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Encyclopedia > Novell
Novell Inc.
Type Public (NASDAQNOVL)
Founded Provo, Utah (1983)
Headquarters Waltham, MA, USA
Key people Ron Hovsepian, CEO and President
John Dragoon, Senior Vice President, CMO
Dana Russell, Senior Vice President, CFO
Industry Software
Products Novell eDirectory
Novell Open Enterprise Server
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Novell NetWare
SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop
Novell GroupWise
Novell ZENworks
Novell Identity Manager
Novell NetMail
Novell exteNd
Novell BorderManager
Revenue US$1.2 billion (2005)[1]
Operating income US$732.6 million (2005)[1]
(-1.0% operating margin[2])
Net income US$372.6 million (2005)[1]
(0.2% profit margin[2])
Employees 5,006 (2006)[2]
Slogan Software for the Open Enterprise
Website www.novell.com

Novell Inc. NASDAQNOVL is an American software corporation specializing in network operating systems such as Novell NetWare and SUSE Linux, secure identity management products, and application integration and collaboration solutions. Together with WordPerfect, Novell was instrumental in making the Utah Valley a focus for high-technology software development. Today this area has many small companies whose employees have previously worked at Novell. Bicycle racers at the 2005 Rund um den Henninger-Turm in Germany Road bicycle racing is a popular bicycle racing sport held on roads (following the geography of the area), using racing bicycles. ... The Rabobank team during the 2005 Rund um den Henninger Turm race. ... Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... Provo is a city in Utah and the county seat of Utah County, located about 35 miles south of Salt Lake City along the Wasatch Front. ... One of the early centers of the Industrial Revolution in northern America, Waltham is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Ronald W. Hovsepian or Ron Hovsepian, President and Chief Executive Officer of Novell, Inc. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... Novell eDirectory (formerly called Novell Directory Services [NDS]) is an X.500 compatible directory service software product released in 1993 by Novell, Inc. ... Novell Open Enterprise Server (OES) is a network software product by Novell, Inc. ... SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a Linux distribution supplied by Novell, targeted at the business market. ... NetWare is a network operating system developed by Novell, Inc. ... SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (SLED), formerly Novell Linux Desktop is a desktop-oriented Linux distribution supplied by Novell and targeted at the business market. ... GroupWise is a cross-platform collaborative software product from Novell, Inc. ... Novell ZENworks, a suite of software products developed and maintained by Novell, Inc. ... Novell Identity Manager (aka, IDM) is Novells implementation of Identity Management software. ... Novell NetMail is an ISP-grade E-Mail package by Novell, Inc. ... Novell exteNd is a web application development suite from Novell that provides a visual environment that simplifies the development and deployment of business solutions that exploit existing systems. ... Novell BorderManager is a program made by Novell designed to restrict access to undersirable websites from within a Novell Network. ... For the tax agency in Ireland of the same name, see Revenue Commissioners. ... USD redirects here. ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ... A fiscal year (or financial year or accounting reference date) is a 12-month period used for calculating annual (yearly) financial statements in businesses and other organizations. ... Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), also known as operating income and operating profit, is a term used to describe a companys earnings. ... In economics, operating margin is the ratio of operating income divided by sales revenue. ... Net income is equal to the income that a firm has after subtracting costs and expenses from the total revenue. ... Profit margin is a measure of profitability. ... This article is about work. ... Look up slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... For other uses, see Corporation (disambiguation). ... NetWare is a network operating system developed by Novell, Inc. ... SUSE (pronounced IPA: , properly (in German), ZOO-za, loosely SOO-sa [1] in English) is a major retail Linux distribution, produced in Germany and owned by Novell, Inc. ... WordPerfect is a proprietary word processing application. ... Utah Valley is a valley in central Utah located in Utah County. ...

Contents

History

Novell owes its beginnings to the Eyring Research Institute (ERI) in Provo, Utah. Dennis Fairclough, Drew Major, Dale Neibaur and Kyle Powell left their employment with ERI and took with them the experience and technology necessary to start and support the development of Novell. Dennis Fairclough was the member of the original team that started Novell Data Systems. Drew Major, Dale Neibaur and Kyle Powell went on to form SuperSet Software. Dennis Fairclough was the original founder of Novell, when Ray Noorda came to Novell, who was dismissed in a route to build upon a new future for Novell. Drew Major, Dale Neibaur and Kyle Powell continued to supply support for Novell through their SuperSet Software Group. Eyring Research Institute was founded as a non-profit organization, on September 6, 1972. ... Dennis Fairclough is Deputy Chair/Professor at the Computing & Networking Sciences Department at Utah Valley State College. ... Drew Major was one of the founders of Novell and the lead architect and developer of NetWare operating system for over 15 years. ... Drew Major was one of the founders of Novell and the lead architect and developer of NetWare operating system for over 15 years. ... A is a subset of B, and B is a superset of A. In mathematics, especially in set theory, a set A is a subset of a set B, if A is contained inside B. The relationship of one set being a subset of another is called inclusion. ... Dennis Fairclough is Deputy Chair/Professor at the Computing & Networking Sciences Department at Utah Valley State College. ... Raymond Noorda (born 1924) was a U.S. computer businessman. ... Drew Major was one of the founders of Novell and the lead architect and developer of NetWare operating system for over 15 years. ... A is a subset of B, and B is a superset of A. In mathematics, especially in set theory, a set A is a subset of a set B, if A is contained inside B. The relationship of one set being a subset of another is called inclusion. ...


Dennis Fairclough, Drew Major, Dale Neibaur and Kyle Powell’s work on government contracts for the Intelligent Systems Technology Project at ERI transferred to Novell important insights from the ARPANET and related developing technologies, insights that would become the foundations of Novell. Drew Major was one of the founders of Novell and the lead architect and developer of NetWare operating system for over 15 years. ... ARPANET logical map, March 1977. ...

ERI spawned many high-tech spin-offs, including WordPerfect, Novell, and Dynix in computers and some in the military and communication areas that have all benefited the world. (The Life of Frank Carlyle Harmon, written by Cleo Harmon, wife of the Founder and the Secretary of the President at Eyring Research Institute, published 1999) WordPerfect is a proprietary word processing application. ... Eyring Research Institute was founded as a non-profit organization, on September 6, 1972. ...

The company began in Provo, Utah as Novell Data Systems Inc. in 1979, a hardware manufacturer producing CP/M based systems. It was co-founded by George Canova, Darin Field, and Jack Davis. Victor V. Vurpillat brought the deal to Pete Musser, Chairman of the Board, Safeguard Scientifics, Inc. who provided the seed funding. The company initially did not do well, and both Davis and Canova left the firm. The Safeguard board then ordered Musser to shut Novell down. Musser contacted two Safeguard investors and investment bankers, Barry Rubenstein and Fred Dolin, who guaranteed to raise the necessary funds to continue the business as a software company. They, along with Jack Messman, interviewed and hired Raymond Noorda. The required funding was accomplished through a rights offering to Safeguard shareholders, managed by the Cleveland brokerage house Prescott, Ball and Turben and guaranteed by Rubenstein and Dolin. Provo is a city in Utah and the county seat of Utah County, located about 35 miles south of Salt Lake City along the Wasatch Front. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Hardware (disambiguation). ... Manufacturing is the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale, or intermediate processes involving the production or finishing of semi-manufactures. ... CP/M is an operating system originally created for Intel 8080/85 based microcomputers by Gary Kildall of Digital Research, Inc. ... Warren V. Pete Musser, born in 1938, is the past Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Safeguard Scientifics, Inc. ... Raymond Noorda (born 1924) was a U.S. computer businessman. ...


