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Encyclopedia > Northern indigenous peoples of Russia

This list is based solely on territory; the peoples listed here do not belong to a single language family or ethnicity: they are Finno-Ugric, Turkic, Eskimo-Aleut, and other groups. Many of these groups are now extinct or almost so, or assimilated. Approximate geographical distribution of areas where indigenous Finno-Ugric languages are spoken. ... This is the disambiguation page for the terms Turk, Turkey, Turkic, and Turkish. ... Eskimo-Aleut (also called Inuit-Aleut, but both names are considered offensive by some) is a language family native to Greenland, the Canadian Arctic, Alaska, and parts of Siberia. ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ... In the social sciences, assimilation is the process of integration whereby immigrants, or other minority groups, are absorbed into a generally larger community. ...


Many of these peoples live in Siberia, and their names here are transliterations from Cyrillic, rather than self-names. In some cases this creates difficulty in providing the plural form, because the Cyrillic letter Ц is transliterated as 'ts'. These cases are marked by the asterisk (*). Siberia Siberia (Russian: , common English transliterations: Sibir’, Sibir; from the Tatar for “sleeping land”) is a vast region of Russia and northern Kazakhstan constituting almost all of northern Asia. ... Transliteration in a narrow sense is a mapping from one system of writing into another. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first letters) is an alphabet used to write six natural Slavic languages (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ...

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Small indigenous peoples of Russian North, Siberia and Far East

The following 40 peoples (as of 2000) are officially recognized as Indigenous Small Peoples of Russia. They are included into the Единый перечень коренных малочисленных народов России (Common List of Indigenous Small Peoples of Russia) approved by the government of Russian Federation on March 24, 2000. March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in Leap years). ... This article is about the year 2000. ...


These peoples satisfy the following criteria:

  • To live in their historical territory;
  • To preserve traditional way of life, occupations, and trades;
  • To self-recognize themselves as a separate ethnicity
  • There should be at most 50,000 of population within Russia.

Some of them, such as Soyots, were recognized only after the collapse of the Soviet Union. According to the 2002 census, there were 2769 Soyots in Russia. ... The rise of Gorbachev Although reform stalled between 1964–1982, the generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ...


These peoples subject to benefits according to a number of laws aimed at preservation and support of these ethnicities.


Ten of these peoples count less than 1,000 and 11 of them live beyond the Arctic Circle. World map showing the five major circles of latitude Two shirtless young men brave the cold at the edge of the Arctic Circle in Grimsey, Iceland A sign along the Dalton Highway marking the location of the Arctic Circle The Arctic Circle is one of the five major circles of...


