mayor Vladimir Gorodetsky
Legislative body City Council
Area
Area 500 km² (193.1 sq mi)
Population (as of the 2002 Census)
Population
- Rank
- Density
1,425,508 inhabitants
3rd
2,851/km² (7,384.1/sq mi)
Events
Founded 1893
Town status January 10, 1904
Renamed February 12, 1926
Other information
Postal code 630xxx
Dialing code +7 383
Official website
http://www.novo-sibirsk.ru/
Novosibirsk Trans-Siberian railway station
Novosibirsk Trans-Siberian railway station
The recently completed second-tallest building of Novosibirsk, nicknamed "BlueTooth", "Batman", "Plug", etc.
The recently completed second-tallest building of Novosibirsk, nicknamed "BlueTooth", "Batman", "Plug", etc.

Novosibirsk (Russian: Новосиби́рск, pronounced nə.və.sʲɪ.'bʲirsk) is Russia's third largest city, after Moscow and Saint Petersburg, and the administrative center of Novosibirsk Oblast. It is also the largest city in Siberia and the administrative center of Siberian Federal District, in the southwest of which it is located. Image File history File links Theatre32. ... The theatre and Lenin monument in front of it Novosibirsk opera and ballet theatre (in Russian Новосибирский театр оперы и балета) is the most important theatre of Novosibirsk and Siberia. ... Image File history File links RussiaNovosibirskCity. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... For other uses, see Flag (disambiguation). ... Novosibirsk coat of arms File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Novosibirsk-city_flag. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... Novosibirsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Novosibirsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Novosibirsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Federal subjects of the Russian Federation Being the largest country in the world, and one of the most populated, Russia incorporates several types and levels of subdivisions. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A legislatureis a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to ratify laws. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... This is a list of cities and towns in Russia with population over 50,000, grouped by federal subject and sorted by population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Postcodes are generally clearly visible outside Australia Post offices. ... // Proposed Country Code: 3 In 1996, the European Commission proposed the introduction of a single telephone numbering plan, in which all European Union member states would use the code 3. Calls between member states would no longer require the use of the international access code 00. This proposal would have... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1751x1108, 408 KB) Photo taken by User:Aladux on July 2003. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1751x1108, 408 KB) Photo taken by User:Aladux on July 2003. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 349 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Novosibirsk History of Siberia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 349 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Novosibirsk History of Siberia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Types of inhabited localities in Russia, Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states have certain peculiarities with respect to the English language traditions. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Novosibirsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... Siberian Federal District (Russian: Сиби́рский федера́льный о́круг; tr. ...

Contents

History

It was founded in 1893 as the future site of the Trans-Siberian Railway bridge crossing the great Siberian river Ob. Its importance further increased early in the 20th century with the completion of the Turkestan-Siberia Railway, connecting Novosibirsk to Central Asia and the Caspian Sea. Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For the Fabergé egg, see Trans-Siberian Railway (Fabergé egg). ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... lauren rocks my world The river splits into more than one arm, especially after joining the large Irtysh tributary at about 69° E. Originating in China, the Irtysh is actually longer than the Ob from their sources to the point of their confluence. ... The Turkistan-Siberian Railway (the Turk-Sib) is a railway connecting Central Asia with Siberia. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the worlds largest lake or a full-fledged sea. ...


From 1893 until 1925, Novosibirsk was called Novonikolayevsk after Tsar Nicholas II. Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian цар, Russian  , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car ), occasionally spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English, is a Slavonic term designating certain monarchs. ... Nicholas II redirects here. ...


Geography

The city lies along the Ob River in the West Siberian Plain. To the south is the Ukok Plateau part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site entitled Golden Mountains of Altai.[1] lauren rocks my world The river splits into more than one arm, especially after joining the large Irtysh tributary at about 69° E. Originating in China, the Irtysh is actually longer than the Ob from their sources to the point of their confluence. ... The West Siberian Plain (Russian: За́падно-Сиби́рская равни́на) is a large plain that occupies the western portion of Siberia in Russia, between the Ural Mountains in the west and the Yenisei River in the east. ... Horseman, Pazyryk felt artifact, c. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


Climate

The climate is sharply continental, with severely cold and snowy winters, and hot and dry summers. Temperatures in summer range from 20 °C to 25 °C (75 °F), in winter -18 °C to -20 °C (0 °F), but can reach -40 °C (-40 °F) in winter and 35-40 °C (100 °F) in summer. The difference between the highest and the lowest temperature is 88 °C (158 °F). Most of the time the weather is sunny, with an average of 2880 hours of sunshine per year. Regions containing a continental climate exist in portions of Northern Hemisphere continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of the world. ...


