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Encyclopedia > Northern Ontario
Northern Ontario
Unofficial coat of arms
Geography
Area: 793,156.42 km²
Highest Point: Ishpatina Ridge
(693 m)
Demographics
Population(2001): 746,778
Largest City: Greater Sudbury
155,219 (2001)
Population density: 0.9 persons/km²
Politics
Members of the Parliament of Canada: 9
Members of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario: 10

Northern Ontario is the part of the province of Ontario, Canada, which lies north of Lake Huron, Georgian Bay, the French River and Lake Nipissing. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links same map of Ontario already posted to other articles, recoloured to represent a specific region File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a Physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... The Ishpatina Ridge is the highest point in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Location City Information Established: 1883 (as Sudbury) 2001 (as Greater Sudbury) Area: 3,354 km² Population:  - City (2001)  - CD Rank  - Municipal Rank 155,219 20th in Canada 26th in Canada Population density: 46. ... The Parliament of Canada (French: Parlement du Canada) is Canadas legislative branch, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. ... The Ontario Legislature Building at Queens Park The Legislative Assembly of Ontario, is the legislature of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English (French has some legal status but is not fully co-official) Flower White trillium Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats... Lake Huron and the other Great Lakes Lake Huron, bounded on the west by Michigan and on the east by Ontario, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Georgian Bay (French: baie Georgienne) is a large bay of Lake Huron, located in Ontario, Canada. ... The French River (or Rivière des Français) is a river in central Ontario, Canada. ... View of Lake Nipissing from North Bay. ...


Northern Ontario covers 1 million square kilometres and constitutes 90% of the surface area of Ontario, although it contains only 6% of the population.


In the early 20th century, Northern Ontario was often called "New Ontario", although this name fell into disuse because of its colonial connotations. (In French, however, the region is still referred to as Nouvel Ontario.)


Most of Northern Ontario is situated on the Canadian Shield, a vast rocky plateau. The climate is characterized by extremes of temperature, extremely cold in winter and hot in summer. The principal industries are mining, forestry, and hydroelectricity. Canadian Shield The Canadian Shield is a large craton in eastern and central Canada and adjacent portions of the United States, composed of bare rock dating to the Precambrian Era (between 4. ... Chuquicamata, the largest open pit copper mine in the world, Chile. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... Hydraulic turbine and electrical generator. ...


For some purposes, Northern Ontario is further subdivided into Northeastern and Northwestern Ontario. When the region is divided in this way, the three westernmost districts (Rainy River, Kenora and Thunder Bay) constitute "Northwestern Ontario" and the other districts constitute "Northeastern Ontario". Northeastern Ontario contains most of Northern Ontario's population. Northeastern Ontario is the region within the Canadian province of Ontario which lies north and east of the Great Lakes. ... Northwestern Ontario is the region within the Canadian province of Ontario which lies north and west of Lake Superior, and west of Hudson Bay and James Bay. ...


Northern Ontario has a strong sense of identity separate from the rest of Ontario. There have been movements in the past for the region to separate from the rest of Ontario, all of which have failed (see below). It is economically, politically, geographically, and socially vastly different from the rest of the province. Some organizations treat it as a province - it sends its own team to the Brier, Canada's men's curling championship, separately from Ontario and the other provinces of Canada. The Tim Hortons Brier is an annual professional Canadian mens curling championship, sanctioned by the Canadian Curling Association. ... For other uses, see Curling (disambiguation). ...

Contents


Territorial Evolution

Those areas which formed part of New France in the pays d'en haut, essentially the watersheds of the Ottawa River, Lake Huron and Lake Superior, had been acquired by the British by the Treaty of Paris (1763) and became part of Upper Canada in 1791, and then the Province of Canada between 1840-1867. The disputed southern portions of Northwestern Ontario were confirmed as belonging to Ontario by the decisions of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in 1884 and confirmed by the Canada (Ontario Boundary) Act, 1889 of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The northernmost portion of the province up to Hudson's Bay was transferred to the province from the Northwest Territories by the Parliament of Canada in the Ontario Boundaries Extension Act, 1912 which the province named the District of Patricia but which has formed part of Kenora District since 1927. New France (French: la Nouvelle-France) describes the area colonized by France in North America during a period extending from the exploration of the Saint Lawrence River, by Jacques Cartier in 1534, to the cession of New France to the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1763. ... This is about the river in Canada. ... Lake Huron and the other Great Lakes Lake Huron, bounded on the west by Michigan and on the east by Ontario, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Lake Superior, viewed from Au Train Bay in Alger County, Michigan Lake Superior (known as Gichigami in an Ojibwe language), bounded by Ontario and Minnesota to the north and Wisconsin and Michigan in the south, is the largest of North Americas Great Lakes. ... The Treaty of Paris, often called the Peace of Paris, or the Treaty of 1763 was signed on February 10, 1763, by the Kingdom of Great Britain, France and Spain with Portugal in agreement. ... Map of Upper Canada (orange) Upper Canada was a British territory in what is now the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Note: for information about Canadas present-day provinces, see Provinces and territories of Canada. ... Northwestern Ontario is the region within the Canadian province of Ontario which lies north and west of Lake Superior, and west of Hudson Bay and James Bay. ... The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is one of the highest courts in the United Kingdom. ... Hudson Bay, Canada. ... Motto: None Official languages Dene Suline, Cree, Dogrib, English, French, Gwichʼin, Inuktitut, Slavey Flower Mountain avens Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government - no party affiliations) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 1 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 3rd 1... Categories: Stub | Ontario districts ...