Etymology

The name for the company Novell was suggested by George Canova’s wife who mistakenly thought that “Novell” meant “new” in French. (In fact, the feminine singular of “new” in French is “nouvelle”).


NetWare

The first Novell product was a proprietary hardware server based on Motorola 6800 CPU supporting 6 MUX ports per board for a maximum of 4 boards per server using a star topology with twisted pair cabling. NIC was developed for the ISA bus architecture. The server was using the first NOS called ShareNet. Later ShareNet was ported to run on the Intel platform and renamed NetWare. The first commercial release of NetWare was version 1.5. Motorola 6800 Microprocessor The 6800 is a microprocessor produced by Motorola and released shortly after the Intel 8080 in 1975. ... CPU can stand for: in computing: Central processing unit in journalism: Commonwealth Press Union in law enforcement: Crime prevention unit in software: Critical patch update, a type of software patch distributed by Oracle Corporation in Macleans College is often known as Ash Lim. ... The correct title of this article is mux. ... A computer network with a star network topology, in its simplest form, consists of one central, or hub computer which acts as a router to transmit messages Comparing star networks to other types of network Advantages Easy to implement and extend, even in large networks Well suited for temporary networks... 25 Pair Color Code Chart 10BASE-T UTP Cable Twisted pair cabling is a common form of wiring in which two conductors are wound around each other for the purposes of cancelling out electromagnetic interference known as crosstalk. ... Nic may refer to: In music: Nic Cester, Australian singer, guitarist and songwriter for rock band Jet. ... Industry Standard Architecture (in practice almost always shortened to ISA) is a bus standard for IBM compatibles introduced in 1984 that extends the XT bus architecture to 16 bits. ... Network operating system (NOS): Software that (a) controls a network and its message (e. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ...


In January 1983, the company’s name was shortened to Novell Inc., and Raymond Noorda became the head of the firm. Also in 1983, the company introduced its most significant product, the multi-platform network operating system (NOS), Novell NetWare. Raymond Noorda (born 1924) was a U.S. computer businessman. ... In computing, a platform describes some sort of framework, either in hardware or software, which allows software to run. ... Network operating system (NOS): Software that (a) controls a network and its message (e. ... NetWare is a network operating system developed by Novell, Inc. ...


Novell based its network protocol on XNS, and created its own standards from IDP and SPP, which it named IPX (Internetwork Packet eXchange) and SPX (Sequenced Packet eXchange). File and print services ran on the NetWare Core Protocol (NCP) over IPX, as did Routing Information Protocol (RIP) and Service Advertising Protocol (SAP). NetWare uses Novell DOS (formerly DR-DOS) as a boot loader. Novell DOS is similar to MS-DOS and IBM PC-DOS, but no extra license for DOS is required; this came from the acquisition of Digital Research in 1991. Prior to this, Novell acquired Kanwal Rekhi’s company Excelan, a company which manufactured smart ethernet cards, and also commercialised the internet protocol TCP/IP, solidifying Novell’s presence in these niche areas. It was around this time also that Ed Tittel of HTML For Dummies notoriety became involved with Novell, taking up various positions within the newly acquired Excelan before being made national Marketing Manager for Novell, prior to taking up the post as Novell’s Director of Technical Marketing. In networking, a communications protocol or network protocol is the specification of a set of rules for a particular type of communication. ... Xerox network services (XNS) is a protocol stack which provided routing and packet delivery developed by Xerox at Xerox PARC in the later 1970s and early 1980s. ... See also Ericsson IPX Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX) is the OSI-model Network layer protocol in the IPX/SPX protocol stack. ... Sequenced Packet Exchange (SPX) is an old Novell protocol used to manage the Novell Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX) that allowed Novell Servers and clients to communicate over LAN (Local Area Networks) and WAN (Wide Area Networks). ... The NetWare Core Protocol (NCP) is a network protocol used in some products from Novell, Inc. ... This article is about the operating system. ... Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... IBM PC-DOS was one of the three major operating systems that dominated the personal computer market from about 1985 to 1995. ... Digital Research, Inc. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Ethernet is a large, diverse family of frame-based computer networking technologies that operate at many speeds for local area networks (LANs). ... The Internet protocol suite is the set of communications protocols that implement the protocol stack on which the Internet runs. ... Ed Tittel is an internet consultant with over 20 years experience in the computer industry. ... HTML, an initialism of Hypertext Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ... ...For Dummies is a series of instructional books intended to serve as non-intimidating guides to various topics. ...


Novell did extremely well throughout the 1980s, acting aggressively to increase the market initially by selling the expensive ethernet cards at cost; by 1990, Novell had an almost monopolistic position in NOS for any business requiring a network. Ethernet is a frame-based computer networking technology for local area networks (LANs). ... This article is about the economic term. ...


With this market leadership, Novell began to acquire and build services on top of its NetWare operating platform. These services extended NetWare’s capabilities with such products as NetWare for SAA, Novell Multi-Protocol Router, GroupWise and BorderManager. GroupWise is a collaboration software product from Novell, Inc. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Beyond NetWare

However, Novell was also diversifying, moving away from its smaller users to target large corporations (they later attempted to refocus with NetWare for Small Business), reducing investment in research and was slow to improve the product administration tools (the temporary saving grace being that their products typically needed little “tweaking” – they just ran).


In 1993, the company bought Unix System Laboratories from AT&T, giving them rights to the Unix operating system, apparently in an attempt to strike at Microsoft. In 1994 Novell bought WordPerfect, as well as the Quattro Pro product from Borland. These acquisitions did not last: Novell assigned portions of their Unix business to the Santa Cruz Operation in 1995, WordPerfect and Quattro Pro were sold together to Corel in 1996. DR was also sold to Caldera Systems in 1996. UNIX Systems Laboratories or USL was originally organized as part of Bell Labs in 1989. ... This article is about the current AT&T. For the 1885-2005 company, see American Telephone & Telegraph. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®, sometimes also written as or ® with small caps) is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... WordPerfect is a proprietary word processing application. ... Quattro Pro is a spreadsheet program developed by Borland and now sold by Corel, most often as part of Corels WordPerfect Office. ... Borland Software Corporation is a software company headquartered in Austin, Texas. ... Santa Cruz Operation (SCO) was a software company based in Santa Cruz, California that was best known for selling three Unix variants for Intel x86 processors: Xenix, SCO UNIX (later known as SCO OpenServer), and UnixWare. ... Corel Corporation is a computer software company headquartered in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. ... The SCO Group, Inc. ...


As Novell faced new competition, Noorda was pushed out in 1994, and he was followed by several CEOs who served short terms. One of Novell’s major innovations from this period was Novell Directory Services (NDS), now known as eDirectory. Introduced with NetWare v4.0. eDirectory replaced the old Bindery server and user management technology employed by NetWare v3.x and earlier. Novell eDirectory (formerly called Novell Directory Services) is an X.500 compatible directory service software product released in 1993 by Novell, Inc. ... NetWare is a network operating system and the set of network protocols it uses to talk to client machines on the network. ...


