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Encyclopedia > Northrop

The Northrop Corporation was a leading aircraft manufacturer of the United States.

The Northrop P-61 Black Widow night fighter first flew in 1942 and remained in operational use until the early 1950s

Jack Northrop founded three companies using his name. The first was the Avion Corporation in 1927, which was absorbed in 1929 by the United Aircraft and Transport Corporation as a subsidiary named "Northrop Aviation Corporation". The parent company moved its operations to Kansas in 1931, and so Jack, along with Donald Douglas (of Douglas Aircraft Company fame), established a "Northrop Corporation" located in El Segundo, California, which produced several successful designs, including the Northrop Gamma and Northrop Delta. However, labor difficulties led to the dissolution of the corporation by Douglas in 1937, and the plant became the El Segundo Division of Douglas Aircraft.

Northrop still wanted his own company, and so in 1939 established the "Northrop Corporation" that lasted until 1994.

In 1994 the company merged with Grumman to form Northrop Grumman.

The company was notable in the 1940s for experimentation with flying wings; although a number of designs were flight-tested, only the B-2 stealth bomber of the 1980s ever made it to production and deployment.

Northrop Aircraft Corporation:

  • Northrop Alpha
  • Northrop Beta

Northrop Corporation (I), later El Segundo division of Douglas:

Northrop Corporation (II):

  • N-3PB
  • P-61 Black Widow
  • YB-35
  • XP-56
  • XP-79 Flying Ram
  • YB-49
  • N-32 Raider
  • F-89 Scorpion
  • X-4 Bantam
  • F-5 Freedom Fighter
  • T-38 Talon
  • YA-9A
  • YF-17 Cobra
  • F-20 Tigershark
  • HL-10
  • Tacit Blue
  • B-2 Spirit
  • YF-23 Black Widow II (with McDonnell Douglas)

List of Aircraft | Aircraft Manufacturers | Aircraft Engines | Aircraft Engine Manufacturers

Airlines | Air Forces | Aircraft Weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation

  Results from FactBites:
Northrop Corporation (1545 words)
Northrop had no desire to return to the Midwest, so he exercised a clause in his contract and quit UATC rather than relocate.
Northrop had resigned from Douglas on January 1, 1938, and left the business a bitter man, declaring that he was done with the aircraft industry.
Northrop finally had the financial resources and facilities to enable him to pursue his interest in research and development and more specifically, in the flying wing.
Right Web | Corporate | Northrop (825 words)
Northrop's ambitions to be a major missile defense contractor got a huge boost in 2002 when it successfully acquired TRW, a move that Northrop CEO Kent Kresa said would also help the company's space profile.
Northrop spends a pretty penny on lobbying efforts, which during the 2000-2002 period totaled some $8 million.
In August 2003, Northrop settled a civil suit alleging that its shipbuilding unit overbilled the government $72 million.
  More results at FactBites »



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