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Encyclopedia > Northumberland County, Virginia
Northumberland County, Virginia
Map

Location in the state of Virginia

Virginia's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1648
Seat Heathsville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

740 km² (286 mi²)
 sq mi ( km²)
242 km² (93 mi²), 32.68%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

12,259
25/km² 
Website: www.co.northumberland.va.us

Northumberland County is a county located on the Northern Neck in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of 2000, the population is 12,259. Its county seat is Heathsville6. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_VA.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Virginia ... 1648 (MDCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Heathsville is an unincorporated village in Northumberland County, Virginia. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... The Northern Neck is the northernmost of three peninsulas on the western shore of Chesapeake Bay in Virginia, USA. This peninsula is bounded by the Potomac River on the north and the Rappahannock River on the south. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... This article contains a trivia section. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Heathsville is an unincorporated village in Northumberland County, Virginia. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ...

Contents

History

The county was created by the Virginia General Assembly in 1648 during a period of rapid population growth and geographic expansion. Settlement began in this area of the Northern Neck around 1635. Originally known as the Indian district Chickacoan, the first appearance of the name Northumberland in the colonial records was in 1644. The following year, John Mottrom served as the first burgess for the territory in the House of Burgesses which met at the capital of the Virginia Colony at Jamestown. The Virginia General Assembly is the state legislature of the Commonwealth of Virginia, a U.S. state. ... The Northern Neck is the northernmost of three peninsulas on the western shore of Chesapeake Bay in Virginia, USA. This peninsula is bounded by the Potomac River on the north and the Rappahannock River on the south. ... John Mottrom (?-1655), or Mottram, was one of the first, if not the first, white settlers in the Northern Neck region of Virginia between 1635 and 1640. ... Patrick Henry before the House of Burgesses in an 1851 painting by Peter F. Rothermel The House of Burgesses was the first elected legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619. ... The 1609 charter for the Virginia colony from sea to sea The Virginia Colony refers to the English colony in North America that existed during the 17th and 18th centuries before the American Revolution. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The size of the county was drastically reduced in 1652 and 1653 as Lancaster County and Westmoreland County, respectively, were carved out of Northumberland County. Lancaster County is a county located on the Northern Neck in the state of Virginia. ... Westmoreland County is a county located in the Northern Neck of the state of Virginia. ...


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 740 km² (286 mi²). 498 km² (192 mi²) of it is land and 242 km² (93 mi²) of it (32.68%) is water. The county is located between the Rappahannock River and Potomac River. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The Rappahannock at sunset The Rappahannock River is a river in eastern Virginia in the United States, approximately 184 mi (294 km). ... The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ...


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 12,259 people, 5,470 households, and 3,785 families residing in the county. The population density was 25/km² (64/mi²). There were 8,057 housing units at an average density of 16/km² (42/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 72.18% White, 26.58% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 5,470 households out of which 20.11% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.70. For the record label, see Marriage Records. ...


In the county, the population was spread out with 18.60% under the age of 18, 4.80% from 18 to 24, 20.20% from 25 to 44, 30.10% from 45 to 64, and 26.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females there were 91.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.40 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $38,129, and the median income for a family was $49,047. Males had a median income of $30,151 versus $24,116 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,917. 12.30% of the population and 8.10% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 17.00% are under the age of 18 and 10.70% are 65 or older. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ...


Reedville, menhaden fishing industry

Reedville is a small town in eastern Northumberland County on the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay. Reedville is home to the Atlantic menhaden fishing industry. It is named for Captain Elijah W. Reed (1827-1888), who is credited with bringing the menhaden fishing industry and the tremendous wealth which resulted from it to Reedville and to Northumberland County. Reedville, a town of approximately 500, was once known as the wealthiest town in the United States due to the large sums of money produced by the menhaden industry. [needs citation] Reedville is an unincorporated town in Northumberland County in the Northern Neck region of Virginia. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ... The menhadens comprise two genera of marine fish in the family Clupeidae. ... Elijah W. Reed (November 27, 1827 - January 27, 1888) was a ship captain from Brooklin, Maine who is credited with establishment of the menhaden fishing industry in Virginias Northern Neck region. ...


Years ago, dozens of fish processing factories, most recently Omega Protein Corporation (successor to Zapata Haynie, Reedville Oil and Guano Company and Haynie Products Company) and Standard Products Company, dotted the Northumberland coastline near Reedville and adjacent fishing communities.


