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Encyclopedia > Northwest Territories

Coordinates: 64°16′N, 119°11′W The Northwest Territory, also known as the Old Northwest and the Territory North West of the Ohio, was a governmental region within the early United States. ... Look up Northwest in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Northwest Territories
Territoires du Nord-Ouest
Flag of Northwest Territories [[Image:|85px|Coat of arms of Northwest Territories]]
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: The New North
Map of Canada with Northwest Territories highlighted
Capital Yellowknife
Largest city Yellowknife
Largest metro Yellowknife
Official languages Chipewyan, Cree, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, Tłįchǫ[1]
Government
Commissioner Anthony "Tony" W.J. Whitford
Premier Floyd Roland (Consensus government, no party affiliations)
Federal representation in Canadian Parliament
House seats 1
Senate seats 1
Confederation 1870 (Hudson's Bay Company cedes territory to Canada) (5th)
Area [2] Ranked 3rd
Total 1,346,106 km² (519,734 sq mi)
Land 1,140,835 km² (440,479 sq mi)
Water (%) 205,271 km² (79,256 sq mi) (15.2%)
Population  Ranked 11th
Total (2008) 42,594 (est.)[3]
Density 0.037 /km² (0.096 /sq mi)
GDP  Ranked 11th
Total (2006) C$4.103 billion[4]
Per capita C$97,923 (1st)
Abbreviations
Postal NT
ISO 3166-2 CA-NT
Time zone UTC-7
Postal code prefix X0, X1 (Yellowknife)
Flower Mountain avens
Tree Tamarack Larch
Bird Gyrfalcon
Web site www.gov.nt.ca
Rankings include all provinces and territories

The Northwest Territories (IPA: /ˌnɔrθˌwɛstˈtɛrɨtɔriz/) (NWT or NT; French, les Territoires du Nord-Ouest) is a territory of Canada. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Northwest_Territories. ... The Flag of the Northwest Territories The flag of the Northwest Territories, Canada was adopted in 1969 by the Council of the Northwest Territories. ... Coat of Arms of the Northwest Territories The Coat of Arms of the Northwest Territories (AKA: Armourial Bearings) was given royal warrant on February 7, 1957, by Queen Elizabeth II. Description: The crest consists of two gold narwhals guarding a compass rose, symbolic of the magnetic North Pole. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The following are the current provincial and territorial capitals of Canada: BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU Capitals of Canadas provinces and territories Category: ... Yellowknife may refer to: Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, a city in Canada. ... The table below lists the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2001 Census[1] and the Canada 2006 Census. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... Dene Suline (also Dëne Sųłiné, Dene Sųłiné, Chipewyan, Dene Suliné, Dëne Suliné, Dene Soun’liné) is the language spoken by the Chipewyan people of central Canada (parts of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut) and is also called Dene. ... Cree (also known as Cree-Montagnais, Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi) is the name for a group of closely-related Algonquian languages spoken by approximately 117,000 people across Canada, from the Northwest Territories to Labrador, making it by far the most spoken aboriginal language in Canada. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Gwich’in language is the Athabaskan language of the Gwich’in indigenous people. ... Inuinnaqtun is an indigenous language of Canada. ... Inuktitut (Inuktitut syllabics: (fonts required), literally like the Inuit) is the name of the varieties of Inuit language spoken in Canada. ... Inuvialuktun is a word routinely used to describe the variety of the language of the Inuit spoken in the northern Northwest Territories by a band of Canadian Inuit who call themselves Inuvialuit. ... The Slavey language is a spoken language used among the Slavey Native American people of Canada. ... The Slavey language is a spoken language used among the Slavey Native American people of Canada. ... Dogrib is a language spoken by the First Nations Dogrib people of the Canadian territory Northwest Territories. ... Commissioners of the Northwest Territories since 1905. ... The Honourable Tony Whitford (Born: 1941-) is the current Commissioner of the Northwest Territories. ... This is a list of the premiers and Commissioners who held governing power in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Floyd Roland (born November 23, 1961) is a politician and cabinet minister from Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Consensus government is a system of government which does not elect members of political parties but rather rule based on consensus. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Senate Chamber of Parliament Hill in Ottawa. ... Type Lower House Speaker Peter Milliken, Liberal since January 29, 2001 Leader of the Government in the House of Commons Peter Van Loan, Conservative since January 4, 2007 Opposition House Leader Ralph Goodale, Liberal since January 23, 2006 Members 308 Political groups Conservative Party Liberal Party Bloc Québécois... The Senate of Canada (French: Le Sénat du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... Hbc redirects here. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Here is a list of Canadian provinces and territories ranked by area. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU This is a list of Canadian provinces and territories by population, based on Statistics Canada estimates as of July 1, 2007. ... BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU This article lists Canadian provinces and territories by gross domestic product. ... BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU This article lists Canadian provinces and territories by gross domestic product. ... This is a list of Canadian provincial and territorial postal abbreviations. ... ISO 3166-2 codes for Canada describe 10 Provinces and 3 Territories. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... ... A Canadian postal code is a string of six characters that forms part of a postal address in Canada. ... Nunavut and Northwest Territories - 6 FSAs Categories: Canada Post ... Binomial name Dryas octopetala L. Seed head of Dryas octopetala Dryas octopetala (common names include mountain avens, white dryas, and white dryad) is an arctic-alpine flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. ... Binomial name Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch Uses Young tree with fall colors The wood is tough and durable, but also flexible in thin strips, and was used by the Algonquian people for making snowshoes and other products where toughness was required. ... For other uses, see Gyrfalcon (disambiguation). ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ...