Judicial and administrative divisions

The Province of Canada began creating judicial districts in sparsely populated Northern Ontario with the establishment of Algoma District and Nipissing District in 1858. These districts had no municipal function; they were created for the provision of judicial and administrative services from the district seat. After the creation of the province of Ontario in 1867, the first district to be established was Thunder Bay in 1871 which until then had formed part of Algoma District. The Ontario government was reluctant to establish new districts in the north, partly because the northern and western boundaries of Ontario were in dispute after Confederation. Ontario's right to Northwestern Ontario was determined by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in 1884 and confirmed by the Canada (Ontario Boundary) Act, 1889 of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. By 1899 there were seven northern districts: Algoma, Manitoulin, Muskoka, Nipissing, Parry Sound, Rainy River, and Thunder Bay. Four more northern districts were created between 1907 and 1912: Cochrane, Kenora, Sudbury and Temiskaming. Note: for information about Canadas present-day provinces, see Provinces and territories of Canada. ... Algoma District is a district and census division in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Categories: Stub | Ontario districts ... A county seat is an administrative center for a county. ... Thunder Bay District is a district and census division in Northwestern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A confederation is an association of sovereign states, usually created by treaty but often later adopting a common constitution. ... Northwestern Ontario is the region within the Canadian province of Ontario which lies north and west of Lake Superior, and west of Hudson Bay and James Bay. ... The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is one of the highest courts in the United Kingdom. ...


Unlike the counties of Southern Ontario, districts are too sparsely populated to offer the same types of services, so many district-based services are provided by the provincial government. A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ...


The districts in Northern Ontario (which appear in red on the map) are Rainy River, Kenora, Thunder Bay, Cochrane, Timiskaming, Algoma, Sudbury, Nipissing and Manitoulin. The single-tier municipality of Greater Sudbury -- which is not politically part of the District of Sudbury -- is the only census division in Northern Ontario where county-level services are offered by the local government rather than the province. Categories: Stub | Ontario districts ... Categories: Stub | Ontario districts ... Thunder Bay District is a district and census division in Northwestern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Cochrane District, Ontario is a district and census division in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Timiskaming is a district and census division in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Algoma District is a district and census division in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... The Sudbury District is a district in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Categories: Stub | Ontario districts ... The Manitoulin District is a district in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Location City Information Established: 1883 (as Sudbury) 2001 (as Greater Sudbury) Area: 3,354 km² Population:  - City (2001)  - CD Rank  - Municipal Rank 155,219 20th in Canada 26th in Canada Population density: 46. ... Outline map of Canadas Census Divisions in 2001 Note: This page refers only to subdivisions in Canada. ...


A portion of the Nipissing District lays south of the formal dividing line between Northern and Southern Ontario, but is still considered part of Northern Ontario. As well, for some purposes, the districts of Parry Sound and Muskoka (which appear in green on the map) are treated as part of Northern Ontario even though they are geographically in Central Ontario. In 2004, the provincial government removed Muskoka from its definition of Northern Ontario for development funding purposes, but continues to treat Parry Sound as a Northern Ontario division. The federal government retained both more southerly districts in the service area of its development agency FedNor. Parry Sound District is a census division of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... The Muskoka District Municipality (more generally referred to as the District of Muskoka, or simply Muskoka) is a regional municipality in Central Ontario that extends from Georgian Bay in the west, to the northern tip of Lake Couchiching in the south, to the western border of Algonquin Provincial Park in... Central Ontario is the portion of the Canadian province of Ontario which lies between Georgian Bay and a portion of the north shore of Lake Ontario. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Federal Economic Development initiative of NORthern Ontario is a department of Industry Canada whose initiative is to address the economic development of northern Ontario. ...


All of Northeastern Ontario is within the Eastern (UTC -5) time zone; Northwestern Ontario is split between the Eastern and Central (UTC -6) time zones. A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ...


