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Encyclopedia > Norwegian broadcasting corporation
Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation
(NRK)
Type Publicly-funded, public service broadcaster
Founded 1924
Headquarters Marienlyst, Oslo, Norway
Key people Hans Tore Bjerkaas
Industry Broadcasting
Products TV, radio, online services
Employees 3 481 (2004)[1]
Website www.nrk.no

The Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (in Norwegian: Norsk rikskringkasting), which is usually known as the NRK, is the Norwegian government-owned radio and television public broadcasting company. NRK Sound Division is a record label created in 1996. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Year 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... County District Østlandet Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals which transmit programs to an audience. ... “TV” redirects here. ... Online means being connected to the Internet or another similar electronic network, like a bulletin board system. ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML...

Contents

Financing

It is financed not as a post in the national budget, but primarily through a combination of a mandatory yearly license fee for each person who is in possession of a TV, and a number of commercial activities such as programme and DVD sales, spin-off products and certain types of sponsorship. A television licence (or more correctly broadcast receiver licence, as it usually also pays for public radio) is an official licence required in many countries for all owners of television (and sometimes also radio) receivers. ...


History

Regular radio broadcasts started in Norway in 1925 by the privately owned company Kringkastningselskapet A/S, the predecessor to NRK which was founded in 1933. Based on a model similar to the BBC, and located in Oslo, it was a replacement for privately operated radio stations in the larger cities. NRK initially set out to get coverage over the entire country, and had a monopoly on broadcasting in Norway until the monopoly was gradually dissolved from 1975 onwards. Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... County District Østlandet Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

NRK television tower in Trondheim

Under the WW2 German occupation Norwegian transmitters were used for broadcasting German propaganda to Northern Europe (particularly Scotland and the northern half of Ireland where the sea path ensured a good signal) and Scandinavia. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 228 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1122 × 2946 pixel, file size: 672 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) NRK Trondheim tower in june 2005. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 228 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1122 × 2946 pixel, file size: 672 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) NRK Trondheim tower in june 2005. ... County District Municipality NO-1601 Administrative centre Trondheim Mayor (2003-) Rita Ottervik (AP) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 258 342 km² 322 km² 0. ... Starting with the invasion of April 9, 1940, Norway was under military occupation of German forces and civil rule of a German commissioner in collaboration with a Pro-German puppet government. ... Soviet Propaganda Poster during the World War II. The text reads Red Army Fighter, SAVE US! Chinese propaganda poster from during the Cultural Revolution. ...


NRK was also partly financed by commercials on radio up until the German occupation.


NRK was one of 23 founding broadcasting organisations of the European Broadcasting Union in 1950. The European Broadcasting Union (EBU; French: , and unrelated to the European Union) was formed on 12 February 1950 by 23 broadcasting organisations from Europe and the Mediterranean at a conference in the coastal resort of Torquay in Devon, England. ...


NRK was the last of the major European public broadcasters to introduce a second radio station, officially started as late as 1984. In 1993 NRK launched a third radio station, the youth-oriented Petre (P3). A 24-hour station for classical music, Alltid Klassisk, introduced in 1995, was the first of its kind to be broadcast digitally using DAB. The 24-hour news station Alltid Nyheter was then introduced in 1997, followed by a radio station for teenagers, mPetre, in 2000, which mostly plays non-stop dance music. Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB), also known as Eureka 147, is a technology for broadcasting of audio using digital radio transmission. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1995 a second television channel, NRK2, was launched. The original television channel is now known as NRK1. December 1 this year NRK will launch its third television channel, NRK Super, which will be aimed at kids. Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... NRK2 is a TV channel of Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK) and was started in 1995. ... NRK1 is the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK)s main channel. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... NRK Super will be a Norwegian TV channel, aimed at children and teenagers. ...


In 2004, a new radio station for traditional music, NRK Alltid folkemusikk was launched on DAB and internet radio. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Marienlyst, NRK's Headquarters
Marienlyst, NRK's Headquarters

January 24, 2007 Hans-Tore Bjerkaas replaced John G. Bernander as CEO of NRK. The chairman of the board is Hallvard Bakke (b. 1943). Bakke used to be a Norwegian politician for the Labour Party. He was the former Minister of Trade 1976-1979, and Minister of Culture 1986-1989. The current head (2006) of the news department is Gro Holm. Currently (2006) NRK employs between 3000 and 3500 people. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 2. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... John G. Bernander John Johnny Gordon Bernander was born on September 22, 1957 in New York City. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Hallvard Bakke (b. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Norwegian Labour Party (Det norske Arbeiderpartiet, DNA or Arbeiderpartiet, AP) is a social democratic political party in Norway. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...


