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Encyclopedia > Northland Region
Northland Regional Council
Country: New Zealand
Regional Council
Name: Northland Regional Council
Chair: Mark Farnsworth
Population: 149,600
June 2006 estimate
Land Area: 13,789km²
Indigenous Iwi: Te Rarawa, Ngapuhi, Ngati Whatua
Website: http://www.nrc.govt.nz
Cities and Towns
Cities: Whangarei, Kaitaia
Towns: Kaeo, Kawakawa, Moerewa, Kaikohe, Ohaeawai, Okaihau, Kerikeri, Russell, Paihia, Waitangi, Mangonui, Taipa, Donnelly's Crossing, Opononi, Omapere, Rawene, Kohukohu, Ruakaka, Waipu, Kaiwaka, Wellsford, Mangawhai, Dargaville, Ruawai, Maungaturoto, Paparoa.
Constituent Territorial Authorities
Names: Far North District, Kaipara District, Whangarei District
Websites: http://www.fndc.govt.nz, http://www.kaipara.govt.nz, http://www.wdc.govt.nz,

The Northland Region (Māori: Te Tai-tokerau, also Te Hiku O te Ika, 'the Tail of the Fish (of Maui)), one of the 16 regions of New Zealand, is, as the name suggests, the northernmost of New Zealand's administrative regions. The main centre is the city of Whangarei. This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Image File history File links Position_of_Northland. ... Regions is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ... Iwi (pronounced ee-wee) are the largest everyday social units in Māori society. ... Ngapuhi form one of the major and (with over 100,000 members) the single most numerous of the Maori tribes or iwi in New Zealand, occupying much the Northland Peninsula, also known as Tai Tokerau, north of the city of Auckland. ... The Ngati Whatua iwi (tribe) of New Zealand consists of four hapu (subtribes): Te Uri O Hau, Te Roroa, Te Taou, and Ngati Whatua. ... Russell, Bay of Islands, New Zealand Russell, formerly known as Kororareka, was the first permanent European settlement in New Zealand. ... Kohukohu is an historic village on the Hokianga Harbour in the far north of the North Island. ... The Far North District of New Zealand, as its name suggests, is the northernmost district within New Zealand, consisting of the northern tip of the North Island. ... The Kaipara District is located in the Northland Region in northern New Zealand. ... Whangarei (the initial consonant is pronounced F as in fa-nga-ray) is the northernmost city in New Zealand and the regional capital of Northland Region. ... Māori or Te Reo Māori, commonly shortened to Te Reo (literally the language) is an official language of New Zealand. ... Region is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ...

Contents

Geography

Northland is located in what is often referred to by New Zealanders as the Far North, or, because of its temperate climate, The Winterless North, although both these terms refer more correctly to the area north of Kerikeri, particularly the Aupori Peninsula. It occupies the upper 80% of the 285 kilometre-long North Auckland Peninsula, the southernmost part of which is in the Auckland Region. The North Auckland Peninsula, frequently referred to simply as the Northland Peninsula, is located in the far north of the North Island of New Zealand. ... The Auckland Region is one of the 16 Regions of New Zealand, named for Auckland City, the large city at its heart. ...


Stretching from a narrowing of the peninsula close to the town of Wellsford, Northland extends north to the tip of the North Auckland Peninsula, covering an area of 13,940 km², a little over five per cent of the country's total area. It is bounded to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the east by the Pacific Ocean. The land is predominantly rolling hill country. Farming and forestry occupy over half of the land, and are two of the region's main industries. Wellsford is a town in the northern North Island of New Zealand. ... fuck you Map of the Tasman Sea Satellite photo of the Tasman Sea The Tasman Sea is the large body of water between Australia and New Zealand, some 2000 kilometres (1250 miles) across. ...


Although many of the region's kauri forests were felled during the 19th century, some areas still exist where this rare giant grows tall. New Zealand's largest tree, Tane Mahuta, stands in the Waipoua Forest south of the Hokianga Harbour. Binomial name Agathis australis (D. Don) Loudon The Kauri (Agathis australis) is a coniferous tree native to the northern North Island of New Zealand. ... Tane Mahuta is a giant kauri tree in the Waipoua Forest of Northland, New Zealand. ... Location of Waipoua Forest Waipoua Forest preserves some of the best examples of kauri forest remaining in New Zealand. ... The Hokianga Harbour, also known as The Hokianga River or more frequently simply as The Hokianga is a long estuarial drowned valley and its surrounding area on the west coast in the north of the North Island of New Zealand. ...


