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Encyclopedia > Novella

A novella is a narrative work of prose fiction somewhat longer than a short story but shorter than a novel. A common length is about 50 to 100 pages, or around 20,000 to 40,000 words. The extra length is generally used for more character development than is possible in a short story, but without the much greater character and plot development of a novel. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Three Graces, here in a painting by Sandro Botticelli, were the goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity and fertility in Greek mythology. ... This article is in need of attention. ... A novel (from French nouvelle Italian novella, new) is an extended, generally fictional narrative in prose. ... Character development refers to, in video games, the concept of a player earning experience and developing skills for a character through the environment of the game world in which the character exists. ... Look up Plot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Although the novella is a common literary genre in several European languages, it is less common in English. English-speaking readers would be most familiar with the novellas of Franz Kafka, particularly The Metamorphosis and In the Penal Colony, or George Orwell's Animal Farm and Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness. A literary genre is one of the divisions of literature into genres according to particular criteria such as literary technique, tone, or subject matter (content). ... Most of the many indigenous languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family. ... Kafka at the age of five Franz Kafka (IPA: ) (July 3, 1883 – June 3, 1924) was one of the major German-language novelists and short story writers of the 20th century, whose unique body of writing — much of it incomplete, and published posthumously despite his wish that it be destroyed... The Metamorphosis (in German, Die Verwandlung, The Transformation) is a novella by Franz Kafka, first published in 1915, and arguably the most famous of his works along with the longer works The Trial and The Castle. ... In the Penal Colony (German: In der Strafkolonie) is a short story in German by Franz Kafka. ... Eric Arthur Blair (June 25, 1903[1][2] – January 21, 1950), better known by the pen name George Orwell, was an English author and journalist. ... Animal Farm is a satirical novella (which can also be understood as a modern fable or allegory) by George Orwell, ostensibly about a group of animals who oust the humans from the farm on which they live. ... Joseph Conrad. ... Heart of Darkness is a novella by Joseph Conrad. ...


Like the English word "novel", the English word "novella" derives from the Italian word "novella" (plural: "novelle"), for a tale, a piece of news. As the etymology suggests, novellas originally were news of town and country life worth repeating for amusement and edification. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Not to be confused with Entomology, the study of insects. ...

Contents

History

As a literary genre, the novella's origin lay in the early Renaissance literary work of the Italians and the French. Principally, by Giovanni Boccaccio (13131375), author of The Decameron (1353)—one hundred novelle told by ten people, seven women and three men, fleeing the Black Death by escaping from Florence to the Fiesole hills, in 1348; and by the French Queen, Marguerite de Navarre (14921549), [aka Marguerite de Valois, et. alii.], author of Heptaméron (1559)—seventy-two original French tales (structured like The Decameron). Her psychological acuity and didactic purpose outweigh the unfinished collection's weak literary style. Look up genre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ... Giovanni Boccaccio Giovanni Boccaccio (June 16, 1313 – December 21, 1375) was an Italian author and poet, a friend and correspondent of Petrarch, an important Renaissance humanist in his own right and author of a number of notable works including On Famous Women, the Decameron and his poetry in the vernacular. ... Events Siege of Rostock ends Foundation year of the Order of the Rose Cross (Rosicrucian Order), according to the Rosicrucian Fellowship. ... Events October 24 - Valdemar IV of Denmark dies and is succeeded by his grandson Olaf III of Denmark. ... Illustration from a copy of The Decameron, ca. ... Events The Decameron was finished by Giovanni Boccaccio. ... Illustration of the Black Death from the Toggenburg Bible (1411). ... Florences skyline Florences skyline at night from Piazza Michaelangelo Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ... Events April 7 - Charles University is founded in Prague. ... A queen regnant is a female monarch who possesses all the monarchal powers that a king would have without regard to gender. ... Marguerite of Navarre (April 11, 1492 – December 21, 1549), also known as Marguerite of Angouleme and Margaret of Navarre, was the queen consort of King Henry II of Navarre. ... 1492 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events July - Ketts Rebellion Francis Xavier arrives in Japan. ... The Gentlemans Spur catching in the Sheet Illustration from an 1894 edition of The Tales Of The Heptameron The Heptameron is a collection of 72 short stories written in French by Marguerite of Navarre (1492-1549). ... Events January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ...


