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Encyclopedia > Northern Territory

Coordinates: 20°0′S, 133°0′E Several geographical locations use the term Northern: Northern Region, Malawi Northern Region, Nigeria (former) Northern Region, Ghana Northern Region is a term used to indicate Canadian territory north of 60 degrees north lattitude, these include most of Nunavut, all of Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories, some of nothern Quebec, and... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Northern Territory
Flag of Northern Territory
Flag Coat of Arms
Slogan or Nickname: The Territory, The NT, The Top End
Motto(s): none
Map of Australia with Northern Territory highlighted
Other Australian states and territories
Capital Darwin
Government Constitutional monarchy
Administrator Ted Egan
Chief Minister Clare Martin (ALP)
Federal representation
 - House seats 2
 - Senate seats 2
Gross Territorial Product (2004-05)
 - Product ($m)  $10,418 (8th)
 - Product per capita  $51,634/person (2nd)
Population (End of September 2007)
 - Population  209,000 (8th)
 - Density  0.147/km² (8th)
0.4 /sq mi
Area  
 - Total  1,420,970 km² (3rd)
548,640 sq mi
 - Land 1,349,129 km²
520,902 sq mi
 - Water 71,839 km² (5.06%)
27,737 sq mi
Elevation  
 - Highest Mount Zeil
+1,531 m (5,023 ft)
 - Lowest Sea Level
Time zone UTC+9:30 (No DST)
Abbreviations  
 - Postal NT
 - ISO 3166-2 AU-NT
Emblems  
 - Floral Sturt's Desert Rose
 - Colours Black, white, and ochre
 - Bird Wedge-tailed Eagle
 - Animal Red Kangaroo
Web site www.nt.gov.au

The Northern Territory is a federal territory of Australia. The capital city is Darwin; the other two sizable settlements are Alice Springs (in the desert interior, 1,500 kilometres (930 mi) to the south) and Katherine (near the base of the Top End). Residents of the Northern Territory are often known simply as 'Territorians'. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Northern_Territory. ... Image File history File links Northern_territory_coa. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The state flag of the Northern Territory of Australia was officially adopted in 1978. ... The official coat of arms of the Northern Territory of Australia Categories: Northern Territory | Australian coats of arms ... The following is a list of Australian state and territory slogans. ... Image File history File links Northern_Territory_locator-MJC.png Summary Map of Australia highlighting the Northern Territory Made in Adobe Illustrator by me and released under the GFDL Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... Each jurisdiction of Australia has its own capital, where local judicial, administrative and legislative duties are centred. ... “Port Darwin” redirects here. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not bound by a... The political office of the Administrator of the Northern Territory of Australia has been held by the following people. ... Edward Ted Joseph Egan AO (born 6 July 1932) is an Australian folk musician, and was a public servant who became Administrator of the Northern Territory on October 31, 2003. ... ... Clare Majella Martin (born June 15, 1952) is an Australian politician. ... ALP redirects here. ... Type Bicameral Houses House of Representatives Senate Speaker of the House of Representatives David Hawker, Liberal Party since 16 November 2004 President of the Senate Alan Ferguson, Liberal Party since 14 August 2007 Members 226 (150 Representatives, 76 Senators) Political groups Liberal Party ALP National Party Country Liberal Party Greens... Australian House of Representatives chamber Entrance to the House of Representatives The Australian House of Representatives is one of the two houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Australia. ... Australian Senate chamber Entrance to the Senate The Senate is the upper of the two houses of the Parliament of Australia. ... This is a list of Australian States and Territories by Gross State Product. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... ĝMedia:Example. ... This is a list of Australian states and mainland territories by ranking. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Mount Zeil viewed from the south Mount Zeil (1,531 m[1] / 5,023 ft), situated in the western MacDonnell Ranges, is the highest peak in Australias Northern Territory, and the highest peak in Australia west of the Great Dividing Range (Eastern Highlands). ... This article is about a foot as a unit of length. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... Sturts Desert Rose The Sturts Desert Rose (Gossypium sturtianum) is a woody shrub found in all mainland states of Australia and the Northern Territory. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “Port Darwin” redirects here. ... Aerial, Alice Springs Alice Springs Landsat image Alice Springs is a town and the second largest centre in the Northern Territory of Australia. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Location of Katherine in Northern Territory (red) Katherine () is a town with a population of around 10,000 situated 320 km southeast of Darwin in the Northern Territory of Australia. ... The Top End is, Cape York Peninsula aside, the northernmost part of Australia. ...