In 1996, the company began a move into internet-enabled products, replacing reliance on the proprietary IPX protocol in favor of a native TCP/IP stack. The move was accelerated when Eric Schmidt became CEO in 1997. The result was NetWare v5.0, released in October of 1998, which leveraged and built upon eDirectory and introduced new functions, such as Novell Cluster Services (NCS, a replacement for SFT-III) and Novell Storage Services (NSS), a replacement for the Traditional/FAT filesystem used by earlier versions of NetWare. While NetWare v5.0 introduced native TCP/IP support into the NOS, IPX was still supported, allowing for smooth transitions between environments and avoiding the “forklift upgrades” frequently required by competing environments. Similarly, the Traditional/FAT filesystem remained a supported filesystem option. Dr. Eric E. Schmidt is Chairman and CEO of Google Inc. ...


However, by 1999 Novell had lost its dominant market position, and was continually being out-marketed by Microsoft, which gained access to corporate data centres by bypassing technical staff and selling directly to corporate executives. Microsoft worked to make NetWare look second place with Windows 2000 features such as Group Policy. Microsoft’s GUI was also more popular and more modern-seeming than the character-based Novell interfaces. With falling revenues, the company pushed hard at net services and platform interoperability. Products such as eDirectory and GroupWise were made multi-platform. Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... GUI can refer to the following: GUI is short for graphical user interface, a term used to describe a type of interface in computing. ...


In October of 2000, Novell released a new product, dubbed DirXML, which was designed to synchronize data, often user information, between disparate directory and database systems. This product leveraged the speed and functionality of eDirectory to store information, and would later become the Novell Identity Manager product and form the foundation of a core product set within Novell. Novell Identity Manager (aka, IDM) is Novells implementation of Identity Management software. ...


In July 2001, Novell acquired the consulting company Cambridge Technology Partners, to expand offerings into services. Novell felt that the ability to offer solutions (a combination of software and services) was key to satisfying customer demand. This change was strongly resisted within the firm’s software development culture as well as the finance organization which recommended against the merger. The CEO of CTP, Jack Messman, engineered the merger using his position as a board member of Novell since its inception. He soon became CEO of Novell as well. Novell was also the name of a road bicycle racing team. ...


In July 2002, Novell acquired SilverStream Software, a leader in Web services-oriented application development, but a laggard in the marketplace. The business area called Novell exteNd contains XML and Web Service tools based on J2EE. Novell exteNd is a web application development suite from Novell that provides a visual environment that simplifies the development and deployment of business solutions that exploit existing systems. ... The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a general-purpose markup language. ... Web services architecture The W3C defines a Web service (many sources also capitalize the second word, as in Web Services) as a software system designed to support interoperable Machine to Machine interaction over a network. ... Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition or J2EE is a Standard (albeit with no ISO or ECMA standard) for developing distributed Multi-tier architecture applications, based on modular components running on an application server. ...


Linux for Business

In August 2003, Novell acquired Ximian, a developer of open source Linux applications (Evolution, Red Carpet and Mono). This acquisition signaled Novell’s plans to move its collective product set onto a Linux kernel. Ximian was a company that provided open source desktop applications for Linux and Unix based on the GNOME platform. ... Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... Evolution or Novell Evolution (formerly Ximian Evolution, prior to Novells 2003 acquisition of Ximian) is the official personal information manager and workgroup information management tool for GNOME. It combines e-mail, calendar, address book, and task list management functions. ... Red Carpet is a software management tool for Linux that was developed as part of the Ximian desktop. ... Mono is a project led by Novell (formerly by Ximian) to create an Ecma standard compliant . ... The Linux kernel is a Unix-like operating system kernel. ...


In November 2003, Novell acquired SUSE, a developer of a leading Linux distribution, which led to a major shift of power in Linux distributions. IBM also began to distribute Linux, and invested $50 million to show support of the SUSE acquisition. Within the openSUSE project, Novell continues to develop SUSE Linux as base for its business products. SUSE Linux 10.3 is available as Open Source only-Version (OSS Edition), which is freely downloadable and not a limited evaluation product. It is also available as boxed retail product with formal support. SUSE (pronounced IPA: , properly (in German), ZOO-za, loosely SOO-sa [1] in English) is a major retail Linux distribution, produced in Germany and owned by Novell, Inc. ... A Linux distribution, often simply distribution or distro, is a member of the Linux family of Unix-like operating systems comprising the Linux kernel, the non-kernel parts of the GNU operating system, and assorted other software. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... openSUSE is a community project, sponsored by Novell, to develop and maintain a general purpose Linux distribution. ...


In the summer of 2003, Novell released “Novell eNterprise Linux Services” (NNLS), which ported some of the services traditionally associated with NetWare to SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server (SLES) version 8. NetWare is a network operating system and the set of network protocols it uses to talk to client machines on the network. ... SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a Linux distribution supplied by Novell, targeted at the business market. ...


In November 2004, Novell released the Linux-based enterprise desktop Novell Linux Desktop v9. This product was based on Ximian Desktop and SUSE Linux Professional 9.1. This was Novell’s first attempt to get into the enterprise desktop market. SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (rebranded from Novell Linux Desktop) is a desktop-oriented Linux distribution supplied by Novell, Inc. ...


The successor product to NetWare, Open Enterprise Server, was released in March of 2005. OES offers all the services previously hosted by NetWare v6.5, and added the choice of delivering those services using either a NetWare v6.5 or SUSE Linux Enterprise Server v9 kernel. The release was aimed to persuade NetWare customers to move to Linux. NetWare is a network operating system and the set of network protocols it uses to talk to client machines on the network. ... Novell Open Enterprise Server (OES) is a network software product by Novell, Inc. ... NetWare is a network operating system and the set of network protocols it uses to talk to client machines on the network. ... NetWare is a network operating system and the set of network protocols it uses to talk to client machines on the network. ... SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a Linux distribution supplied by Novell, targeted at the business market. ... NetWare is a network operating system and the set of network protocols it uses to talk to client machines on the network. ...


Stagnancy

From 2003 through 2005 Novell released many products across its portfolio, with the intention of arresting falling market share and to move away from dependencies on other Novell products, but the launches were not as successful as Novell had hoped for. In an effort to cut costs, Novell announced a round of layoffs in late 2005. While revenue from its Linux business continued to grow, the growth was not fast enough to contain the fall in NetWare revenue. This meant that while the company’s revenue was not falling rapidly, it was not growing either. Lack of clear direction or effective management meant that Novell took longer than expected to complete its restructuring. NetWare is a network operating system and the set of network protocols it uses to talk to client machines on the network. ...


In June 2006, chief executive Jack Messman and chief finance officer Joseph Tibbetts were fired, with Ronald Hovsepian, Novell’s president and chief operating officer, appointed chief executive, and Dana Russell, vice-president of finance and corporate controller, appointed interim CFO. Ronald W. Hovsepian or Ron Hovsepian, President and Chief Executive Officer of Novell, Inc. ...


Recent Developments

In April 2006, Novell acquired e-Security, Inc., a leading provider in the Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) space and developer of the Sentinel Security Event Manager. In May 2006, it sold its consulting subsidiary Celerant Consulting to focus on its five core products portfolios: Data Center, Security and Identity Management, Resource Management, Desktop and Workgroup solutions. A Security Event Manager (SEM) is a computerized tool used on enterprise data networks to centralize the storage and interpretation of logs, or events, generated by other software runnning on the network. ...