Far North

The Aleuts (self-denomination: Unangax) are the indigenous people of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, U.S.A.. The homeland of the Aleuts includes the Aleutian Islands, the Pribilof Islands, the Shumagin Islands, and the far western part of the Alaska Peninsula. ... Kamchatka Oblast (Russian: Камча́тская о́бласть) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Koryakia is an autonomous district of Kamchatka Oblast in the Russian Federation. ... Koryakia is an autonomous district of Kamchatka Oblast in the Russian Federation. ... Chukchi, or chukchee (Russian: чукчи (plural), chukcha, чукча (singular)) are an indigenous people inhabiting the northeasternmost portion of the Russian Federation on the shores of the Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea. ... Chukotka Autonomous District (Russian: Чуко́тский автоно́мный о́круг; tr. ... Categories: Stub | Oblasts of Russia ... Koryakia is an autonomous district of Kamchatka Oblast in the Russian Federation. ... The Chuvans (Чуванцы in Russian) are one of the 40 or so less-numerous peoples of the North recognized by the Russian government. ... Chukotka Autonomous District (Russian: Чуко́тский автоно́мный о́круг; tr. ... Categories: Stub | Oblasts of Russia ... The Dolgans (Долганы in Russian; self-designation: долган, тыа-кихи, саха, or dolgan, tya-kikhi, and sakha correspondingly) are a people, which inhabit the Taymyria region in the Krasnoyarsk Krai in Russia. ... Categories: Russia geography stubs | Autonomous Districts of Russia ... Krasnoyarsk Krai (Красноя́рский край) (2002 pop. ... The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Yakut: Саха Республиката; Russian: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... The Yenets people, or Yenetses, Entsy, Entsi, Yenisei, Yenisei-Samoyed, Yenisey Samoyeds or Yeniseian people are a traditionally nomadic people who live on the east bank, near the mouth, of the Yenisei River, many in the village of Potalovo in the Taimyr Autonomous Territory, Taymyria of Krasnoyarsk Krai in western... Categories: Russia geography stubs | Autonomous Districts of Russia ... Eskimo or Esquimau is a term used for a group of people who inhabit the circumpolar region (excluding circumpolar Scandinavia and all but the easternmost portions of Russia). ... The Yuit are the Indigenous peoples of the extreme eastern section of Siberia. ... Inuit woman Inuit (Inuktitut syllabics: ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, singular Inuk or Inuq / ᐃᓄᒃ) is a general term for a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples of the Arctic who descended from the Thule. ... Chukotka Autonomous District (Russian: Чуко́тский автоно́мный о́круг; tr. ... The Itelmen are an ethnic group that live on the Kamchatka peninsula in the Russian Federation. ... Koryakia is an autonomous district of Kamchatka Oblast in the Russian Federation. ... Kamchatka Oblast (Russian: Камча́тская о́бласть) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Categories: Stub | Oblasts of Russia ... Kamchadal original inhabitants of the Kamchatka peninsula. ... Kamchatka is the land of volcanoes. ... Kamchatka Oblast (Russian: Камча́тская о́бласть) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Koryakia is an autonomous district of Kamchatka Oblast in the Russian Federation. ... According to the 2002 census, there were only 8 Kereks in Russia. ... Chukotka Autonomous District (Russian: Чуко́тский автоно́мный о́круг; tr. ... The Komi Republic (Komi: Коми Республика; Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... See also: Koryakia Autonomous District Koryaks, a Mongoloid people of northeastern Siberia, inhabiting the coastlands of the Bering Sea to the south of the Anadyr basin and the country to the immediate north of the Kamchatka Peninsula, the southernmost limit of their range being Tigilsk. ... Koryakia is an autonomous district of Kamchatka Oblast in the Russian Federation. ... Kamchatka Oblast (Russian: Камча́тская о́бласть) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Chukotka Autonomous District (Russian: Чуко́тский автоно́мный о́круг; tr. ... Categories: Stub | Oblasts of Russia ... Nenets may refer to: Nenetsia, an administrative region of Russia. ... Yamalia (Yamalo-Nenets, Ямало-Ненецкий автономный округ) is an autonomous district of Tyumen Oblast in the Russian Federation. ... Categories: Russia geography stubs | Autonomous Districts of Russia ... Khantia-Mansia, or Yugra is an autonomous district of Tyumen Oblast in the Russian Federation. ... Arkhangelsk Oblast (Арха́нгельская о́бласть) is a regional subdivision of Russia. ... The name may refer to Komi Republic Komi peoples Komi-Zyrians Komi-Permyaks Komi language Komi-Zyrian language Komi-Permyak language Komi is also a rule in a board game Go. ... The Nganasans are one of the indigenous peoples of Siberia. ... Categories: Russia geography stubs | Autonomous Districts of Russia ... Krasnoyarsk Krai (Красноя́рский край) (2002 pop. ... Sami flag The Sami people (also Sámi, Saami, Lapps and Laplanders) are an indigenous people of northern Sweden, Norway, Finland and Russia, covering a total area in the Nordic countries corresponding to the size of Sweden. ... Murmansk Oblast (Му́рманская о́бласть) is an oblast in north-western Russia. ... Veps language, spoken by Vepses, belongs to the Baltic-Finnic group of the Finno-Ugric languages. ... The Republic of Karelia (Karelian: Karjalan Tazavalla; Russian: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Leningrad Oblast (Russian: Ленингра́дская о́бласть; tr. ... The Yukaghir, or Yukagirs (Юкагиры in Russian; self-designation: одул (odul), деткиль (detkil)) are a people in East Siberia, living in the basin of the Kolyma River. ... The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Yakut: Саха Республиката; Russian: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Chukotka Autonomous District (Russian: Чуко́тский автоно́мный о́круг; tr. ... Categories: Stub | Oblasts of Russia ...