Contents

History

Indigenous Australians have lived in the present area of the Northern Territory for an estimated 40,000 years, and extensive seasonal trade links existed between them and the peoples of what is now Indonesia for at least five centuries. The history of the Northern Territory began over 40,000 years ago when Indigenous Australians settled the region. ... Languages Several hundred Indigenous Australian languages (many extinct or nearly so), Australian English, Australian Aboriginal English, Torres Strait Creole, Kriol Religions Primarily Christian, with minorities of other religions including various forms of Traditional belief systems based around the Dreamtime Related ethnic groups see List of Indigenous Australian group names Indigenous...


With the coming of the British, there were four early attempts to settle the harsh environment of the northern coast, of which three failed in starvation and despair. The Northern Territory was part of New South Wales from 1825 to 1863, except for a brief time from February 1846 until December 1846 when it was part of the short lived colony of North Australia, and part of South Australia from 1863 to 1911. Under the administration of South Australia, the overland telegraph was constructed by Charles Todd between 1870 and 1872. A railway was also built between Palmerston and Pine Creek between 1883 and 1889. The economic pattern of cattle raising and mining was established so that by 1911 there were 513 000 cattle. Victoria River Downs was at one time the largest cattle station in the world. Gold was found at Grove Hill in 1872 and at Pine Creek, Brocks Creek, Burrundi and copper was found at Daly River. Many of the miners were Chinese and subsequently deported under the White Australia Policy. “NSW” redirects here. ... Year 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... // North Australia was a short-lived territory of Australia. ... Capital Adelaide Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Marjorie Jackson-Nelson Premier Mike Rann (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 11  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $59,819 (5th)  - Product per capita  $38,838/person (7th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  1,558,200 (5th)  - Density  1. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Palmerston is an Australian city. ... Pine Creek is a town in the Katherine region of the Northern Territory, Australia. ... Grove Hill is a town located in Clarke County, Alabama. ... Daly River is a river and a town in the Northern Territory of Australia. ... This badge from 1906 shows the use of the expression White Australia at that time The White Australia policy is a generic term used to describe a collection of historical legislation and policies, intended to restrict non-white immigration to Australia, and to promote European immigration, from 1901 to 1973. ...


On 1 January 1911, a decade after federation, the Northern Territory was separated from South Australia and transferred to Commonwealth control. Alfred Deakin opined at this time "To me the question has been not so much commercial as national, first, second, third and last. Either we must accomplish the peopling of the northern territory or submit to its transfer to some other nation." is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Alfred William Deakin (3 August 1856 – 7 October 1919), Australian politician, was a leader of the movement for Australian federation and later second Prime Minister of Australia. ...


For a brief time between 1927 and 1931 the Northern Territory was divided into North Australia and Central Australia at the 20th parallel of South latitude. Soon after this time, parts of the Northern Territory were considered in the "Kimberley Scheme" as a possible site for the establishment of a Jewish Homeland, understandably considered the "Unpromised Land". // North Australia was a short-lived territory of Australia. ... Central Australia is a term used to describe the area of land surrounding and including Alice Springs in Australia. ...


During World War II, most of the Top End was placed under military government. This is the only time since Federation that an Australian state or territory has been under military control. After the war, control for the entire area was handed back to the Commonwealth. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Top End is, Cape York Peninsula aside, the northernmost part of Australia. ...


