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Encyclopedia > Notepad
Notepad

Notepad in Windows Vista
Developer: Microsoft
Latest release: 6.0.6000.16386 / November 8, 2006
OS: Microsoft Windows
Use: Text editor
License: Freeware
Website: Notepad

Notepad is a simple text editor included with all versions of Microsoft Windows since version 1.0 in 1985. Image File history File links Notepad. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (960x727, 73 KB) A screenshot of Notepad in Windows Vista. ... Windows Vista is the latest release of Microsoft Windows, a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... Software development is the translation of a user need or marketing goal into a software product. ... Microsoft is one of few companies engaging itself in the console wars Where they are up against sony, nintendo, and of course sharps new console which may cause a threat. ... A software release refers to the creation and availability of a new version of a computer software product. ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... An operating system (OS) is a computer program that manages the hardware and software resources of a computer. ... Microsoft Windows is the name of several families of proprietary software operating systems by Microsoft. ... Notepad is the standard text editor for Microsoft Windows A text editor is a piece of computer software for editing plain text. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, typically common to a particular domain name or subdomain on the World Wide Web on the Internet. ... A spiral-bound notebook with pen A notebook (also notepad, writing pad, etc. ... Notepad is the standard text editor for Microsoft Windows A text editor is a piece of computer software for editing plain text. ... Microsoft Windows is the name of several families of proprietary software operating systems by Microsoft. ... Windows 1. ...

Contents

Overview

Notepad is one of the most common text-only editors. The resulting files—typically saved with the .txt extension—have no format tags or styles, making the program suitable for editing system files that are to be used in a DOS environment. Notepad can edit files of almost any format; however, it does not treat Unix-style text files correctly (see newline). . ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... In computing, a newline is a special character or sequence of characters signifying the end of a line of text. ...


Early versions of Notepad offered only the most basic functions, such as finding text. Newer versions of Windows include an updated version of Notepad with a search and replace function, as well as [ctrl-f] for "search" and similar keyboard shortcuts. In older versions such as those included with Windows 95, 98, ME and 3.1, there is a 64-kilobyte limit on the size of the file being edited, an operating system limit of the EDIT class. A keyboard shortcut (also known as an accelerator key, shortcut key, or hotkey) is a set of keyboard keys that when pressed simultaneously, perform a predefined task. ...


Up to Windows 95, Fixedsys was the only available font for Notepad. Windows NT 4.0 and 98 introduced the ability to change this font. In Windows 2000 the default font was changed to Lucida Console. Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ... Fixedsys is a non-proportional Windows font. ... A font can mean: A member of a typeface family; or digital font - file format that encapsulates a typeface family in a database. ... Windows NT 4. ... Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ... Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K) is a preemptible, interruptible, graphical and business-oriented operating system that is designed to work with either uniprocessor or symmetric multi-processor 32-bit Intel x86 computers. ... Lucida is a family of typefaces designed by Charles Bigelow and Kris Holmes. ...


In the Windows NT-based versions of Windows, Notepad can edit traditional 8-bit text files as well as Unicode text files (both UTF-8 and UTF-16, and in case of UTF-16, both little-endian and big-endian; see endianness). Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. ... Unicode is an industry standard designed to allow text and symbols from all of the writing systems of the world to be consistently represented and manipulated by computers. ... UTF-8 (8-bit Unicode Transformation Format) is a variable-length character encoding for Unicode created by Ken Thompson and Rob Pike. ... In computing, UTF-16 is a 16-bit Unicode Transformation Format, a character encoding form that provides a way to represent a series of abstract characters from Unicode and ISO/IEC 10646 as a series of 16-bit words suitable for storage or transmission via data networks. ... In computing, endianness is the ordering used to represent some kind of data as a sequence of smaller units. ...


For many uses, Notepad has been superseded by WordPad or any word processor, such as Microsoft Word. However, Notepad does not require a lock on the file it opens, so it can open files already opened by other processes, users or computers, whereas WordPad cannot. Also, Notepad is much faster and easier to use than WordPad or Microsoft Word, even though it lacks the advanced formatting tools of those respective applications. The DOS EDIT text editor, especially as updated in Windows 95, where it became an MDI application, also provides many features never offered by Notepad. WordPad is a simple word processor coming with almost all versions of Microsoft Windows from Windows 95 upwards. ... A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... Microsoft Word is a word processing application from Microsoft. ... In software engineering, a lock is a mechanism for enforcing limits on access to a resource in an environment where there are many threads of execution. ... The MS-DOS edit interface (version 1. ... MDI implementation in the Windows version of Adobe Photoshop. ...