Central Siberia

The Chulyms (Чулымцы in Russian; self-designation: Чулымские люди, or Chulymian people) are a Turkic people in the Tomsk Oblast and Krasnoyarsk Krai in Russia. ... Krasnoyarsk Krai (Красноя́рский край) (2002 pop. ... The Evenks (obsolete: Tungus) are a nomadic indigenous people, one of the Northern Indigenous Peoples (pop. ... The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Yakut: Саха Республиката; Russian: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Categories: Stub | Autonomous Districts of Russia ... Krasnoyarsk Krai (Красноя́рский край) (2002 pop. ... Khabarovsk Krai (Хаба́ровский кра́й) (1995 pop. ... The Amur Oblast (363,700 km², pop. ... Sakhalin is a large elongated island in the North Pacific, lying between 45° 50 and 54° 24 N, in the Russian Far East. ... The Buryat Republic (Russian: Респу́блика Буря́тия; Buryat: Буряад Республика) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... The Irkutsk Oblast, Russia is located in south-eastern Siberia in the basins of Angara, Lena and Nizhnyaya Tunguska rivers, and occupies an area of 767,900 km² (4. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Tomsk Oblast (Russian: То́мская о́бласть) (2002 pop. ... Categories: Russia geography stubs | Oblasts of Russia ... The Evens (formerly known as the Lamuts) (Эвены in Russian) are a people in Siberia. ... The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Yakut: Саха Республиката; Russian: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Khabarovsk Krai (Хаба́ровский кра́й) (1995 pop. ... Categories: Stub | Oblasts of Russia ... Chukotka Autonomous District (Russian: Чуко́тский автоно́мный о́круг; tr. ... Koryakia is an autonomous district of Kamchatka Oblast in the Russian Federation. ... Kamchatka Oblast (Russian: Камча́тская о́бласть) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Kets are Siberian people that speak Ket language In Imperial Russia they were called ostyaks, without differentiating from several other Siberian people. ... Krasnoyarsk Krai (Красноя́рский край) (2002 pop. ... Khants (obsolete: Yugra, Ostyaks) are an endangered ethnic group calling themself Khanti, Khande, Kantek (Khanty), living in the autonomous region Khantia-Mansia in Russian Federation, together with Mansi peoples. ... Mansi (obsolete: Voguls) are an endangered ethnic group living in Khantia-Mansia, an autonomous region within the Russian Federation, together with Khants. ... Mansi (obsolete: Voguls) are an endangered ethnic group living in Khantia-Mansia, an autonomous region within the Russian Federation, together with Khants. ... Khantia-Mansia, or Yugra is an autonomous district of Tyumen Oblast in the Russian Federation. ... Categories: Russia geography stubs | Oblasts of Russia ... Sverdlovsk Oblast (Russian: Свердло́вская о́бласть; tr. ... The name may refer to Komi Republic Komi peoples Komi-Zyrians Komi-Permyaks Komi language Komi-Zyrian language Komi-Permyak language Komi is also a rule in a board game Go. ... Selkups (Селькупы in Russian, former name until 1930s - остяко-самоеды, or ostyak-samoyeds) are a people in Siberia, Russia. ... Yamalia (Yamalo-Nenets, Ямало-Ненецкий автономный округ) is an autonomous district of Tyumen Oblast in the Russian Federation. ... Categories: Russia geography stubs | Oblasts of Russia ... Tomsk Oblast (Russian: То́мская о́бласть) (2002 pop. ... Krasnoyarsk Krai (Красноя́рский край) (2002 pop. ... According to the 2002 census, there were 2650 Teleuts in Russia. ... Kemerovo Oblast (Russian:Ке́меровская о́бласть) (pop. ...