Indigenous Australians had struggled for rights to fair wages and land. An important event in this struggle was the strike and walk off by the Gurindji people at Wave Hill Cattle Station in 1966. The Commonwealth Government of Gough Whitlam set up the Woodward Royal Commission in February 1973 set to inquire into how land rights might be achieved in the Northern Territory. Justice Woodward's first report in July 1973 recommended that a Central Land Council and a Northern Land Council be established in order to present to him the views of Aboriginal people. In response to the report of the Royal Commission a Land Rights Bill was drafted, but the Whitlam Government was dismissed before it was passed. Languages Several hundred Indigenous Australian languages (many extinct or nearly so), Australian English, Australian Aboriginal English, Torres Strait Creole, Kriol Religions Primarily Christian, with minorities of other religions including various forms of Traditional belief systems based around the Dreamtime Related ethnic groups see List of Indigenous Australian group names Indigenous... Shows location of Gurindji (blue, near top left) in the Northern Territory The Gurindji Strike lasted from 1966 to 1975 at Wave Hill cattle station in the Northern Territory of Australia. ... Gurindji are a group of Indigenous Australians living in northern Australia, 460 km southwest of Katherine in the Northern Territorys Victoria River region. ... Kalkaringi (formerly Wave Hill) is a small township in Northern Territory of Australia. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Edward Gough Whitlam, AC, QC (born 11 July 1916), known as Gough Whitlam (, pronounced Goff), is an Australian former politician and 21st Prime Minister of Australia. ... In states that are Commonwealth Realms a Royal Commission is a major government public inquiry into an issue. ... The Central Land Council is in the southern half of the Northern Territory of Australia. ... The Northern Land Council (NLC) is in the Top End of the Northern Territory of Australia. ...


The Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976 was eventually passed by the Fraser Government on 16 December 1976 and began operation on the following Australia Day (26 January 1977). The Aboriginal Land Rights Act was signed by the Govenor-General of Australia 16 December, 1976. ... This article is about the former prime minister of Australia; for the Western Australian public servant, see Malcolm Fraser (surveyor). ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anniversary Day redirects here. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ...


In 1978 the Territory was granted responsible government, with a Legislative Assembly headed by a Chief Minister. Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Responsible government is a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability which is the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy. ... A Legislative Assembly in some parts of the Commonwealth refers to a legislature, or a chamber of the legislature. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ...


During 1996 the Northern Territory was briefly one of the few places in the world with legal voluntary euthanasia, until the Federal Parliament overturned the legislation [5]. Before the overriding legislation was enacted, three people committed suicide through voluntary euthanasia, a practice orchestrated by Dr Philip Nitschke. For mercy killings not performed on humans, see animal euthanasia. ... Philip Nitschke (born 1947) is an Australian medical doctor, Humanist and founder of the pro-euthanasia group Exit. ...


Politics

The territory has a legislative assembly. Whilst this assembly exercises similar powers as the governments of the states of Australia, it does so by delegation of powers from the commonwealth government, rather than by any constitutional right. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1003x552, 95 KB) Summary Taken and supplied by Brian Voon Yee Yap. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1003x552, 95 KB) Summary Taken and supplied by Brian Voon Yee Yap. ... The Legislative Assembly is the only chamber of parliament in the Northern Territory in Australia. ... “Port Darwin” redirects here. ... The Legislative Assembly is the only chamber of parliament in the Northern Territory in Australia. ...


For several years there has been agitation for full statehood. A referendum was held on the issue in 1998, which was resolved in the negative. This was a shock to both the Northern Territory and Commonwealth governments, for opinion polls showed most Territorians supported statehood. However, under the Australian Constitution, the Federal government may set the terms of entry to full statehood. The Northern Territory was offered three Senators, rather than the twelve guaranteed to original states. (Because of the difference in populations, equal numbers of Senate seats would mean a Territorian's vote for a Senator would have been worth more than 30 votes in New South Wales or Victoria.) Alongside what was cited as an arrogant approach adopted by then Chief Minister Shane Stone, it is believed that most Territorians, regardless of their general views on statehood, were reluctant to adopt the particular offer that was made.[1] A referendum was held in the Northern Territory on Saturday October 3, 1998, to decide whether the Territory should become a State of the Commonwealth of Australia. ... “NSW” redirects here. ... VIC redirects here. ... Shane Stone is an Australian political figure. ...