Located in northern Canada, it borders Canada's two other territories, Yukon to the west and Nunavut to the east, and three provinces: British Columbia to the southwest, Alberta and Saskatchewan to the south. It has an area of 1,140,835 square kilometres (440,479 sq mi) and a population of 41,464 as of the 2006 census, an increase of 11.0% from 2001. Its capital has been Yellowknife since 1967. Northern Canada, defined politically Northern Canada is the vast northernmost region of Canada variously defined by geography and politics. ... This article is about the Canadian territory. ... For the Canadian federal electoral district, see Nunavut (electoral district). ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Saskatchewan (disambiguation). ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ... Yellowknife may refer to: Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, a city in Canada. ...


Geographical features include the vast Great Bear and Great Slave Lakes, as well as the immense Mackenzie River and the canyons of the Nahanni National Park Reserve, a national park and UNESCO World Heritage Site. Territorial islands in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago include Banks Island, Borden Island, Prince Patrick Island, and parts of Victoria Island and Melville Island. The highest point is Mount Nirvana near the border with Yukon at an elevation 2,773 metres (9,098 ft). Great Bear Lake, NWT, Canada Mackenzie River drainage basin showing Great Bear Lakes position in the Western Canadian Arctic Great Bear Lake (Slavey: Sahtu, French: Grand lac de lOurs) is the largest lake in the Northwest Territories of Canada, the fourth largest in North America, and the eight... Mackenzie River drainage basin showing Great Slave Lakes position in the Western Canadian Arctic Great Slave Lake (French: Grand lac des Esclaves) is the second-largest lake in the Northwest Territories of Canada (behind Great Bear Lake), the deepest lake in North America at 614 meters (2015 ft), and... For other uses, see Mackenzie River (disambiguation). ... Nahanni National Park Reserve in the Northwest Territories of Canada, approximately 600 km west of Yellowknife, protects a portion of the Mackenzie Mountains Natural Region. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... World map depicting Canadian Arctic Archipelago Polar projection map of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago Reference map of Canadian Arctic Archipelago The Canadian Arctic Archipelago, also known as just the Arctic Archipelago, is an archipelago north of the Canadian mainland in the Arctic. ... This article is about the island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. ... Borden Island, NWT/Nunavut. ... Prince Patrick Island, Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Mount Nirvana is the unofficial name of the highest mountain in the Northwest Territories. ...

Contents

History

The present-day territory was created in June 1870, when the Hudson's Bay Company transferred Rupert's Land and North-Western Territory to the government of Canada. This immense region comprised all of non-confederation Canada except British Columbia, the coast of the Great Lakes, the Saint Lawrence River valley and the southern third of Quebec, the Maritimes, Newfoundland, and the Labrador coast. It also excluded the Arctic Islands except the southern half of Baffin Island; these remained under direct British rule until 1880. The History of Northwest Territories has been a struggle for responsible government, provincial rights, and social development. ... Hbc redirects here. ... This article is about the trading territory. ... The North-Western Territory at its greatest extent, 1859 The North-Western Territory was a region of British North America until 1870. ... The Government of Canada is the federal government of Canada. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... a broat veiew of the St LAwrence River, with a Quebec City on a background The Saint Lawrence River (In French: fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large south west-to-north east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian region. ... Newfoundland —   IPA: [nuw fÉ™n lænd] (French: , Irish: ) is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Labrador (also Coast of Labrador) is a region of Atlantic Canada. ... British Arctic Territories was the series of islands in Canadas high arctic. ... Baffin Island (Inuktitut: , French: ) in the territory of Nunavut is the largest member of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. ...