Communities

North Bay is often cosidered to be the "Gateway" to Northern Ontario
North Bay is often cosidered to be the "Gateway" to Northern Ontario

Northern Ontario has nine cities. In order of population, they are: Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Until the City of Greater Sudbury was created in 2001, Thunder Bay had a larger population than the old city of Sudbury, but the Regional Municipality of Sudbury was the larger Census Metropolitan Area as Sudbury had a much more populous suburban belt (including the city of Valley East, formerly the region's sixth-largest city.) However, as the former Regional Municipality of Sudbury is now governed as a single city, it is both the region's largest city and the region's largest CMA. Motto: Template:Unhide = Location City Information Established: 1883 (as Sudbury) 2001 (as Greater Sudbury) Area: 3,354 km² Population:  - City (2001)  - CD Rank  - Municipal Rank 155,219 20th in Canada 26th in Canada Population density: 46. ... Thunder Bay (, time zone EST) is a city in and the seat of Thunder Bay District, Ontario, Canada. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Soo Motto: Naturally Gifted Location Coordinates , Government Country Province District Canada Ontario Algoma District Incorporated –as a town –as a city 1887 1912 City Mayor Governing Body MPs MPPs John Rowswell The Corporation of the City of Sault Sainte Marie Tony Martin David Orazietti Geographical characteristics... North Bay (, time zone EST) is a city in Northeastern Ontario, Canada (2001 population 52,771). ... Timmins, with a population of 43,686 (2001), is a city in northeastern Ontario, Canada on the Mattagami River. ... Kenora re-directs here. ... Elliot Lake (2001 population 11,956) is a city in Northern Ontario, Canada. ... Temiskaming Shores, Ontario is a city in Northern Ontario, Canada. ... For the community in Perth County, see Dryden, Perth County, Ontario Dryden (2001 population 8,198) is a city in northwestern Ontario, Canada located on Wabigoon Lake. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... The Regional Municipality of Sudbury was a Regional Municipality in Ontario, Canada, which existed from 1973 to 2000. ... The below table is a list of the 100 largest Metropolitan Areas in Canada. ... Valley East was a town in Ontario, Canada, which existed from 1973 to 2000. ...

Elliot Lake
Elliot Lake

Other communities in Northern Ontario include: Image File history File links Photograph copied from piusxii. ... Image File history File links Photograph copied from piusxii. ...

Some of these communities are, in fact, larger in population than the region's smallest cities, but do not currently have city status. Blind River is a town situated on the North Channel of Lake Huron in the Algoma District, Ontario, Canada. ... Cobalt is a town in the district of Timiskaming, province of Ontario, Canada, with a population of 1,221, and an area of 2. ... Cochrane, Ontario, Canada is a northern Ontario town situated on Highway 11. ... Espanola (2001 census population 5,449) is a town in Northern Ontario, Canada. ... It has been suggested that Coat of Arms of Fort Frances, Ontario be merged into this article or section. ... For alternate meanings, see French River, Ontario The Municipality of French River is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario, in the Sudbury District. ... Greenstone is an amalgamated town in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Hearst (2001 census population 5,825) is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Ignace is a town located in Ignace Township, Kenora District, on Ontario Provincial Highway 17 and the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... Iroquois Falls is a town in Northern Ontario, Canada. ... Kapuskasing (2001 population 9,238) is a town on the Kapuskasing River in the Cochrane District of northern Ontario, Canada. ... Kirkland Lake is a town located in Timiskaming District in northeastern Ontario, Canada. ... Little Current is a community in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Marathon is a town located in the Thunder Bay district in Ontario. ... Markstay-Warren is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Mattawa is a town in northeastern Ontario, Canada at the confluence of the Mattawa and Ottawa Rivers in Nipissing District. ... Nipigon (2001 population 1,964) is a township in Thunder Bay District, Northwestern Ontario, Canada, located on the most northern point of Lake Superior and situtated along the west side of the Nipigon River and north of the small lake running between Lake Nipigon and Lake Superior. ... Northeastern Manitoulin and the Islands (2001 census population 2,531) is a town in Northern Ontario, Canada, approximately 30 kilometres south of Espanola, Ontario. ... St. ... Searchmont is a small community located northeast of Sault Ste. ... Sables-Spanish Rivers is a township in Ontario, Canada, on the north shore of Georgian Bay. ... Sioux Lookout is a small town in northern Ontario. ... Wawa Ontario, on Lake Superior Wawa, Ontario is a community in Northern Ontario, Canada, located in Michipicoten Township in the Algoma District. ... The Municipality of West Nipissing is a municipality in northeastern Ontario, Canada on Lake Nipissing in the District of Nipissing. ...


Economy

The "Big Nickel" in Sudbury
The "Big Nickel" in Sudbury

Sudbury is the dominant city in Northeastern Ontario, and Thunder Bay is the dominant city in Northwestern Ontario. These two regions are quite distinct from each other economically and culturally, and also quite distant from each other geographically. As a result, Sudbury and Thunder Bay are each the primary city in their part of the region, but neither city can be said to outrank the other as the principal economic centre of Northern Ontario as a whole. Download high resolution version (841x623, 57 KB) Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (841x623, 57 KB) Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Big Nickel @ Dynamic Earth in Sudbury The Big Nickel is a nine- metre (30- foot) replica of a 1951 Canadian nickel, on the grounds of Dynamic Earth in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ...


In fact, each city has a couple of distinct advantages that the other city lacks -- Sudbury is at the centre of a larger economic sphere due to the city's, and Northeastern Ontario's, larger population, but Thunder Bay is advantaged by air, rail and shipping traffic due to its prime location along major continental transportation routes. In fact, the Thunder Bay International Airport is the third busiest airport in Ontario, carrying some 600,000 passengers in 2004 with over 100 flights and four international flights daily. Thunder Bay International Airport Thunder Bay International Airport is an airport in the Canadian city of Thunder Bay, Ontario. ...