The current head of government is Chief Minister Clare Martin who led the Australian Labor Party to their first Northern Territory electoral victory in August 2001, and to a second victory in June 2005. The leader of the opposition was Denis Burke, head of the Country Liberal Party, until the Territory elections of June 2005, where Burke lost his seat. The party then chose Jodeen Carney as the new Opposition Leader. Clare Majella Martin (born June 15, 1952) is an Australian politician. ... ALP redirects here. ... Denis Gabriel Burke (born September 22, 1948) is an Australian politician. ... In Australian politics, the Country Liberal Party (CLP) is the Northern Territory equivalent to the Liberal and National parties. ... Jodeen Terese Carney (born December 9, 1965) is an Australian politician. ...


The territory is represented in the Commonwealth parliament by two members in the House of Representatives, currently Warren Snowdon for the Australian Labor Party (ALP) and David Tollner for the Country Liberal Party (CLP), and two members in the Senate, currently Trish Crossin for the ALP and Nigel Scullion for the CLP. Type Bicameral Houses House of Representatives Senate Speaker of the House of Representatives David Hawker, Liberal Party since 16 November 2004 President of the Senate Alan Ferguson, Liberal Party since 14 August 2007 Members 226 (150 Representatives, 76 Senators) Political groups Liberal Party ALP National Party Country Liberal Party Greens... Hon Warren Snowdon Warren Edward Snowdon (born 30 March 1950), Australian politician, has been an Australian Labor Party member of the Australian House of Representatives from July 1987 to March 1996, and from October 1998 to November 2001, representing the Division of Northern Territory, and since November 2001, representing the... Dave Tollner David Tollner (born 31 January 1966), Australian politician, has been a Country Liberal Party member of the Australian House of Representatives since November 2001, representing the Division of Solomon, Northern Territory. ... Patricia Margaret Trish Crossin (born 21 March 1956), Australian politician, has been a member of the Australian Senate for the Northern Territory since June 1998, representing the Australian Labor Party. ... Nigel Gregory Scullion (Born 4 May 1956), Australian politician, has been a member of the Australian Senate for the Northern Territory since November 2001, representing the Country Liberal Party. ...


At the local government level, there are 6 incorporated municipalities (3 town councils, 1 shire and 2 cities), 30 'community government councils' and 26 other bodies. See: Local Government Areas of the Northern Territory The Northern Territory has 63 Local Government Areas; though only 6 councils are considered municipalities, there are other types of local bodies. ...


People

Population growth
estimates for Northern Territory
2006 212,600
2021 308,700[2]
2050 500,000[3]
Source: ABS
Darwin skyline from East Point
Darwin skyline from East Point

The population of the Northern Territory in late 2006 was estimated at 212,600[4] This was an 1.8% increase from the 2001 Australian Bureau of Statistics report and the population represents 1% of the total population of Australia. The cities that make up these populations are, Darwin and nearby Palmerston with 111,000 and Alice Springs with 28,000. The Australian Bureau of Statistics estimates that by 2021 the Territories population will increase to around 308,700 people, and by the year 2050 the population would reach 500,000 people. The Northern Territory's population is the youngest in Australia, and has the largest proportion under 15 years of age and the smallest proportion aged 65 and over. The median age of residents of the Northern Territory is 30.3 years, almost six years younger than the national median age. More than 100 nationalities are represented in the Northern Territory's population, including more than 50 organisations representing different ethnic groups.[5] The Northern Territory's alcohol consumption rate is one of the highest in the world, and is the highest in Australia. In 2001 the alcohol consumption rate was estimated at 1120 standard drinks per person per year.[citation needed] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Australian Bureau of Statistics logo The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is the Australian government agency that collects and publishes statistical information about Australia. ... “Port Darwin” redirects here. ... Palmerston is an Australian city. ... Alice Springs on a large scale map Alice Springs is a large town in the Northern Territory of Australia located at 23°42′ S 133°52′ E. Its population of 28,178 (2001 Census) makes it the second-largest settlement in the Territory (the only other towns of... Australian Bureau of Statistics logo The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is the Australian government agency that collects and publishes statistical information about Australia. ... Alcoholic beverages An alcoholic beverage (also known as booze in slang term) is a drink containing ethanol, commonly known as alcohol, although in chemistry the definition of alcohol includes many other compounds. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Many countries around the world employ a system of Standard Drinks. A standard drink is fixed measure of pure beverage alcohol, but is usually expressed as a measure of beer, wine or spirits for simplicity . ...