The name of the territory is traced to North-Western Territory[citation needed], a region named for the geographical location relative to Rupert's Land. This article is about the trading territory. ...


After the transfer, the territories were gradually whittled away. The province of Manitoba was created on 15 July 1870, a tiny square around Winnipeg, and then enlarged in 1881 to a rectangular region composing the modern province's south. By the time British Columbia joined the confederation on 20 July 1871, it had already (1866) been granted the portion of North-Western Territory south of 60 degrees north and west of 120 degrees west, an area that had comprised most of the Stikine Territory. In 1882, Regina in the then-District of Assiniboia became the territorial capital; after Alberta and Saskatchewan became provinces in 1905, Regina became the provincial capital of the new province of Saskatchewan. Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English French (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 14 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 15, 1870 (5th) Area  Ranked 8th Total 647,797... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Stikine Territory Stikine Territory (usually spelt Stickeen in the 19th Century) was a territory that existed in British North America from July 19, 1862 until July of the next year. ... Nickname: Motto: Floreat Regina (Let Regina Flourish) Location of Regina in the SE quadrant of Saskatchewan Coordinates: , Country Province District Municipality of Sherwood Established 1882 Government  - City Mayor Pat Fiacco  - Governing body Regina City Council  - MPs Dave Batters Ralph Goodale Tom Lukiwski Andrew Scheer  - MLAs Ron Harper Bill Hutchinson Warren... Assiniboia refers to a number of different locations and administrative jurisdictions in Canada. ...


In 1876, the District of Keewatin, at the centre of the territory, was separated from it. In 1882 and again in 1896, the remaining portion was divided into the following districts (corresponding to the following modern-day areas): The District of Keewatin was a distinct entity from Keewatin Region, Northwest Territories, although much of their territory overlapped. ...

Keewatin would be returned to NWT in 1905. for the modern province, see Alberta. ... Assiniboia refers to a number of different locations and administrative jurisdictions in Canada. ... The District of Athabasca is a former district of Canada. ... The District of Franklin was a former regional administrative district of Canadas Northwest Territories. ... Boothia and Melville peninsulas, Nunavut, Canada. ... Boothia and Melville peninsulas, Nunavut, Canada. ... The District of Mackenzie was a former regional administrative district of Canadas Northwest Territories. ... The District of Saskatchewan was a former regional administrative district of Canadas Northwest Territories. ... The District of Ungava was a former regional administrative district of Canadas Northwest Territories. ... New York Harbor, the outflow for Hudson River, is sometimes called Hudsons Bay. Hudson Bay, Canada. ... This article is about the Canadian territory. ...

See also: Districts of the Northwest Territories

In the meantime, Ontario was enlarged northwestward in 1882. Quebec was also extended, in 1898, and Yukon was made a separate territory in the same year to deal with the Klondike Gold Rush, and remove the NWT government from administering the sudden boom of population, economic activity and influx of non-Canadians. The vastness of Canadas Northwest Territories meant that for much of its history it was divided into several districts for ease of administration. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Routes to the Klondike. ...


The provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan were created in 1905, and Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec acquired the last of their modern territories from NWT in 1912. This left only the districts of Mackenzie, Franklin (which absorbed the remnants of Ungava in 1920), and Keewatin. In 1925, the boundaries of NWT were extended all the way to the North Pole on the sector principle, vastly expanding its territory onto the northern ice cap. The reduced Northwest Territories was not represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1907 until 1947 when the electoral district of Yukon—Mackenzie River was created. This riding only included the District of Mackenzie. The rest of the Northwest Territories had no representation in the House of Commons until 1962, when the Northwest Territories electoral district was created in recognition of the Inuit having been given the right to vote in 1953. For other uses, see North Pole (disambiguation). ... An ice cap is a dome-shaped ice mass that covers less than 50,000 km² of land area (usually covering a highland area). ... Type Lower House Speaker Peter Milliken, Liberal since January 29, 2001 Leader of the Government in the House of Commons Peter Van Loan, Conservative since January 4, 2007 Opposition House Leader Ralph Goodale, Liberal since January 23, 2006 Members 308 Political groups Conservative Party Liberal Party Bloc Québécois... Yukon—Mackenzie River was a federal electoral district in Canada that was represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1949 to 1953. ... Northwest Territories was a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the territory of Northwest Territories. ... For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ... Suffrage (from the Latin suffragium, meaning voting tablet, and figuratively right to vote; probably from suffrago hough, and originally a term for the pastern bone used to cast votes) is the civil right to vote, or the exercise of that right. ...


