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Encyclopedia > Northwest Airlines Flight 255
Northwest Flight 255
Summary
Date  August 16, 1987
Type  Pilot Error
Site  Romulus, Michigan (western Detroit suburb - 25 miles (40 km) away)
Origin  Tri-City Airport
Last stopover  Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport
Destination  Sky Harbor International Airport
Passengers  149
Crew  6
Injuries  6 (5 on ground)
Fatalities  156 (2 on ground)
Survivors  1
Aircraft
 Aircraft type  McDonnell Douglas MD-82
Operator  Northwest Airlines
Tail number  N312RC

!Italic text is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Romulus is a city in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... MBS International Airport (IATA: MBS, ICAO: KMBS) is located in Freeland, Michigan, serving the nearby cities of Midland, Bay City, and Saginaw. ... Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport (IATA: DTW, ICAO: KDTW), sometimes called Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Detroit Metro Wayne Airport, Metro Airport, or simply DTW, is a major airport in Romulus, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. ... Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA: PHX, ICAO: KPHX) in Phoenix is Arizonas main international airport, one of the largest aviation facilities in the American Southwest and one of the top ten busiest airports in the country. ... The McDonnell Douglas DC-9 (initially known as the Douglas DC-9) is a family of twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliners, first manufactured in 1965 and in subsequent modified forms as the MD-80, MD-90 and Boeing 717. ... Northwest Airlines (NYSE: NWA), occasionally known as NWA, is an American airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota, near Minneapolis-St. ...


Northwest Airlines Flight 255 was a flight that originated in Saginaw, Michigan's MBS International Airport and was scheduled to terminate at John Wayne Airport in Santa Ana, California, with intermediate stops at Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport in Romulus, Michigan near Detroit and at Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix, Arizona. The flight crashed after takeoff in Detroit, on August 16, 1987, at about 20:46 EDT (8:46 p.m. local time, 00:46 UTC August 17), killing all of the crew and passengers except for a 4-year-old girl, Cecelia Cichan, who was seriously injured, according to a report by the FAA's Office of Aviation Research. Location of Saginaw within Saginaw County, Michigan Coordinates: , Country State County Saginaw Settled 1819 Incorporated 1857 Government  - Type  - Mayor Carol B. Cottrell  - City Manager Darnell Earley Area  - City  18. ... MBS International Airport (IATA: MBS, ICAO: KMBS) is located in Freeland, Michigan, serving the nearby cities of Midland, Bay City, and Saginaw. ... John Wayne Airport (IATA: SNA, ICAO: KSNA, FAA LID: SNA) is located four miles (6 km) south of the central business district of Santa Ana, in an unincorporated area of Orange County, California. ... Location of Santa Ana within Orange County, California. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport (IATA: DTW, ICAO: KDTW), sometimes called Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Detroit Metro Wayne Airport, Metro Airport, or simply DTW, is a major airport in Romulus, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. ... Romulus is a city in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA: PHX, ICAO: KPHX) in Phoenix is Arizonas main international airport, one of the largest aviation facilities in the American Southwest and one of the top ten busiest airports in the country. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... EDT can stand for: Eastern Daylight Time - observed in the North American Eastern Time Zone during daylight saving time (UTC - 4) Eau de toilette -- see perfume Electrical Discharge Texturing Electrodynamic tether Electronic Design Technology. ...

Contents

Aircraft and crew

The aircraft was a twin-engine McDonnell Douglas MD-82 with FAA tail number N312RC. Northwest 255 was carrying 149 passengers and 6 crew. McDonnell Douglas MD-80 and MD-90 are twin-engine, medium-range, single-aisle commercial jet airplanes. ...


Crash

Flight 255 began its takeoff rotation from 1,200 to 1,500 feet (366-457 m) from the runway's end. During the initial climb, the plane rolled about 35 degrees in each direction. The left wing struck a light pole about ½ mile (800 m) from the end of the runway, struck other light poles, the roof of a car rental building and then the ground. The aircraft continued skidding across the ground on the runway centerline near I-94. Interstate 94 (abbreviated I-94) is the northernmost east-west interstate highway, connecting the Great Lakes and Intermountain regions of the United States. ...