Sudbury's economy, in which the largest sectors of employment are government-related fields such as education and health care, is somewhat more diversified than Thunder Bay's, which is still based primarily on natural resources and manufacturing. Yet in the era of government cutbacks, Thunder Bay's economy has been less prone to recession and unemployment.


Northern Ontario has had difficulty in recent years maintaining both its economy and its population. All of Northern Ontario's cities declined in population between the censuses of 1996 and 2001. (This coincides with the discontinuation of the operation of the subsidized government airline, norOntair in March 1996.) Although the cities have tried with mixed results to diversify their economies in recent years, most communities in the region are resource-based economies, whose economic health is very dependent on "boom and bust" resource cycles. Mining and forestry are the two major industries in the region, although manufacturing, transportation and tourism are represented as well. 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... NorOntair is a defunct airline from Canada that operated its first scheduled flight October 18, 1971 and its last flight March 29, 1996. ... Chuquicamata, the largest open pit copper mine in the world, Chile. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... Manufacturing is the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale, by means of tools and a processing medium, and including all intermediate processes involving the production or finishing of component parts (semi-manufactures). It is a large branch of industry and of secondary production. ... El Nido, Philippines Tourism is the act of travel for the purpose of recreation and business, and the provision of services for this act. ...


The cities have, by and large, been very dependent on government-related employment and investment for their economic diversification. The Liberal government of David Peterson in the 1980s moved several provincial agencies and ministries to Northern Ontario, including the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation (whose head office is in Sault Ste. Marie) and the Ministry of Northern Development and Mines (whose head office is in Greater Sudbury). The Ontario Liberal Party is a centrist provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. ... The Honourable David Robert Peterson, PC , LL.B , BA (born December 28, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario) was the twentieth Premier of the Province of Ontario, Canada, from June 26, 1985 to October 1, 1990. ... The Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation (OLGC) is a Government of Ontario Crown agency which is responsible for the provinces lotteries, charity and Aboriginal casinos, commercial casinos, slot machines at horse-racing tracks. ... The Ministry of Northern Development and Mines is responsible for the economic development of Northern Ontario, and for mining in the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


As well, many of Northern Ontario's major tourist attractions (e.g. Science North, Dynamic Earth, the Sault Locks, etc.), and some of its transportation infrastructure (e.g., Ontario Northland) are agencies of the provincial or federal governments. Further, much of the funding available for economic development in Northern Ontario comes from government initiatives such as the federal government's FedNor and the provincial Northern Ontario Heritage Fund. Science North is an interactive science museum in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... Dynamic Earth is an interactive science museum in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... A Soo Lock vacant of ships The Sault Locks (usually called the Soo Locks) allow ships to travel between Lake Superior and the lower Great Lakes. ... A pair of ON diesels work Hearst, ON, in 2003 Ontario Northland Railway (ONR, AAR reporting marks ONT, ONTA) is a Canadian railway and provincial Crown corporation. ... Federal Economic Development initiative of NORthern Ontario is a department of Industry Canada whose initiative is to address the economic development of northern Ontario. ...


Politics

Although Progressive Conservative candidates have been elected in Northern Ontario from time to time, the region is usually one of the party's weakest areas in all of Canada. It is in part due to the region's significant dependence on government investment that the Liberal Party has traditionally taken the majority of the region's seats at both the federal and provincial levels. The New Democrats also have a significant base of support here, thanks to the region's history of labour unionism, support from First Nations communities, and the personal popularity of local NDP figures. The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) (In French: Parti progressiste-conservateur du Canada) was a Canadian centre-right conservative political party that existed from 1867 to 2003. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party positioned around the centre of the political spectrum, combining a generally progressive social policy with moderate economics. ... The New Democratic Party (NDP) (Nouveau Parti Démocratique in French) is a political party in Canada with a social democratic philosophy and moderate democratic socialist tendencies that contests elections at both the federal and provincial levels. ... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ...


Mike Harris, the Conservative premier of Ontario from 1995 to 2002, represented the Northern Ontario riding of Nipissing. However, Harris himself was the only Conservative candidate elected in a true Northern Ontario riding in either the 1995 or 1999 elections. (If the definition of Northern Ontario is extended to include the Parry Sound District, then Harris was joined by Ernie Eves in Parry Sound—Muskoka. In 2001 and 2003, Norm Miller was also elected in Parry Sound - Muskoka. Miller is currently the Official Opposition critic for Northern Development and Mines.) Michael Deane Harris (born January 23, 1945, in Toronto, Ontario) was the twenty-second Premier of Ontario from June 26, 1995 to April 15, 2002. ... The Ontario Progressive Conservative Party (PC Party of Ontario) is a right-of-centre political party in Ontario, Canada. ... A premier is an executive official of government. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Nipissing was a Canadian electoral district, which existed from 1892 to 2003. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Ernest Eves (born June 17, 1946) was the twenty-third Premier of the province of Ontario, Canada, from April 15, 2002, to October 23, 2003. ... Norm Miller (born in 1956) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... The Parliamentary Opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government, particularly in a Westminster-based parliamentary system. ... The Ministry of Northern Development and Mines is responsible for the economic development of Northern Ontario, and for mining in the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