The international radio transmissions from NRK, Utenlandssendingen, began transmissions on the shortwave bands in 1948. Initially broadcasting in Norwegian, English language programs were later added. The service was discontinued January 1, 2002. All NRK broadcasting activities on shortwave ceased on January 1, 2004. NRK's mediumwave transmitter at Kvitsøy on 1314 kHz used to be widely heard internationally and was one of the most commonly-heard trans-Atlantic DX signals in eastern North America. The frequency carried a mixture of NRK's radio channels P1 and P2, and was called Europakanalen. However, these mediumwave transmissions were discontinued on July 1, 2006. A solid-state, analog shortwave receiver Shortwave radio operates between the frequencies of 3 MHz (3,000 kHz) and 30 MHz (30,000 kHz) [1] and came to be referred to as such in the early days of radio because the wavelengths associated with this frequency range were shorter than... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mediumwave radio transmissions serves as the most common band for broadcasting. ... County Rogaland Landscape Ryfylke Municipality NO-1144 Administrative centre Ydstebøhavn Mayor (2004) Ole Olsen (KrF) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 432 6 km² 6 km² 0. ... A kilohertz (kHz) is a unit of frequency equal to 1,000 hertz (1,000 cycles per second). ... Drake R8B communications receiver. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Mediumwave radio transmissions serves as the most common band for broadcasting. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


All of the radio stations are now available on the internet. Several of the television programmes are also available on the internet.


NRK still holds the strongest position in number of viewers, though the competition from TV 2 is getting tougher. The TV 2 logo TV 2 is Norways most viewed commercial television station. ...


NRK claims to have the longest running radio show, Lørdagsbarnetimen (lit. The Saturday Children's Hour), running since December 20, 1924. is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In recent years, the network has shown itself to be the leading producer of original comedy shows in Norway, with such notable successes as Lillelørdag, Åpen Post, Uti Vår Hage and Team Antonsen, centered on a core of the comedians Harald Eia and Bård Tufte Johansen. Team Antonsen was a Norwegian sketch comedy television program which was shown on TV in spring 2004 on the Norwegian state channel NRK. The show consisted of four well-known comedians: Atle Antonsen, Harald Eia, BÃ¥rd Tufte Johansen and Kristopher Schau performing various sketches. ... Harald Eia Harald Eia (born 9 February 1966 in Oslo) is a Norwegian comedian. ... BÃ¥rd Tufte Johansen is a Norwegian comedian. ...


NRK has 12 regional offices spread around the country. All offices have their own broadcasts in both television and radio as well their own news sites on the internet. They also contribute daily with news coverage for the national news programmes. The two headquarters of NRK are located at Marienlyst in Oslo and Tyholt in Trondheim. County District Østlandet Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... County District Municipality NO-1601 Administrative centre Trondheim Mayor (2003-) Rita Ottervik (AP) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 258 342 km² 322 km² 0. ...


Notable TV-shows

Dagsrevyen is the news program with the highest ratings in Norway
Dagsrevyen is the news program with the highest ratings in Norway

Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Nytt på nytt is a Norwegian version of the English comedy programme Have I Got News For You, made by the production company Hat Trick Productions. ... // Historical background Debuted in 1960 Nora Brockstedt is still going strong in an age of 83 (!); since 2004 she has released two jazz albums in English. ... The modern logo was introduced for the 2004 Contest (in Istanbul) to create a consistent visual identity. ...

Radio channels

Some of NRK's radio stations logos
  • NRK P1
  • NRK P2
  • NRK P3
  • NRK mP3 a
  • NRK Klassisk a
  • NRK Alltid Nyheter a
  • NRK Folkemusikk b
  • NRK Jazz b
  • NRK Stortinget b
  • NRK Sport b
  • NRK Super b
  • NRK Gull b
  • NRK Båtvær d
  • NRK Sámi Radio c
  • NRK P1 Oslofjord b
  • NRK 5.1 b


a Available on FM in only some parts of the country
b DAB and internet radio only
c In cooperation with Swedish SVT and Finnish YLE)
d DAB only
Image File history File links Nrk_radio_logo. ... Image File history File links Nrk_radio_logo. ... Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation NRK Alltid nyheter is a Norwegian news radio channel operated by the government-owned Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK) that broadcasts news 24 hours a day. ... NRK Sámi Radio is a Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK) unit that produces radio, television, and Internet news and other programs for the Sámi people. ... Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB), also known as Eureka 147, is a technology for broadcasting of audio using digital radio transmission. ... Sveriges Television (SVT) is a national publicly-funded television broadcaster based in Sweden. ... YLE (Yleisradio Oy) is Finlands National Broadcasting Company, founded in 1926. ... Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB), also known as Eureka 147, is a technology for broadcasting of audio using digital radio transmission. ...