The Data Center portfolio is based around SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES), with accompanying virtualization, clustering, and security technologies. SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a Linux distribution supplied by Novell, targeted at the business market. ...


The Desktop portfolio is similarly based around SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (SLED), along with related offerings for thin client devices and point of service (POS) devices. SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (SLED), formerly Novell Linux Desktop is a desktop-oriented Linux distribution supplied by Novell and targeted at the business market. ...


The Workgroup portfolio provides a cross-platform and mixed-source suite of applications for office productivity such as Open Enterprise Server, GroupWise, OpenOffice, and Novell Storage Manager. Novell Open Enterprise Server (OES) is a network software product by Novell, Inc. ... GroupWise is a collaboration software product from Novell, Inc. ... OpenOffice. ...


The Security and Identity Management portfolio provides a suite of products that leverage identity information stored and managed with Novell Identity Manager to manage access to networks, systems, and information. Products include: Novell Identity Manager (aka, IDM) is Novells implementation of Identity Management software. ...

  • Novell Access Manager – provides identity-based access to internal resources from outside, including web applications, SSLVPN applications, and so forth. Also includes federation based on Liberty and SAML.
  • Novell BorderManager – Manages access to external websites from inside the corporate network based on identities and policies.
  • Novell Sentinel – A Security Event Manager that provides event collection, automated correlation, analysis, and reporting – will soon be fully integrated with Identity Manager and other IDM solutions to provide visibility into user activities.

The Resource Management portfolio is primarily based around the ZENworks toolset, which provides application and patch management for servers, desktops, and handheld devices and asset management for Windows and Linux. Novell BorderManager is a program made by Novell designed to restrict access to undersirable websites from within a Novell Network. ... A Security Event Manager (SEM) is a computerized tool used on enterprise data networks to centralize the storage and interpretation of logs, or events, generated by other software runnning on the network. ... In computer science, identity management is the management of the identity life cycle of entities (subjects or objects) during which: (1a) the identity is established: a name (or number) is connected to the subject or object; (1b) the identity is re-established: a new or addtional name (or number) is... ZENworks is a software product suite developed and maintained by Novell, with the purpose of managing the entire lifecycle of servers, desktop PCs (both Windows-based and Linux-based), laptops, and handheld devices (such as PDAs). ...


Novell are founding members of the Open Invention Network, a group of companies that acquires patents, with the aim to protect free and open source software against the threat of patent infringement cases. The Open Invention Network (OIN) is a company that acquires patents and offer them royalty free to any company, institution or individual that agrees not to assert its patents against the GNU/Linux operating system or certain Linux-related applications. [1] Based in New York City, the company was founded...


Your Linux is Ready

In August 2006 Novell released the SUSE Linux Enterprise 10 (SLE 10) series of products. SUSE Linux Enterprise Server was the first enterprise class Linux server to offer virtualization based on the Xen hypervisor. SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (popularly known as SLED) featured a new user-friendly GUI and XGL-based 3D display capabilities. The release of SLE 10 was marketed with the phrase 'Your Linux is Ready', meant to convey that Novell’s Linux offerings were ready for the enterprise. In late September 2006 Novell announced a real time version of SLES called SUSE Linux Enterprise Real Time (SLERT) based on technology from Concurrent Computer Corporation. Xen is a free virtual machine monitor for IA-32, x86-64, IA-64 and PowerPC architectures. ... Cube view on a hardware accelerated Xgl server Xgl is an X server architecture designed to take advantage of modern graphics cards via their OpenGL drivers, layered on top of OpenGL via glitz. ...


The future growth of Novell is largely dependent on how successful the SLE 10 products are in the market place.


Agreement with Microsoft


On 2006-11-02, Novell and Microsoft announced a joint patent agreement to cover their respective products.[3][4] They also promised to work more closely together, in order to improve their software’s ability to work with other software, setting up a joint research facility to do this. Leaders from both companies purportedly hope this will lead to better compatibility between Microsoft Office and OpenOffice.org and better virtualization techniques. Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Microsoft Office is an office suite from Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS X operating systems. ... OpenOffice. ... In computing, virtualization is a broad term that refers to the abstraction of computer resources. ...


Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer said of the deal, “This set of agreements will really help bridge the divide between open-source and proprietary source software.”[5] Steven Anthony Ballmer (born March 24, 1956 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American businessman and has been the chief executive officer of Microsoft Corporation since January 2000. ...


The deal involves upfront payment of $348 million from Microsoft to Novell for patent cooperation and SLES subscription. Novell will pay around $40 million to Microsoft over 5 years.[6] SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a Linux distribution supplied by Novell, targeted at the business market. ...


One of the first results of this partnership was that Novell adapted the OpenXML/ODF Translator for use in OpenOffice.org.[7] OpenOffice. ...


Initial reaction from members of the FOSS community over the patent protection was mostly critical, with expressions of concern that Novell had “sold out” and of doubt that the GPL would allow distribution of code, including the Linux kernel, under this exclusive agreement.[8][9][10] FOSS is an acronym for free and open source software that is most often used in English-speaking military software communities. ... The GNU logo For other uses of GPL, see GPL (disambiguation). ...


In a letter to the FOSS development community on November 9, Bradley M. Kuhn, CTO of the Software Freedom Law Center described the agreement as “worse than useless.”[11] In a separate development the chairman of the SFLC, Eben Moglen, reported that Novell had offered cooperation with the SFLC to permit a confidential audit to determine the compliance of the agreement with the GPL (version 2).[12] Richard Stallman, founder of the Free Software Foundation, said in November that changes coming with the version 3 of the GPL will preclude such deals.[13] When the final revision of the third version of the GPL license was decided, the deal between Microsoft and Novell was grandfathered in. A new clause will let companies like Novell distribute GPLv3 software even if they have made such patent partnerships in the past, as long as the partnership deal was made before March 28, 2007. is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... He was Chief Executive of Free Software Foundation and is now CTO of Software Freedom Law Center (SFLC). ... The Software Freedom Law Center logo, a pun on the Ctrl key of most keyboards The Software Freedom Law Center (SFLC) was launched in February 2005 with Eben Moglen as Chairman. ... The Software Freedom Law Center logo, a visual pun on the Ctrl key of most keyboards The Software Freedom Law Center (SFLC) was launched in February 2005 with Eben Moglen as Chairman. ... Eben Moglen is a professor of law and legal history at Columbia University, and is the founder, Director-Counsel and Chairman of Software Freedom Law Center, whose client list includes numerous pro bono clients, such as the Free Software Foundation. ... Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16, 1953), often abbreviated rms,[1] is an American software freedom activist, hacker,[2] and software developer. ... The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a non-profit corporation founded in October 1985 by Richard Stallman to support the free software movement (free as in freedom), and in particular the GNU project. ... The GNU logo For other uses of GPL, see GPL (disambiguation). ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


On November 12, the Samba team expressed strong disapproval of Novell’s announcements on November 2 and asked Novell to reconsider.[14] The Samba team includes an employee of Novell, Jeremy Allison, who confirmed in a comment on Slashdot that the statement was agreed on by all members of the team ,[15] and later quit his job at Novell in protest.[16] is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Samba is a free software re-implementation of SMB/CIFS networking protocol, released under the GNU General Public License. ... Jeremy Allison is a computer programmer famous for his contributions to the free software community, notably to Samba, a re-implementation of SMB/CIFS networking protocol, released under the GNU General Public License. ... Slashdot, often abbreviated as /.[1], is a science, science fiction, and technology-related news website owned by SourceForge, Inc. ...