Ontario New Democratic Party leader Howard Hampton also represents a Northern Ontario riding, Kenora—Rainy River, in the Ontario Legislative Assembly. The riding of Algoma East was represented federally by Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson from 1948 to 1968. William Hearst, premier of Ontario from 1914 to 1919, represented the riding of Sault Ste. Marie. The Ontario New Democratic Party (formerly known as the Ontario Cooperative Commonwealth Federation) is a social democratic political party in Ontario, Canada. ... Ontario NDP Leader Howard Hampton Howard Hampton (born May 17, 1952) is the leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party (NDP) and a Member of Provincial Parliament from the northern riding of Kenora—Rainy River. ... Kenora—Rainy River was a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the province of Ontario. ... Algoma East was a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada. ... Stephen Harper is the current Prime Minister of Canada. ... Lester Bowles Mike Pearson, PC, CC, OM, OBE, MA, LL.D. (April 23, 1897 – December 27, 1972) was a Canadian statesman, diplomat and politician who was made a Nobel Laureate in 1957. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... The Honourable Sir William Hearst (February 15, 1864–September 29, 1941) was the Conservative premier of the Canadian province of Ontario from 1914 to 1919. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Sault Ste. ...

Former premier Mike Harris hailed from North Bay
Former premier Mike Harris hailed from North Bay

In the 2004 federal election, the Liberals took seven seats in the region, and the NDP took two. However, the NDP placed second -- and often a very close second -- in every riding the Liberals won, except one. Nipissing—Timiskaming was the only riding in the region where a Conservative candidate did better than third place, which was mainly due to the fiscally conservative nature of the suburban and rural areas around and south of North Bay, but excluding the socially progressive city of North Bay proper, in which most of the polling stations were won by the Liberal candidate. In the 2006 federal election, every seat in the region was retained by its Liberal or NDP incumbent, despite the national increase in support for the Conservative party. Again, only Parry Sound—Muskoka elected a Conservative. This image is protected by Crown copyright (unless otherwise indicated), which is held by the Queens Printer for Ontario. ... Michael Deane Harris (born January 23, 1945, in Toronto, Ontario) was the twenty-second Premier of Ontario from June 26, 1995 to April 15, 2002. ... The Canadian federal election, 2004 (more formally, the 38th general election), was held on June 28, 2004 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... Nipissing—Timiskaming in relation to the other Ontario ridings Nipissing—Timiskaming is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 2004. ... The 2006 Canadian federal election (more formally, the 39th General Election) was held on January 23, 2006, to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ...


However, the strong support for the NDP in most parts of Northern Ontario tends to be more labour-populist in nature. The region can, in fact, be quite socially conservative in many respects, especially in the southern border parts of the region. The northern and northeastern areas are generally more progressive, due to the high concentration of First Nations and the high franco-ontarian population, which are generally quite liberal. Populism is a political philosophy or rhetorical style that holds that the common persons interests are oppressed or hindered by the elite in society, and that the instruments of the state need to be grasped from this self-serving elite and used for the benefit and advancement of the... Social conservatism is a belief in traditional or natural law-based morality and social mores and the desire to preserve these in present day society, often through civil law or regulation. ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ... Franco-Ontarians (French: Franco-ontarien) are French Canadian or francophone residents of the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


Major political issues in recent years have included the economic health of the region, the extension of Highway 400 from Parry Sound to Sudbury, and a controversial plan (proposed and cancelled several times, and is currently cancelled) to ship Toronto's garbage to the Adams Mine, an abandoned open pit mine in Kirkland Lake. Highway 400 as part of the 400-series network Ontario provincial highway 400 or The Kings Highway 400, known previously as the Toronto-Barrie Highway, is a key north-south 400-Series Highway linking Toronto to Central and Northern Ontario. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ... Adams Mine is an abandoned open pit mine in Boston Township near Kirkland Lake, Ontario, which was the cornerstone of a controversial waste management plan in the 1990s. ... El Chino, located near Silver City, New Mexico, is an open-pit copper mine Open-pit mining, or opencast mining, refers to a method of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow. ...


On-going high unemployment, lack of awareness of or concern for Northern Ontario's problems, and difficulties in achieving economic diversification have led to discontent amongst Northern Ontarians. In the late 1970s, this manifested itself in the establishment of the Northern Ontario Heritage Party to lobby for the formation of a separate province of Northern Ontario. The party attracted only modest support, and folded in the 1980s. Very recently, however, such concerns have resurfaced as some residents of the city of Kenora have called for splitting off of Ontario and into Manitoba; a few residents throughout the region continue to suggest splitting all or part of the region into a separate province. An 1837 political cartoon about unemployment in the United States. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... The Northern Ontario Heritage Party was a provincial political party in Ontario, Canada that was formed in 1977 to campaign for provincial status for Northern Ontario. ... Provincial Creationism is the wish for an area in one of Canadas provinces or territories to form its own province distinct from that which it is currently part of. ... The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ...