Industry, education, science, and culture

Industries include machine manufacturing and metallurgy. It is the home of one of Novosibirsk State University (situated in nearby Akademgorodok), a number of institutes and a scientific research center. Novosibirsk boasts opera and ballet companies, several theaters, museums, and art galleries. The city is widely considered to be the cultural center of Siberia. [2][3][4] Georg Agricola, author of De re metallica, an important early book on metal extraction Metallurgy is a domain of materials science that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds, and their compounds, which are called alloys. ... Novosibirsk State University was founded in May 1959 in the USSR by Soviet academicians Mikhail Alekseevich Lavrentiev, Sergei Lvovich Sobolev and Sergey Alekseyevich Khristianovich in a program of estabilishing a Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences. ... The Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics in Akademgorodok Akademgorodok Airphoto The House of Scientists is the cultural centre of Akademgorodok Residential houses at Morskoy avenue Akademgorodok (Russian: ), is a part of the russian city Novosibirsk, located 20 km south of the city center. ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ...


Broadcasting

Novosibirsk is home to Russia's most powerful shortwave relay station east of the Ural mountains. This relay station can reach most of South Asia, the Middle East, and China. The Magadan and Vladivostok relay stations when operated in conjunction with Novosibirsk can guarantee that the Voice of Russia or any other broadcaster renting time at Novosibirsk is heard in the intended target area. Map of the Ural Mountains The Ural Mountains (Russian: , Uralskiye gory) (also known as the Urals, the Riphean Mountains in Greco-Roman antiquity, and known as the Stone Belt) are a mountain range that runs roughly north and south through western Russia. ... Magadan vicinity from the US Defense Mapping Agency (1978) Orthographic projection centred over Magadan Magadan, Russia city flag. ... Vladivostok (Russian: ) is the administrative center of Primorsky Krai, Russia, situated close to the Russo-Sino border and North Korea. ... A 1969 Radio Moscow QSL card Voice of Russia is the Russian governments international radio broadcasting service. ...


Transport

Novosibirsk is the third largest city in Russia (after Moscow and Saint Petersburg) and the first in Siberia in which a metro system was established (the Novosibirsk Metro, opened in 1986). The city is served by Novosibirsk Tolmachevo Airport with regular flights to Europe and Asia and other Russian cities. Tolmachevo is the hub for S7 Airlines. There is also the auxiliary Novosibirsk Elitsovka Airport and a smaller field for general aviation at Novosibirsk Severny Airport. A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... Novosibirsk Metro is a metro system in Novosibirsk, Russia. ... Novosibirsk Tolmachevo Airport (Аэропорт Толмачёво in Russian) (IATA: OVB, ICAO: UNNT) is situated 16 km from Novosibirsk, an industrial and scientific center in Siberia, Russia, the nations third largest city. ... S7 Airlines is an airline based in Ob, Russia. ... Novosibirsk Elitsovka Airport (also Novosibirsk Northeast, and Eitsovka) (ICAO: UNNE) is an airport in Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia located 8 km northeast of Novosibirsk. ... Novosibirsk Severny (also Novosibirsk North) (ICAO: UNCC) is an airport in Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia located 8 km north of Novosibirsk. ...


Sports

Amongst several other former Soviet Olympians, Novosibirsk has the distinction of being the hometown of Alexander Karelin, the 12-time world champion Greco-Roman wrestler (including 3 Olympic gold and 1 Olympic silver medals), voted by FILA as the greatest Greco-Roman wrestler of the 20th century. Alexandr Alexandrovich Karelin, or simply Alexander Karelin, (Russian: Александр Александрович Карелин; born September 19, 1967 in Novosibirsk, Russian SFSR) was a dominant Greco-Roman wrestler for the Soviet Union and later, after its dissolution, for Russia. ... The International Federation of Associated Wrestling Styles, also known in French as Fédération Internationale des Luttes Associées (FILA), is an international wrestling federation that holds events around the world. ...

Novosibirsk has numerous sports facilities. Sibir Novosibirsk (ru: Сибирь Новосибирск) is a Russian professional ice hockey team. ... The Russian Superleague is the highest division of the main professional ice hockey league in Russia, and is commonly considered second-best in the world after the NHL. It is part of the Russian Pro Hockey League which is composed of two divisions, the Superleague and the Vysshaya Liga (Premier... FC Sibir Novosibirsk are a Russian football club. ... The Russian First Division is the second level of Russian professional football. ... The Russian Basketball Super League (Russian: ) is the top league of Russian basketball. ... The Russian Basketball Super League (Russian: ) is the top league of Russian basketball. ...


Music

Two classical violinists of modern times, Vadim Repin and Maxim Vengerov, are natives of Novosibirsk. Vadim Repin (born Novosibirsk, Western Siberia, 31 August 1971) is a Russian violinist. ... Maxim Vengerov (born August 20, 1974 in the Siberian Federal District capital, Novosibirsk) is a Russian violinist. ...