Far East

The Nanais (sing. ... Khabarovsk Krai (Хаба́ровский кра́й) (1995 pop. ... The Primorsky Krai (Russian: Примо́рский край), also known as Primorye (Примо́рье), is one of Russias 89 federal subjects (also referred to as members of the Federation). Krai is a term used to refer to several of Russias administrative units. ... Sakhalin is a large elongated island in the North Pacific, lying between 45° 50 and 54° 24 N, in the Russian Far East. ... Negidals (Негидальцы in Russian; self designation: элькан бэйэнин, or elkan bayenin) are a people in the Khabarovsk Krai in Russia, who live along the Amgun River and Amur River. ... Khabarovsk Krai (Хаба́ровский кра́й) (1995 pop. ... Nivkh or Gilyak (ethnonym: Nivxi) (language, нивхгу - Nivxgu) is a language spoken in Outer Manchuria, in the basin of the Amgun, a tributary of the Amur, along the lower reaches of the Amur and on the northern half of Sakhalin. ... Khabarovsk Krai (Хаба́ровский кра́й) (1995 pop. ... Sakhalin is a large elongated island in the North Pacific, lying between 45° 50 and 54° 24 N, in the Russian Far East. ... Orochs or orochons is a small people of Russia that speak the Oroch (Orochon) dialect of the Southern group of Tungusic languages. ... Khabarovsk Krai (Хаба́ровский кра́й) (1995 pop. ... Oroks (Ороки in Russian; self designation: ульта, or ulta) are a people in the Sakhalin Oblast (mainly, eastern part of the island) in Russia. ... Sakhalin is a large elongated island in the North Pacific, lying between 45° 50 and 54° 24 N, in the Russian Far East. ... According to the 2002 census, there were 276 Tazs in Russia. ... The Primorsky Krai (Russian: Примо́рский край), also known as Primorye (Примо́рье), is one of Russias 89 federal subjects (also referred to as members of the Federation). Krai is a term used to refer to several of Russias administrative units. ... Udege (Удэгейцы in Russian; self designation: удээ and удэхе, or udae and udekhe correspondingly) are a people in the Primorsky Krai and Khabarovsk Krai in Russia. ... The Primorsky Krai (Russian: Примо́рский край), also known as Primorye (Примо́рье), is one of Russias 89 federal subjects (also referred to as members of the Federation). Krai is a term used to refer to several of Russias administrative units. ... Khabarovsk Krai (Хаба́ровский кра́й) (1995 pop. ... The Ulchis or Ulchs (Ульчи, ольчи in Russian; self designation: пани, or pani) are an indigenous people of Siberia. ... The Ulchis or Ulchs (Ульчи, ольчи in Russian; self designation: пани, or pani) are an indigenous people of Siberia. ... Khabarovsk Krai (Хаба́ровский кра́й) (1995 pop. ...

Southern Siberia

According to the 2002 census, there were 3114 Kumandins in Russia. ... Categories: Stub | Krais of Russia ... The Altai Republic (Altay: Алтай Республика; Russian: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Kemerovo Oblast (Russian:Ке́меровская о́бласть) (pop. ... According to the 2002 census, there were 855 Chelkans in Russia. ... The Altai Republic (Altay: Алтай Республика; Russian: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Shors or Shorians(Russian: , also transliterated as Shorts, Shortses) are a people in the Kemerovo Oblast in Russia. ... Kemerovo Oblast (Russian:Ке́меровская о́бласть) (pop. ... Categories: Stub | Republics of Russia ... The Altai Republic (Altay: Алтай Республика; Russian: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... According to the 2002 census, there were 2769 Soyots in Russia. ... The Buryat Republic (Russian: Респу́блика Буря́тия; Buryat: Буряад Республика) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... A Telengit is a member of an ethnic group in Russia. ... The Altai Republic (Altay: Алтай Республика; Russian: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Tofalars (Тофалары, тофа (tofa) in Russian; formerly known as карагасы, or karagas) are a Turkic-speaking people in the Irkutsk Oblast in Russia. ... The Irkutsk Oblast, Russia is located in south-eastern Siberia in the basins of Angara, Lena and Nizhnyaya Tunguska rivers, and occupies an area of 767,900 km² (4. ... According to the 2002 census, there were 1565 Tubalars in Russia. ... The Altai Republic (Altay: Алтай Республика; Russian: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Tuvans (or Tuvinians) is a group of Turkic people, make up about two thirds of the population of Tuva. ... Tuva or Tyva (Russian: Республика Тыва [Тува], Respublika Tyva [Tuva]) (pop. ...

