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Encyclopedia > Northumberland Strait

The Northumberland Strait (French: détroit de Northumberland) is a strait in the southern part of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence in eastern North America. It separates the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island from the mainland provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Simplified diagram A strait is a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses. ... Gulf of Saint Lawrence, the worlds hugest estuary, is the outlet of North Americas Great Lakes via the Saint Lawrence River into the Atlantic Ocean. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti (Latin: The small under the protection of the great) Official languages None Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor J. Léonce Bernard Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 13th 5,660 km... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 11th 72 908 km² 71 450 km² 1 458 km... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages None (English,French,Gaelic) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Myra Freeman Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 12th 55,283...

The western boundary of the strait is delineated by a line running between North Cape, Prince Edward Island and Point Escuminac, New Brunswick while the eastern boundary is delineated by a line running between East Point, Prince Edward Island and Chéticamp, Nova Scotia. Chéticamp, Nova Scotia is an Acadian fishing community on the Cabot Trail on the west coast of Cape Breton Island at the western entrance to Cape Breton Highlands National Park. ...

The strait's shallow depths lend to warm water temperatures in summer months, with some areas reaching 25 °C. Consequently the strait is reportedly home to the warmest ocean water temperatures in Canada, and some of the warmest ocean water temperatures on the Atlantic coast north of Virginia. The strait is a rich fishing ground. During the winter months between December and April, sea ice covers the entire strait and Gulf of St. Lawrence. A degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701-1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq. ... An icebreaker navigates through young (1 year) sea ice Sea ice is formed from ocean water that freezes. ...

While the shores of Cape Breton Island and eastern peninsular Nova Scotia are dominated by granite, sedimentary rocks along the central and western parts of the strait, as well as the entire south shore of Prince Edward Island, consist of sandstone, lending to beautiful sandy beaches with minimal coastal development. These are some of the most prized and warmest beaches in Atlantic Canada. The largest island in the strait is Pictou Island. Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada Cape Breton Island (French: île du Cap-Breton, Scottish Gaelic: Eilean Cheap Breatuinn, Mikmaq: Unamakika, simply: Cape Breton) is an island on the Atlantic coast of North America. ... Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ... Sandstone near Stadtroda, Germany Sandstone is a sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-size mineral or rock grains. ... Pictou Island is an island located in the Northumberland Strait approximately 4 nautical miles (NM) north of Nova Scotia and 10 NM south of Prince Edward Island. ...

Major communities on the strait include the cities of Charlottetown and Summerside, Prince Edward Island as well as the towns of Souris, Prince Edward Island, Pictou, Nova Scotia, and Shediac, New Brunswick. Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = CUNABULA FOEDERIS (Birthplace of Confederation) Location City Information Established: 1764 Area: 44. ... Summerside is the second largest city in Prince Edward Island, Canada and is located on the Northumberland Strait in the western part of the island. ... Souris is a town located on the eastern part of the Prince Edward Island, Canada. ... Pictou is a small town on the northern coast of Nova Scotia, Canada, located in Pictou County. ... The worlds largest lobster sculpture located in Shediac Shediac (46°13′N 64°32′W, AST) is a town located in Shediac Parish, Westmorland County, New Brunswick, Canada on the Northumberland Strait, about 20 km from the city of Moncton. ...

A ferry service crosses the 23-kilometre (12–nautical mile) wide eastern part of the strait between Wood Islands, Prince Edward Island and Caribou, Nova Scotia. A nautical mile is a unit of length. ...

The narrowest part of the strait, the 13-kilometre (7–nautical mile) wide Abegweit Passage in the western part of the strait between Borden-Carleton, Prince Edward Island and Cape Tormentine, New Brunswick, is now spanned by the Confederation Bridge. Abegweit Passage is the narrowest part of the Northumberland Strait, comprising the 13_kilometre wide portion between Borden_Carleton, Prince Edward Island and Cape Jourimain, New Brunswick. ... Borden-Carleton, Prince Edward Island, Canada is the home of The Confederation Bridge. ... Cape Tormentine is the name for a cape which extends into the Northumberland Strait in southeastern New Brunswick, forming the easternmost point in the province. ... The Confederation Bridge (, ; French: Pont de la Confédération) is a bridge spanning the Abegweit Passage of Northumberland Strait, linking Prince Edward Island with mainland New Brunswick, Canada. ...

The strait hosts two seasonal ferry services: Northumberland Ferries Limited operates a passenger/vehicle service between Caribou, Nova Scotia and Wood Islands, Prince Edward Island, a separate passenger-only ferry service also operates from Caribou to Pictou Island. Northumberland Ferries Limited (NFL) is a ferry company operating in eastern Canada and headquartered in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. ...

Both services are located at the eastern end of the strait, however until May 31, 1997, one of Canada's busiest ferry services was operated by Marine Atlantic across Abegweit Passage. This service has been replaced by the Confederation Bridge. May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Marine Atlantic logo or herald Marine Atlantic Inc. ...

External link

  • Natural History of Nova Scotia - Northumberland Strait (Nova Scotia Museum)

  Results from FactBites:
Strait of Canso - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (163 words)
The Strait of Canso (also Gut of Canso or Canso Strait), is located in northeastern North America near the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.
The strait separates Cape Breton Island from peninsular mainland Nova Scotia, connecting the North Atlantic Ocean to Northumberland Strait in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
The strait is extremely deep (200+ feet) with two major communities at Port Hawkesbury on the eastern side facing Mulgrave on the western side, both ports.
  More results at FactBites »



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