In 1912 the Government of Canada renamed the territory to Northwest Territories, dropping the hyphenated form. Between 1925 and 1999, the Northwest Territories measured 3,439,296 square kilometres (1,327,920 sq mi) – larger than India. This article is about the punctuation mark. ...

North-Western Territory in 1859
North-Western Territory in 1859

Finally, on April 1, 1999, the eastern three-fifths of the Northwest Territories (including all of the Keewatin district and much of the Mackenzie and Franklin) became a separate territory called Nunavut. Map of the North-Western Territory, 1859. ... Map of the North-Western Territory, 1859. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ...


There was some discussion of changing the name of the Northwest Territories after the separation of Nunavut, possibly to a term from an Aboriginal language. One proposal was "Denendeh" ("our land" in Dene). The idea was advocated by former premier Stephen Kakfwi, among others. As well, a popular radio station began to promote changing the territory's name to "Bob".[5] The Dene are a group of First Nations that live in the Arctic regions of Canada. ... Stephen Kakfwi (born November 7, 1950, in Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories) is a Canadian politician and a former Premier of the Northwest Territories. ...


In the end, as a poll conducted prior to division showed, strong support remained for retaining the name "Northwest Territories". This name arguably became more appropriate following division than it was when the territory extended far into Canada's northeast.[6][7]


In Inuktitut, the Northwest Territories are referred to as ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᖅ (Nunatsiaq), "beautiful land." Inuktitut (Inuktitut syllabics: (fonts required), literally like the Inuit) is the name of the varieties of Inuit language spoken in Canada. ...


Government

Current Northwest Territories licence plate

As a territory, the Northwest Territories has fewer rights than the provinces. During his term, Premier Kakfwi pushed to have the federal government accord more rights to the territory, including having a greater share of the returns from the territory's natural resources go to the territory.[8] Devolution of powers to the territory was an issue in the 20th general election in 2003, and has been ever since the territory began electing members in 1881. Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... The Northwest Territories, Canada conducted a general election on November 24, 2003, to elect the 19 members of the Legislative Assembly. ...


The commissioner of the NWT is the chief executive and is appointed by the Governor-in-Council of Canada on the recommendation of the federal Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. The position used to be more administrative and governmental but with the devolution of more and more powers to the elected assembly since 1967 the position has become symbolic. Since 1985 the Commissioner no longer chairs meetings of the Executive Council (or cabinet) and the federal government has instructed commissioners to behave like a provincial Lieutenant Governor. Unlike Lieutenant Governors, the Commissioner of the Northwest Territories is not a formal representative of the Queen of Canada. Commissioner is a designation that may be used for a variety of official positions, especially referring to a high-ranking public (administrative or police) official, or an analogous official in the private sector (e. ... In the Cabinet of Canada, The Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development really heads two different departments. ... This article is about the governmental body. ... A Lieutenant Governor is a government official who is the subordinate or deputy of a Governor or Governor-General. ... Commissioners of the Northwest Territories since 1905. ... This article is about the monarchy of Canada, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, the other Commonwealth realm monarchies, and other relevant articles, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. Queen of Canada redirects here. ...


Unlike provincial governments and the Yukon, the Government of the Northwest Territories does not have political parties, except for the period between 1898 and 1905. It is a consensus government called the Legislative Assembly. This group is composed of one member elected from each of the nineteen constituencies. After each general election, the new parliament elects a premier and speaker by secret ballot. Seven MLAs are also chosen as cabinet ministers, with the remainder forming the opposition. The territory's most recent general election was on October 1, 2007. The head of state for the territories is a Commissioner appointed by the federal government. The Commissioner had full governmental powers until 1980 when the territories were given greater self government. The legislature then began electing a cabinet and Government Leader later known as the Premier. Consensus government is a system of government which does not elect members of political parties but rather rule based on consensus. ... The Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories, Canada, is located in Yellowknife. ... The 2007 Northwest Territories general election will take place on 1 October 2007. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... In Canada, a Premier is the head of government of a province. ...