In early February 2007, Reuters reported that the Free Software Foundation had announced that it was reviewing Novell’s right to sell Linux versions, and even may ban Novell from selling Linux, because of an agreement.[17] However Eben Moglen later said that he was quoted out of context.[18] He was explaining that GPL version 3 will be designed to block similar deals in the future. Currently, Novell is not violating the GPL version 2, under which most of the software in a Linux distribution is licensed.[19] Almost all FSF software will transition to the new license, but it is unclear how many other projects (such as the Linux kernel) will adopt it.[20] The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a non-profit corporation founded in October 1985 by Richard Stallman to support the free software movement (free as in freedom), and in particular the GNU project. ... Eben Moglen is a professor of law and legal history at Columbia University, and is the founder, Director-Counsel and Chairman of Software Freedom Law Center, whose client list includes numerous pro bono clients, such as the Free Software Foundation. ... The GNU logo For other uses of GPL, see GPL (disambiguation). ... The Linux kernel is a Unix-like operating system kernel. ...


On May 14, 2007, Microsoft licensing chief Horacio Gutierrez said on Fortune that Linux and associated free software violated 235 patents owned by Microsoft.[21] Some thought that Microsoft wanted to make other open-source software vendors follow Novell’s lead.[22] However, by this move, it has been commented[weasel words] that this "ended any illusion that Microsoft planned to try to build bridges with the open-source community."[23] May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Fortune magazine is Americas second longest-running business magazine after Forbes magazine. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ...


On October 2007, IP Innovation LLC, a company specialized in patent-protection, filed a suit for patent infringement against Red Hat and Novell.[24][25][26] However, IP Innovation LLC is a subsidiary of a company that was a accused of being a Patent troll,[27] there have also been accusations [24][25] of a strong connection between this company and Microsoft. For other uses, see October (disambiguation). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see Red Hat (disambiguation). ... Patent troll is a pejorative term used for a person or company that enforces its patents against one or more alleged infringers in a matter considered unduly aggressive or opportunistic (see List of patent trolls for examples). ...

See also: Software patents and free software

Opposition to software patents is widespread in the free software community. ...

Support Ecosystem

Novell has a wide array of web-based and phone-based support options for its customers. The Novell support website [2] was named one of the “Ten Best Web Support Sites” in [2003] by the Association of Support Professionals (ASP). [3] In [2003], Novell received an Outstanding Website Award in the WebAward Competition [4] for their Cool Solutions website with a searchable database of advice, tools and problem fixes submitted by users from all over the world.


Novell also hosts support forums [5] covering all of their products including SUSE Linux Enterprise, GroupWise, ZENworks and NetWare. Novell offers users both HTTP and NNTP access to the support forums and a search option [6]. Whilst Novell encourages the use of these forums, it does not officially monitor these forums. The forums are maintained by SysOps [7] that have a demonstrated competency with the various products and volunteer their time to try and help the wider community. SUSE (pronounced IPA: , properly (in German), ZOO-za, loosely SOO-sa [1] in English) is a major retail Linux distribution, produced in Germany and owned by Novell, Inc. ... GroupWise is a collaboration software product from Novell, Inc. ... ZENworks is a software product suite developed and maintained by Novell, with the purpose of managing the entire lifecycle of servers, desktop PCs (both Windows-based and Linux-based), laptops, and handheld devices (such as PDAs). ... NetWare is a network operating system and the set of network protocols it uses to talk to client machines on the network. ... HTTP (for HyperText Transfer Protocol) is the primary method used to convey information on the World Wide Web. ... The Network News Transport Protocol or NNTP is an Internet application protocol used primarily for reading and posting Usenet articles, as well as transferring news among servers. ...


Novell maintains a number of wikis [8] with up-to-date information on a number of its products. For instance, as new NetWare service packs are released the NetWare wiki [9] is updated with tips and known issues with the service packs. In some cases, the service packs themselves will have their own wiki with information added from feedback provided in the support forums.


Acquisitions

Digital Research, Inc. ... UNIX Systems Laboratories or USL was originally organized as part of Bell Labs in 1989. ... WordPerfect is a proprietary word processing application. ... Quattro Pro is a spreadsheet program developed by Borland and now sold by Corel, most often as part of Corels WordPerfect Office. ... Borland Software Corporation is a software company headquartered in Austin, Texas. ... Novell was also the name of a road bicycle racing team. ... Ximian was a company that provided open source desktop applications for Linux and Unix based on the GNOME platform. ... SUSE (pronounced IPA: , properly (in German), ZOO-za, loosely SOO-sa [1] in English) is a major retail Linux distribution, produced in Germany and owned by Novell, Inc. ...

Certification

Novell is one of the first computer companies to provide certification to its products. They include:

A Certified Novell Administrator (CNA) is a person that is professionally certified by Novell to administer NetWare-based based computer networks. ... Certified Novell Engineer (CNE) is a certification which is designed to certify that an individual possesses in-depth knowledge and skills related to administration and troubleshooting of the Novell NetWare operating system. ...