Indigenous Australian people make up 29 per cent of the Northern Territory's population and own some 49% of the land. The life expectancy of Aboriginal Australians is well below that of non-Indigenous Australians in the Northern Territory, a fact that is mirrored elsewhere in Australia. ABS statistics suggest that Indigenous Australians die about 20 years earlier than the average Australian. There are Aboriginal communities in many parts of the territory, the largest ones being the Pitjantjatjara near Uluru, the Arrernte near Alice Springs, the Luritja between those two, the Warlpiri further north, and the Yolngu in eastern Arnhem Land. See also: Australian Aboriginal Prehistoric Sites. Australian Aborigines are the indigenous peoples of Australia. ... Image:Some aboriginal communities in the northern territory australia. ... , also known as Ayers Rock, is a large sandstone rock formation in the southern part of the Northern Territory, central Australia. ... Arrente is both a language, a group of people, and an area of land in Central Australia. ... Luritja is both an Australian Aboriginal country, a group of people and a language. ... Image:Some aboriginal communities in the northern territory australia. ... For Yolngu language see Yolngu Matha. ... Arnhem Land is an area of 97,000 km² in the north-eastern corner of the Northern Territory, Australia. ... Key: BGS = Below Ground Surface C12 = Radiocarbon date char. ...

Land Rights

Aboriginal rock art in Kakadu National Park
Aboriginal rock art in Kakadu National Park

The Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976 established the basis upon which Aboriginal people in the Northern Territory could, for the first time, claim rights to land based on traditional occupation. In effect it allowed title to be transferred for most of the Aboriginal reserve lands and the opportunity to claim other land not owned, leased or being used by someone else. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 395 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 395 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Kakadu National Park is in the Northern Territory of Australia, 171 km east of Darwin. ... The Aboriginal Land Rights Act was signed by the Govenor-General of Australia 16 December, 1976. ...


The Land Councils are representative bodies with statutory authority under the Act. They also have responsibilities under the Native Title Act 1993 and the Pastoral Land Act 1992. There are four Land Councils in the Northern Territory, they are: The Wik Decision is a decision of the High Court of Australia in Wik Peoples v. ...

Groote Eylandt from space, November 1989 Groote Eylandt is the largest island in the Gulf of Carpentaria in northeastern Australia and is the homeland of and is owned by, the Anindilyakwa people, spoken isolated Anindilyakwa language. ... The Gulf of Carpentaria from a 1859 Dutch map The Gulf of Carpentaria The Gulf of Carpentaria is a large, shallow sea enclosed on three sides by northern Australia and bounded on the north by the Arafura Sea (the body of water that lies between Australia and Indonesia). ... The Central Land Council is in the southern half of the Northern Territory of Australia. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The Northern Land Council (NLC) is in the Top End of the Northern Territory of Australia. ... The Top End is, Cape York Peninsula aside, the northernmost part of Australia. ... The Tiwi Islands Bathurst Island (2,100 km², ) is one of the Tiwi Islands in the Northern Territory off the northern coast of Australia along with Melville Island. ... Melville Island lies off the coast of Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia. ... “Port Darwin” redirects here. ...

Geography

Northern Territory towns, settlements and road network

There are many very small settlements scattered across the Territory but the larger population centres are located on the single sealed road that links Darwin to southern Australia, the Stuart Highway, known to locals simply as "the track". Download high resolution version (760x1009, 17 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Northern Territory List of Northern Territory highways User:Fikri/Maps Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (760x1009, 17 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Northern Territory List of Northern Territory highways User:Fikri/Maps Categories: GFDL images ... Queensland Roads of Northern Territory Northern Territory is the most sparsely populated state in Australia. ...