Notepad makes use of a built-in window class named "EDIT". In computer programming a window class is a structure fundamental to the Microsoft Windows (Win16 and Win32) operating systems and its Application Programming Interface (API). ...


Notepad also has a built-in simple logging function, which simply inserts a new timestamp each time the file is opened. To activate this feature, the first line of the text file must be ".LOG", without the quotes.


Notepad was, until recently, a Windows-only application, but can now be run natively in the open source ReactOS operating system. The program included with ReactOS is derived from WINE and is open source itself under the GNU Lesser General Public License Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... ReactOS is a project to develop a free software/open-source operating system that is binary-compatible with Microsoft Windows NT/XP and Windows Server 2003 applications and device drivers. ... A glass of red wine This article is about the alcoholic beverage. ... GNU (pronounced ) is a computer operating system - consisting of a kernel, libraries, system utilities, compilers, and end-user application software - composed entirely of free software. ... GNU logo The GNU Lesser General Public License (formerly the GNU Library General Public License) is an FSF approved Free Software license designed as a compromise between the GNU General Public License and simple permissive licenses such as the BSD license and the MIT License. ...


There are many freeware third-party replacements for Notepad with additional functionality, for example TED Notepad, EditPad Lite, Notepad++ and Notepad2. TED Notepad is a freeware text editor for Microsoft Windows. ... EditPad is a powerful text editor that is available for Windows and Linux. ... Notepad++ is a free source code editor which supports several programming languages running under the Microsoft Windows environment. ... Notepad2 is an open source text editor for Microsoft Windows, released under a GNU GPL software license. ...


Utility

One of Notepad's most useful features is that it does not support formatting of any kind. If text is copied from a web page and pasted it into a word processor, the formatting and embedded metadata comes along with the text, and can be difficult to remove.


If text is copied from a formatted web site, pasted into Notepad, then copied again from Notepad before being pasted it into a destination program, Notepad will have stripped all of the formatting.


Another useful feature is the ability to record the date when using it. Either it could be done by pressing F5, or by typing ".LOG" without the quotation marks and pressing Enter at the end. Once done, close it and open the file again. There should be a date below the ".LOG".


Unicode detection

The Windows NT version of Notepad has the ability to detect Unicode files that are missing a byte order mark. It does this by using a Windows API function called IsTextUnicode(). [1] This function is imperfect, with the side effect that some small, all-lowercase ASCII text is incorrectly identified as UTF-16. [2] A Byte Order Mark (BOM) is the character at code point U+FEFF (zero-width no-break space), when that character is used to denote the endianness of a string of UCS/Unicode characters encoded in UTF-16 or UTF-32 and/or as a marker to indicate that text...


On May 18, 2006 it was reported[3] that, given a file containing a phrase like "this app can break" (or even a simple string such as "aaaa aaa aaa aaaaa"), Notepad will interpret the file as two-byte Unicode and attempt to display it as such. If the correct Chinese font is installed, Chinese characters will be displayed. The bug is caused by a specific string of characters, divided by spaces. This string is four letters, space, three letters, space, three letters, space, five letters, and no terminating newline. This can be done with most words or phrases that fit into that specific pattern. The bug was considered to be an easter egg, but is not any longer. May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... In computing, a newline is a special character or sequence of characters signifying the end of a line of text. ... The first easter egg For the decorated eggs given out to celebrate the Easter holiday, see Easter egg. ...


See also

The following is a list of text editors. ... This article provides a basic feature comparison for several text editors. ...

References

  1. ^ IsTextUnicode() at Microsoft.com URL last accessed July 3, 2006.
  2. ^ "this api can break." URL last accessed August 2, 2006.
  3. ^ "Funny: How to Break Windows Notepad." URL last accessed July 3, 2006.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Notepad - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (627 words)
Notepad is a simple text editor included with all versions Microsoft Windows since version 1.0 in 1985.
Notepad is one of the most common text-only editors.
Notepad also has a built-in simple logging function, which simply inserts a new timestamp each time the file is opened.
Notepad++ - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (240 words)
Notepad++ is a free source code editor which supports several programming languages running under the Microsoft Windows environment.
The aim of Notepad++ is to offer a slim and efficient binary with a totally customizable GUI.
Notepad++ is not only a source editor, but also an alternative to Notepad thanks to its speed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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