Products

Novell eDirectory (formerly called Novell Directory Services [NDS]) is an X.500 compatible directory service software product released in 1993 by Novell, Inc. ... Evolution or Novell Evolution (formerly Ximian Evolution, prior to Novells 2003 acquisition of Ximian) is the official personal information manager and workgroup information management tool for GNOME. It combines e-mail, calendar, address book, and task list management functions. ... GroupWise is a cross-platform collaborative software product from Novell, Inc. ... Novell Identity Manager (aka, IDM) is Novells implementation of Identity Management software. ... Novell NetMail is an ISP-grade E-Mail package by Novell, Inc. ... NetWare is a network operating system developed by Novell, Inc. ... Novell Open Enterprise Server (OES) is a network software product by Novell, Inc. ... Novell ZENworks, a suite of software products developed and maintained by Novell, Inc. ... Look up sentinel in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a Linux distribution supplied by Novell, targeted at the business market. ... SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (SLED), formerly Novell Linux Desktop is a desktop-oriented Linux distribution supplied by Novell and targeted at the business market. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c NOVL Stock Report. Morningstar, Inc. Retrieved on 2006-07-05.
  2. ^ a b c NOVL: Company Overview. Reuters. Retrieved on 2006-07-05.
  3. ^ http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/press/2006/nov06/11-02MSNovellPR.mspx
  4. ^ http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/exec/steve/2006/11-02NovellInterop.mspx
  5. ^ http://news.com.com/Microsoft+makes+Linux+pact+with+Novell/2100-1016_3-6132119.html?tag=nefd.lede
  6. ^ http://www.linux-watch.com/news/NS7235986827.html
  7. ^ http://download.novell.com/SummaryFree.jsp?buildid=ESrjfdE4U58%7E
  8. ^ http://www.groklaw.net/article.php?story=20061102175508403
  9. ^ http://www.groklaw.net/article.php?story=20061103073628401
  10. ^ http://lwn.net/Articles/207559/
  11. ^ http://www.softwarefreedom.org/news/20061109a.html
  12. ^ http://www.vnunet.com/vnunet/news/2168151/novells-opens-microsoft
  13. ^ http://www.fsfeurope.org/projects/gplv3/tokyo-rms-transcript.en.html#novell-ms
  14. ^ http://news.samba.org/announcements/team_to_novell/
  15. ^ http://slashdot.org/comments.pl?sid=206202&cid=16817478
  16. ^ http://www.groklaw.net/article.php?story=20061221081000710
  17. ^ [1] see quote from Eben Moglen, the Foundation’s general counsel : “The community of people wants to do anything they can to interfere with this deal and all deals like it. They have every reason to be deeply concerned that this is the beginning of a significant patent aggression by Microsoft”.
  18. ^ http://www.linux-watch.com/news/NS6837365670.html Linux-Watch
  19. ^ http://enterprise.linux.com/article.pl?sid=07/02/05/181235
  20. ^ "Kernel developers declare GPLv3 dangerous", Linux.com, 2006-09-22. Retrieved on 2007-03-26. 
  21. ^ http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/2007/05/28/100033867/index.htm?source=yahoo_quote
  22. ^ http://blogs.zdnet.com/microsoft/?p=402
  23. ^ http://blogs.zdnet.com/microsoft/?p=437
  24. ^ a b Berlind, David (2007-10-11). First patent suit against Linux has a Kevin Bacon-esque connection to Microsoft. zdnet. Retrieved on 2007-10-12. “LLC is a subsidiary of Acacia Research Corporation... This past July Acacia hired Jonathan Taub away from his job as Director, Strategic Alliances for the Mobile and Embedded Devices (MED) division at Microsoft and then, just last week, it hired Brad Brunell away from his job at Microsoft where, among other jobs, he served as General Manager, Intellectual Property Licensing.
  25. ^ a b Patent Infringement Lawsuit Filed Against Red Hat & Novell – Just Like Ballmer Predicted. groklaw (2007-10-11). Retrieved on 2007-10-12.
  26. ^ The U.S. patent 5,072,412 concerns the desktop User Interface, see here
  27. ^ A Deeper Look at Acacia (2007-08-13). Retrieved on 2007-10-12.

Morningstar, Inc. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Eben Moglen is a professor of law and legal history at Columbia University, and is the founder, Director-Counsel and Chairman of Software Freedom Law Center, whose client list includes numerous pro bono clients, such as the Free Software Foundation. ... Linux. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

SUSE (pronounced IPA: , properly (in German), ZOO-za, loosely SOO-sa [1] in English) is a major retail Linux distribution, produced in Germany and owned by Novell, Inc. ... openSUSE is a community project, sponsored by Novell, to develop and maintain a general purpose Linux distribution. ... SCO v. ...