Passenger injuries and fatalities

The lone survivor of the aircraft was 4-year-old Cecelia Cichan of Tempe, Arizona.[1] A popular, but untrue, story credited her mother, Paula Cichan, with saving Cecelia's life. Supposedly Paula Cichan wrapped herself around the seat that her daughter occupied, protecting Cecelia from the post-crash fire. Cecelia was located by rescue workers in her seat – several feet away from her mother's body. Paula Cichan died in the crash, along with Cecelia's father, Michael Cichan, and her 6-year-old brother, David Cichan.[2] After the crash Cecelia Cichan lived with relatives in Birmingham, Alabama, who shielded her from public attention. She graduated from the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, Alabama in the spring of 2006 with a bachelor's degree in psychology.[3] Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... Nickname: Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama Coordinates: , Country State Counties Jefferson, Shelby Incorporated December 19, 1871 Government  - Type Mayor - Council  - Mayor Bernard Kincaid (Current) Larry Langford (Mayor-Elect) Area  - City 151. ... The University of Alabama (also known as Alabama, UA or colloquially as Bama) is a public coeducational university located in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA. Founded in 1831, UA is the flagship school of the University of Alabama System. ... Tuscaloosa is a city in west central Alabama in the southern United States. ...


One of the passengers on Northwest 255 who died was Nick Vanos, a center for the Phoenix Suns basketball team. Two motorists on nearby Middlebelt Road were also killed. Five other persons on the ground were injured, one seriously. A memorial marker has been erected [1]. The site of the temporary morgue for crash victims was a nearby ice arena on Merriman Road. [citation needed]. Nicolaas Vanos (April 13, 1963 - August 16, 1987) was a basketball player for the Phoenix Suns basketball team. ... The Phoenix Suns are a professional basketball team, based in Phoenix, Arizona. ...


Of the involved individuals on the ground, 2 were killed, 1 received a serious injury, and 4 received minor injuries [2] (11/146).


Aftermath

The NTSB probable cause statement is as follows: "The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of the accident was the flightcrew's failure to use the taxi checklist to ensure the flaps and slats were extended for takeoff. Contributing to the accident was the absence of electrical power to the airplane takeoff warning system which thus did not warn the flightcrew that the airplane was not configured properly for takeoff. The reason for the absence of electrical power could not be determined." Seal of the National Transportation Safety Board The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is a U.S. government independent organization responsible for investigation of accidents involving aviation, highway, marine, pipelines and railroads in the United States. ... Flaps are hinged surfaces on the trailing edge of an airplane wing which, when deployed, increase the lift (and drag) of a wing by changing the camber of the airfoil. ... Slats are small aerodynamic surfaces on the leading edge of an airplane wing which, when deployed, allow the wing to operate at a higher angle of attack. ...


The cockpit voice recorder (CVR) provided the evidence regarding the flightcrew omission of the taxi checklist. The stall warning was annunciated. Using the CVR the investigators determined that the aural takeoff warning was not annunciated. There was an electrical failure due to a circuit breaker being tripped, but post accident testing did not reveal a malfunction of the circuit breaker. Cockpit Voice Recorder (Exhibit in Deutsches Museum, Munich, Germany). ...


In remembrance

In memory of the victims, a black granite memorial stands at the top of the hill surrounded by blue spruce trees at Middlebelt Road & Interstate 94 Overpass, the site of the crash. The memorial has a dove with a ribbon in its beak saying "Their spirit still lives on..." and below it are the names of those who perished in the crash. Interstate 94 (abbreviated I-94) is the northernmost east-west interstate highway, connecting the Great Lakes and Intermountain regions of the United States. ...


A monument to the victims of the crash, many of whom were from the Phoenix Area, stands next to Phoenix City Hall in downtown Phoenix. [3]


On August 16, 2007, the twentieth anniversary of the crash, a memorial service was held at the crash site. For some, it was the first time they had returned to the site since the crash.


References

  1. ^ Wilkerson, Isabel. "Crash Survivor's Psychic Pain May Be the Hardest to Heal", The New York Times, 1987-08-22. Retrieved on 2006-12-27. 
  2. ^ Welcome to Northwest Flight 255 Memorial. Retrieved on 2006-12-27.
  3. ^ UA May Graduates Announced. Retrieved on 2007-01-19.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Citing the U.S. National Transportation Safety Board, an aviation accident is defined as an occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft which takes place between the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight and all such persons have disembarked, and in which any person...

External links

Coordinates: 42.2400° N 83.3277° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Northwest Airlines - Wikinfo (4415 words)
Northwest Airlines Template:Airline codes Template:Nasdaq is an airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota, with three major hubs in the United States: Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport, Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, and Memphis International Airport.
Northwest stock began to be publicly traded in 1941.
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Northwest Airlines Flight 255 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (318 words)
Northwest Airlines Flight 255 was a flight scheduled to fly from Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport in Romulus, Michigan near Detroit to John Wayne Airport in Santa Ana, California, with an intermediate stop at Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix, Arizona.
The flight crashed after takeoff in Detroit, on August 16, 1987, killing all of the crew and passengers except for a 4-year-old girl, who was seriously injured, according to a report by the FAA's Office of Aviation Research.
During the takeoff phase, the wings of Northwest 255 began to roll to the left and to the right after climbing only 50 ft. The left wing then struck the light poles and the roof of a building that was used by a rental car agency.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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