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Encyclopedia > Northwest Angle
The Northwest Angle (the purple portion) in Minnesota, bordering Manitoba, Ontario, and Lake of the Woods
The Northwest Angle viewed from space

The Northwest Angle, known simply as the Angle by locals, and coterminous with Angle Township, is a small part of northern Lake of the Woods County, Minnesota that is the only part of the United States outside of Alaska that is north of the 49th parallel. That parallel is the northern boundary of the 48 contiguous states extending eastward from the west coast along the northern boundaries of Washington, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, and part of Minnesota to the Northwest Angle. Farther east, U.S. territory does not extend that far north. Map projections sometimes create an optical illusion that Maine extends farther north than that; that illusion does not occur in maps in which parallels of latitude are straight lines. Like Alaska; Point Roberts, Washington, Alburgh, Vermont and Elm Point, Minnesota (also at Lake of the Woods), the Northwest Angle cannot be reached from the rest of the U.S. without either going through Canada, flying in via small aircraft or crossing water—specifically, the Lake of the Woods. The Northwest Angle in northern Minnesota (purple section). ... The Northwest Angle in northern Minnesota (purple section). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (640x640, 184 KB)Lake of the Woods, Ontario, Canada - May 1998 image description here File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (640x640, 184 KB)Lake of the Woods, Ontario, Canada - May 1998 image description here File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Lake of the Woods County is a county located in the state of Minnesota. ... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... The 49th parallel of north latitude forms part of the International Boundary between Canada and the United States from Manitoba to British Columbia on the Canadian side and from Minnesota to Washington on the U.S. side. ... The continental United States is a term referring to the United States situated on the North American continent. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44°26N to 49°N  - Longitude 104°2W to 116°2W Population  Ranked... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... The Mercator projection shows courses of constant bearing as straight lines. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with illusion. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Latitude,usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter phi, , gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the equator. ... Aerial shot of the southwest corner of Point Roberts, WA; showing in the background is the towns marina. ... Alburgh, Vermont Alburgh (formerly Alburg) is a town in Grand Isle County, Vermont, United States. ... Map of the area, including Elm Point Elm Point, Minnesota, in Lake of the Woods County, is a small cape and a United States exclave, southwest of the Northwest Angle. ... Lake of the Woods from space, May 1998 Lake of the Woods. ...


The population was 152 at the 2000 census.


The northwest corner of the Northwest Angle is at 49°23′4.1″N, 95°09′12.2″W.

Contents

Origin

The Treaty of Paris (1783), concluded between the United States and Great Britain at the end of the American Revolutionary War, stated that the boundary between U.S. territory and the British possessions to the north would run "…through the Lake of the Woods to the most northwesternmost point thereof, and from thence on a due west course to the river Mississippi…" The parties did not suspect that the source of the Mississippi, Lake Itasca (then unknown to European explorers), was south of that point. A factor in this mistake was the use of the Mitchell Map during the treaty negotiations; that map showed the Mississippi extending far to the north. Consequently the Northwest Angle is the result of 18th-century ignorance of geography. In the Anglo-American Convention of 1818, the error was corrected by having the boundary run due south from the northwest point of the lake to the 49th parallel and then westward along it. When this north-south line was surveyed, it was found to intersect other bays of the lake and therefore cut off a portion of U.S. territory, now known as the Northwest Angle. Painting by Benjamin West depicting (from left to right) John Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. ... Combatants United States France Spanish Empire Dutch Republic Oneida Tuscarora Polish volunteers Quebec volunteers Prussian volunteers Kingdom of Great Britain Iroquois Confederacy Hessian mercenaries Loyalists Commanders George Washington Nathanael Greene Gilbert de La Fayette Comte de Rochambeau Bernardo de Gálvez Tadeusz KoÅ›ciuszko Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben King George... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... Lake Itasca and Elk Lake Lake Itasca is a small glacial lake, approximately 1. ... The Mitchell Map Mitchell Map is the common name used to refer to a map made by John Mitchell and all the various reprints made during the late 18th century. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The Convention of 1818 between the United States and Great Britian, also known as the London Convention, Anglo-American Convention of 1818, or simply the Treaty of 1818, was a treaty signed in United States and the United Kingdom. ... The 49th parallel of north latitude forms part of the International Boundary between Canada and the United States from Manitoba to British Columbia on the Canadian side and from Minnesota to Washington on the U.S. side. ...


