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Encyclopedia > Norwegian rigsdaler

The rigsdaler was the unit of currency used in Norway until 1816 and in Denmark until 1873. The similarly named Reichsthaler, riksdaler and rijksdaalder were used in Germany and Austria-Hungary, Sweden and the Netherlands, respectively. The Reichsthaler began as a subsidiary denomination to the Conventionsthaler, introduced in the Holy Roman Empire in 1754. ... The Riksdaler was the name of the currency used in Sweden until 1873 when it was replaced with the krona as an effect of the Scandinavian Monetary Union. ... The rijksdaalder was an 18th century Dutch coin worth 2½ gulden or 50 stuiver. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ...

Contents

History

During the political union between Denmark and Norway, Danish currency circulated alongside Norwegian. Norway itself issued currency denominated in two different rigsdaler, the rigsdaler courant and the rigsdaler specie, with 96 skilling to the rigsdaler courant and 120 skilling to the rigsdaler specie. The Kingdom of Denmark-Norway, consisting of Denmark and Norway, including Norways possessions Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands, is a term used for the two united kingdoms after their amalgamation as one state in 1536. ... The Rigsdaler was the unit of currency used in Denmark until 1873 and in Norway until 1816. ... The skilling was the Scandinavian equivalent of the schilling or shilling. ...


In 1816, following the establishment of the union between Sweden and Norway, the rigsdaler specie was renamed the speciedaler and became the standard unit of currency in Norway. Sweden and Norway 1888 The Union between Sweden and Norway refers to the kingdoms of Sweden and Norway between 1814 and 1905, when they were united under one monarch in a personal union, following the Convention of Moss, on August 14, and the Norwegian constitutional revision of November 4. ... The speciedaler was a Norwegian coin, initially equivalent to the Danish rigsdaler specie coin of the 18th century. ...


Coins

In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, coins were issued in denominations of 1, 2, 4, 8 and 24 skilling, 115, 15, ⅓, ½, ⅔ and 1 rigsdaler specie.


Banknotes

In 1695, government notes were issued for 10, 20, 25, 50 and 100 rigsdaler (spelt rixdaler). In 1807, notes were reintroduced by the government, in denominations of 1, 5,10 and 100 rigsdaler courant, with 12 skilling notes added in 1810. In 1813, Norges Rigsbanken began issuing notes. Denominations were for 3, 6, 8 and 16 skilling, ½, 1, 5, 15, 25, 50 and 100 rigsdaler.


References

  • Chester L. Krause & Cliffor Mischler (1991). in Colin R. Bruce II: Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1801-1991, 18th ed., Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-150-1. 
  • Albert Pick (1994). in Neil Shafer & Colin R. Bruce II: Standard Catalog of World Paper Money, General Issues, 7th ed., Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-207-9. 

 
 

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