The Northern Territory is also home to two spectacular natural rock formations, Uluru (Ayers Rock) and Kata Tjuta (The Olgas), which are sacred to the local Aboriginal peoples and which have become major tourist attractions. , also known as Ayers Rock, is a large sandstone rock formation in the southern part of the Northern Territory, central Australia. ... Kata Tjuta Kata Tjuta, also known as Mount Olga (or colloquially as The Olgas), are large conglomerate rock formations, which are a remarkable group of 30 or so domed hills situated about 25 km from Uluru in the Northern Territory of Australia. ...


In the northern part of the territory lies Kakadu National Park, which features breathtaking wetlands and native wildlife. To the north of that lies the Arafura Sea, and to the east lies Arnhem Land, whose regional centre is Maningrida on the Liverpool River delta. Kakadu National Park is in the Northern Territory of Australia, 171 km east of Darwin. ... Arnhem Land is an area of 97,000 km² in the north-eastern corner of the Northern Territory, Australia. ... Maningrida is a self-governing indigenous community in the heart of the Arnhem Land region of Australias Northern Territory. ...


Highest maximum temperature: 48.3 °C (118.9 °F), Finke, 2 January 1960 Aputula () is a remote Indigenous Australian community in the Northern Territory of Australia. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Lowest minimum temperature: -7.5 °C (18.5 °F), Alice Springs, 12 July 1976 [6] Aerial, Alice Springs Alice Springs Landsat image Alice Springs is a town and the second largest centre in the Northern Territory of Australia. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Rivers include:

The name Alligator River may refer to any of several watercourses: In Australia Alligator Rivers are three rivers in and near Kakadu National Park in the Northern Territory East Alligator River West Alligator River and South Alligator River In the United States of America Alligator River (North Carolina) Alligator River... Daly River is a river and a town in the Northern Territory of Australia. ... Finke River The Finke River is one of the largest rivers in central Australia. ... The Roper River is one of the largest rivers in the Northern Territory, Australia, extending east for over 500 km to meet the sea in Limmen Bight on the Gulf of Carpentaria. ... Todd River during a rare flood event, Wills Terrace Causeway, Alice Springs, 31 March 1988 The Todd River is an ephemeral river in the southern Northern Territory, central Australia. ... Location of Victoria River in the Northern Territory (red) Victoria River is a location in the Northern Territory. ...

National Parks

Mount Sonder, the second highest mountain in the Northern Territory after nearby Mount Zeil, in West MacDonnell National Park
Mount Sonder, the second highest mountain in the Northern Territory after nearby Mount Zeil, in West MacDonnell National Park
Nourlangie Rock in Kakadu National Park
Nourlangie Rock in Kakadu National Park
Uluru, (Ayers Rock) one of the most well known images of the Northern Territory
Uluru, (Ayers Rock) one of the most well known images of the Northern Territory

