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Encyclopedia > Norwegian Sea
The Norwegian Sea
Mean depth: 1600-1750 meters
Maximum depth: 3,970 meters (13,020 feet)
Area of surface: 1,380,000 square kilometers
Volume: 2,400,000 cubic kilometers
Water salinity: about 35 parts per 1,000

The Norwegian Sea (Norwegian: Norskehavet) is part of the North Atlantic Ocean northwest of Norway, located between the North Sea (i.e. north of Scotland) and the Greenland Sea. Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Salinity is the saltiness or dissolved salt content of a body of water. ... For other uses, see Atlantic (disambiguation) The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... Scotland (Alba in Scottish Gaelic) is a country in northwest Europe and a constituent nation of the United Kingdom. ... The Greenland Sea is an area of the Arctic Ocean between Greenland, Jan Mayen and Iceland. ...


It adjoins the Iceland Sea to the west and the Barents Sea to the northeast. In the southwest, it is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by a submarine ridge running between Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. To the North, the Jan Mayen Ridge separates it from the Arctic Ocean. Southeastern portion of Barents Sea, the Kola Peninsula and the White Sea. ...


The Norwegian Sea, the Greenland Sea and the Icelandic Sea are sometimes collectively referred to as the Nordic Seas.

Contents


Currents

In the Norwegian Sea and Greenland Sea, surface water descends two to three kilometres down to the bottom of the ocean, forming cold, oxygen-rich groundwater. As a result, there is a warm surface current and a cold depth current running along the west coast of Norway. An ocean current is any more or less permanent or continuous, directed movement of ocean water that flows in one of the Earths oceans. ...


The so-called East Iceland Current transports cold water south from the Norwegian Sea towards Iceland and then east, along the Arctic Circle. In the Norwegian Atlantic Current, a branch of the Gulf Stream carries warm water masses northward and contributes to the mild and moist climate in Norway. The Norwegian Sea is the source of much of the North Atlantic Deep Water. fuck fuck fuck fuck fuck i fukin hate wikipedia ... For the album by Ocean Colour Scene, see North Atlantic Drift (album) The Gulf Stream is orange and yellow in this representation of water temperatures of the Atlantic. ... The North Atlantic Deep Water is a water mass in the Atlantic Ocean. ...


The region remains generally ice-free due to the warm and saline Norwegian Atlantic Current. It provides rich fishing grounds, with catches mostly consisting of herrings, sardines and anchovies. Nowadays, shifts and fluctuations in these currents are closely monitored, as they are thought to be indicators for an ongoing climate change. Salinity is the saltiness or dissolved salt content of a body of water. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years The term climate change is used to refer to changes in the Earths global climate or regional climates. ...


Other

Large-scale oil and gas production in the Norwegian Sea started in 1993. In recent news, the Norwegian Sea was proposed as a prototype storage site for the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (see CO2 sink). 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Increasing CO2 levels Greenhouse gases (GHG) are gaseous components of the atmosphere that contribute to the greenhouse effect. ... Carbon dioxide is an atmospheric gas composed of one carbon and two oxygen atoms. ... A carbon dioxide sink or CO2 sink is the opposite of a carbon source. ...


Norwegian Sea is also the name of a cruise liner registered with the Bahamas. The ship is 213 m long, has 9 guest decks, a GRT of 42,000 tons and a capacity of about 1,500 passengers. It was formerly named Seaward and launched in 1988. Legend of the Seas moored at San Diego, California A cruise ship, or less commonly cruise liner, is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the amenities of the ship are considered an essential part of the experience. ... The word ton or tonne is derived from the Old English tunne, and ultimately from the Old French tonne, and referred originally to a large cask with a capacity of 252 wine gallons, which holds approximately 2100 pounds of water. ... 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


External links

References

  • Nansen and Helland-Hansen: report for the Norwegian Fishery and Marine Investigations. vol. ii. No. 2, 1909
  • Hopkins: The GIN Sea - A synthesis of its physical oceanography and literature review 1972-1985. 1991
  • Fairbridge (editor): The Encyclopedia of Oceanography. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1966
  • Skjoldal, H.R. (editor):"The Norwegian Sea Ecosystem". Tapir Forlag, Norway.2004

 
 

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