External links

Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... Novell eDirectory (formerly called Novell Directory Services [NDS]) is an X.500 compatible directory service software product released in 1993 by Novell, Inc. ... Novell ZENworks, a suite of software products developed and maintained by Novell, Inc. ... Novell Identity Manager (aka, IDM) is Novells implementation of Identity Management software. ... Novell BorderManager is a program made by Novell designed to restrict access to undersirable websites from within a Novell Network. ... SUSE (pronounced IPA: , properly (in German), ZOO-za, loosely SOO-sa [1] in English) is a major retail Linux distribution, produced in Germany and owned by Novell, Inc. ... SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a Linux distribution supplied by Novell, targeted at the business market. ... SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (SLED), formerly Novell Linux Desktop is a desktop-oriented Linux distribution supplied by Novell and targeted at the business market. ... Novell Open Enterprise Server (OES) is a network software product by Novell, Inc. ... GroupWise is a cross-platform collaborative software product from Novell, Inc. ... NetWare is a network operating system developed by Novell, Inc. ... AppArmor (Application Armor) is security software for Linux, released under the GNU General Public License. ... Evolution or Novell Evolution (formerly Ximian Evolution, prior to Novells 2003 acquisition of Ximian) is the official personal information manager and workgroup information management tool for GNOME. It combines e-mail, calendar, address book, and task list management functions. ... iFolder is an open source application, developed by Novell, Inc. ... Mono is a project led by Novell (formerly by Ximian) to create an Ecma standard compliant . ... openSUSE is a community project, sponsored by Novell, to develop and maintain a general purpose Linux distribution. ... YaST from SUSE 9. ... A Certified Novell Administrator (CNA) is a person that is professionally certified by Novell to administer NetWare-based based computer networks. ... Certified Novell Engineer (CNE) is a certification which is designed to certify that an individual possesses in-depth knowledge and skills related to administration and troubleshooting of the Novell NetWare operating system. ... Drew Major was one of the founders of Novell and the lead architect and developer of NetWare operating system for over 15 years. ... Dennis Fairclough is Deputy Chair/Professor at the Computing & Networking Sciences Department at Utah Valley State College. ... Raymond Noorda (born 1924) was a U.S. computer businessman. ... Ronald W. Hovsepian or Ron Hovsepian, President and Chief Executive Officer of Novell, Inc. ... Jeff Vernon Merkey is an American computer scientist and entrepreneur. ... Eric Emerson Schmidt, Ph. ... For the formal concept of computation, see computation. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... High Tech Computer Corporation (TSEC: 2498), known by its acronym HTC, is a Taiwan-based manufacturer of Microsoft Windows CE portable devices. ... Motorola Inc. ... This article is about the telecommunications corporation. ... Palm, Inc. ... Qualcomm (NASDAQ: QCOM) is a wireless telecommunications research and development company based in San Diego, California. ... Research In Motion Limited (RIM) (TSX: RIM, NASDAQ: RIMM) is a Canadian wireless device company. ... SAGEM (Société d’Applications Générales de l’Electricité et de la Mécanique, translated to Company of General Applications of Electricity and Mechanics) was a major French company involved in defence electronics, consumer electronics and communication systems. ... For an arrangement of Sony Ericsson products, see list of Sony Ericsson products Sony Ericsson is a joint venture established in 2001 by the Japanese consumer electronics company Sony Corporation and the Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson to make mobile phones. ... Conglomerate is the term used to describe a large company which consists of divisions of often seemingly unrelated businesses. ... “GE” redirects here. ... It has been suggested that HCL Technologies and HCL Infosystems be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Hitachi Works be merged into this article or section. ... LG Electronics (Hangul:엘지전자, KRXS: 066570, LSE: LGLD) is a South Korean multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest electronics companies. ... Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. ... NCR Corporation (NYSE: NCR) is a technology company specializing in solutions for the retail and financial industries. ... Philips HQ in Amsterdam Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (Royal Philips Electronics N.V.), usually known as Philips, (Euronext: PHIA, NYSE: PHG) is one of the largest electronics companies in the world, founded and headquartered in the Netherlands. ... Samsung Electronics (SEC, Hangul:삼성전자; KSE: 005930, KSE: 005935, LSE: SMSN, LSE: SMSD) is a South Korean multinational corporation and the worlds largest and leading electronics and information technology company. ... Siemens redirects here. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... This article is about the media and entertainment company. ... Toshiba Corporations headquarters (Center) in Hamamatsucho, Tokyo Toshiba Corporation sales by division for year ending March 31, 2005 Toshiba Corporation ) (TYO: 6502 ) is a Japanese multinational conglomerate manufacturing company, headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. ... Computer hardware is the physical part of a computer, including the digital circuitry, as distinguished from the computer software that executes within the hardware. ... For other uses, see ASUS (disambiguation). ... This article is about the corporation Dell, Inc. ... Fujitsu Siemens Computers is a Japanese and German IT vendor, selling consumer and business computing products in the markets of Europe, the Middle East and Africa (products marketed elsewhere are sold under the Fujitsu brand). ... Lenovo Group Limited, (SEHK: 0992) is today the fourth largest personal computer manufacturer in the world, and the largest in the Asia-Pacific region as of 2006. ... Quanta Computer Incorporated is a Taiwan-based manufacturer of notebook computers and other electronic hardware. ... A computer network is an interconnection of a group of computers. ... 3Com (NASDAQ: COMS) is a manufacturer best known for its computer network infrastructure products. ... Alcatel Lucent (or Alcatel-Lucent according to some sources) is the name of the new company formed after the merge agreement signed by Alcatel and Lucent Technologies. ... Allied Telesis formerly Allied Telesyn http://www. ... Avaya Inc. ... “Cisco” redirects here. ... Ericsson () NASDAQ: ERIC. Founded in 1876, Ericsson is a leading provider of communications networks, related services and handset technology platforms. ... Foundry Networks is a network system vendor selling high-end managed ethernet switches. ... Huawei Technologies Co. ... Juniper Networks NASDAQ: JNPR is a telecommunications equipment company. ... Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN) is a telecommunications solutions supplier which was created as the result of a merger (by means of a 50-50 joint venture) between Siemens AGs COM division (minus its Enterprise business unit) and Nokias Network Business Group. ... Northern Telecommunications Networks, commonly known as Nortel, is a telecommunications equipment manufacturer headquartered in Canada. ... ZTE Corporation (Chinese: 中兴通讯)(Zhong Xing Telecommunication Equipment Company Limited) SEHK: 0763, a state-owned corporation launched in 1985, is one of the largest telecommunications (GSM, 3G, WCDMA, CDMA, SDH, ADSL, IPTV, PSTN) manufacturers and wireless solutions providers in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Dot-com redirects here. ... Web services architecture The W3C defines a Web service (many sources also capitalize the second word, as in Web Services) as a software system designed to support interoperable Machine to Machine interaction over a network. ... Amazon. ... For other uses, see AOL (disambiguation). ... This article is about the online auction center. ... This article is about the corporation. ... Barry Diller, Chairman & CEO IAC/InterActiveCorp (NASDAQ: IACI) is an American internet and media company with interests in electronic retailing, Internet and interactive media, local media services, online personals, real estate and financial services. ... Windows Live is the collective brand name for a set of services and software products from Microsoft. ... Yahoo redirects here. ... Electronic manufacturing services (EMS) is term used for companies that design, test, manufacture, distribute and provide return/repair services for electronic component and assemblies for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). ... Celestica Inc. ... Elcoteq is a Global electronics manufacturing services (EMS) and Original Design Manufacturing (ODM) company, which does manufacturing for Nokia, Ericsson , Thomson, RIM and other brand name companies. ... Flextronics International Ltd. ... Foxconn (富士康) is the trade name of the Taiwanese firm Hon Hai Precision Industry Co. ... Jabil NYSE: JBL is a provider of electronic manufacturing services. ... Kimball International, Inc. ... Plexus Corporation NASDAQ: PLXS, is an Electronics Manufacturing Services provider to the wireline/networking, wireless infrastructure, medical, commercial and defense/security/aerospace industries. ... Quanta Computer Incorporated is a Taiwan-based manufacturer of notebook computers and other electronic hardware. ... Sanmina-SCI is a leading multinational Electronics Manufacturing Services (EMS) provider headquartered in San Jose, California which provides operational services to technology companies. ... SMTC Manufacturing Corporation (NASDAQ: SMTX, TSX: SMX) is a mid-size (Tier 2) diversified electronics manufacturing services (EMS) provider based in Toronto, Ontario. ... Solectron headquarters in Milpitas Solectron Corporation (NYSE: SLR), is a global electronics manufacturing company for original equipment manufacturer (OEMs). ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... Information technology consulting (IT consulting or business and technology services) is a field that focuses on advising businesses on how best to use information technology to meet their business objectives. ... Accenture Ltd. ... A BUNCH OF DOT HEADS go ahead change it again bitch! ... Atos Origin, SA (Euronext: ATO) is an international IT corporation which operates in more than 50 countries worldwide, with about 47,000 employees. ... Avanade, Inc. ... BearingPoint, Inc. ... Booz Allen Hamilton, one of the oldest management consulting firms in the world,[1] is a private corporation with headquarters in McLean, Virginia and over 100 offices on 6 continents. ... BT Group plc (formerly British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (pronounced Bee tee) (also previously as British Telecom and is still commonly known as such amongst the general public) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ... Capgemini (Euronext: CAP) is a major French company, one of the worlds largest information technology, management consulting, outsourcing and professional services companies with a staff of 75,000 operating in 30 countries. ... CGI Group Inc. ... Cognizant redirects here. ... CSCs headquarters in El Segundo CSCs branch office in HITEC City Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC) NYSE: CSC is an information technology (IT) and business services company headquartered in El Segundo, California, USA. Its stated mission is to help clients achieve strategic goals and profit from the use of... Deloitte & Touche (also referred to as Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu, and branded as Deloitte. ... Electronic Data Systems (EDS) (NYSE: EDS, LSE: EDC) is a global business and technology services company that defined the outsourcing business when it was established in 1962 by Ross Perot. ... First Data Corporation (NYSE: FDC) is a payment processing company based in Greenwood Village, Colorado. ... Fujitsu Consulting is a consulting company based in Edison, New Jersey. ... Getronics N.V. (Euronext: GTN) is an international Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Company focused on Workspace Management Services, including Application Services. ... HCL Technologies is one of the leading global technology and IT enterprises that offers product engineering, technology and application services, BPO, infrastructure services, IT hardware, systems integration, and distribution of technology and telecom products in India. ... HP Technology Solutions (or HP TSG) is a consulting firm that branched off from Hewlett-Packard. ... IBM Global Services is the worlds largest business and technology services provider. ... i-flex solutions limited is an India based IT company that produces software for the financial services industry. ... Indra Sistemas is the leading Spanish Information Technology and Defense Systems company. ... Infosys Technologies Limited (BSE: 500209, NASDAQ: INFY) is a multinational information technology services company headquartered in Bangalore, India. ... Keane (KEA) is a technology firm focused upon outsourcing. ... LogicaCMG is a telecommunications and IT consultancy company. ... Orange Business Services (formerly Equant) is a subsidiary of France Télécom and provides network and information technology business services in over 220 countries and territories. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Perot Systems Corporation NYSE: PER is an information technology services provider based in Plano, Texas. ... Science Applications International Corporation Science Applications International Corporation (usually known as SAIC) is the largest employee-owned research and engineering firm in the United States. ... Sapient NASDAQ: SAPE helps clients innovate their businesses in the areas of marketing, business operations, and technology”. Sapient has a reputation of tackling complex initiatives in the consulting industry like: helping MIT create a new model for making course material available globally, working with the US Marine Corps on their... Satyam Computer Services Ltd. ... Tata Consultancy Services Limited (TCS Limited company) is one of the world’s largest providers of information technology, consulting, services and business-process outsourcing which commenced operations in 1968. ... TietoEnator is an international software development company. ... Titan Corporation is a United States-based company headquartered in San Diego, California. ... Unisys Corporation (NYSE: UIS), based in Blue Bell, Pennsylvania, United States, and incorporated in Delaware[3], is a global provider of information technology services and solutions. ... Wipro Tech (NYSE: WIT) is an information technology service company established in India in 1980. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... EMC Corporation (NYSE: EMC) is an American manufacturer of software and systems for information management and storage. ... For the district in Saga, Japan, see Fujitsu, Saga. ... Maxtor Corporation was an American manufacturer of computer hard disk drives founded in 1982 and acquired by Seagate in 2006. ... Network Appliance, Inc. ... Samsung Electronics (SEC, Hangul:삼성전자; KSE: 005930, KSE: 005935, LSE: SMSN, LSE: SMSD) is a South Korean multinational corporation and the worlds largest and leading electronics and information technology company. ... Seagate Technology (NYSE: STX) is a major American manufacturer of hard drives, founded in 1979 and based in Scotts Valley, California. ... Hitachi Global Storage Technologies is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Hitachi, Ltd. ... Western Digital Corporation (NYSE: WDC) (often abbreviated to WD) is a manufacturer of a large proportion of the worlds hard disks, and has a long history in the electronics industry as an IC maker and a storage products company. ... A semiconductor is a solid whose electrical conductivity is in between that of a conductor and that of an insulator, and can be controlled over a wide range, either permanently or dynamically. ... AMD redirects here. ... Broadcom Corporation is a leading American supplier of integrated circuits (ICs) for broadband communications. ... Elpida Memory, Inc. ... Fairchild Semiconductor introduced the first commercially available integrated circuit (although at almost the same time as one from Texas Instruments), and would go on to become one of the major players in the evolution of Silicon Valley in the 1960s. ... Freescale sign Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. ... Hynix Semiconductor Inc. ... For the raceway, see Infineon Raceway. ... Intel redirects here. ... Micron Technology (Micron) NYSE: MU is a multinational company based in Boise, Idaho, USA, best known for producing many forms of semiconductor devices. ... Categories: Electronics companies of the United States | Companies based in California | Corporation stubs ... NVIDIA Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) (pronounced IPA: ) is a U.S. corporation specializing in the manufacture of graphics processor technologies for workstations, desktop computers, and handhelds. ... For other uses of NXP, see NXP (disambiguation). ... Qimonda AG (NYSE: QI), (pronounced key-MON-duh) is the new memory company split out of Infineon Technologies AG on May 1, 2006, to form the third largest DRAM company worldwide, according to the industry research firm Gartner Dataquest. ... Renesas Technology Corporation ) is a Japanese semiconductor manufacturer. ... ROHM Co. ... Sharp Corporation ) (TYO: 6753 , LuxSE: SRP) is a Japanese electronics manufacturer, founded in 1912. ... STMicroelectronics is an international leading supplier of semiconductors. ... Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry (and popularly) as TI, is an American company based in Dallas, Texas, USA, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ... Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Limited (Traditional Chinese: 台灣積體電路製造股份有限公司, abbrev. ... VIA Technologies logo VIA Technologies is a Taiwanese manufacturer of integrated circuits, mainly motherboard chipsets, CPUs, and memory, and is part of the Formosa Plastics Group. ... Software redirects here. ... Adobe Systems (pronounced a-DOE-bee IPA: ) (NASDAQ: ADBE) (LSE: ABS) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. Adobe was founded in December 1982[1] by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell... CA, Inc. ... Electronic Arts (EA) (NASDAQ: ERTS) is an American developer, marketer, publisher, and distributor of computer and video games. ... Intuit Inc. ... McAfee, Inc. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... Oracle Corporation (NASDAQ: ORCL) is one of the major companies developing database management systems (DBMS), tools for database development, middle-tier software, enterprise resource planning software (ERP), customer relationship management software (CRM) and supply chain management (SCM) software. ... For other uses, see Red Hat (disambiguation). ... SAP AG (ISIN: DE0007164600, FWB: SAP, NYSE: SAP) is the largest European software enterprise and the third largest in the world, with headquarters in Walldorf, Germany. ... Symantec Corporation NASDAQ: SYMC, founded in 1982, is an international corporation which sells computer software, particularly in the realms of security and information management. ... Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the assisted transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... For other uses, see 3 (disambiguation). ... América Móvil (NYSE: AMX, BMV: AMX, NASDAQ: AMOV) is the largest mobile network operator in Germano America and Latin America and the largest corporation in Latin America. ... This article is about the current AT&T. For the 1885-2005 company, see American Telephone & Telegraph. ... For the information technology, see Airtel (FBI). ... Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (known as BSNL, India Communications Corporation Limited) is a public sector communications company in India. ... BT Group plc (formerly British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (pronounced Bee tee) (also previously as British Telecom and is still commonly known as such amongst the general public) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ... For other uses, see Cablevision (disambiguation). ... Comcast Corporation (NASDAQ: CMCSA) is the largest[1] cable television (CATV) company and the second largest Internet service provider in the United States. ... DTAG corporate headquarters, Bonn Deutsche Telekom AG (ISIN: DE0005557508, FWB: DTE, NYSE: DT, LSE: DEU, TYO: 9496) (English translation: German Telecom) (abbreviated DTAG) is a telecommunications company headquartered in Bonn, Germany. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... France Télécom (Euronext: FTE, NYSE: FTE) (often spelled France Telecom, without the accents, in non-French text) is the main telecommunication company in France. ... Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (日本電信電話 Nippon Denshin Denwa) is a telephone company that dominates the telecommunication market in Japan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... RCN Corporation, (NASDAQ: RCNI), founded in 1997 and based in Herndon, Virginia, is the first and largest American facilities-based competitive provider of bundled telephone, cable television and high speed Internet service delivered over its own fiber-optic local network to consumers in the Boston, New York, Eastern Pennsylvania, Washington... Rogers Communications Inc. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sprint Nextel Corporation (NYSE: S) is one of the largest telecommunications companies in the US. With 55 million subscribers, Sprint Nextel operates the third largest wireless telecommunications network in the United States (based on total wireless customers), behind AT&T and Verizon Wireless. ... Swisscom AG is the leading telephone company in Switzerland. ... Telecom Italia is formerly a partially state-owned Italian telco. ... Telefónica, S.A., (IBEX-35:TEF, Euronext: TEF, NYSE: TEF, LSE: TDE, FWB: TEF, TYO: 9481) is a Spanish telecommunications company. ... Teléfonos de México S.A.B. de C.V. (NYSE: TMX), better known as Telmex, is a Mexican telecommunications company that provides telecommunication products and services in Mexico and in many parts of Latin America, such as Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and even in the United States. ... Time Warner Inc. ... Verizon Communications, Inc. ... Virgin Media Inc. ... Vodafone Group Plc is a mobile network operator headquartered in Newbury, Berkshire, England, UK. It is the largest mobile telecommunications network company in the world by turnover and has a market value of about £84. ... It has been suggested that Vertical expansion be merged into this article or section. ... Apple Inc. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... NEC Corporation (Japanese: Nippon Denki Kabushiki Gaisha; TYO: 6701 , NASDAQ: NIPNY) is a Japanese multinational IT company headquartered in Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan. ... Sun Microsystems, Inc. ...

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