The Northern Territory contains 95 separate Protected Areas with a total area of 53,505 km² (land area: 51,269 km² – 3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 612 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Mount Sonder from the east, along the Larapinta trail, mid 2004. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 612 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Mount Sonder from the east, along the Larapinta trail, mid 2004. ... Mount Sonder from the east Mount Sonder, or Rwetyepme, its aboriginal name, is the second highest mountain in the Northern Territory, Australia at 1380 metres above sea level. ... Mount Zeil viewed from the south Mount Zeil (1,531 m[1] / 5,023 ft), situated in the western MacDonnell Ranges, is the highest peak in Australias Northern Territory, and the highest peak in Australia west of the Great Dividing Range (Eastern Highlands). ... West Macdonnell is a national park in the Northern Territory (Australia), 1234 km south of Darwin. ... Image File history File links Kakadu_2488. ... Image File history File links Kakadu_2488. ... Kakadu National Park is in the Northern Territory of Australia, 171 km east of Darwin. ... Arnhem Land is an area of 97,000 km² in the north-eastern corner of the Northern Territory, Australia. ... Barranyi (North Island) National Park is in the Northern Territory of (Australia), 737 km southeast of Darwin. ... Casuarina is a suburb in the Northern Suburbs of Darwin, Northern Territory. ... Daly River is a river and a town in the Northern Territory of Australia. ... One of the boulder formations at the Devils Marbles Conservation Reserve, called Karlu Karlu by the Kaytetye. ... Djukbinj is a national park in the Northern Territory (Australia), 59 km northeast of Darwin. ... Elsey is a national park in the Northern Territory (Australia), 378 km southeast of Darwin. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Gregory is a national park in the Northern Territory (Australia), 359 km south of Darwin. ... Garig Gunak Barlu is a national park in the Northern Territory (Australia), 216 km northeast of Darwin. ... Howard Springs is a 283ha (699 acre) nature park located 35km south of Darwin, Northern Territory. ... Kakadu National Park is in the Northern Territory of Australia, 171 km east of Darwin. ... Keep River National Park is in the Northern Territory of Australia, 418 km southwest of Darwin and 468 km west of Katherine. ... Watarrka is a national park in the Northern Territory (Australia), 1316 km south of Darwin. ... Overview of Kings Canyon from the Rim Walk. ... Litchfield National Park is in the Northern Territory (Australia), 69 km south of Darwin. ... Mary River is a proposed national park in the Northern Territory (Australia). ... Mataranka is a community of approximately 400, in the Top End region of Australias Northern Territory. ... Nitmiluk National Park which is in the Northern Territory of Australia, 244 km southeast of Darwin, has been established around a series of gorges on the Katherine River and Edith Falls. ... Nitmiluk National Park which is in the Northern Territory of Australia, 244 km southeast of Darwin, has been established around a series of gorges on the Katherine River and Edith Falls. ... Palm Valley in Finke Gorge National Park Palm Valley is a north-south running valley in the MacDonnell Ranges 138 km southwest of Alice Springs in the Northern Territory in Australia. ... The Tanami Desert is a desert in northern Australia. ... The large monolithic rock formations known as Kata Tjuta (The Olgas) are a remarkable group of 30 or so domed hills situated very close to Uluru (Ayers Rock) in the Northern Territory of Australia. ... Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park is UNESCO World Heritage-listed in the Northern Territory of Australia. ... Watarrka is a national park in the Northern Territory (Australia), 1316 km south of Darwin. ... West Macdonnell is a national park in the Northern Territory (Australia), 1234 km south of Darwin. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 704 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) View of Uluru, Northern Territory, Australia, taken by the user. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 704 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) View of Uluru, Northern Territory, Australia, taken by the user. ... , also known as Ayers Rock, is a large sandstone rock formation in the southern part of the Northern Territory, central Australia. ...

Tourism

Tourism is one of the major industries on the Northern Territory. Iconic destinations such as Uluru and Kakadu make the Northern Territory a must see destination for domestic and international travellers. Diverse landscapes, spectacular waterfalls, wide open spaces, aboriginal culture, wild and untamed wildlife, all create a unique opportunity for the visitor to immerse themselves in the natural wonder that the Northern Territory offers. Images of Uluru (Ayers Rock) are recognised around the world ensuring that Tourism in the Northern Territory will remain a vital component of its future.

Image File history File links Ranger_Uranium_Mine_in_Kakadu_National_Park. ... Image File history File links Ranger_Uranium_Mine_in_Kakadu_National_Park. ... Ranger mine buildings The Ranger uranium mine is surrounded by Kakadu National Park, in the Northern Territory of Australia, 230 km east of Darwin. ...

Economy

The Northern Territory's economy comprises mostly primary extractive industries, together with a significant amount of tourism. Tourist redirects here. ...


The principal mining operations are: Chuquicamata, the second largest open pit copper mine in the world, Chile. ...

