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Encyclopedia > Northern Irish murals

Northern Irish murals have become symbols of Northern Ireland, depicting the county's past and present divisions. Dieu et mon droit (motto) (French for God and my right)2 Northern Irelands location within the UK Official Languages English, Irish, Ulster Scots Capital and largest city Belfast First Minister Office suspended Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Peter Hain MP Area  - Total Ranked 4th UK 13,843...


Northern Ireland contains arguably the most famous political murals. Almost 2,000 murals have been documented in Northern Ireland since the 1970s. Although the murals more often than not represent violence or intolerance, they are renowned for their professional nature and the notable level of skill of the artists creating them. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ...

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History

Almost all of the Northern Ireland murals promote either republican or loyalist political beliefs, often glorifying paramilitary groups such as the Provisional Irish Republican Army and the Ulster Volunteer Force, while others commemorate people who have lost their lives in paramilitary attacks. Many loyalist artists incorporate messages of politically-driven murals. Irish Republicanism is an ideology based on the Irish nationalist belief that all of Ireland should be a united independent republic. ... The term Ulster Loyalist is used to describe militant unionists from Northern Ireland. ... The Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA; more commonly referred to as the IRA, the Provos, or by some of its supporters as the army or the RA) is an Irish Republican paramilitary organization dedicated to the end of British rule in Northern Ireland and to a United Ireland. ... The Ulster Volunteer Force (more commonly referred to as the UVF) is a loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland. ... A paramilitary organization is a group of civilians trained and organised in a military fashion. ...


The most famous of the murals in Northern Ireland may well be Free Derry Corner, where the slogan "You Are Now Entering Free Derry" was painted in 1969, shortly after the Battle of the Bogside. However, some do not consider Free Derry Corner to be a true mural as it is only words and not images. Free Derry Corner has been used as a model for other murals in Northern Ireland, including the "You Are Now Entering Loyalist Sandy Row" mural in Belfast, which was a response to the republican message of Free Derry Corner, and the "You Are Now Entering Derry Journal Country" mural, which is an advertisement for a Derry publication. Free Derry was the name given to the self-declared independent Bogside region of the city of Derry, Northern Ireland, following the Battle of the Bogside in 1969. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... The Battle of the Bogside was a battle only in a rhetorical sense. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... The Derry Journal is a newspaper based in Derry, Northern Ireland, serving Co Londonderry as well as Co Donegal in the Republic of Ireland. ...


Not all murals in Northern Ireland are political or religious in nature, with some commemorating events such as the Great Famine and other moments in Irish history. Many portray events from Irish mythology, though images from Irish myths are often incorporated into political murals. A few murals avoid the subject of Ireland altogether, instead focusing on such neutral subjects as litter prevention and the C. S. Lewis novel The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe[1]. Murals representing peace and tolerance are becoming increasingly popular with school groups who have children either design or actually paint murals in areas around their schools. Additionally with many paramilitaries now involved in community work there has been a move to decommission many of the hard edged loyalist murals in east Belfast. Some of the warlike murals have been replaced with iconic figures from the area, for example George Best[1]. Starvation during the famine The Irish Potato Famine, also called The Great Famine or The Great Hunger (Irish: An Gorta Mór), is the name given to a famine which struck Ireland between 1846 and 1849. ... The History of Ireland began around 8000 BC, when the islands first human inhabitants arrived from Britain and continental Europe, possibly via a land bridge. ... C.S. Lewis Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898–22 November 1963), commonly referred to as C. S. Lewis, and by his friends as Jack, was an Irish author and scholar of mixed Irish, English, and Welsh ancestry. ... The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe is a fantasy novel for children by C. S. Lewis. ... George Best (22 May 1946 – 25 November 2005) is widely acknowledged to have been one of the greatest football players of all time, remembered for his halcyon days with Manchester United F.C.. He played for the Northern Ireland football team, but their failure to reach the final rounds of...

See also

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Murals

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The Bogside Artists are a trio of mural painters, living and working in Northern Ireland. ... The term public art properly refers to works of art in any media that has been planned and executed with the specific intention of being sited or staged in the public domain, usually outside and accessable to all. ... It has been suggested that Propaganda in the United States be merged into this article or section. ...

References

  1. ^ BBC website story on the softening of some murals in loyalist areas of Belfast

External links

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC, sometimes also known as the Beeb or Auntie) is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world, founded in 1922. ...

Further reading

  • Oona Woods (1995). Seeing is Believing? Murals in Derry. Guildhall: Printing Press. ISBN 0-946451-31-1.

 
 

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