The western coast of the region is dominated by several long straight beaches, the most famous of which is the inaccurately named 88 kilometre-long stretch of Ninety Mile Beach in the region's far north. Two large inlets are also located on this coast, the massive Kaipara Harbour in the south, which Northland shares with the Auckland Region, and the convoluted inlets of the Hokianga Harbour. NASA satellite photo of the Aupouri Peninsula and Ninety Mile Beach Ninety Mile Beach is a beach located on the western coast of the far north of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Location of Kaipara Harbour The Kaipara Harbour is an inlet of the Tasman Sea located near the base of the North Auckland Peninsula on the western side of the North Island of New Zealand. ...


The east coast is more rugged, and is dotted with bays and peninsulas. Several large natural harbours are found on this coast, from Parengarenga close to the region's northern tip, past the famous Bay of Islands down to Whangarei Harbour, on the shores of which is situated the region's largest population centre. Numerous islands also dot this coast, notably the Cavalli Islands, the Hen and Chickens Islands, Aorangaia Island and the Poor Knights Islands. Parengarenga Harbour is a natural harbour close to the northernmost point on the North Island of New Zealand. ... Russell, Bay of Islands Kerikeri, Bay of Islands Location of the Bay of Islands The Bay of Islands is an area in the Northland region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Whangarei (the initial consonant is pronounced F as in fa-nga-ray) is the northernmost city in New Zealand and the regional capital of Northland Region. ... The Cavalli Islands are a small group of islands of the east coast of the North Auckland Peninsula in northern New Zealand. ... The Hen and Chickens Islands (usually simply known as the Hen and Chickens) lie to the east of the North Auckland Peninsula off the coast of northern New Zealand. ... Aorangaia Island is an island in the Northland Region of New Zealand. ... The Poor Knights Islands are a group of uninhabited islands off the east coast of the Northland Region of the North Island of New Zealand. ...


The northernmost points of the North Island mainland lie at the top of Northland. These include several points often confused in the public mind as being the country's northernmost points: Cape Maria van Diemen, Spirits Bay, Cape Reinga, and North Cape. The northernmost point of the North Island is actually the Surville Cliffs, close to North Cape, although the northernmost point of the country is further north in the Kermadec chain of islands. Cape Reinga and Spirits Bay do, however, have a symbolic part to play as the end of the country. In Māori mythology, it is from here that the souls of the dead depart on their journey to the afterlife. Cape Maria van Diemen is the westernmost point of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Spirits Bay is located at the northern end of the Aupouri Peninsula at the northern tip of New Zealands North Island. ... Cape Reinga Lighthouse Location of Cape Reinga Cape Reinga (or Te Rerenga Wairua in the Māori language) is the northwesternmost tip of the Aupouri Peninsula, at the northern end of the North Island of New Zealand. ... North Cape is located at the northern end of the North Auckland Peninsula in the North Island of New Zealand. ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... North Cape, location of the Surville Cliffs The Surville Cliffs ( ) are the northernmost point of the mainland of New Zealand. ... Raoul Island from space The Kermadec Islands are an island arc in the South Pacific Ocean. ...


Climate

The region's geographical location results in warm humid summers and mild winters. Typical summer maxima range from 22 °C to 26 °C (72 °F to 79 °F). In winter, maxima are between 14 °C and 17 °C (57 °F and 63 °F). Ground frosts are virtually unknown in the cities, but common in the countryside. The hottest months are January and February. Typical annual rainfall for the region is 1500–2000 mm. Winds year-round are predominantly from the southwest, although the region can suffer the last storms of fading tropical cyclones from the central Pacific Ocean.


Administration

The seat of the Northland Regional Council is in Whangarei. There are three territorial authorities in the Northland region: Whangarei (the initial consonant is pronounced F as in fa-nga-ray) is the northernmost city in New Zealand and the regional capital of Northland Region. ... Territorial authorities is the formal term for the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils. ...

The Far North District of New Zealand, as its name suggests, is the northernmost district within New Zealand, consisting of the northern tip of the North Island. ... Kaikohe is the central service area for the Far North District of New Zealand, about 260 km from Auckland, situated on State Highway 12 at 35°27′S 173°49′E. It is the largest inland town and highest community above sea level in the Northland Region. ... Whangarei (the initial consonant is pronounced F as in fa-nga-ray) is the northernmost city in New Zealand and the regional capital of Northland Region. ... The Kaipara District is located in the Northland Region in northern New Zealand. ... Dargaville is a town in the North Island of New Zealand. ...

