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Encyclopedia > Novorossiya

Novorossiya (Russian: Новоро́ссия, literally New Russia) is a historic area now mostly located in southern Ukraine, and partially in southern Russia.

The Russian Empire gradually gained control over the area by peace treaties with Turkey at the conclusion of Russo-Turkish Wars of 1735-1739, 1768-1774, 1787-1792, and 1806-1812. The colonization of the land in the end of 18th century was led by Knyaz Potemkin who was granted the powers of an absolute ruler of the area. The lands were generously given to Russian dvoryanstvo and the enserfed peasantry from Russia and Ukraine was transferred to cultivate what was a sparsely populated steppe. Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... The Russo-Turkish Wars were a series of eleven wars fought between the Russian Empire and the Turkish-ruled Ottoman Empire during the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. ... Russo-Turkish War of 1735-1739, a war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire, caused by intensified contradictions over the results of the Russo-Polish War of 1733-1735 and endless raids by the Crimean Tatars. ... The Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774 was a decisive conflict that brought Southern Ukraine, Northern Caucasus, and Crimea within the orbit of the Russian Empire. ... The Russo-Turkish War of 1787-1792 was a futile attempt by the Ottoman Empire to regain lands lost to Russia in the course of the Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774. ... Russo-Turkish War, 1806-1812 was one of the several wars fought between Imperial Russia and Ottoman Empire War broke out in 1806, when Turkey deposed the russophile governors of its vassal states Moldavia and Walachia. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Prince Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin (Russian: Григорий Александрович Потемкин) (September 13, 1739 (NS: September 24) – October 5, 1791 (NS: October 16)) was a Russian general-field marshal, statesman, and favorite of Catherine II the Great. ... Dvoryanstvo ( Russian: дворянство) refers to a category of Russian nobility. ... The origins of serfdom in Russia are traced to Kievan Rus of 11th century. ... In a detail of Brueghels Land of Cockaigne (1567) a soft-boiled egg has little feet to rush to the luxuriating peasant who catches drops of honey on his tongue, while roast pigs roam wild: the 16th century was a good time for European peasants A peasant, from 15th... A steppe in Western Kazakhstan in early spring In physical geography, steppe (from Russian step) is a plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally reckoned as being dominated by tall grasses, while short grasses are said...

New cities founded during colonization included Novorossiysk, Yekaterinoslav (now Dnipropetrovsk), Nikolaev (Mykolaiv), Kherson and Odessa. Novorossiysk (Russian Новороссийск) - city in southern Russia, one of the main Russian ports on the Black Sea. ... Dnipropetrovsk (Ukrainian: Дніпропетровськ, Dnipropetrovs’k; Russian: Днепропетро́вск, Dnepropetrovsk, formerly Екатериносла́в, Yekaterinoslav) is Ukraines third largest city with 1. ... Categories: Cities in Ukraine | Ukraine geography stubs ... Kherson (Ukrainian Херсон, Russian Херсон) is a city in southern Ukraine, the capital of Khersonska oblast, with 303,900 inhabitants (2004). ... ODESSA (German for Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen; The Organization of Former SS-Members) was an alleged Nazi Germany fugitive network set up towards the end of World War II by a group of SS officers. ...

Today many pro-Russian organisations in Ukraine still refer to these areas by Novorossiaya. During the elections of 2004 and the orange revolution, the pro-Russian canditate Victor Yanukovich was very popular in these areas. 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Orange-clad supporters of Viktor Yushchenko gather in Independence Square in Kiev. ...

See also

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All academic and scientific life of the University - from the day of its foundation - was directed by the Statute of 1863 that formed the liberal-democratic tradition of the Higher Institution which has been preserved in it until now, in spite of all the disturbances in the social and political life of the country.
At Odessa (Novorossiya) University, world-famous teachers and scientists have been working in different periods of its existence, such as: the Nobel Prize winner I.I.Mechnikov after whom University was named.
Through their activities, the University of Novorossiya had quickly become one of the centers of the culture of the Ukrainian, Russian and many other peoples dwelling in the Northern Black Sea Coastal Region and begun to play an important role in the development of science.
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The Governor General of Novorossiya, Prince Platon Zubov — one of Catherine's favorites — gave decisive support to the latter proposal.
The free port was a guarantee of Odessa's financial security, a breakthrough into the civilized world, a dress rehearsal for the development of an open economy in the Russian Empire.
Their work was based on the activities of representatives of numerous nations and nationalities that came to Odessa bringing their cultures of manufacturing, trade and management.
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