TV channels

The logos of NRK's TV channels

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... NRK1 is the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK)s main channel. ... NRK2 is a TV channel of Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK) and was started in 1995. ... NRK3 will be a TV channel for older children and teenagers from the Norwegian public broadcaster NRK. It will be launched on September 3 2007 and start every day after 7 p. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... NRK Super will be a Norwegian TV channel, aimed at children and teenagers. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

HD

NRK also has a HD bus, producing high-definition video. [2] High-definition (HD) video generally refers to any video system of higher resolution than standard-definition (SD), i. ...


The first Norwegian series filmed in HD is "En Udødelig Mann" (An Immortal Man) about the young Henrik Ibsen. The action "miniseries" (6 parts) called "Kodenavn Hunter" is also HD. Promo videos are freely downloadable from their site, and the full-length last episode is available [1] Ibsen redirects here. ...


NRK is expected to use H.264 as the compression codec for the new digital terrestrial network.[citation needed] H.264 is a high compression digital video codec standard written by the ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG) together with the ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) as the product of a collective partnership effort known as the Joint Video Team (JVT). ... A codec is a device or program capable of performing encoding and decoding on a digital data stream or signal. ... DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Source: Medienorge/Inst. for informasjon- og medievitenskap, Universitetet i Bergen
  2. ^ Skandinavias mest avanserte (HTML). Nordic Media Festival. Retrieved on 2007-08-15.

HTML, short for Hypertext Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for the creation of web pages. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Eurovision Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... This is a list of Norwegian television channels. ... This is a list of Norwegian radio stations or stations that broadcast for a Norwegian language audience. ...

External links

  • NRK.no: Official site
  • Television and radio schedules
  • yr.no: Online weather service

Coordinates: 59°56′6.21″N, 10°43′6.79″E Argentum Fondsinvesteringer is a Norwegian government enterprise that participates as a minority owner of 22 private equity funds. ... BaneService is a Norwegian government owned railway construction and maintenance company. ... Entra Eiendom is a Norwegian government enterprise owned by the Norwegian Ministry of Trade and Industry. ... Flytoget Flytoget (Airport Express Train) is a high-speed train service operated by the company Flytoget AS, running on the Gardermobanen line and connecting the central station in Oslo, Norway (Oslo S) with Oslo Airport, in the suburb of Gardermoen. ... Gassco is a Norwegian state owned company that operates 6600 km of natural gas pipes transporting annually of 82 bcm of natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf to Continental Europe and the UK. 15% of the total consumption of natural gas in Continental Europe is distributed through Gassco. ... Kings Bay is a government enterprise owned by the Norwegian Ministry of Trade and Industry that operates the entire settlement of Ny-Ã…lesund on Svalbard. ... Mesta is a Norwegian governmnet enterprise delivering services within construction and civil engineering of roads. ... Norsk rikskringkasting (NRK) - the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation - is the Norwegian government-owned radio and television public broadcasting company. ... Norsk Tipping AS is the National Lottery in Norway. ... Norges Statsbaner (Norwegian State Railways, commonly known as NSB, officially called NSB AS) is a Norwegian transport company. ... Petoro AS, a company wholly owned by the state of Norway, manages Norwegian offshore oil and natural gas properties on behalf of the government. ... Posten is the name of the Norwegian postal service. ... Secora is Norwegian government enterprise created in 2005 to perform construction work on water transportation infrastructure, both sea lanes and ports. ... The Industrial Development Corporation of Norway or SIVA (Norwegian: ) is a Norwegian state enterprise responsible for government investment in incubators, science parks, industrial parks and real estate through partial ownership of 150 companies. ... Statkraft is a Norwegian state owned electricity company. ... Statnett is a Norwegian state owned enterprise responsible for owning, operating and constructing the stem power grid in Norway. ... Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani (SNSK) is a Norwegian] coal mining company based on the Svalbard archipelago. ... UNINETT is a Norwegian government-owned company responsible for deploying and maintaining a national research based computer network (often referred to as Uninett). They also conduct network research and pilot projects related to high speed connectivity. ... Vinmonopolet (Lit. ... This is a list of Norwegian government owned companies. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Norwegian language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1943 words)
Norwegian is closely related to, and generally mutually intelligible with Swedish and Danish.
The Norwegian broadcasting corporation (NRK) broadcasts in both Bokmål and Nynorsk, and all governmental agencies are required to support both written languages.
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