Not until the late eighteenth- and early nineteenth- centuries did writers fashion the novella into a literary genre structured by precepts and rules. Contemporaneously, the Germans were the most active writers of the Novelle (German: "Novelle"; plural: "Novellen"). For the German writer, a novella is a fictional narrative of indeterminate length—a few pages to hundreds—restricted to a single, suspenseful event, situation, or conflict leading to an unexpected turning point (Wendepunkt), provoking a logical, but surprising end; Novellen tend to contain a concrete symbol, which is the narration's steady point. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term writer can apply to anyone who creates a written work, but the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... Logic (from ancient Greek λόγος (logos), meaning reason) is the study of arguments. ... In fiction, a narrator is a voice or character who tells the story. ...


Novella versus novel

In German and Dutch, the word for "novella" is Novelle, and the word for "novel" is Roman (though Dutch does not use initial capitals). In French "novella" is nouvelle and "novel" is roman. In Swedish "novella" is novell and "novel" is roman. This etymological distinction avoids confusion of the literatures and the forms, with the novel being the more important, established fictional form. The Austrian writer Stefan Zweig's (1881-1942) Die Schachnovelle (1942) (literally, "The Chess Novella", but translated in 1944 as The Royal Game) is an example of a title naming its genre. Etymology is the study of the origins of words. ... Stefan Zweig (November 28, 1881 – February 22, 1942) was an Austrian writer. ... 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... The Royal Game (Schachnovelle in the original German) is a novel by Austrian author Stefan Zweig first published in 1944, after the authors death. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


Commonly, longer novellas are referred to as novels; Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Heart of Darkness are sometimes called novels, as are many science fiction works such as The War of the Worlds and Armageddon 2419 A.D.. Occasionally, longer works are referred to as novellas, with some academics positing 100,000 words as the novella‒novel threshold. In the science fiction genre, the Hugo and Nebula literary awards define the novella as: "A… story of between seventeen thousand, five hundred (17,500) and forty thousand (40,000) words." The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll1and Mr. ... Heart of Darkness is a novella by Joseph Conrad. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... The War of the Worlds (1898), by H. G. Wells, is an early science fiction novel (or novella) which describes an invasion of England by aliens from Mars. ... Armageddon 2419 A.D. was a science fiction novella by Philip Francis Nowlan which introduced the popular adventure character Buck Rogers. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... The 2005 Hugo Award with base designed by Deb Kosiba. ... The Nebula is an award given each year by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA), for the best science fiction/fantasy fiction published in the United States during the two previous years. ...


Stephen King, in his introduction to Different Seasons, an anthology of four of his novellas, has called the novella "an ill-defined and disreputable literary banana republic"; King notes the difficulties of selling a novella in the commercial publishing world, since it does not fit the typical length requirements of either magazine or book publishers. Despite these problems, however, the novella's length provides unique advantages; in the introduction to a novella anthology titled Sailing to Byzantium, Robert Silverberg writes: Stephen Edwin King (born September 21, 1947) is an American author best known for his enormously popular horror novels. ... Different Seasons (1982) is a novella collection by Stephen King containing the following stories: Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption (subtitled: Hope Springs Eternal) Apt Pupil (subtitled: Summer of Corruption) The Body (subtitled: Fall From Innocence) The Breathing Method (subtitled: A Winters Tale) Three movies, The Shawshank Redemption (based on... At the 63rd World Science Fiction Convention in Glasgow, August 2005 Robert Silverberg (January 15, 1935, Brooklyn, New York) is a prolific American author best known for writing science fiction, a multiple winner of both the Hugo and Nebula Awards. ...

[The novella] is one of the richest and most rewarding of literary forms...it allows for more extended development of theme and character than does the short story, without making the elaborate structural demands of the full-length book. Thus it provides an intense, detailed exploration of its subject, providing to some degree both the concentrated focus of the short story and the broad scope of the novel. (Silverberg, vii)

In his essay 'Briefly, the Case for the Novella,' Canadian author George Fetherling (who wrote the novella Tales of Two Cities) said that to reduce the novella to nothing more than a short novel is like "saying a pony is a baby horse."


Reference

  • Silverberg, Robert. Sailing to Byzantium. New York: ibooks, inc., 2000.

See also


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