Population

Northland is New Zealand's least urbanised region, with only some 50% of the population of 149,600 living in urban areas. Of these areas, Whangarei is the largest, with a population of 48,700. Seven other centres have populations of over 1000: Kaitaia, Dargaville, Kaikohe, Paihia, Kerikeri, Taipa-Mangonui, and Kawakawa. The population is largely concentrated along the region's east coast. During the five year period up to 2006, Northland recorded a population growth of 6.0 percent, slightly below the national average. Northland includes one of the fastest growing towns in New Zealand, Mangawhai which is expanding rapidly due to residential and subsequent commercial development. Kaitaia is a town in Northland Region, in the far north of New Zealand. ... Dargaville is a town in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Kaikohe is the central service area for the Far North District of New Zealand, about 260 km from Auckland, situated on State Highway 12 at 35°27′S 173°49′E. It is the largest inland town and highest community above sea level in the Northland Region. ... Paihia is the main tourist town in the Bay of Islands in the far north of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Kerikeri, the largest town in the Bay of Islands on the North Island of New Zealand, is a popular tourist destination about three hours drive north of Auckland, and 80 kilometres north of Whangarei. ... Taipa-Mangonui is the name given to a string of small resort settlements in the far north of New Zealands North Auckland Peninsula, close to the base of the Aupouri Peninsula. ... Kawakawa is a small town in the Northland Region of northern New Zealand. ...

Over the last 10 years Northland's population has defied national (and worldwide) trends by becoming increasingly rural. Approximately one third of the region's population are Māori, the majority of the remainder being of European lineage. Compared to the rest of the country Pacific Islanders are under-represented in Northland. Although most of the region's European population are of British stock (as is true with the rest of the country), certain other ethnicities have left their mark on the Northland racial mix. Of these the most influential have probably been the Dalmatian community from the Dargaville area north, with a particularly strong heritage around Kaitaia. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1350x3374, 1749 KB) Kauri tree Te Matua Ngahere (Father of the Forest) at Waipoua Forest (Northland, New Zealand). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1350x3374, 1749 KB) Kauri tree Te Matua Ngahere (Father of the Forest) at Waipoua Forest (Northland, New Zealand). ... Binomial name Agathis australis (D.Don) Loudon Agathis australis, known as the kauri, is a coniferous tree native to the northern districts of the North Island of New Zealand and is the biggest but not tallest species of tree in the country. ... Dalmatia, highlighted, on a map of Croatia. ...


History

Kerikeri, Bay of Islands.
Stone Store at left, St James at rear, and Kemp House on the right.

According to Māori legend, the North Island of New Zealand was an enormous fish, caught by the adventurer Māui. For this reason, Northland sometimes goes by the nickname of "The tail of the fish", Te Hiku o Te Ika. Historic Kerikeri buildings -- Stone Store, St James, and Kemp House. ... Historic Kerikeri buildings -- Stone Store, St James, and Kemp House. ... In Māori mythology, Māui is a culture hero, famous for his exploits and his trickery. ...


Northland iwi claim that Kupe made landfall at the Hokianga (although others claim this was at Taipa) in the northwest of Northland, and thus the region claims that it was the birthplace of New Zealand. Some of the oldest traces of Māori kainga (fishing villages), can be found here. Iwi (pronounced ee-wee) are the largest everyday social units in Māori society. ... Stephenson Percy Smith, 1905[1] In the Māori mythology of some tribes, Kupe was involved in the Polynesian discovery of New Zealand. ...


If the Māori regard the region as the legendary birthplace of the country, there can be no doubt that it was the European starting-point for the modern nation of New Zealand. Traders, whalers and sealers were among the first arrivals, and the gum and timber of the mighty kauri trees brought more colonisers. A whaler (or whale catcher) is a specialized kind of ship, designed for catching whales. ... Families Odobenidae Otariidae Phocidae Pinnipeds (fin-feet, lit. ...


Kerikeri in the Bay of Islands can lay claim to being the first permanent European settlement in New Zealand, and contains many historic buildings, including the Stone Store, New Zealand's oldest extant building.