Education

There are universities in Thunder Bay (Lakehead University), North Bay (Nipissing University) and Greater Sudbury (Laurentian University). Laurentian University also has affiliated colleges in Sault Ste. Marie (Algoma University College) and Hearst, Kapuskasing and Timmins (Université de Hearst). Lakehead University is situated at the head of Lake Superior in Thunder Bay, Ontario. ... Nipissing University is a small liberal arts university located in North Bay, Ontario, Canada, on a 720 acre (2. ... Laurentian University (Université Laurentienne), founded in 1960, is a mid-sized bilingual university in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, approximately 350 km north of Toronto. ... Algoma University College is a postsecondary institution in Sault Ste. ... Université de Hearst (formerly Collège universitaire de Hearst) is a Canadian postsecondary institution with campuses in Hearst, Timmins and Kapuskasing, Ontario, offering university degree programs in French for Northeastern Ontarios franco-ontarian community. ...


Technical colleges are located in Thunder Bay (Confederation College), Sault Ste. Marie (Sault College), Timmins (Northern College), North Bay (Canadore College) and Greater Sudbury (Cambrian College, an English language college, and Collège Boréal, a French language college which has several satellite campuses in other Northern Ontario communities and in Toronto.) Categories: Canada education stubs | Colleges in Ontario ... Sault College is a College of Applied Arts and Technology in Sault Ste. ... Northern College of Applied Arts and Technology is a community college in Northern Ontario. ... Canadore College is a college located in North Bay, Ontario, Canada. ... Cambrian College is a College of Applied Arts and Technology in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Collège Boréal is a francophone College of Applied Arts and Technology based and with its principal campus in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ...


In the early 2000s, the provincial government announced funding for the Northern Ontario School of Medicine. This school, a joint faculty of Laurentian and Lakehead universities, will have a special research focus on rural medicine. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Northern Ontario School of Medicine (also known as the Northern Ontario Medical School) is a medical school created through a partnership between Laurentian University in Sudbury, Ontario and Lakehead University in Thunder Bay, Ontario. ...


Media

All of Northeastern Ontario's towns and cities receive CTV service from the originating stations or rebroadcast transmitters of the CTV Northern Ontario system. CBC, Global, Radio-Canada, TVOntario and CH service is received through rebroadcast transmitters of the networks' Toronto stations. CTV is Canadas largest privately-owned English language television network. ... CTV Northern Ontario, formerly known as MCTV, is a system of four television stations in Northern Ontario, Canada, owned by the CTV Television Network. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the countrys national radio and television broadcaster. ... The Global Television Network (more commonly called Global) is a major English-language television network in Canada, owned by CanWest Global Communications. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, commonly known by the abbreviation CBC, is Canadas government-owned radio and television service. ... TVOntario, officially the Ontario Educational Communications Authority, is an educational public television broadcaster in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... CH is a system of six local television stations across Canada, all but one owned by the Global Television unit of CanWest Global. ...


Northwestern Ontario receives CTV and CBC service through the independently-owned Thunder Bay Television twinstick, Kenora's CTV affiliate CJBN and through rebroadcasters of the CBC stations in Toronto or Winnipeg (depending on the community's time zone). Northwestern Ontario does not receive Global or CH service, although Thunder Bay Television and CJBN purchase broadcast rights to some of those systems' programming. TVOntario service is received through rebroadcast transmitters of the Toronto station; like the English CBC, Radio-Canada service may originate from Toronto or Winnipeg. Thunder Bay Television is the name under which the two television affiliates in Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada operate: CKPR, a Canadian Broadcasting Corporation affiliate, and CHFD, a CTV affiliate. ... A twinstick, in Canadian broadcasting, is an informal term for two television stations, broadcasting in the same market, which are owned by the same company. ... CJBN is a Canadian television station. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ...


Some of Northern Ontario's more remote communities receive TFO and the Ontario Legislature channel from over-the-air transmitters; in most areas of the province these services are only available on cable. (TFO is also available as an over-the-air channel in Greater Sudbury.) TFO is a French language educational public television network in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... The Ontario Legislature Building at Queens Park The Legislative Assembly of Ontario, is the legislature of the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


Daily newspapers in the region include the Sudbury Star, the Chronicle-Journal in Thunder Bay, the Sault Star in Sault Ste. Marie, the North Bay Nugget, the Timmins Daily Press and the Kenora Daily Miner. The Kenora Daily Miner is owned by Quebecor, the Chronicle-Journal is owned by Horizon Media Group, and all of the other daily newspapers are owned by Osprey Media. Community newspapers include Northern Life in Sudbury, Northern News in Kirkland Lake and the Dryden Observer in Dryden. The Sudbury Star is a Canadian daily newspaper, published in Greater Sudbury. ... The Chronicle-Journal is the daily newspaper in Thunder Bay. ... The North Bay Nugget is a daily newspaper in North Bay, Ontario, Canada. ... Quebecor (written without an accent on the first e, even in French) is a Quebec-based company with two main spheres of activity: Quebecor World is the largest commercial printing company in the world, with 39 000 employees around the world. ... Osprey Media is a Canadian newspaper chain that publishes 22 daily and 27 weekly newspapers in the province of Ontario. ... Northern Life is a community newspaper in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... The Northern News is a thrice-weekly newspaper in Kirkland Lake, Ontario. ...