The Premier of the Northwest Territories is Floyd Roland. The member of Parliament for Western Arctic, the riding that comprises the Northwest Territories, is Dennis Bevington (New Democratic Party). The Commissioner of the Northwest Territories is Tony Whitford. The Premier of the Northwest Territories is the first minister for the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Floyd Roland (born November 23, 1961) is a politician and cabinet minister from Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Western Arctic is a federal electoral district and senate division in Northwest Territories, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1979. ... Dennis Bevington ( born 1953) is a Canadian politician from the Northwest Territories. ... This article is about the Canadian political party. ... The Honourable Tony Whitford (Born: 1941-) is the current Commissioner of the Northwest Territories. ...


Economy

The territory enjoys vast geological resources including diamonds, gold, and natural gas. In particular, NWT diamonds are touted as an ethical alternative that allays risks of supporting conflicts by purchasing blood diamonds. However, their exploitation has raised environmental concerns, not least the potential havoc that a spill from tailings ponds could cause to unspoiled wilderness areas.[citation needed] This article is about the mineral. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... For the film, see Blood Diamond (film). ...


The vast natural resources and relatively low population give the Northwest Territories the highest per capita GDP of all provinces or territories in Canada. In fact, its per capita GDP of C$97,923 would rank it first in the world if it were considered as its own country, well ahead of 2nd place Luxembourg (at approximately C$83,000 (nominal GDP)).[1] C$ redirects here. ...

Diavik Diamond Mine in the North Slave Region

Major territorial mines

Location Eldorado Mine is located at Port Radium, Northwest Territories, Canada. ... For other uses, see Radium (disambiguation). ... This article is about the chemical element. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... The Con Mine was a large gold mine located in the Northwest Territories, at Yellowknife. ... Negus Mine was a gold producer at Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada, from 1939 to 1952. ... The Ptarmigan and Tom Mine were gold producers located in the Northwest Territories, at Yellowknife. ... The Thompson-Lundmark Mine was a gold producer from 1941-1943, and 1947-1949 near Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. ... The Giant Mine was a large gold mine located at Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. ... The Discovery Mine was a gold mine 90 kilometers north of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories that operated between 1950 and 1969. ... The Rayrock Mine was a uranium producing venture in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... The Camlaren Mine was a small gold producer north-east of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories at Gordon Lake. ... Cantung Mine was a tungsten producer in the Northwest Territories, Canada from 1962 to 1986, and during 2002 and 2003. ... For other uses, see Tungsten (disambiguation). ... The Echo Bay Mines Limited company was organized in 1964 to develop a silver deposit at Great Bear Lake, Northwest Territories, which became known as the Echo Bay Mine. ... The past producing Pine Point Mine is located west of Fort Resolution and east of Hay River, Northwest Territories, on the south shore of Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories. ... General Name, Symbol, Number lead, Pb, 82 Chemical series Post-transition metals or poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 6, p Appearance bluish gray Standard atomic weight 207. ... General Name, symbol, number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... The Tundra Mine was a gold producer in the Northwest Territories, Canada between 1964 and 1968, producing 104,476 ounces of gold from 187,714 tons of ore. ... The Salmita Mine was a gold producer in the Northwest Territories, Canada during 1983 to 1987. ... The Colomac Mine was an open pit gold mine in the Northwest Territories that operated between 1990-1992, and 1994-1997. ... The Ekati Diamond Mine is Canadas first operational diamond mining operation. ... The Diavik Diamond Mine is a very large diamond mine located in the Northwest Territories, about 300 km north of Yellowknife. ... The Snap Lake Diamond Mine is located about 220 kilometers north east of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, and upon finalisation will be the first De Beers mine outside South Africa and Canadas first completely underground diamond mine. ...

Demographics

According to the 2001 Canadian census the 10 major ethnic groups were:[9] The Northwest Territories is a territory of Canada. ...

Population of Northwest Territories since 1871 First Nations is a term of ethnicity that refers to the indigenous peoples in what is now Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis people. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... This article is about the Scottish people as an ethnic group. ... For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ... The Métis (pronounced MAY tee, IPA: , in French or , in Michif ), also historically known as Bois Brule, mixed-bloods, Countryborn (or Anglo-Métis), are one of three recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada. ...