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 1,544.5 km² (596.3 mi²). 318.8 km² (123.1 mi²) of it is land and 1,225.7 km² (473.2 mi²) of it (79.36%) is water. The land forming Angle Township is 123.09 square miles (318.81 km²) in area, which actually includes several islands and two small capes that are below (south of) the 49th parallel north. The capes are in the extreme southwest part of the township, south of the southeast corner of Manitoba, and not far from the northeast corner of Roseau County. Of the 2000 census population of 152, there were 118 living on the mainland, and 34 persons on the islands in Lake of the Woods. All of the populated islands are north of the 49th parallel. The mainland portion of the township north of the 49th parallel has an area of 302.075 km² (116.632 sq mi). The total land area of all islands is 16.325 km² (6.303 sq mi), and the two capes total 0.408 km² (0.157 sq mi). The township has the last one-room public school in the state. The border crossing (image) is unstaffed. Travelers using the single gravel road into the Angle are expected to use the telephone provided to contact Canadian or U.S. Customs and make their declarations. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The 49th parallel of north latitude forms part of the international boundary between Canada and the United States from Manitoba to British Columbia on the Canadian side and from Minnesota to Washington on the U.S. side, or from the Lake of the Woods to the Strait of Georgia. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard - Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation... Roseau County is a county located in the state of Minnesota, United States. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Lake of the Woods from space, May 1998 Lake of the Woods. ... Williamson School was a one-room school in Blanch, Caswell County, North Carolina One-room schools were commonplace throughout rural portions of various countries including the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Scotland and Ireland in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ... Gravel being unloaded from a barge Gravel is rock that is of a certain grain size range. ... The United States Customs Service (now known as U.S. Customs and Border Protection or CBP) was the portion of the US Federal Government dedicated to keeping illegal products outside of US borders. ...


Elm Point

Elm Point, in Lake of the Woods County, is a small cape southwest of the Northwest Angle. It borders Canada and is separated (by land), from the continental United States, at the 49th parallel. Map of the area, including Elm Point Elm Point, Minnesota, in Lake of the Woods County, is a small cape and a United States exclave, southwest of the Northwest Angle. ...


Politics and popular culture

Secession from the United States and annexation by Canada has been proposed by some area residents on occasion, but has never been put to a vote given the proposal's non-urgent nature. The area is one of several distinct regions of Minnesota. Ceremonies during the annexation of Hawaii. ... The U.S. state of Minnesota can be divided into regions in a variety of ways. ...


Author Tim O'Brien popularized knowledge of the location with his bestselling novel, In the Lake of the Woods, set in the Angle. Tim OBrien Tim OBrien (born October 1, 1946) is an American novelist who mainly writes about his experiences in the Vietnam War and the impact the war had on the American soldiers who fought there. ... In the Lake of the Woods (1994) is a novel by Tim OBrien, author of Pulitzer Prize-nominated The Things They Carried. ...


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 152 people, 71 households, and 48 families residing in the township. The census records all 152 as White, one also being Hispanic. The population density was 0.5/km² (1.2/mi²). There were 272 housing units at an average density of 0.9/km² (2.2/mi²). 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


Of the 71 households, 10 have children under the age of 18 living with them, 45 are married couples living together, one has a female householder with no husband present, and 22 are non-families. Seventeen households are made up of individuals and 4 have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.53. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In Angle Township, 22 people are under the age of 18 (11 girls and 11 boys), 5 are between 18 and 24, 32 from 25 to 44, 74 from 45 to 64, and 19 are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 50 years. There are 58 adult women and 72 adult men.


The median income for a household in the township was $28,500, and the median income for a family was $31,250. Males had a median income of $28,500 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the township was $13,932. About 13.3% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line. No one under 18 or over 65 lives in poverty. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


See also

Aerial shot of the southwest corner of Point Roberts, WA; showing in the background is the towns marina. ... This is a list of the extreme points of the United States, the points that are farther north, south, east, or west than any other location in the country. ...

External links

References

Coordinates: 49°23′50.28″N, 95°08′56.7″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
MPR: The Northwest Angle (1726 words)
Minnesota's Northwest Angle was created by accident, tethered to mapmakers' hazy conceptions of the origins of the Mississippi River.
The Northwest Angle appeared on the nation's radar last spring when a group of residents announced their desire to secede from the U.S. and join Manitoba.
The Angle couldn't be more different from tourist spots along the North Shore of Lake Superior, where there's always a hiking trail and a cappuccino around the bend.
Jake's Northwest Angle - fishing, hiking, boating, & lodging in Northern Minnesota (224 words)
Established in 1945, Jake's Northwest Angle has been a family tradition for three generations.
Today the Northwest Angle is still your getaway to Lake of the Woods.
The Northwest Angle is the jewel in the crown of Minnesota.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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