Most commercial radio stations in Northern Ontario are owned by the national radio groups Rogers Communications, Haliburton Broadcasting Group or Newcap Broadcasting, although a few independent and community broadcasters are represented as well. CBC Radio One has stations in Sudbury (CBCS), with rebroadcasters throughout Northeastern Ontario, and in Thunder Bay (CBQT), with rebroadcasters in the Northwest. The French Première Chaîne has a station in Sudbury (CBON), with rebroadcasters throughout Northern Ontario. CBC Radio Two is currently heard only in Sudbury (CBBS) and Thunder Bay (CBQ), and the French Espace Musique is currently heard only in Sudbury (CBBX). Rogers Communications Inc. ... Haliburton Broadcasting Group is a Canadian group of FM radio stations. ... Newcap Broadcasting is a Canadian group of radio stations, owned by Newfoundland Capital Corporation. ... CBC Radio One is the English language news and information radio network of the publicly-owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... CBCS is a Canadian radio station. ... CBQT is a Canadian radio station. ... La Première Chaîne is the news and information service of la Société Radio-Canada, the French-language public broadcaster in Canada. ... CBON is a Canadian radio station. ... CBC Radio Two is an FM radio network in Canada, operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... CBBS is a Canadian radio station. ... CBQ is a Canadian radio station, airing the Canadian Broadcasting Corporations CBC Radio Two network at 101. ... Espace musique is the French language musical radio service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation / Société Radio-Canada, the national public broadcaster in Canada. ... CBBX is a Canadian radio station. ...


For more information on Northern Ontario media, see each city's individual article.


Demographics

The mining boom of the early twentieth century attracted many francophones to Northeastern Ontario, and French is still widely spoken there. While the Canadian constitution never required the province of Ontario to recognize French as an official language, the government provides full services in the French language to any citizen, resident, or visitor wishing it including communications, schools, hospitals, social services, and in the courts. As well, the government of Canada provides French and English equally in all matters. See Franco-Ontarian for further information. Francophone means French-speaking. ... Franco-Ontarians (French: Franco-ontarien) are French Canadian or francophone residents of the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


The region also has a significant First Nations population, primarily of the Ojibwe, Cree and Oji-Cree nations, with smaller communities of Nipissing, Odawa and Saulteaux. First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ... For other uses of Chippewa, see Chippewa (disambiguation). ... The Cree are an indigenous people of North America whose people range from the Rocky Mountains to the Atlantic Ocean in both Canada and the United States. ... The Nishnawbe-Aski, also known as the Oji-Cree, Anishinini or, less correctly, Severn Ojibwe, are a First Nation in the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba, residing in a narrow band extending from the Missinaibi River region in Northeastern Ontario at the east to Lake Winnipeg at the west. ... The Nipissing First Nation consists of first nation (i. ... The Ottawa (also Odawa, Odaawa, Outaouais, or Trader) are a Native American and First Nations people. ... The Saulteaux are a First Nation in Ontario, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan, Canada. ...


Fiction set in Northern Ontario

Novels

1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... Jack Douglas (April 26, 1909-February 3, 1989) was an American comedy writer. ... Dance Me Outside is a 1994 film by Bruce McDonald. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... William Patrick Kinsella, OC (born May 25, 1935, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada) is a noted novelist who mainly writes about Canadas First Nations and baseball. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Paul Lewis Quarrington (born July 22, 1953) is a Canadian novelist who lives in Toronto, Ontario. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Susie Moloney (born February 27, 1962 in Winnipeg, Manitoba) is a Canadian author of horror fiction. ... No Great Mischief is a 1999 novel by Alistair MacLeod. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Alistair MacLeod (born 1936) is a noted Canadian author. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Giles Blunt is a Canadian novelist and screenwriter. ... Crow Lake Township is a township in Stearns County, Minnesota, United States. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... The Neanderthal Parallax is a trilogy of novels by Robert J. Sawyer. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Robert J. Sawyer (born April 29, 1960) is a Canadian science fiction writer, dubbed the dean of Canadian science fiction by the Ottawa Citizen in 1999. ... Three Day Road is a novel by Canadian writer Joseph Boyden. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joseph Boyden is a Canadian novelist and short story writer. ...