Year Population five-year
% change
ten-year
% change
Rank among provinces
and territories
1871 48,000 n/a n/a 6
1881 56,446 n/a 17.6 7
1891 98,967 n/a 75.3 7
1901 20,129* n/a -79.7 11
1911 6,507** n/a -67.7 11
1921 8,143 n/a 25.1 10
1931 9,316 n/a 14.4 10
1941 12,028 n/a 29.1 10
1951 16,004 n/a 33.1 11
1956 19,313 20.7 n/a 11
1961 22,998 19.1 43.7 11
1966 28,738 25.0 48.8 11
1971 34,805 21.1 51.3 11
1976 42,610 22.4 48.3 11
1981 45,740 7.3 31.4 11
1986 52,235 14.2 22.6 11
1991 57,649 10.3 26.0 11
1996 64,402 11.7 23.2 11
2001 37,360*** -42.0 -35.2 11
2006 41,464**** 12.0 -35.0 11

*Note: Yukon Territory was ceded from the Northwest Territories in 1898.


**Note: Alberta and Saskatchewan were created from parts of the Northwest Territories in 1905.


***Note: Data through 1996 includes Nunavut. 2001 data does not include Nunavut.


****Note: 2006 census data.


Source: Statistics Canada[10][11] Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ...


Language

French was made an official language in 1877 by the appointed government, after lengthy and bitter debate resulting from a speech from the Throne in 1888 by Lt. Governor Joseph Royal. The members voted on more than one occasion to nullify and make English the only language used in the assembly. After some conflict with Ottawa and a decisive vote on January 19, 1892, the issue was put to rest as an English-only territory. Queen Elizabeth II reads Canadas Speech from the Throne in 1977 The Speech from the Throne (or Throne Speech) is an event in certain monarchies in which the monarch (or a representative) reads a prepared speech to a complete session of parliament, outlining the governments agenda for the... The Honourable Joseph Royal Joseph Royal (7 May 1837 – 23 August 1902) was a Canadian journalist, lawyer, politician, businessman, and Lieutenant Governor of the Northwest Territories. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In the early 1980s, the government of the Northwest Territories was again under pressure by the federal government to reintroduce French as an official language. Some native members walked out of the assembly, protesting that they would not be permitted to speak their own language. The executive council appointed a special committee of MLAs to study the matter. They decided that if French was to be an official language, then so must the other languages in the territories.


The Northwest Territories's Official Languages Act recognizes the following eleven official languages, which is more than any other political division in the Americas:[1] An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ...

NWT residents have a right to use any of the above languages in a territorial court and in debates and proceedings of the legislature. However, laws are legally binding only in their French and English versions, and the government only publishes laws and other documents in the territory's other official languages when the legislature asks it to. Furthermore, access to services in any language is limited to institutions and circumstances where there is significant demand for that language or where it is reasonable to expect it given the nature of the services requested. In reality, this means that English language services are universally available and there is no guarantee that other languages, including French, will be used by any particular government service except for the courts. Dene Suline (also Dëne Sųłiné, Dene Sųłiné, Chipewyan, Dene Suliné, Dëne Suliné, Dene Soun’liné) is the language spoken by the Chipewyan people of central Canada (parts of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut) and is also called Dene. ... Cree (also known as Cree-Montagnais, Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi) is the name for a group of closely-related Algonquian languages spoken by approximately 117,000 people across Canada, from the Northwest Territories to Labrador, making it by far the most spoken aboriginal language in Canada. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Gwich’in language is the Athabaskan language of the Gwich’in indigenous people. ... Inuinnaqtun is an indigenous language of Canada. ... Inuktitut (Inuktitut syllabics: (fonts required), literally like the Inuit) is the name of the varieties of Inuit language spoken in Canada. ... Inuvialuktun is a word routinely used to describe the variety of the language of the Inuit spoken in the northern Northwest Territories by a band of Canadian Inuit who call themselves Inuvialuit. ... The Slavey language is a spoken language used among the Slavey Native American people of Canada. ... The Slavey language is a spoken language used among the Slavey Native American people of Canada. ... Dogrib is a language spoken by the First Nations Dogrib people of the Canadian territory Northwest Territories. ...


Mother tongue

The 2006 census returns showed a population of 41,464.