The nearby settlement of Waitangi was of even more significance, as the signing place of New Zealand's founding document, the Treaty of Waitangi between the Māori tribes and the British Crown, on February 6, 1840. Waitangi is a township located in the Bay of Islands on the North Island of New Zealand. ... One of the few extant copies of the Treaty of Waitangi The Treaty of Waitangi (Māori: Tiriti o Waitangi) was signed on February 6, 1840 at Waitangi in the Bay of Islands, New Zealand. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Economy

The region's economy is based on agriculture (notably beef cattle), fishing, forestry, and horticulture. Citrus fruit makes up the majority of the latter industry, with lemons, oranges, and tamarillos all being produced. Avocados are also widely grown, as well as kumara (especially in Ruawai part of the Kaipara district). Olives are also being grown on the Aupouri Peninsula. For other uses, see Beef (disambiguation). ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... Concern has been expressed that this article or section is missing information about: horticulture as used in anthropology, a label for agriculture as used in small-scale societies. ... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus maxima - Pomelo Citrus medica - Citron Citrus reticulata - Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus x aurantifolia - Lime Citrus x aurantium - Bitter Orange Citrus x bergamia - Bergamot Citrus x hystrix - Kaffir Lime Citrus x ichangensis - Ichang Lemon Citrus x limon - Lemon Citrus x limonia - Rangpur Citrus x paradisi... Binomial name Citrus × limon (L.) Burm. ... Binomial name Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck Orange—specifically, sweet orange—refers to the citrus tree Citrus sinensis (syn. ... Binomial name Cyphomandra betacea The Tamarillo or Tree Tomato (Cyphomandra betacea) belongs to the flowering plant family Solanaceae. ... Binomial name Persea americana Mill. ... Binomial name Ipomoea batatas Linnaeus The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a crop plant whose large, starchy, sweet tasting tuberous roots are an important root vegetable. ... Location of Kaipara Harbour The Kaipara Harbour is an inlet of the Tasman Sea located near the base of the North Auckland Peninsula on the western side of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Binomial name Olea europaea L. 19th century illustration The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Lebanon and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian... The Aupouri Peninsula is a tombolo at the northern tip of the North Island of New Zealand. ...


Extensive forests are a feature of the Northland landscape. For this reason wood and paper manufacturing industries also make a large contribution to the region's economy.


Northland is a favourite tourist destination, especially to the Bay of Islands and the historic town of Kerikeri. Diving and fishing are also popular visitor activities, especially around the Bay of Islands and the Poor Knights island chain. Scuba diving is swimming underwater while using self-contained breathing equipment. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ...


Northland is home to New Zealand's only oil refinery, at Marsden Point, close to Whangarei. New Zealand's natural fuel resources in Taranaki account for a little under half of the refinery's intake, with the rest coming predominantly from the Middle East. The nearby Marsden A thermal power station utilises heavy oil from the refinery for electricity production. Categories: Possible copyright violations ... View of Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont from Stratford, facing west. ...


References

Statistics New Zealand (Te Tari Tatau) is a New Zealand government department, and the source of the countrys official statistics. ...

External links

  • The regional council's site
  • Northland regional information web site.
Flag of New Zealand

Regions of New Zealand Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Region is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ...

North Island:

Northland | Auckland | Waikato | Bay of Plenty | Gisborne¹ | Hawke's Bay | Taranaki | Manawatu-Wanganui | Wellington North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... The Auckland Region is one of the 16 Regions of New Zealand, named for Auckland City, the large city at its heart. ... Waikato is the name of a region in the North Island of New Zealand. ... The Bay of Plenty, often abbreviated to BoP, is a region in the North Island of New Zealand situated around the body of water of the same name. ... For other uses of Gisborne see Gisborne (disambiguation). ... Hawkes Bay is a region of New Zealand. ... View of Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont from Stratford, facing west. ... Manawatu-Wanganui is a region situated in the lower half of the North Island of New Zealand, around the city of Palmerston North and the central city of Wanganui. ... The Wellington region of New Zealand occupies the southern end of the North Island. ...

South Island:

Tasman¹ | Marlborough¹ | Nelson¹ | West Coast | Canterbury | Otago | Southland The South Island The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. ...   Categories: Nelson, New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand | New Zealand geography stubs ... Marlborough is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the South Island. ... A view of Nelson from the Centre of New Zealand Nelson stands on the southern corner of Tasman Bay, at the northern end of the South Island of New Zealand and is the administrative centre of the Nelson region. ... The West Coast is one of the administrative regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island, and is one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country. ... The New Zealand region of Canterbury is mainly composed of the Canterbury Plains and the surrounding mountains. ... Otago (help· info) is one of the regions of New Zealand and lies in the south-east of the South Island. ... Southland is the name of New Zealands southernmost region and is also the name of a district within that region. ...

¹ Unitary authorities

  Results from FactBites:
 
Northland Region - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1104 words)
The Northland Region, one of the regions of New Zealand, is, as the name suggests, the northernmost of New Zealand's administrative regions.
Northland iwi claim that Kupe made landfall at the Hokianga in the northwest of Northland, and thus the region claims that it was the birthplace of New Zealand.
Northland is a favourite tourist destination, especially to the Bay of Islands and the historic town of Kerikeri.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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