Plays

Jean-Marc Dalpé (born 1957 in Ottawa, Ontario) is a Canadian playwright and poet. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tomson Highway Tomson Highway, CM (born December 6, 1951) is a Cree playwright, novelist, and childrens author from Brochet, Manitoba. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dry Lips Oughta Move to Kapuskasing is a play by Tomson Highway, which premiered in 1989 at Theatre Passe-Muraille in Toronto. ... Tomson Highway Tomson Highway, CM (born December 6, 1951) is a Cree playwright, novelist, and childrens author from Brochet, Manitoba. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Charlie (Chuck) Angus (born November 14, 1962 in Timmins, Ontario) is a Canadian writer, broadcaster and musician, who entered electoral politics in 2004 as the successful New Democratic Party of Canada candidate in the Ontario riding of Timmins—James Bay. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...

Films

North Bay inventor Troy Hurtubise was the subject of the documentary film Project Grizzly (1996). Roadkill is a 1989 film by Canadian director Bruce McDonald. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Termini Station is a Canadian drama film, released in 1989. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Highway 61 is a 1991 film by Canadian director Bruce McDonald. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... South of Wawa is a Canadian comedy film, which was released in 1991. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dance Me Outside is a 1994 film by Bruce McDonald. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ... Men with Brooms (2002) is a Canadian movie, and among the most successful English Canadian films on a Canadian subject ever. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Phil the Alien is a Canadian comedy film, released in 2003. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Project Grizzly - VHS Cover Troy James Hurtubise (pronounced like hurt 2 bees) (born November 23, 1963 - Scarborough, Ontario) is an inventor and conservationist from North Bay, Ontario, Canada noted for his bizarre, yet functional, protective creations that he tests on himself in incredible and at times dangerous ways. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... VHS Cover Project Grizzly is a documentary about the lifelong project of Troy Hurtubise, a man who has been obsessed with researching the Canadian grizzly bear up close, ever since surviving an early encounter with such a bear. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


Television series

Television series The Red Green Show (19912005) and its spinoff theatrical film Duct Tape Forever (2002) are set in a fictional place in rural Ontario that suggests Northern Ontario. The animated sitcom Chilly Beach (2003–, CBC), set in a fictional town in Northern Canada, is produced in Sudbury. The Forest Rangers was a Canadian television series that ran from 1963 to 1966. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... CBC Television is the primary English language television service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... Adventures in Rainbow Country was a Canadian television series, which aired on CBC Television in 1970 and 1971. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... CBC Television is the primary English language television service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... CBC Television is the primary English language television service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... The Rez was a Canadian television series, which aired on the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation from 1995 to 1998. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... CBC Television is the primary English language television service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... The Red Green Show is a television comedy that has aired on the CBC in Canada and on PBS in the United States from 1991 until the series finale April 7, 2006 on CBC. Reruns currently air on CBC Country Canada and The Comedy Network. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Duct Tape Forever was a comedy movie made in 2002 based on the Red Green show. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Alternate history Campaign setting Fantasy world Fictional battlegrounds Fictional buildings Fictional city Fictional company Fictional counties Fictional country Fictional schools List of fictional Cambridge colleges List of fictional Oxford colleges Fictional universe List of fictional universes Future history Imaginary country Imaginary state Imaginary union Multiverse Mythical place Parallel universe Phantom... Animated cast of Chilly Beach. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... CBC Television is the primary English language television service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ...


Comics

In the comic strip For Better or For Worse, Elizabeth Patterson attended North Bay's Nipissing University, and currently teaches school in the fictional reserve of Mtigwaki. Geographic references in the strip place Mtigwaki near the northeastern shore of Lake Nipigon. Lynn Johnston, the strip's cartoonist, lives in Corbeil, near North Bay in real life, although the strip is set primarily in Southern Ontario. For Better or For Worse (FBorFW) is a comic strip by Lynn Johnston that began in September 1979. ... Nipissing University is a small liberal arts university located in North Bay, Ontario, Canada, on a 720 acre (2. ... In Canada, an Indian reserve is specified by the Indian Act as a tract of land, the legal title to which is vested in Her Majesty, that has been set apart by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a band. ... Government Canada Ontario Geographical characteristics Area     City km² Population     City (2005) 350   (not counting the dogs) Time zone   Summer (DST) EST (UTC-5) EDT (UTC-6) Website: http://www. ... Lake Nipigon (French : lac Nipigon) is the largest lake entirely within the boundaries of the Canadian province of Ontario and is sometimes described as the sixth Great Lake. ... Lynn Johnston (born May 28, 1947) is a big geek who is most known for her attractive eyes and her comic strip For Better or For Worse, and was the first female cartoonist to win the prestigious Reuben Award. ... // Location Corbeil, Ontario is a small community on the La Vase River east of North Bay, Ontario. ...


People

Northern Ontario has produced many famous people. A few notables are:


  Results from FactBites:
 
Northern Ontario - definition of Northern Ontario in Encyclopedia (1673 words)
Northern Ontario is the part of the province of Ontario, Canada, which lies north of Lake Huron, Georgian Bay, the French River and Lake Nipissing.
Most of Northern Ontario was transferred to the province from the Northwest Territories in 1882 and 1912, although the area immediately adjacent to the Great Lakes was already part of Ontario in 1867.
All of Northern Ontario's cities declined in population between the censuses of 1996 and 2001.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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