The Zoo of Novosibirsk

The Zoo of Novosibirsk is a world renowned zoo and a popular tourist attraction to the city. The zoo has over 4000 species of animals, and actively participates in thirty-two different societies for preserving endangered species. On average, around 700,000 people visit the zoo each year. Giraffes in Sydneys Taronga Zoo A zoological garden, zoological park, or zoo is a facility in which animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred. ... The Siberian Tiger is a subspecies of tiger that are critically endangered. ...


In 2000, the zoo held the closest relative to the cape lion of South Africa. John Spence was always fascinated about the stories of these grand lions scaling the walls of General Van Rieebecks castle in the 17th century. Spence's search took thirty years, which led him to the Novosibirsk Zoo where he found the closest living resemblance to the cape lion; the zoo called him Simon. The lion and his family are kept outdoors in large, natural settings. "It is kept all the year around in the climate conditions of the West Siberia at the temperatures from −49 °C (−56.2 °F) to +36 °C (96.8 °F). In forty years, more than sixty cubs were born." - http://sibzoo.narod.ru/animal/lev.htm Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Trinomial name Panthera leo melanochaitus Ch. ...


The zoo's current curator's name is Rostislav Shilo. Simon's cubs were named after him and his wife, Olga.[5]


Solar Eclipse August 1, 2008

Novosibirsk is on the center path of the Solar eclipse of August 1, 2008. The duration of the eclipse will be 2m20, which is close to the eclipse's maximum duration. Solar eclipse of 2008 August 1 The solar eclipse that takes place on August 1, 2008 will be a total eclipse of the Sun with a magnitude of 1. ...


Sister cities

This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of South Korea highlighting the city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Changchun (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the capital and largest city of Jilin province, located at the northeast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Minneapolis-Saint Paul is the most populous urban area in the state of Minnesota, United States, and is composed of 188 cities and townships. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Sapporo redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belarus. ... Location of Minsk, shown within the Minsk Voblast Coordinates: Country Subdivision Belarus Minsk Founded 1067 Government  - Mayor Mikhail Pavlov Area  - City 305. ...

References

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Novosibirsk


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Cities and towns in Novosibirsk Oblast
Administrative center: Novosibirsk

Barabinsk | Berdsk | Bolotnoye | Cherepanovo | Chulym | Iskitim | Karasuk | Kargat | Kupino | Kuybyshev | Novosibirsk | Ob | Tatarsk | Toguchin Image File history File links Novosibirsk_Oblast_coa. ... Novosibirsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Image File history File links Novosibirsk_Oblast_Flag. ... Barabinsk - Station on the trans-Siberian railway Barabinsk (Russian: ) is a town in Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia. ... Berdsk is a city in the Novosibirsk Oblast in central Russia, on the southwestern Siberian plain. ... Bolotnoye (Russian: ) is a town in Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia, located some 126 km northeast of Novosibirsk. ... Cherepanovo (Russian: ) is a town in Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia, located some 109 km southeast of Novosibirsk. ... Chulym (Russian: ) is a town in Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Chulym River some 131 km west of Novosibirsk. ... View of Iskitim Iskitim (Russian: ) is a town in Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia. ... Karasuk (Russian: ) is a town in Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Karasuk River some 678 km west of Novosibirsk. ... Kargat is a town in Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia. ... Kupino (Russian: ) is a town in Novosibirsk Oblast in Russia, located some 581 km west of Novosibirsk. ... Kuybyshev, known as Kainsk until 1935 (Russian: Куйбышев), is a town in Novosibirsk Oblast in Russia, located on the Om River (Irtyshs tributary) some 315 km west of Novosibirsk. ... Ob (Russian: Обь) is a town in Novosibirsk Oblast in Russia, located some 17 km west of Novosibirsk. ... Tatarkaya station on the trans-Siberian railway Tatarsk (Russian: ) is a town in Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia, located at , some 457 km west of Novosibirsk. ... Coat of arms of Toguchin Toguchin (Russian: ) is a town in Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Inya River (Obs tributary) 125 km west of Novosibirsk. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Novosibirsk Region - Kommersant Moscow (4198 words)
Novosibirsk is the fourth-largest city in Russia in population and the third largest in area behind Moscow and St. Petersburg.
The population of Novosibirsk reached nearly 1 400 000 in 1982; and in the 1990s, Novosibirsk was one of Russia's largest cities, a center of advanced science and science-intensive industry, and a major transit center between Western Europe and East Asia.
The Administration of Novosibirsk Region headed by the Governor is the region's executive body, and the Novosibirsk Regional Council of Deputies is the legislative (representative) body.
Novosibirsk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (564 words)
Novosibirsk opera and ballet theatre is the city's main symbol.
Novosibirsk (Russian: Новосиби́рск, pronounced nə.və.sʲɪ.'bʲirsk) is Russia's third largest city, after Moscow and Saint Petersburg, and the administrative center of Novosibirsk Oblast.
Novosibirsk is home to Russia's most powerful shortwave relay station east of the Ural mountains.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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