Of the 40,680 singular responses to the census question concerning 'mother tongue', the most reported languages were:

1 English 31,545 77.5%
2 Dogrib 1,950 4.8%
3 South Slavey 1,285 3.2%
4 French 975 2.4%
5 North Slavey 835 2.1%
6 Inuktitut 695 1.7%
7 Tagalog 505 1.2%
8 Chipewyan 390 1.0%
9 Vietnamese 305 0.8%
10 Chinese 260 0.6%
11= Cree 190 0.5%
11= German 190 0.5%
11= Gwich'in 190 0.5%

There were also 320 responses of both English and a 'non-official language'; 15 of both French and a 'non-official language; 45 of both English and French, and about 400 people who either did not respond to the question, or reported multiple non-official languages, or else gave some other unenumerated response. The Northwest Territories' official languages are shown in bold.
(Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses)[12]


Culture

Aboriginal issues in the Northwest Territories include the fate of the Dene who, in the 1940s, were employed to carry radioactive uranium ore from the mines on Great Bear Lake. Their cancer rates skyrocketed due to lack of safety procedures that were available to their white colleagues. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... The Dene are a group of First Nations that live in the Arctic regions of Canada. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ...


Another issue is historic racial tension based on the bloody history between the Dene and the Inuit, who nevertheless have taken recent steps towards reconciliation.


Land claims in the NWT culminated with the creation of the Inuit homeland of Nunavut, the result of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement, the largest land claim in Canadian history. The Nunavut Land Claim Agreement is a 1993 land claims agreement between the Inuit of the Nunavut Settlement Area (then part of the Northwest Territories) and the Government of Canada subject to the Constitution Act of 1982. ...


Another land claims agreement with the Dogrib nation created a region within NWT called Tli Cho, between Great Bear and Great Slave Lakes, which will give the Dogrib their own legislative bodies, taxes, resource royalties, and other affairs, though NWT will still maintain control over such areas as health and education. This area includes two of Canada's three diamond mines at Ekati and Diavik. The Tli Cho (Tłįchǫ) First Nation, formerly known as the Dogrib, are an Aboriginal Canadian people living in the Northwest Territories (NWT). ... The Tlicho Government is a First Nations organization representing the Tli Cho people of the Northwest Territories, Canada. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

This is a list of historical lieutenant-governors of Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Commissioners of the Northwest Territories since 1905. ... This is a list of territorial elections in the Northwest Territories, Canada since 1870. ... This is a list of territory wide Plebiscites that have occured in the Northwest Territories 1982 Northwest Territories Division Plebiscite 1992 Northwest Territories Juristictional Boundaries Plebiscite 1995 Nunavut Capital Plebiscite 1997 Nunavut Equal Representation Plebiscite See also List of Northwest Territories general elections External links Northwest Territories Plebiscite Act ... The Liard Highway The following is a list of Northwest Territories highways. ... This is a list of the Northwest Territories Legislative Assemblies dates and legislative sessions from 1870 - present. ... The Northwest Territories of Canada contain one city, four towns, four charter communities, one village, ten designated authorities, ten hamlets, and three settlements. ... Abandoned Communities of the Northwest Territories, Canada Cameron Bay Camp Canol Discovery Pine Point Port Radium Rayrock Rocher River Tungsten Categories: | ... Northwest Territories is one of Canadas territories, and has established several territorial symbols. ... Scouting in the Northwest Territories was a late arrival, due to the scarcity of people in the Arctic land. ...

References

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ...

Further reading

  • Ecosystem Classification Group, and Northwest Territories. Ecological Regions of the Northwest Territories Taiga Plains. Yellowknife, NWT: Dept. of Environment and Natural Resources, Govt. of the Northwest Territories, 2007. ISBN 0770801617