Today, Omega Protein remains as the largest industrial organization in the area. Omega, with a fleet of large ocean-going fish harvesting vessels, supported by a number of spotter aircraft, is a major industry in the area and on the eastern seaboard. Menhaden, once caught, are cooked in large mass and processed for further use in various applications including as a protein additive for poultry feed.


Located at the eastern terminus of U.S. Route 360, Reedville is a popular place to begin fishing charters and trips to Tangier Island in the Bay, Reedville is also a tourist destination itself, steeped in the history of the menhaden fishing industry. The Millionaire's Row of Victorian-era mansions and several watercraft of the Fishermen's Museum each listed on the National Register of Historic Places. U.S. Highway 360 is a spur of U.S. Highway 60. ... Tangier is a town on Tangier Island in Chesapeake Bay. ... Reedville Fishermans Museum is located in the unincorporated town of Reedville along the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay in Northumberland County, Virginia. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


Trivia

Northumberland County has two stop lights; one in Callao, an unincorporated town in the western section of the county, and one in Burgess. Callao is also the site of Northumberland's only Virginia alcoholic beverage control store. Northumberland County Public Schools, the public school system, has three schools; an elementary school, a middle school, and a high school. The high school, with grades 9-12, has approximately 400 students. The high school's athletic colors are green and gold and the mascot is an Indian; athletic teams are known as the "Indians". Callao is an unincorporated town in Northumberland County, Virginia. ... Alcoholic beverage control states, generally called control states, are those in the United States that have state monopoly over the wholesaling and/or retailing of some or all categories of alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine, and distilled spirits. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Northumberland County is served by volunteer emergency services organizations. There are two fire departments; Fairfields Volunteer Fire Department with stations in Reedville and Burgess in the eastern section of the county, and Callao Volunteer Fire Department with a station in Callao in the western section of the county. Ambulance services are provided by the Northumberland County Rescue Squad in Reedville, Mid-County Rescue Squad in Heathsville, and Callao Rescue Squad in Callao. Smith Point Sea Rescue is a maritime rescue assistance organization that operates from Reedville. Emergency services are services that deal with emergencies and other aspects of Public Safety. ... An ambulance in San Jose del Cabo, Mexico A Helicopter used as an Ambulance. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Heathsville is an unincorporated village in Northumberland County, Virginia. ...


Northumberland County's law enforcement activities are the responsibility of the county Sheriff. The county does not have a police department. The Sheriff is a constitutional officer (the Virginia constitution mandates that every local government have a sheriff) who is elected every four years. Look up Sheriff in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Northumberland County has five districts who elect supervisors. One district has an African-American majority. The supervisors, elected every four years, comprise the Board of Supervisors who are the county's governing body. The county school board has five members, one representing each district, as well. The members of the school board are elected officials. Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... In some counties, the legislature is the board of supervisors. ... This article or section should be merged with board of education A school board (or school committee) is an elected council that helps determine educational policy in a small regional area, such as a city, state, or province. ...


Northumberland County has two courthouses; an antebellum building constructed before the Civil War and a new building constructed in the late 1990s behind the older structure. The county courts (Circuit Court, General District Court, and Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court) and the Clerk of the Circuit Court, a constitutional officer, are located in the new building. The Commissioner of Revenue and the Treasurer, both constitutional officers, have offices in the older building. Antebellum is a Latin word meaning before war(ante means before and bellum is war). ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


Towns

There are no incorporated towns in the county. Significant unincorporated villages include: Kilmarnock is a town located in Virginia. ... Lancaster County is a county located on the Northern Neck in the state of Virginia. ...

  • Burgess
  • Fairport
  • Lottsburg
  • Reedville
  • Callao
  • Wicomico Church

Heathsville is an unincorporated village in Northumberland County, Virginia. ... Reedville is an unincorporated town in Northumberland County in the Northern Neck region of Virginia. ... Callao is an unincorporated town in Northumberland County, Virginia. ...

References

http://www.co.northumberland.va.us/

Coordinates: 37°52′N 76°23′W / 37.86, -76.38 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Northumberland County, Virginia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (991 words)
Northumberland County is a county located on the Northern Neck in the U.S. state of Virginia.
The county was created by the Virginia General Assembly in 1648 during a period of rapid population growth and geographic expansion.
Northumberland County's law enforcement activities are the responsibility of the county Sheriff.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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