Proposed mines include: Bauxite with penny Bauxite with core of unweathered rock Bauxite is an aluminium ore. ... The Gove Peninsula (12°17′ S 136°49′ E) is at the northeastern corner of Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory of Australia. ... General Name, symbol, number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 54. ... Groote Eylandt from space, November 1989 Groote Eylandt is the largest island in the Gulf of Carpentaria in northeastern Australia and is the homeland of and is owned by, the Anindilyakwa people, spoken isolated Anindilyakwa language. ... General Name, symbol, number uranium, U, 92 Chemical series actinides Group, period, block n/a, 7, f Appearance silvery gray metallic; corrodes to a spalling black oxide coat in air Standard atomic weight 238. ... Ranger mine buildings The Ranger uranium mine is surrounded by Kakadu National Park, in the Northern Territory of Australia, 230 km east of Darwin. ...

General Name, symbol, number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 54. ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ...

Transport

The Ghan, which runs aross the territory from north to south, in Alice Springs.
The Ghan, which runs aross the territory from north to south, in Alice Springs.

A new standard gauge railway connects Adelaide via Alice Springs with Darwin, replacing earlier narrow gauge railways which were never connected through. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 684 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 684 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Current route map of the Ghan The Ghan, short for The Afghan, is the 48-hour, 2,979-km passenger service on the Adelaide-Alice Springs-Darwin Central Australian Railway in Australia. ... Alice Springs on a large scale map Alice Springs is a large town in the Northern Territory of Australia located at 23°42′ S 133°52′ E. Its population of 28,178 (2001 Census) makes it the second-largest settlement in the Territory (the only other towns of... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... For other uses, see Adelaide (disambiguation). ... Alice Springs on a large scale map Alice Springs is a large town in the Northern Territory of Australia located at 23°42′ S 133°52′ E. Its population of 28,178 (2001 Census) makes it the second-largest settlement in the Territory (the only other towns of... “Port Darwin” redirects here. ...


The Northern Territory was one of the few remaining places in the world that had unlimited road speed limits. From 1 January 2007 there is a default speed limit of 110km/h on roads outside of urban areas (Inside urban areas of 40, 50 or 60km/h) - Otherwise signposted of 130km/h on some straight highways (e.g. The Stuart Highway)[6] is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Stuart Highway is one of Australias major roadways. ...


As of June 2007 however road deaths are up 28.6 per cent on last year. The road toll has also increased, by 35.7 per cent. [7]


References

  1. ^ ABC Lateline Discussion
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ [4]
  6. ^ Speed limit introduced
  • Hill, Ernestine. 1951. The Territory: The classic saga of Australia's far north. Angus & Robertson. Reprint: 1995. ISBN 0-207-18821-1

See also

Northern Territory, Australia The Northern Territory of Australia has the highest level of crime per capita of any state or territory in Australia. ...

External links

  • Northern Territory Government of Australia
  • Northern Territory Visitor's Guide
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (April 27, 2007). Northern Territory at a Glance, 2007 (PDF 855 kB).
  • Northern Territory National Emergency Response Bill 2007
  • Intervention Program in Indigenous communities and town camps

  Results from FactBites:
 
Northern Territory, Top End and Red Centre - holiday bookings and reservations (382 words)
The Top End of Australia's Northern Territory is one of the last remaining genuine outback regions where you can fully experience the awesome grandeur of nature first hand.
The modern multicultural city of Darwin, the Territory's capital, is the northern gateway to Australia.
It is the hub of Central Australia, making it the perfect base to your explorations of the region, it is rich with the culture and heritage of the Aboriginal people who have roamed the Territory for tens of thousands of years.
Northern Territory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1360 words)
The Northern Territory was part of New South Wales from 1825 to 1863, and part of South Australia from 1863 to 1911.
The Northern Territory was briefly one of the few places in the world with legal voluntary euthanasia, until the Federal Parliament overturned the legislation.
The territory is represented in the Commonwealth parliament by two members in the House of Representatives, currently Warren Snowdon for the Australian Labor Party (ALP) and David Tollner for the Country Liberal Party (CLP), and two members in the Senate, currently Trish Crossin for the ALP and Nigel Scullion for the CLP.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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