External links

Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Saskatchewan (disambiguation). ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English French (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 14 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 15, 1870 (5th) Area  Ranked 8th Total 647,797... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 11 Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the Canadian territory. ... For the Canadian federal electoral district, see Nunavut (electoral district). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Northwest_Territories. ... The census geographic units of Canada are the country subdivisions defined and used by Canadas federal government statistics bureau Statistics Canada[1] to conduct the countrys five-yearly census. ... The Fort Smith Region is one of Statistics Canadas two census divisions of the Northwest Territories of Canada. ... The Inuvik Region is one of Statistics Canadas two census divisions of the Northwest Territories of Canada. ... The Dehcho Region is one of five administrative regions in the Northwest Territories. ... The village of Fort Liard is a Dehcho village located in the southwest corner of the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Fort Providence is a town located west of Great Slave Lake in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Fort Simpson, in the Northwest Territories, is a town on an island at the confluence of the Mackenzie and Liard Rivers, both traditionally trade routes for the Hudsons Bay Company and the native Dene people of the area. ... The Dehcho community of Jean Marie River is located on the Mackenzie River in the southwest part of the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... The aboriginal village of Kakisa in the Northwest Territories, Canada, is located on a lake of the same name, and is southeast of Fort Providence. ... The Dehcho village of Nahanni Butte is located at he confluence of the Liard and South Nahanni Rivers in the southwestern part of the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... The community of Trout Lake is located near the Alberta border, east of Fort Liard, in the southern Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Wrigley is a community in Canadas Northwest Territories. ... The Inuvik Region is one of five administrative regions in the Northwest Territories. ... Aklavik (Barren-ground grizzly place) is a community located 68°13 North latitude and 135°00 West longitude in the territory of Northwest Territories, Canada, with a population of 748 as of the 2000 census. ... Fort McPherson is a community in the Northwest Territories in Canada. ... Inuvik, formerly Inuvvik (place of man), is a town in the Northwest Territories of Canada and is the administrative centre for the Inuvik Region. ... Paulatuk is a town in the Northwest Territories of Canada. ... Sachs Harbour is a small community on the southwestern coast of Banks Island, in Canadas Northwest Territories. ... The First Nations community of Tsiigehtchic is located at the confluence of the Mackenzie and the Arctic Red River, in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Tuktoyaktuk or Tuktoyuktuk formerly Port Brabant is a small Inuvialuit community located in the Northwest Territories of Canada. ... , Looking at Ulukhaktok from the bluffs that give the community its name. ... The North Slave Region is one of five administrative regions in the Northwest Territories. ... Behchoko, Northwest Territories, (Tli Cho) formerly Rae-Edzo was established 1 December 2005 and merged the communities of Rae (after John Rae) and Edzo, which are four miles apart by air and eleven miles apart driving distance. ... A small Dene community just outside Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. ... Gamètì (formerly known as Rae Lakes until 4 August 2005), officially the Tlicho Community Government of Gameti[1] is a community in the North Slave Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Yellowknife may refer to: Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, a city in Canada. ... The Sahtu Region is one of five administrative regions in the Northwest Territories. ... The aboriginal village of Colville Lake in the Northwest Territories, Canada, is located on a lake of the same name, and is northeast of Norman Wells. ... Great Bear Lake, NWT, Canada Deline (formerly known as Fort Franklin until 1 June 1993) is a community on the western shore of Great Bear Lake, in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Fort Good Hope is a community in the Northwest Territories in Canada. ... Norman Wells (Slavey language: TÃ¥egõhtî where there is oil) is a town in the Sahtu Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Tulita, meaning where the rivers meet, formerly known as Fort Norman, is a hamlet of c 450 people in the Northwest Territories. ... The South Slave Region is one of five administrative regions in the Northwest Territories. ... Enterprise is an Indian settlement in Canadas Northwest Territories with a population of 88. ... Fort Resolution - A community in the Northwest Territories at the mouth of the Slave River. ... Fort Smith is a community in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Hay River Reserve (also known as Katlodeeche/Katlodeeche First Nation or Hay River Dene 1[1]) is the only Indian reserve[2] in Canadas Northwest Territories. ... Hay River on Great Slave Lake Hay River connection to the Arctic Ocean Hay River is a town in the Northwest Territories, Canada, located on the south shore of Great Slave Lake, at the mouth of the Hay River. ... The aboriginal community of Łutselke (place of small fish), also spelt Łutsel Ke, is located on the south shore near the eastern end of Great Slave Lake in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Northwest Territories - Search View - MSN Encarta (9648 words)
The Northwest Territories is located in northwestern Canada and occupies nearly 13 percent of the country’s landmass.
At the beginning of the 20th century the Northwest Territories was the homeland of Indians, Métis, and Inuit.
The remaining Dene land claims are in the southern half of the Northwest Territories and represent the southern half of Denendeh.
Northwest Territories - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1546 words)
In 1882 Regina in the then-District of Assiniboia became the territorial capital; after Alberta and Saskatchewan became provinces in 1905, Regina became the provincial capital of the new province of Saskatchewan.
In 1876, the District of Keewatin, at the centre of the territory, was separated from it.
Quebec was also extended, in 1898, and Yukon was made a separate territory in the same year to deal with the Klondike Gold Rush, and remove the NWT government from administering the sudden boom of population, economic activity and influx of non-Canadians.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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