Other

The Ainu (pronounced , eye-noo, or ah-ee-noo) are an ethnic group indigenous to Hokkaido, the northern part of Honshu in Northern Japan, the Kuril Islands, much of Sakhalin, and the southernmost third of the Kamchatka peninsula. ... Sakhalin is a large elongated island in the North Pacific, lying between 45° 50 and 54° 24 N, in the Russian Far East. ... For the political history of the sovereignty conflict, see Kuril Islands dispute. ... The Chuvans (Чуванцы in Russian) are one of the 40 or so less-numerous peoples of the North recognized by the Russian government. ... Chukotka Autonomous District (Russian: Чуко́тский автоно́мный о́круг; tr. ... Categories: Stub | Oblasts of Russia ... The Izhorians (Inkeroine, Ižoralaine) can still be found in the western part of Ingria, between the Narva and Neva rivers. ... Leningrad Oblast (Russian: Ленингра́дская о́бласть; tr. ... Kamasins (Камасинцы in Russian; self designation: калмажи, or kalmazhi) were a tribe of the Sayan Samoyedic people numbering approx. ... The Karelians is a name used, bit confusingly, of two different Finnic groups. ... Titular nation (титульная нация) was a term introduced in the Soviet Union to denote nations that give rise to titles of autonomous entities within the union: Soviet republics, autonomous republics, autonomous regions, etc. ... The Republic of Karelia (Karelian: Karjalan Tazavalla; Russian: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... NaÄŸaybäk (; plural NaÄŸaybäklär; Russian: нагайбаки) are a group of Keräşen Tatars, frequently viewed as one of indigenous peoples of Russia. ... Categories: Stub | Oblasts of Russia ... The Republic of Bashkortostan or Bashkiria (Russian: Респу́блика Башкортоста́н or Башки́рия; Bashkir:) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Krasnodar Krai (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District. ... Qaratays are an ethnic group within Mordvins in Kamsko-Ustyinsky District, Tatarstan around Mordva Qaratay village. ... The Republic of Tatarstan (Russian: Респу́блика Татарста́н or Тата́рия; Tatar: Татарстан Республикасы/Tatarstan Respublikası) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... The Bisermän are a group of Udmurt people. ... The Udmurt Republic (Russian: ; Udmurt: Удмурт Элькун) or Udmurtia (Удму́ртия) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ...

Peoples not falling into the category of numerically small peoples

Tuvans (or Tuvinians) is a group of Turkic people, make up about two thirds of the population of Tuva. ... Tuva or Tyva (Russian: Республика Тыва [Тува], Respublika Tyva [Tuva]) (pop. ... The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Yakut: Саха Республиката; Russian: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Yakuts, self-designation: Sakha, are a Turkic people associated with Yakutia/Sakha Republic. ... The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Yakut: Саха Республиката; Russian: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... The Khakas, or Khakass, are a Turkic people, who live in Russia, in the republic of Khakassia in the southern Siberia. ... Categories: Stub | Republics of Russia ... The Buryats, numbering approximately 350,000, are the largest ethnic minority group in Mongolian descent and share many customs with their Mongolian cousins, including nomadic herding and erecting yurts for shelter. ... The Buryat Republic (Russian: Респу́блика Буря́тия; Buryat: Буряад Республика) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Altai or Altay can refer to: The Altay Mountains The Altai Republic The city of Altay in Xinjiang, also spelled Aletai The city of Altay in Govi-Altay Province, Mongolia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Related topics

Indigenous peoples are: Peoples living in an area prior to colonization by a state Peoples living in an area within a nation-state, prior to the formation of a nation-state, but who do not identify with the dominant nation. ... This is list of names of ethnic groups. ...

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